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MARKET CONDITIONS. [From United States Vice and Deputy Consul-General OWEN, Guatemala City, Guatemala.) The United States, all European countries, Peru, and Chile market goods in Guatemala.

There is very little solicitation or drumming. Merchants and manufacturers order through commission or shipping merchants located at principal commercial ports abroad.

These shipping merchants extend credit to reliable persons here of from four to six months. The longest credits are given by Germany, the shortest by the United States. Interest at the rate of 6 per cent per annum is usually charged.

There are no mercantile agencies in Guatemala. Shipping merchants make inquiry through their friends or through the banks. The banks report financial standing of individuals, firms, and companies upon solicitation.

Trade of the United States with Guatemala in 1902, 1903, and 1904. a

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a From data of the Bureau of Statistics, Department of Commerce and Labor.


The Belgian Consul-General in Central America states that there are no paper mills in Guatemala, all the paper consumed in the country being imported from abroad. Nevertheless, the country possesses in abundance the material necessary for such manufacture, notably the

pinares” of Lower Verapaz, the teosintales” of the north and east, banana stems, the waste from sugar cane, corn husks, “escobilla" (cuitch grass), which grows along the Central Railroad from the capital to Mazatenango and San José. Ramie, a fibrous grass, which would make excellent paper, could be successfully cultivated in the departments crossed by the railroad, and a baca would also constitute a good raw material.

The following figures show the imports of paper during the year 1903: Germany, 5,450 francs; Belgium, 590 francs; China, 35 francs; United States, 1,425 francs; France, 2,345 francs; England, 1,075 francs; total, 10,920 francs. For stationery, cardboard, and desk articles: Germany, 94,620 francs; Belgium, 4,885 francs; Spain, 38,470 francs; United States, 50,440 francs; France, 4,315 francs; England,

27,010 francs; Italy, 1,230 francs; South America, 700 francs; total, 221,690 francs.

The statistics for the preceding years give some details on the kind of paper imported. The figures for 1901 are as follows:

Belgium: Tissue paper (papel de China), 19,925 francs; assorted paper, 8,950 francs.

Germany: Printing paper, 13,200 francs; tissue paper (papel de China), 12,700 francs; emery paper, 200 francs; blotting paper, 975 francs; writing paper, 2,730 francs; binding paper, 1,050 francs; cigarette paper, 9,250 francs.

United States: Printing paper, 49,625 francs; blotting paper, 12,540 francs; emery paper, 1,050 francs; writing paper, 10,195 francs; assorted stationery, 8,535 francs.

Spain: Cigarette paper, 21,750 francs; assorted paper, 4,630 francs.

These figures show that in 1901, the United States was the principal furnisher of all kinds of paper, while in 1903, Germany occupied first place.

Spain comes third and furnishes cigarette paper and florete” paper, ruled or not, used especially by the public administrations. The United States has a great advantage over the other countries, freight from San Francisco to San José, of Guatemala, being cheaper than from Europe.



[From United States Vice-Consul-General TERREs, Port au Prince, Haiti.) The United States supplies this market with pork, flour, cod fish, berring, salt beef, mackerel, furniture, lumber, cotton goods, such as denims, cotton cloths, and prints, and a few canned goods; Germany with hardware, glassware, drugs, and beer; England with dry goods, cotton cloths, and prints; France with dress goods, toilet soaps, perfumery, drugs, canned goods, shoes, and wines.

Business is generally transacted direct with the European manufacturer and with the United States through commission houses.

European credit is usually six months; American credit two or three months. There are no credit agencies.

Trade of the United States with Haiti in 1902, 1903, and 1904. a

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a From data of the Bureau of Statistics, Department of Commerce and Labor.




[From United States Consul Wood, Ceiba, Honduras. ]

The principal commercial nations market their goods here, but by far the greater part of the imports come from the United States.

Business is conducted to a certain extent by mail, but salesmen representing houses in the United States visit this district, which, nevertheless, is not canvassed as thoroughly as it should be.

Terms of credit are sixty days for groceries, ninety days for dry goods, etc., and six month for liquor's.

There are no credit agencies here.


[From United States Consul ALGER, Puerto Cortes, Honduras.]

The foreign countries marketing goods in this district are the United States, England, France, Germany, and Spain.

All business is conducted either by mail or by salesmen, principally by the former method.

Goods are sold at spot cash prices, and time is allowed from four to six months, with interest at 6 per cent per annum. There are no credit agencies doing business here, inquiries usually being made of the consul or of business houses.


[From United States Consul MoE, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.]

England, France, and Germany are the chief countries marketing goods in this district. Belgium and Italy have relatively a small trade, most of it being in drills and cotton goods of a similar nature.

Business is chietly conducted by mail; but very often orders are placed by the Honduras merchant when he visits European countries. He then selects what he wants, and if he has any special goods in mind--that is, if he desires patterns of a peculiar figure or goods of certain dimensions, he can readily obtain them upon request.

The complaint has been made that merchants who visit the United States. or who send orders there, can not readily obtain what they wish should their specifications be out of the ordinary. The German houses often send salesmen here to review the field and advise their firms regarding

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the necessities of the market. These great exporting houses are also aided by the numerous German establishments here, which, in a measure, keep them posted on the requirements of this market.

The general terms of credit are from six to nine months.

No credit agency, apart from the Banco de Honduras, does business in this district. The bank will, on request, furnish reports of the financial standing of individuals and firms.

Trade of the United States with Honduras in 1902, 1903, and 1904.a

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a From data of the Bureau of Statistics, Department of Commerce and Labor.



According to statistics issued by the Treasury Department of the Republic of Mexico, the foreign commerce of the country for the month of July, 1904, the first of the fiscal year 1904–5 was represented by $5,453,507.27 for imports and $12,443,061.84 for exports, gold valuation being given for imports and silver for the exports.

The imports in detail and their respective valuations were follows:


Animal substances..
Vegetable substances
Mineral substances
Textiles and manufactures thereof..
Chemical products..
Spirituous beverages.
Paper and its applications.
Machinery and apparatus
Vehicles ...
Arms and explosives.
Miscellaneous .

$468, 880.27

719, 544. 17 1, 666, 197. 49

681, 975. 18 227,072. 59 208, 330. 14 190, 875. 65 760, 243. 96 129, 694. 53 233, 703. 10 168,990. 29


5, 453, 507. 27 Total for July, 1903..

6,775, 536. 41 Of the total for July, 1904, Great Britain supplied $519,263.23, a decrease of $459,629.72 over the same month of 1903; Germany, $752,762.67, an increase of $50,154.53; and the United States, $3,019,712.88, a decrease of $746,133.94, as compared with July, 1903.

Bull. No. 3–04—15

Details of exports show the following items and valuations:

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MANUFACTURES. Manufactured tobacco

45, 362.00 Other products.

142, 367.92 Total ......

187,729.92 Of the exports noted, Germany took $327,860.53, a decrease of $352,816.45 over the previous year; Great Britain, $995,573.96, and the United States, $9.416,832.52.


The following table, published in the “Mexican Herald” of November 1, 1904, shows the custom-house receipts of the Federal Government during the month of September, 1904. The collection for ordinary import duties are given separately for each custom-house, and those for extra duties, export duties, port dues, and arrears in aggregate:

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