Annual Report of the American Historical Association

Front Cover
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1897

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Contents

Regulation for proving of elections
29
Incompatibility of other functions for members of Congress
30
Compensation of members
34
Oath to the Constitution
35
Changing the date of inauguration day and the time of the sessions of Congress
36
Extra sessions of Congress quorum and vote
38
Discipline of members of Congress
39
Publication of the journals
40
Incompatibility of other functions for Representatives
42
Limitation of the number of Representatives
54
Election of Representatives
56
Proving elections to the House
59
Election of Senators
60
Filling vacancies in the Senate
63
Recall of Senators by the States
64
Term of Senators
65
Status of the Executive Page 141 142 142
66
Trial of impeachment of Senators
67
Composition of the court and number of judges
68
CHAPTER III
69
Judges to be ineligible to other offices
70
Impeachment
71
Addition of VicePresidents
72
Qualifications of the Executive
73
Establishment and jurisdiction of inferior courts
74
Choice of President and VicePresident
75
Suits against States
76
The twelfth amendment
77
Choice of electors by districts
80
Choice of electors by general ticket in each State
84
Election of the President by the people as the legislature of the State shall direct
86
Election of President and VicePresident by a general direct vote
87
Election of President and VicePresident directly by dis
89
tricts
91
Election of President and VicePresident directly by a com bination of districts and votes at large
92
Page
93
Election of President by a direct vote by States
94
Election from candidates designated by the States
98
Election of President by lot
100
Election of President from Presidential Sections
103
Election of President and VicePresident by the voters as Congress shall direct
104
Election of President and VicePresident in case of no choice at the first election
105
Discussion of schemes for Presidential Election
111
Time of election
114
Federal control over the election of President
115
Settlement of contested Presidential Elections
116
Exclusion of electors from appointment by the President
122
Term of the President and VicePresident
123
Compensation of the President
129
Limitations upon the appointing power of the President
131
Regulation of the power of removal
136
Civilservice reform
138
Military power of the President
140
States and the General Government 78 Summary of the propositions relative to the judiciary 144
144
153
153
CHAPTER V
163
AMENDMENTS AFFECTING TIE POWERS OF THE GOVERNMENT 165 165 166 167 167 169 170 172 173 175 79 Division of powers betwee...
165
Effect of express prohibition on Congress 82 Suits against States 83 Implied powers of Congress
167
Performance of national functions by the States
169
Guaranty of the State governments
170
Acknowledgement of secession
172
Limitations on secession
173
Limitations on the States by the Reconstruction Amend ments 89 Territorial powers
175
Exclusive power of Congress over the seat of government and other sites
176
Abridging territory
177
Annexation of territory
178
Admission of new States
180
Representation of the Territories and the District of Columbia in Congress 95 Disposition of the public lands
181
Relation of the United States with individuals
182
Admission of States 202 110 Admission of States 111 Acquirement of new territory
203
The District of Columbia and places under Federal juris diction
204
Right of transit with slaves
205
Slave insurrections and conspiracies
206
The foreign slave trade
208
Interstate slave trade and introduction of free negroes
209
The question of abolition
210
Abolition in the seceding States
211
Compensated emancipation
212
Compensation for slaves prohibited
213
Total abolition urged
214
Abolition secured by the thirteenth amendment
217
Citizenship of negroes denied
218
The fourteenth amendment
219
Civil rights clauses of the fourteenth amendment
220
Further enforcement of civil rights
222
Disability of participants in the rebellion
223
Restrictions on the suffrage
226
Extension of the suffrage to negroes
227
The fifteenth amendment
229
Miscellaneous propositions on the suffrage since the fifteenth amendment
235
Suffrage of the Chinese
237
Present condition of the suffrage
239
Early objections
240
Requisitions 2 12
242
Direct taxes
243
Taxation of corporations by States 215
245
Export duties
246
Payment of the Confederate debt
247
Claims for damages arising out of the civil war
248
Payment of the national debt
249
Protective tariffs 251
252
Status of financial legislation 233
253
Commercial power
254
National banks
255
Issuing of bank notes
257
Legaltender notes
258
Internal improvements
260
Navigation laws and embargoes
263
Bankruptcy laws
265
The status of commercial powers
266
Foreign affairs
267
Declaration of war
269
The militia
270
Military pensions
271
Prohibition of polygamy
272
Protection to labor
273
Education
274
The States to provide free public schools
275
Religion
277
Summary of amendments on the powers of the Government
279
CHAPTER VI
281
Proposed amendments in Congress
284
Ratification by conventions
286
Regulation of the ratification by the legislature
287
Propositions to change the majorities required by Article 1
292
Ratification by popular vote
293
The first ten amendments
295
Is the signature of the governor essential to an amenil ment to the Federal Constitution approved by the legis lature of the State
297
What constitutes threefourths of the States
298
Can a State reconsider its action upon an amendment
299
The difficulties of amendment
300
APPENDIX Calendar and bibliography of proposed amendments
306
Doctrinaire propositions on the rights of man 99 Titles of nobility
310
183
313
18
314
186
322
Distribution of the surplus 250
343
Appropriation bills 250
398

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Page 187 - If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain any title of nobility or honor, or shall without the consent of Congress, accept or retain any present, pension, office, or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them.
Page 179 - Florida also, whensoever it may be rightfully obtained, shall become a part of the United States, its white inhabitants shall thereupon be citizens, and shall stand, as to their rights and obligations, on the same footing with other citizens of the United States, in analogous situations.
Page 246 - ... the Constitution of the United States which prohibits a State from passing any law impairing the obligation of a contract. Whatever is granted is secured subject only to the limitations and reservations in the charter or in the laws or constitutions which govern it.
Page 211 - All slaves who shall have enjoyed actual freedom by the chances of the war, at any time before the end of the rebellion, shall be forever free; but all owners of such, who shall not have been disloyal, shall be compensated for them...
Page 138 - That no man, or set of men, are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privileges from the community, but in consideration of public services; which, not being descendible, neither ought the offices of magistrate, legislator or judge to be hereditary.
Page 211 - States may then have voluntarily adopted, or thereafter may voluntarily adopt, immediate or gradual abolishment of slavery within their respective 'limits; and that the effort to colonize persons of African descent with their consent upon this continent or elsewhere, with the previously obtained consent of the governments existing there, will be continued.
Page 44 - Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred Representatives, nor less than one representative for every forty thousand persons, until the number of representatives shall amount to two hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives, nor more than one Representative for every fifty thousand persons.
Page 260 - Their patriotism would certainly prefer its continuance and application to the great purposes of the public education, roads, rivers, canals, and such other objects of public improvement as it may be thought proper to add to the constitutional enumeration of federal powers.
Page 14 - Resolved that provision ought to be made for the amendment of the Articles of Union whensoever it shall seem necessary, and that the assent of the National Legislature ought not to be required thereto.
Page 152 - We have erred in this point, by copying England, where certainly it is a good thing to have the judges independent of the King. But we have omitted to copy their caution also, which makes a judge removable on the address of both legislative Houses. That there should be public functionaries independent...

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