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charge that the controlling influences
"Neither do they now promise us any substantial reform. They have agreed together to ignore, in the coming campaign every issue but one. They propose to drown the outcries of a plundered people with the uproar of a sham-battle over the tariff, so that capitalists, corporations, national banks, rings, trusts, watered stock, the demonetization of silver, and the oppressions of the usurers may all be lost sight of."
Then followed a series of planks containing those reforms which were considered vital and necessary to the people of the nation. They demanded, first of all, the union of the labor forces of the United States. Regarding currency they urged three measures: a national currency issued by the general government only; the free and unlimited coinage of gold and silver at the present legal ratio of 16 to 1; the immediate increase of the circulating medium to not less than fifty dollars per capita. They favored a graduated income tax and the establishment by the government of Postal Savings banks for the safe deposit of the earnings of the people and for facilitating exchange. They further demanded that the government own and operate the railways, the telephone, and the telegraph systems. Their land policy was as follows:
"The land, including all the natural
land now held by railroads and other cor-
Then followed nine resolutions attacking those conditions under which labor was working, favoring the initiative and referendum, favoring constitutional amendments limiting the chief executive to one term, and providing for the election of the Senators by a direct vote of the people, and opposing any subsidy of 4 national aid to any private corporation for any purpose.
This platform represented in 1892 the feelings and attitude of the discontented element in the country. Four years later the Democratic Platform contained within its platform many of the planks contained in this one.
Progressive Movement in Democratic
"The progressive movement in the Dem-
4. National Platforms, pp. 170-174.
estly believed that the advocates of
5. Benjamin Park De Witt, The Progressive Movement (New York 1915) p. 26.