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the metric system, X. 526.
appointment of relations to office,
XV. 114. His opinion on accept-
ance of gifts, XV. 121.
Adams, Samuel, letter of, desiring
Congressional action to abolish
war, II. 252. On limited power of
national government, III. 126.
Frees a female slave, V. 282. On
republican government, X. 184.
Adjournments of Congress, protests
against, VII. 176; IX. 55; XI. 168,
352, 420. Memorandum of, 1846-
62, IX. 55 et seq.

Administration, duty and strength of
the coming (in 1861), V. 481.
Stand by the, VII. 116.
Admiral, rank of, VII. 150.
Africa, reasons for condition of, XIII.

African Race, alleged inferiority of,

V. 108; XIII. 171. Merits and ca-
pacities of, V. 185; VII. 226; XIII. |
172-176. See Colored Persons and
Colored Race.

Agriculture, in slave and free States,
V. 35. In United States in 1850,
VII. 250 et seq.

Alabama, case of the, VII. 353 et seq.;

XIII. 65-69. Claims, XIII. 53,
124-127; XV. 12.

Alaman, Lucas, career and works of,

XII. 175 et seq. His prophecy
concerning Mexico, XII. 176-178.
Alaska. See Russian America.
Alembert, M. d', letter of, on Latin)
verse applied to Franklin, VIII. 16.
Alexandreïs, the, origin and history
of, IX. 512-517, 520-525. Author
of, IX. 617-520. Analysis of, IX.

Influence of religion on, I. 474.
Descriptions of, by travellers and
captives, I. 476-481. Evil effects
of, I. 482. See Algiers, Barba-
ry States, Tripoli, and Tunis.
Algiers, described by old English
writers, I. 403. War of United
States with, I. 456; VI. 435. Expe-
ditions of Lord Exmouth against,
I. 459-462; VI. 435; VII. 398. Ab-
olition of white slavery in, I. 462;
VI. 435; VII. 399.

Allston, Washington, tribute to, as
the artist, in Phi Beta Kappa ora-
tion of 1846, I. 272-284. Mrs.
Jameson on, I. 273.

Ambassadors, seizure of, on neutral
ships, according to English author-
ities, VI. 193 et seq.; testimony to
American policy on same, VI. 195–
200; policy of Continental Europe
on same, VI. 201.

Ambulance and hospital corps, VII.

America. prophetic voices concerning,
XII. 1. Allusions to, by early Eng-
lish and American poets, XII. 10-

Early designation of United
States, XII. 181, 232-234; and per-
haps its future name, 234. Geo-
graphical unity of, XII. 235 et seq.
Ames, Adelbert, Gen., remarks on
admission of, as Senator from
Mississippi, XIII. 341.
Amherst College, Commencement
oration at, II. 1.

Amnesty, must not be granted to
Rebels too soon, XIV. 133, 470.
Must be united with equal rights
for colored persons, XIV. 367, 411,
415, 469; XV. 69, 290.

Algerine Captive, the, quoted, I. 447; Ancients and Moderns, battle of, II.

III. 122; VI. 430.
Algerine Slavery, illustrations of,
in literature, I. 390-394, 465-472.
Compared to American, I. 445–451.
Efforts of United States against,
I. 451-458; VI. 421-436. Abol-
ished, I. 462; VI. 435; VII. 399.


Andrew, John A., appeal for election
of, as Governor of Massachusetts,
V. 267. His merits, V. 286. Op-
poses all compromise in 1861, V.
447. Letters to, Jan. 17-Feb. 20,
1861, V. 454-467. Extract from

letter to, on emancipation, VI. 152. | Aristocracy, defined, X. 208.

On pay and enlistment of colored Aristotle, testifies to opposition to

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slavery, I. 397. On coinage, VIII.
445. On government, X. 145. On
citizenship, X. 330. His definition
of equity, XIII. 366.
Arkansas, territorial organization of,
III. 299. Speech on recognition
of, IX. 1; reasons for opposition
to same, IX. 5-10. Sources of Con-
gressional power over, IX. 12-22.
Arlington, Massachusetts, celebration
at, on assuming its new name, XI.
Arlington, Virginia, the patriot dead
at, XIV. 86.

Antislavery Society, American, let- Armies, standing, of Europe in 1845,

ters to, X. 427; XIII. 375.
Anxieties and prospects during the
winter of 1860-61, V. 454.
Appropriation Bills. origination of,
IV. 83; debates in National Conven-
tion on same, IV. 84-87, 88 et seq.
Example of England as to, IV. 90.
Aranda, Pedro, Count, XII. 145.
American ministers on, XII. 146.
His predictions concerning Amer-
ica, XII. 147-150. Ideas resemb-
ling his, XII. 151.

Arbitration, a substitute for war, I.
51; II. 264; XV. 80. Established
by Switzerland and German Con-
federation, II. 228. Advocated by
Cobden, II. 257. Efforts to estab-
lish, II. 263. Stipulated, or a con-
gress of nations, with disarmament,
II. 393. Recommended for settle-
ment of San Juan boundary ques-
tion, V. 484. Suggested by Eng-
land in 1870 to obviate Franco-
German War, XIV. 22. Interna-
tional, XV. 273.

Architecture, changes in, I. 114.
Arctic Expeditions, XIII. 384.
Argenson, René, Marquis d', on
equality, X. 198. Career of, XII.
36-38. His writings, XII. 38-41.
His prophecy concerning America,
XII. 41.

I. 75. Not necessary in United
States, I. 86.
Power of Congress
over, I. 354. Testimony of Freder-
ick of Prussia to effect of, II. 218
(and note); XIV. 58. The national,
and fugitive slaves, VI. 145. Sir
Thomas More on, XIV. 57. Mon-
tesquieu on, XIV. 79.
Armories, civil superintendents of,
III. 208.

Arms, results of wearing, I. 99; V.
67; XIV. 58: Judge Jay on same,
I. 100. Sale of, by United States to
France in war of 1870, XV. 5.
Army, distinguished from militia, I.
355. Of United States composed
of volunteers, I. 356; of same in Rc-
bellion, VII. 212. No exclusion of
retired officers of, from civil ser-
vice, XIII. 381.

Art, importance of expression in, I.
278. Battles not subjects for, I.
281. In the National Capitol, X.
540. American, X. 551-554. See

Ashley, James M., and Reconstruc-
tion, IX. 139.

Assailants, reply to, III. 368.
Atchison, David R., IV. 160. Speech
of, quoted, IV. 173.
Atheists, declared, not allowed to take
oath, VI. 358 et seq.

XI. 145.

Baltimore, attack on the Sixth Mas-
sachusetts Regiment at, April 19,
1861, V. 495.

Auburn System of prison discipline Ballot, importance of the, IV. 171;
explained, I. 171, 499. Propagates
vice, I. 173. Supported by Boston
Prison-Discipline Society, I. 178,
507. Compared to Pennsylvania
system, I. 526-528.
Augustine, St., protests against war-
preparations in time of peace, I.
107. On unjust laws, III. 192;
VIII. 381.

Austria, army of, before 1845, I. 75.
Navy of, before 1840, I. 76. Rel-
ative expenditure of, for war-pre-
parations, I. 78. Numbers of its
Parliaments, XV. 2.

Authors, in slave and free States,
V. 44.


BABCOCK, ORVILLE E., his manage-
ment of negotiation for annexion of
San Domingo, XIV. 99-102, 189,
206-209; XV. 145 et seq. His as-
sumption of title of aide-de-camp
to the President, XIV. 100 et seq.;
XV. 145. Supported by U. S.
ships, XIV. 205 et seq.; XV. 145,

Bacon, Lord, his definition of war, I.

14. On philanthropy, I. 286; IV.
34. Ideas of, on progress, II. 113.
On settlement of Virginia, IX. 106.
His definition of equity, XIII. 366.
Bacon, Roger, legend of, I. 212.
Baez, Buenaventura, XIV. 99; XV.

144. His associates, XIV. 99, 180;
XV. 144. Sustained by U. S.
ships of war, XIV. 103, 135, 179
et seq. His career, XIV. 183-188.
Testimony to his support by U. S.
navy, XIV. 194-197, 208-216.
Bailey, Goldsmith F., Representative
from Massachusetts, speech on
death of, VI. 504.

Baker, Edward D., Senator from
Oregon, speech on death of, with
call for emancipation, VI. 130-

Banks. See Free Banking, National
Banks, and State Banks.
Banks, Nathaniel P., letter on com-
memoration of his election as
Speaker of House of Representa-
tives, IV. 97.
Barbary States, white slavery in the,
I. 383. Gibbon on origin of their
name, I. 388. Compared to slave
States of America, I. 389; V. 47-49.
Military expeditions against, I. 404
-415. Treaties of, with Great Brit-
ain, I. 412,-and with United States,
I. 452, 455, 456; VI. 432 et seqq.
Efforts to ransom white slaves in,
I. 415-419, 439; VI. 420, 424-434.
Efforts of slaves to escape from, I.
421. Narratives of escapes from
slavery in, I. 423-432, 437. Rec-
ords of American slaves in, I. 432-
437; VI. 423. Wars of, with United
States, I. 453-458; VI. 434. Ab-
olition of white slavery in, I. 460,
462; VI. 435; VII. 399. Testi-
mony to condition of white slaves
in, I. 473-481; VI. 422. Black
slavery in, I. 483. See Algerine
Slavery, Algiers, Tripoli, and

Bates, Edward, Attorney-General,
opinion of, on enlistment of colored
troops, VIII. 101 et seq. Opinion
of, declaring colored persons citi-
zens of United States, X. 278, 368.
Anecdote of, concerning colored
officers, XIII. 489.

Bavard, Chevalier, conduct of, in a
duel, I. 66; XIV. 10.
Bayard, James A., argument of, to
prove that a Senator is a United
States officer, quoted, VIII. 67-

Belgium, the mission to, VIII. 217.
Bell, John, party in support of, in

1860, V. 245, 342; plan of same,
V. 245-247; same, in 1864, IX. 69.
Bellièvre, Pomponne de, engraved
portrait of. XIV. 339. Dr. Thies
on same, XIV. 339, 340. His ca-
reer, XIV. 340-343.


Belligerence, rule for recognition of,
VII. 452 et seq.; XIII. 60, 121-
124. Requisites for concession of
VII. 452-459; XIII. 59 et
seq., 122, authorities declaring
same, VII. 455-457; British prece-
dents illustrating same, VII. 459-
461. No neutrality possible with-
out recognition of, XIII. 65, 203.
Bentham, Jeremy, his plan for uni-
versal peace, II. 245.
Berkeley, Bishop, XII. 25-28. His
prophecy concerning America, XII.
28; Webster on same, XII. 28;
predictions resembling same, XII.

Bills of Rights, their history and pol-
icy, III. 258. Adoption of one in
Massachusetts, III. 265-267.
Bingham, Kinsley S., Senator from
Michigan, speech on death of, VI.
124; protest against slavery in
same, VI. 125.

Binney, Horace, XIV. 147.

Bismarck, Count, XIV. 62 et seq.
Black Code, the, must be abolished,

VI. 122; IX. 442.

Blackstone, Sir William, on the Eng-
lish militia, I. 357. On trial by
battle, II. 197. Influence of his
Commentaries in America, III. 162;
XII. 288. On recovery of escaped
villeins, III. 163. On fugitive
slaves in England, III. 499 (see note,
500). On unlimited authority of
governments, V. 319. On levying
war, VI. 263. On power of Speak-
er of House of Lords, XII. 287.
On the post-office as a source of
revenue, XIII. 394.
Blaine, James G., letter to, on Presi-

dential election of 1872, XV. 196.
Blaine Amendment to the Constitu-

tion, speeches on, X. 115, 282, 338.
Objections to, X. 120-123, 284-315,
375 et seq. Boston Recorder on,
X. 291-293. John E. King on, X.
303. Substitutes for, X. 315–323.
Opposite sides on meaning of the,
X. 338. Opinion of Gerrit Smith
and others on, X. 340-342.
Blockade, commercial, should be
abandoned, VI. 216.
British com-
plaints of, during Rebellion, VII.
343-345. Lincoln's proclamation
of, XIII. 62-64. Instances of pa-
cific, XIII. 63.
Blount, William, impeachment of,
VIII. 66; XII. 278.
Bonds, national, taxation of, XII.
453-455, 540 et seq.; XIII. 108.
Payment of, by greenbacks, XII.
455-461, 542-546; XIII. 107. Rea-
sons for reducing interest on, XIII.
288 et seq.
See Five-twenties and
Books, increased tax on, opposed,
VII. 166 et seq. No tax on, VIII.
471; IX. 336; XI. 86-90. Cheap,
and public libraries, XI. 83. On
the free list, XIII. 471; XV. 61.
Boston, should demand withdrawal of
troops from Mexico, I. 376. Lead-
ership of, in generous actions, I.
376. School Committee of, has no
power to make color-distinctions,
II. 358-362. Opposition of,to Stamp
Act, III. 172-174, 363 et seq. Pe-
tition for repeal of Fugitive-Slave
Bill, speech on, III. 355-367; origin
of same, III. 356. Vote of, against
slavery, in 1701, III. 385; IV. 372;
V. 281; IX. 277. Importance of,
in Revolution, III. 395; XIII. 98.
Public reception of Mr. Sumner at,
in 1856, IV. 368. The city of, and
Mr. Sumner, X. 280. Relief of,
after great fire of 1872, XV. 258.
Its proper boundaries, XV. 279.
Boston Common, and its extension,
IV. 442. The first treasure of Bos-
ton, XV. 73.

Boston Prison-Discipline Society, sup-
ports Auburn system, I. 178, 507.
Injustice of, to Pennsylvania sys-
tem, I. 179, 490, 506 et seqq. Speech
before, I. 486. Mr. Sumner's re-
lations to, I. 490, 494. Letter of
Dr. Wayland on, I. 491. Reports
and discussions of, I. 493 et seqq.
Management of, criticised, I. 495,
506, 522 et seqq. Its report of 1843
criticised, I. 507-520; foreign com-
ments on same, I. 507; same
quoted, I. 508, 510, 512. Duty of,
I. 520. Increased usefulness need-
ed in, I. 522–525. Letter of De
Tocqueville on, I. 530 (note).
Boston Public Library, foundation of,
VIII. 52.

Bounty Lands for soldiers out of real
estate of Rebels, VI. 501.
Bourbons, Massachusetts Whigs in
1855 compared to, IV. 74.
Boutwell, George S., course of, in
the Treasury, defended, XIII.
112. On intriguing for the Presi-
dent by office-holders, XV. 225 et

Breckenridge, John C., claims of
party in support of, in 1860, V.
247. Effect of vote for, V. 250.
Bright, Jesse D., of Indiana, expul-
sion of, from Senate, VI. 252;
facts in case of, VI. 261-273.
Bright, John, on English assistance
to rebel States, XIII. 72.
Brooks, Preston S., his assault on
Mr. Sumner, IV. 257-271 (Appen-
dix); defence of same by the South,
IV. 271-280 (Appendix); sentiment
of the North on same, IV. 302-328
(Appendix). Mr. Sumner's feel-
ings towards, XV. 197.
Brougham, Lord, on equality, II. 331.
On slavery, III. 511; VI. 400.
privilege of Parliament, IV. 440.
On untrustworthiness of slave-mas-
ters to legislate for freedmen, VII.
225; XI. 33. His mistake in quot-
ing Latin verse applied to Franklin,


VIII. 1. On apprenticeship in
British West Indies, VIII. 491; X.
286. His advice to a young law-
yer, XIV. 147. His refusal of a
gift, XV. 119.
Browne, John W., tribute to, as a
college classmate, V. 236.
Browne, Sir Thomas, prophecy of,
concerning America, XII. 18-

Buchanan, James, on interpretation
of the Constitution, III. 377. On
power of Congress to abrogate trea-
ties, IV. 119. Defends irregular
proceedings in Michigan before its
admission as a State, IV. 224, 229,
234. Effect of a vote for, IV. 359.
Corruption in his election and
administration, V. 196-198, 223.
Recognizes Lecompton constitution
for Kansas, V. 198, 221. De-
nounced, V. 199. Favors Critten-
den compromise, V. 447. Mr.
Sumner's interview with, in 1861,
V. 448 et seq. His inactivity
against Rebellion, VI. 84; VII.
518. On surplus of Chinese in-
demnity fund, XIII. 450.
Buffalo Convention of 1848, speech
at meeting to ratify its nominations,
II. 139. Described, II. 141. Prin-
ciples of, II. 142. Candidates of,
II. 143.


Burke, Edmund, on the American
War, I. 346. On glory, II. 29. On
recognition of the French Republic,
VII. 437 et seq., 445. On extinc-
tion of States, VII. 525.
arbitrary power, VIII. 382. On
untrustworthiness of slave-masters
in regard to freedmen, IX. 425; X.
56: XI. 32. On impeachment,
XII. 290 et seq., 328, 335, 337, 340,
342, 344, 398.
Burlingame, Anson, duty to vote for,
IV. 366; V. 341. Congratulation
on his reëlection in 1856, IV. 387.
Regret for his defeat in 1860, V.
348. Tribute to, XII. 503. On

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