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INDEX

NOTE. — For additional references to states and cities, consult the several func-
tions of government, for example, finance, judiciary, etc.

Acceptance speech, p. 172.

Appropriations, federal, pp. 365 ff.;
Accessory to crime, p. 570.

state, pp. 508 ff.
Administration, national, pp. 215 ff.; Arbitration, international, pp. 339 ff.;

state, pp. 492 ff.; municipal, pp. 593 labor and capital, p. 741.
ff.; centralization of, p. 654.

Arizona, p. 420.
Advisory initiative, p. 464.

Arkansas, popular election of Senators,
Agriculture, department of, pp. 222, 408. p. 242; suffrage, p. 455; amendment
Alabama, constitutions of, p. 97; popu- process, p. 458; salary and term of

lar election of Senators, p. 242 ; suf- governor, p. 491; pay and term of
frage, Pp, 454 f.; amendment process, legislators, p. 527; ballot law, p. 680;
p. 458 f?; salary and term of governor, primary law, p. 694.
P. 491; pay and term of legislators, Army, United States, pp. 342 ff.
p. 527; ballot, p. 681 ; primary law, Arrest, warrant for, p. 571.
P. 694.

Articles of Confederation, failure of,
Alaska, p. 425.

pp. 28, 36 ff.
Alien act, p. 107.

Assessments, state and local, p. 714.
Aliens, admitted to suffrage, p. 454. Assessor, county, p. 647.
Ambassadors, appointment of, pp. 196, Attainder, bill of, p. 434.

317 ff.; functions of, p. 319; immuni- Attorney-general, federal, pp. 189, 198,
ties of, p. 319.

204, 210, 219, 221, 300; state, pp. 483,
Amendment clause, of federal Constitu- 501.
tion, pp. 56, 60 ff.

Attorney, prosecuting, pp. 549, 572, 643.
Amendment, Thirteenth, pp. 68 ff.; Auditor, state, pp. 483, 500; county,
Fourteenth, pp. 69 ff., 436 ff.; pro-

P. 647.
posed Sixteenth, p. 71.

Australian ballot, pp. 675 ff.
Amendment process in state constitu-

tions, evolution of, pp. 96 ff.; charac- Ballot, popular control through, pp.
ter of, pp. 458 ff.

469 ff.; Australian, p. 675; Massachu-
Amendments, to federal Constitution, setts, p. 677; party column, p. 678.

adoption of, pp. 63 ff., 201 note. Banks, national, p. 377.
American republics, bureau of, p. 222. Banking associations, p. 376.
Annapolis, convention of (1786), p. 43. Banking (state), supervision of, p. 731.
Anti-federalists, pp. 106 ff.

Bankruptcy, p. 259.
Anti-lobby legislation, pp. 543 f. Baths, municipal, p. 630.
Anti-masons, p. 131.

Bicameral legislature, pp. 53 ff., 505, 519
Anti-trust Act (1890), p. 383.

Bill of attainder, p. 434.
Appeals, in colonial courts, p. 13; in Bill of credit, pp. 40, 375.
civil cases, p. 566; in criminal cases, Bill of rights, federal, p. 147 ff.; state,

p. 447.
Appointment, to office, pp. 89 ff.; federal, Bills, introduction of, into Congress,

p. 216; state, pp. 494, 508, 511; city, p. 271; drafting of, p. 497 ; in state
P. 592.

legislature, pp. 537, 542, 545.
Apportionment, for state legislatures, Board of estimate and apportionment
P. 520.

in Nt.! York City, p. 595.

P. 576.

Board system in cities, pp. 593 ff.

p. 585; mayor, p. 591; civil service,
Boards, county, p. 640.

P. 597 ; children's courts, p. 612; hous-
Boston, council, p. 585; mayor, p. 591 ; ing, p. 615; street railway mileage,

budget, pp. 592, 604; civil service, p. p. 619; transportation, p. 619; edu-
602 ; charter revision of 1909, p. 602 ; cation expenditures, p. 624; public
street paving, p. 616; education ex- lecture system, p. 626; libraries, p.
penditure, p. 624; libraries, p. 626; 627; parks and playgrounds, pp. 628
parks, p. 627; percentage owning ff. ; percentage owning homes, p. 633 ;
homes, p. 633; “1915 movement,” voters' league, p. 704.
P. 634 note.

Child labor, p. 734.
Bribery in elections, p. 671.

Chinese exclusion, pp. 120, 122, 387.
Budget, city, preparation of, pp. 604 ff.; Chisholm o. Georgia, pp. 65, 76.
state, pp. 708 ff.

Circuit court. See Judiciary, federal.
Business taxes, p. 717.

Citizens, rights of, in war time, p. 352.

Citizens Union of New York, pp. 546, 704.
Cabinet, appointment of, pp. 185, 190; Citizenship, p. 160.

character of, pp. 219 ff.; proposed City government, elective offices in, p.
state, pp. 504 f.

481; difficulties of, p. 578; and the
Calendar Wednesday, p. 290.

state legislature, p. 579; home rule, p.
California, popular election of Senators, 579; special legislation for, pp. 580 ff.;

P. 242; prosecution by information in, classification of cities, p. 582; charter-
p. 439; constitution of, p. 446; making and amendment, pp. 682 ff.;
residence qualification for voters, p. council, pp. 584 ff.; taxation, p. 589;
454; educational test for voters, p. franchises, p. 590; mayor, pp. 591 ff.;
455; amending process, p. 459; term finances, pp. 591 f., 603 ff.; adminis-
and salary of governor, p. 491; new tration, p. 593 ; departments of, p. 595;
state offices in, p. 508; pay and terms civil service, p. 596; suffrage, p. 597;
of legislators, p. 527; legislative refer- initiative and referendum, p. 597; re-
ence, p. 545; code in, p. 556; con- call, p. 597; party nominations, p. 598;
stitutional provisions for cities, p. 583 ; commission government, pp. 598 ff.;
initiative and referendum for cities, budget, pp. 604 ff.; police, pp. 607 ff.;
p. 597 ; commission government in, p. courts, pp. 611 ff.; health, tenement, and
599; ballot in, p. 681 ; primary law, fire departments, pp. 614 ff.; streets,
694 ; land law, p. 723.

pp. 616 ff.; transportation, p. 019;
Campaign, national, pp. 174 ff.; contri- waterworks, p. 620; education in, p.

butions by corporations, p. 176 note; 624; libraries, p. 627 ; parks, pp. 627
character of contributions, p. 669; ff.; baths, p. 630; death-rate, p. 631;
expenses regulated, p. 701.

land problem, p. 631 ; home-owning, p.
Candidates, presidential, tours by, p. 633 ; municipal ownership, pp. 634 ff.

178; assessment of, p. 668. See Civil service, federal, reform of, pp. 120,
Convention and Primary.

222 ff.; act, p. 223 ; commission, pp.
Capital punishment, pp. 575 f.

222 ff.; examinations, pp. 225 ff.;
Caucus, legislative, p. 128; congressional classified, p. 224; extension of, p. 224;

nominating, P. 129; congressional, exceptions in, p. 226; appointment to,

p. 268; in state legislature, p. 533. P. 226; removal from, p. 227; politics
Centralization, federal, p. 386.

in, p. 228; pensions, p. 230.
Chairman. See Committee, national; Civil service, state, pp. 511 ff.; municipal,
state, p. 657.

P. 596.
Chancellor, p. 4.

Claims, federal court of, p. 300 note.
Chancery courts, p. 548.

Classes, colonial, p. 16. See Labor.
Charities, public, p. 745.

Clerk, county, pp. 549, 648.
Charter-making for cities, pp. 581 ff. Cleveland, council, p. 585; mayor, p.
Chicago, elections in, p. 471; percentage 591; garbage disposal, p. 618; trans-

of foreign-born inhabitants, p. 578; portation, p. 619; playgrounds and
charter revision, p. 584; council, parks, p. 628; franchises, p. 635.

P. 681.

405 ff.

Coal supply, pp. 409 f.

qualifications for office in, pp. 80 ff.;
Codification of the law, pp. 555 ff. salary and term of governor, p. 491 ;
Coins, p. 376.

representation in, p. 521; pay and
Colorado, suffrage, pp. 453 f.; amend- term of legislators, p. 527; ballot law,

ment process, p. 458; salary and term
of governor, p. 491 ; pay and term of Conservation commission, p. 406.
legislators, P. 527 ;

initiative and Conservation of natural resources, pp.
referendum for cities, p. 597; commis-
sion government in, p. 599; ballot law, Constitution, federal, demand for, pp.
p. 681; state support of campaigns, 42 ff.; call of convention to frame, p.
p. 703

44; the framing of, pp. 44 ff., 49 ff.;
Commander-in-chief, power of President compromises of, p. 52; contrasted
as, pp. 194 ff.'

with Articles of Confederation, pp.
Commerce, under Articles of Confedera- 53 ff. ; ratification, pp. 56 ff.; develop-

tion, pp. 37 ff.; interstate and foreign, ment of, pp. 60 ff.; amendments to, pp.
pp. 55, 258, 379; state interference, 63 ff.; principles of, pp. 145 ff. See

p. 432 ; state regulation, pp. 724 ff. · Amendments.
Commerce and labor, department of, Constitutions, state, formation of, pp.
pp. 222, 392.

28 ff.; size of, p. 79; tendencies in
Commission government, municipal, pp. development of, pp. 78 ff.; principles
484, 598 ff.

of, pp. 445 ff.
Commissions, state, pp. 501 ff.; criticism Consuls, appointment of, p. 196; func-

of, p. 502; proposals for reform, p. tions of, pp. 322 ff.

504 ; public service, pp. 508, 730 f. Contract, obligation of, pp. 40, 76, 434
Committee (party), national, pp. 166, ff.

172; state, pp. 657, 690 ff.; county, Contract labor, exclusion of, p. 387.
p. 691.

Contracts, law of, p. 560.
Committee of the whole (Congress), p. Contributory negligence, pp. 560, 738.
274 and note.

Convention of 1787, pp. 43 ff.
Committees, correspondence, pp. 22 ff. Conventions (party), early, p. 127; rise
Committees in Congress, pp. 274, 276 ff., of national, p. 130 ff.; working of

291 ff. ; in state legislatures, pp. 534 ff. national, pp. 166 ff.; state, pp. 128,
Common law, p. 553.

489, 659, 699.
Comptroller, state, p. 500.

Conventions, state constitutional, pp.
Concurrent resolutions, pp. 201 note 2,

458 f.
290 note.

Copyrights, pp. 259 f.
Confederation, Articles of, pp. 26 ff. Coroner, p. 646.
Confederation, New England, p. 20. Corporations, federal regulation, pp.
Conference committee, p. 291.

380 ff.; state regulation, pp. 440, 451,
Congress, first Continental, pp. 23 ff.; 724 ff.; law of, p. 563 ; contributions
second Continental, pp. 25 ff.

to parties, p. 702 ; taxation of, p. 716.
Congress, United States, salary of Corrupt practices acts, p. 701.
members, p. 244; freedom of arrest, Council

, city, pp. 584 ff.; form of, p.
p. 245; freedom of speech, p. 245 ; 585; size of, p. 585; elections for,
internal organization, p. 246 ; quorum, p. 586; decline in, p. 587; powers of,
p. 246; sessions, p. 248; powers, pp. 588 ff.; and administration, p.
pp. 253 ff.; debate in, p. 254; party 500; relation to mayor, p. 591.
organization in, pp. 267 ff.; business Council, colonial, pp. 7 f.; governor's,
in, p. 269; rules, pp. 272 ff.; Speaker
of House, pp. 272 ff.; committees of, County, government, pp. 639 ff.; court,
pp. 276 ff.; relation to President, pp. pp. 13, 548, 642 ; elections in, p. 484;

party organization, p. 661.
Connecticut, colonial government in, Courts. See Judiciary.

pp. 3–20 passim; part in the Revolu- Crimes, power of federal government
tion, pp. 22–33 passim; suffrage and

over, p. 262.

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p. 88.

205 ff.

p. 681.

374 ff.

Criminal law, pp. 568 ff.; procedure, | Executive, see President and Governor.
pp. 150, 571 ff.

Executive agreements, p. 197.
Cuba, relation to United States, p. 427. Ex post facto, p. 434.
Cumulative voting in Illinois, p. 523. Extradition, p. 159.
Customs court, p. 300 note i.

Factory legislation, p. 735.
Debate, limits on in House of Representa- False imprisonment, p. 559.

tives, p. 274; in the Senate, p. 275; Farmers' alliance, p. 122.
in state legislature, p. 538.

Farms, abandoned, p. 407.
Debt, national, p. 373 note; state, p. 707. Federalist, the, pp. 51, 104 ff.
Debt limit, state, p. 450.

Federal law, supremacy of, p. 156.
Delaware, colonial government in, pp. Fellow-servant doctrine, pp. 560, 738.

3–20 passim; formation of state gov- Felonies, p. 569.
ernment, p. 31; suffrage and qualifi- Finance, federal, pp. 257, 210, 355 ;
cations for office, pp. 80 ff.; salary and taxing power, pp. 358 ff.; direct tax,
term of governor, p. 491 ; pay and P. 359; indirect tax, p. 360 ; revenues,
term of legislators, p. 527; ballot law, pp. 360, 369 ; revenue bills, pp. 361 ff.;

appropriations, pp. 365 ff.; collection
Democracy, in colonial times, pp. 16 ff.; of revenues, pp. 373 ff.; money, pp.

in the national convention of 1787,
pp. 46 ff.; rise of political, pp. 79 ff.; Finance, municipal, pp. 589, 591, 592,
rise of western, pp. 108 ff.

595, 603 ff.
Democratic party, pp. 106, 123, 134, 391. Finance, state, limitations on legislatures,
Departments, heads of federal, pp. 210 ff.; pp. 706 ff.; state debts, p. 707 ; uni-

and Congress, pp. 210, 212, 213 note, formity in taxation, p. 707 ; legislative
217, 215 ff.; state, 499 ff.

methods, p.708; appropriations, p. 710;
Des Moines, commission government, supervision of expenditures, p. 712;

accounting, p. 713; kinds of taxes,
Dilatory motions, p. 272.

p. 714
Dingley bill, p. 391.

Fire department, p. 615.
Direct nomination, for Representatives, Florida, popular election of Senators,

p. 238; for Senators, pp. 242 ff., 478, p. 252 ; judges, p. 452; salary and
489, 693 ff.

term of governor, p. 491; legislative
Disputed election, the, p. 182 note. apportionment, p. 520; pay and term
District of Columbia, courts of, p. 300 of legislators, p. 527; ballot law,
note 1; government of, p. 426.

p. 680; primary law, p. 694.
District court. See Judiciary, federal. Foreign affairs, pp. 315 ff.
Divorce, p. 562.

Forestry service, p. 412.
Domain, public, pp. 401 ff.

Forests, pp. 411 ff.
Domestic relations, p. 561.

Fourteenth amendment, pp. 436 ff.
Due process of law, pp. 147, 437 ff. Franchises, corporate, p. 135; referen-

dum on, p. 465; municipal, pp. 590,
Education, in cities, p. 624; state and 619, 634.
local, p. 746 ff.

Fraud orders, pp. 218, 399.
Educational tests for voting, p. 455. Free delivery service, p. 397.
Eight-hour day, p. 733.

Full faith and credit clause, p. 158.
Elections, theory of popular, p. 470; num-

ber of, pp. 471 ff.; separation of state Galveston, commission government in,
and local, p. 484 ; regulation of, pp.

p. 598.
672 ff.; primary, p. 685 ff.; money in, General property tax, p. 714.
p. 701.

General staff, p. 348.
Electors, presidential, pp. 179 ff. Georgia, colonial government in, pp. 3-20
Employer's liability, pp. 736 ff.

passim; formation of state govern-
Enrollment, party, p. 687.

ment, p. 31; suffrage and qualification
Equity, origin and character of, pp. 553 f. for office, pp. 80 ff.; constitutions of,

pp. 600 ff.

p. 98; popular election of senators, p. system, pp. 458 f.; public opinion law,
242; salary and term of governor, p. 464; salary and term of governor,
p. 491; pay and term of legislators, p. 491; civil service law, p. 512;
P. 527; ballot in, p. 679; primary law, cumulative voting in, p. 522; pay and
p. 694.

terms of legislators, p. 527; legislative
Gerrymander, origin of term, p. 235 note; operations in, P.

539; legislative
in congressional districts, p. 235 ; reference, p. 545; restrictions in favor
state, pp. 520, 523.

of cities, p. 584; ballot in, pp. 681,682 ;
Gold basis, p. 376.

primary law, pp. 690, 694 note;
Governor, colonial, pp. 3 ff.; early, pp. railroad rates, p. 727.

87 ff.; state, nomination and election, Immigration, pp. 387 ff.
p. 489; qualifications, terms, salary, Impeachment, federal process, p. 264;
pp. 490 ff.; and militia, p. 492 ; power state process, p. 509.
of, over state administration, pp. Imports, tax on, p. 430.
492 ff; appointing power, p. 494; and Inauguration, presidential, p. 185.
the budget, p. 495 ; and martial law, Income tax, amendment, p. 71; federal,
p. 495; and special sessions, p. 496 ; pp. 122, 360 and note i ; state, p. 716.
growth of power, p. 497 ; veto power, Incorporation, federal, p. 386.
P. 498; pardoning power, p. 498; | Indeterminate sentence, p. 575.
proposals to increase power, pp. Indiana, residence requirement for voting,

504 ff.; removal power, p. 510. p. 454; amendment process, p. 459 ;
Governors' conference, p. 406.

local referendum, p. 465; cligibility of
Greenback party, p. 122.

governor, p. 490; salary and term of
Greenbacks, p. 376.

governor, p. 491 ; civil service, p. 512;
Guan, p. 425.

pay and terms of legislators, p. 527;

ballot law, pp. 678 ff.; primary law,
Habeas corpus, suspension by President, p. 694 uniform accounting, p. 713 ;

P. 194; writ of, p. 302 ; in war time, railroad rate law, p. 727; travelling
p. 353 ; in states, p. 495.

libraries, p. 749; local option, p. 752.
Hague conferences, pp. 340 f.

Indians, p. 393 note.
Hawaii, pp. 420 ff.

Individualism, p. 722.
Health, municipal department, p. 614; Inferior officers, pp. 189, 190.
public, p. 742.

Inheritance, law of, p. 562.
Home rule (municipal), pp. 579 ff. Inheritance tax, federal, pp. 352, 360 ;
Homes in cities, pp. 631, 633.

state, p. 715.
Homestead act, p. 402.

Initiative and referendum, state, pp.
House of Representatives, organization of, 460 ff.; municipal, p. 597.

pp. 231 ff.; party organization in, Injunctions, pp. 124, 304 ff., 449.
pp. 262 ff.; log-rolling in, p. 269; Instrumentalities, federal, tax on, p. 431.
rules of, p. 272 ; debate in, p. 274 ; | Insular cases, p. 419.
committees of, pp. 276 ff.; Speaker Insurance, regulation of, p. 732.
of, p. 280; committee on rules, p. 283 ; Interior, department of, p. 222.
order of business, pp. 284 ff.; minority International law, pp. 337 ff.
in, p. 289.

Interstate Commerce. See Commerce,

federal.
Idaho, popular election of Senators, p. Interstate Commerce Commission, pp.
242 ; suffrage, p. 453 ; initiative and

222, 292, 380 ff.
referendum, p. 463 ; salary and term of Iowa, negro suffrage, p. 86; popular
governor, p. 491; pay and term of election of Senators, p. 242 ; prohibi-
legislators, p. 527; initiative and refer- tion law, p. 433'; amendment process,
endum for city government, p. 597 ; pp. 458 f.; salary and term of governor,
commission government, p. 599 ; P. 491; pay and term of legislators,
ballot law, p. 682 ; primary law, p. p. 527 ; legislative reference, p. 545
694; preferential voting, p. 696. note; initiative and referendum for
Illinois, suffrage, pp. 85,453 ; amending cities, p. 597 ; commission government

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