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to the public. All his entries upon ber any philosopher, really entitled the world of letters are in the shape to be « so called," who thought that of ovations; and he drags at the a state could subsist without reli. wheel of his car the spoils of many gion? Does he not know that sobooks, and languages, and people. crates deemed it necessary to uphold But, having once determined to for the popular superstition, though he sake the beaten path, and to “ drive had no faith in it? That Solon, and the chariot of the sun,” behold the Lycurgus, and Numa, all felt it esconsequences of his temerity. We sential, even by fraud, to invest have no hesitation in saying, that a their laws with the sanctity of religreater mass of profound nonsense gion? That Livy attributed the has seldom or never, in one volume, triumphs of Rome to her reverence burdened the presses of our country. for an oath? That Machiavel, in Whence, then, is this, but that the his interpretation of Livy, confirms Great Author of the Bible is resolv- this judgment by his own? That ed it shall not be traduced with im- numerous individuals, distinguished punity? It is, that as God (how- at once for moral virtue and proévet 'Sir William bas condemned found learning, have rejoiced to the passage) " hardened the heart” cast their spoils at the foot of the of the refractory monarch of Egypt, Cross——to build up, out of the mahe blinds the eyes of those monarchs terials of their chosen science, an in literature who oppose their wis- altar to Jehovah,-and to exclaim, in dom to his own. It is, that he suf- the glowing language of the volume fers those who " profess to be" emi. so dishonoured by Sir William, nently “wise," - to become" emi “ righteousness exalteth a nation ; nently “ foolish." It is because yea, happy is the people who have God 'abandons the proud to the the Lord for their God ?" And, obliquities of their mind, and pu. knowing all this, does this bold nishes their resistance to His word apostate from philosophy, as well as by permitting them to talk their faith, never ask himself what he own nonsense. If any of our young is doing? Does he never fear, lest friends should ever for a moment be the hand should wither that he thus tempted to forsake the cloud of wit stretches out against the altar of his nesses by whom they are surround- country? Does he never tremble ed, and to soar upon wings of wax at the idea of a whole world, should into the regions of original interpre- they believe in him, staking their tation, let him see inscribed opon souls, their eternal existence, upon a pillar, at the gate of that region, the dictum of an almost solitary the name of the Right Hon. Sir teacher? Would he allow us to adWilliam Drummond; inscribed, like dress him, we should say–Sir Wilthe names on the stones in the Alps, liam, you are too well acquainted to warn the traveller by the fate of with the errors of others, not to have those who perished upon the same ground for suspicion that you yourspot. John Zisca's skin was made self may be wrong: and if you into a drum, and continued to ter- should be wrong, what flood-gates rify his old enemies: and Sir Wil- of misery are you endeavouring to liam Drummond, we doubt not, will open upon your country? How are continue (if his name survive him- you, in that case, also calling down self) to alarm the rash of all ages, the denunciations of the Almighty and will light up a perpetual beacon
on your own head ?
How are you on the fatal rock of scriptural inno- kindling a spark which may involve vation.
an universe, and that through all Put Sir William must allow us eternity, in its dreadful blaze? Bat next to say a word to himself. He do you say, “What I believe I must arrogates to himself the rank of a speak?" Then what becomes of your philosopher. Now, does he remem- honesty ? You are a privy-coun.
sellor; a manwho,besides being pledg- of the orthodox, begin to be ashamed on oath, to support the religion of ed of Christ and him crucified”your country; to carry no counsel that there is nothing, even in the to the throne which will not esta- extravagancies of Christian enthusiblish the constitution in church and asm, which approaches the credulity state, in the form delivered to us by of Sir W. Drummond, or of any deour ancestors ; must have solemnly luded creature who believes a page attested his sincerity, by partaking of his book. Hear his creed put inof the symbols of the body and to plain English :-" I believe that a blood of Christ. Now, cast your eyes, plain history is an allegory; that where we should be glad to know the Jews, who exist to this moment, no one else would cast them, upon never existed; that all the writers the pages of your book. See in it who mention them are liars; that all an open and scurrilous attack upon the monuments existing of this fabuthe faith of your country; an inva- lous people, exist bụt in idea; that sion of all our religious hopes and writings penned long before the real joys; a prostitution of the sacred reformi of the calendar, were an alvessels of our temple to the pur- legorical history of it; that a book poses
of your indecent merriment. in every page condemning idolaIs this the conduct we should expect trous worship, was a treatise upon even from a man of truth? You think it; that thousands living in the very the world can do without religion. age when (I pretend) ihese books Is such conduct as this any proof were written, lived and died to deof it? Is such honour a fair barter fend a false meaning of them.” Such for religious integrity; and such a is the nature of this sceptic's creducasuist a good substitute for a Chris- lity. But is he never incredulous ? tian? There are two men, who, even Indeed he is : and let us see what in your own department of science, credit his general incredulity lends demand your homage, Sir William in his religious scepticism. His neJones and Jacob Bryant. The tes- gative creed may be conceived to timony of the one to the Bible has run thus:-"I do not believe that been already produced, and you my own body, or any other body, must be acquainied wish that of or any other mind, or my own mind, the other. You know that his An- at any but this precise moment ; cient Mythology was one vast mor
or my pen, or my ink, or God, or nument to the truth of religion; the universe, or any thing in the that he ever approached the Scrip: heavens above, or the earth beneath, tures like a man coming into the or in the water under the earth, presence of God; and that the exisis. Shall we wonder, then, if writer of bis epitaph deemed it the he adds yet one more article to his discriminating feature of his writo creed? "I do not believe in the ings, that they were “ Exquisitæ authenticity of the Jewish Scripquædam et recooditæ, quas non mi tures." pore studio quam acumine, ad il We cannot conclude without relustrandam S$. veritatem adhibuit.” turning our thanks to Mr. D'Oyly These stars, alas! are set, and we for his successful refutation of this regret to say, that, amidst the crowd. scandalous production. It is, we ed galaxy of their successors in this believe, his first offering to the pubparticular sphere, few are found to lic since the dignity of “ Chris:ian shed the same sacred light and heat Adyocate to the University of Camon the temples of our country. bridge was conferred upon him.
Finally, we wish to observe to We trust, that, in virtue of his high those who, awed by the charges of commission, he will persist, under credulity so prodigally launched forth God, in the good work he has beby the sceprical writers at the head gun; that he will feel his duties to
CHRIST. OBSERY. No. 127.
extend beyond the defence of the less the Christian Advocate, which outworks of the temple; and ibat he we have no reason to anticipate, will not only guard its walls, but should betray the cause he is now also watch over the fires on its altar. pledged to defend. How much raIt will little benefit us, that the walls iher should we fight under his shield, stand, if the lamps are gone out; and sharpen our puny arrows at his that the priest remains, if the ark is forge; march with him under the departed; that the pillars are un standard of the Cross; conquer with shaken, if the glory of the Lord him and every true soldier of Chris: ; shine no longer upon them. It has and, at length, through Divine meralways deeply affected us, when we cy, sit down with all the company have been obliged to draw the sword of the saints and martyrs of Chrisagainst any of his predecessors. It tianity, at the right hand of the is, thank God, now in its sheath; throne of God. and we shall never unsheath it, un
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
The next part will complete the first volume, In the press:—The Life and Administration The second volume will be accompanied with of Cardinal Wolsey, by J. Galt;--A volume à Lexicon, containing all the roots in the of Village Sermons, by the Rev. T. Kidd ;- Hebrew and Chaldaic languages, with a LaA translation of Michaelis's celebrated work tin and English translation, and will be deon the Mosaic Laws, by the Rev. A. Smith livered gratis to all subscribers who may suh-Rules, to enable Teachers to remove De- scribe before January 1813. Mr. Frey bas fects of Uưerance, and to train young Per- also in the press, his Hebrew and English sons to a distinct Pronunciation, by Mr. B. Grammar; and a Dictionary in two parts, H. Smart.
the first containing all the primitives and deThe Journal of Mr. Mungo Park, from rivatives in the Hebrew and Chaldaic lanthe commencement of his last expedition, to guages, with a Latin and English translation; the time of his quitting Sansanding to prose- ibe second, the principal words in Latin and cute discoveries on the Niger; together with English, with a Hebrew translation. the Journal of Isaac, an African, who was sent to procure intelligence of this traveller's By a retorn made to the House of Comfate; will be published under the direction mons, it appears that the following sums of the Africau Institution, for the benefit of bave been raised for the service of the the relatives of Mr. Park.
United Kingdom, for the following years, The Rev. J. W. Cunninghamn, ricar ofending the 5th of January in each year; viz. : Harrow, is preparing for the press, An Exa. 1802, 78,441,0001.; 1903, 73,546,000l. ; mination of the Thoughts of Dr. Maltby on 1804, 58,500,0001.; 1803, 68,893,000l.; the Circulation of the Scriptures.
1806, 84,823,000L.; 1801, 84,226,000L.; The first five parts of the Rev. H. Frey's 1808, 88,895,0001.; 1809, 94,747,0001.; Hebrew Bible have been published. The 1810), 97,203,000l. ; 1811, 99,109,000!. ; work will be comprised in twelve parts, each 1812, 105,718,0001. 5s. 3d. on common, or 7s. 6d. on royal paper.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Pious Selections from the Works of Thomas
a Kempis, Dr. Doddridge, Miss Bowdler, Occasional Considerations on Various Pas- &c. &c. &c. By Miss Marshall
, Translator sages of Scripture, By the Author of Sun. of Extracts froni Fenelon into English. day Reflections.
Scriptural Christianity recommended; a
her. J. Berry. 1s.
80, 10s. 6d.
Serinon preached at the New Chapel, Lynn. general. By George Hamilton, Drawing By Thomas Finch. s.
Master. 27 s. half bound. A Sermon on Fickleness in Religion. By China, its Costume, Arts, and ManufacRer. John Liefchild. 1s. 6d.
tures; edited from the Collections of M. BerThe Design of God in blessing us ; a Ser- tin, with Additions, &c. 4 vols. 8vo. 8 plales, mert preached at Salter's Hall. By Jobti plain 31. 3s., coloured 41. 4s. Styles. 80. 2s.6d.
A compendious System of Modern GeoSermons on various Subjects, and Letters graphy, historical, physical, political, and to an Undergraduate at the University. By descriptive; with a series of correct Maps. the late Rev. Williain Alphonsus Gunn. To By Thomas Myers, A.M. of the Royal Miliwhich are prefixed, Memoirs of his Lile, by iary Academy, Woolwich. 73. 6d. Isaac Saunders, A.M. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
The History of the Royal Society. Ry kessay on the Misrepresentations, Igno- Thomas Thompson, M.D. 1.R.S. Author of fatice
, and Plagiarisın, of certain Infidel Wri- the System of Chemistry. 4to, 21.2s. A few ters, 9s. 6d.
copies on lange paper, 31. 125. Sermons at Leicester, February 5, 1812. A succinct History of the geographical The Duty of National Thanksgiving. By the and political Revolutions of the Empire of
Germany, or the principal States which comEssay on the Authenticity of the New posed the Einpire of Carlemagne, from his Testausent. By the Rev. I. Gyles. 8vo. is.
Coronation in 814 to its Dissolution in 1806. 4 Sermon, preached in St. Andrew's By Charles Butler, Esq. 8vo. 195. Church, Edinburgh, February 21, 1812. By The Friend: a series of Essays. By S. T. the Rev. S. Welwood. 2s. 6d.
Coleridge. Royal 8vo. 18s. The Fathers, Reformers, and Public For. Pretensions to a final Analysis of the Namularies of ibe Church of Eriglaud, in Har ture and Origin of Sublimiry, Style, Beauty, pany with Calvin, and against the Bishop of Genius, and Taste. By W. Darrett. Bro. Lincain. 8vo. 6s.
The Letters of the British Spy. 1?mo. A Father's Reasons for being a Christian.
Observations on the Character, Cnstoms, Discourses delivered at the Bampton Lec and Superstitions of the Irish; and on some ture, at St. Mary's, Oxford, 1812. By the of the Causes which have retarded the nivral Rev. I. Brant. 8vo.
and political Improvement of Ireland, · By A devout Meditation on the Death of Daniel Dewar, A.M. . 8vo. 10s. Od.
Cottage Sketches; or, Active Retirement Sermons on important Subjects. By the By the Author of an Antidote to the MiseRev. O. Manning: 2 vols. 8vo. 165. ries of Human Life, Talents Improved, &c. Devotional Family Bible, containing the
2 vols. 1970. 9s. Oll and New Testainenis, with Notes and Public Disputation of the Students of the Illustrations. By the Rev. S. Fawcett. 2 vols. College of Fort William, in Bengal, before 40. 51. 5x, sos al 81. 8s.
Lieutenant-General George Hewett, ViceA Method of Self-Examinatiou under the President and acting Visitor of the College, Ten Commandments. 1s. 6d.
in the Ab.ence of the Governor-General; 10gether with the Lieutenant General's Discourse, 17th August, 1811. 8vo. 1s. 6d.
An Account of a particular Preparation of A Letter to Mr. Cobbert, and Sermons.' Salted Fish to be used with Boiled Rice or By lhie late Rer. Thomas Clarke, M.A. Boiled Potatoes, for the purpose of lessening Three Dissertations on the Peruicivus Ef the Consumption of Wheaten Bread. By fects of Gaming, Duelling, and Suicide. By Richard Pearson, M.D. Member of the Royal Richard Hey, Esq. L.L.D.
College of Physicians. 8vo. 1s. 6d. The secund extition of the Christian Spec Outlines of Natural Philosophy; being talor, or Religious Sketches from Real Life. Heads of Lectures delivered in the UniverBy tie late Rer. W. Wilton, M.A.
sity of Edinburgh. By John Playfair, ProEssays on the Principles of Political Phi- fessor of Natural Philosophy in the Univerlosophy, desigued tw illustrate and establish sity of Edinburgh. 1 vol. 8vo. Is. Le Civil and Religious Rights of Man. By The Emerald Isle; a Poem, with Notes, Ibumas Fiuch. 8vo. 12s. boards.
historical and biographical,
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16s. in boards. The Lite and Adininistration of the Right The Country Pastor, or Philanthropists. Hon. Spencer Perceval. By Charles Veru- By W. Holloway. 12mo.5s. lara Williams. 68. boards.
The Second Part, containing Greece, The Elements of the Art of Drawing in its Egypt, the Holy Land, &c. of Travels in Marinas Branches; illustrated with fifty.one various parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. En savings, plain and coloured, contajuing By Edward Daniel Clarke, LL.D. Professor title hubored Subjects from the greatest Mas of Mineralogy in the University of Cam: lets, for the Use of Schools and Students in bridge. 4to. 21. 129, 6d.
PRITISH AND FOREIGÝ DIBLE SOCIETY. promise as Bible Associations. The con. Some enlightened friend of this Instirution tributors to the Institution in London, and ro has recently pablished a pamphlet entitled its Auxiliaries and Branches in different * The Advantages of distribuing the Holy parts of the country, consist in general of Scriptures among the Lower Orders of So- that class of persons, who are somewhat eleciety, chiedy by tireir own Agency*." If our vated in the scale of society. It is the oblimits admitted of it, we should be glad to ject of Bible Associations to bring into action transcribe the whole of this small but inter- also the inferior classes; to collect subscripesting work into our pages. We must, how. tions not merely from the opulent, but likeever, content ourselves with drawing the at. wise from that large body of the people, who tention of our readers to the subject by laying are unable to give much, and are yet not unbefore them, in a concise forms, ibie chief suge willing to give a litue. If the number of gestions of this writer.
contributors be great, the accumulation even “Whoever is acquainted with the history of small soms will not be contemptible; and of the Reformation, cannot fail to have oh- it may be presumed, that most persons who served the extreme anxiety displayed by our
are not absolutely in the lowest walks of life, Martyrs and Reformers for the free circa- can afford a subscription of a penny a week.” lation of the Bible. The same feeling has “Many are the evils, both of a public and been found to animate wise and good men in private nature, to which haman legislation every age, since the promulgation of the Go- can apply no remedy: they are to be respel."
moved by that influence alone which can « One of the most important and effective reach the beart; by those sacred principles institutions, in this view, is the British and which are developed and enforced in the reForeign Bible Society. The efforts and uti- cords of unerring wisdom. The Scriptures lity of such an institution can be limited have ever been achnowledged, by good men, only by its means; and in proportion to the as the best foundation of morals; and those augmentation of its funds, will it extend the who labour to give then general circulation, empire of knowledge and of truth. The as and to excite a general interest for the perusistance which has been afforded by Auxi- sal of them throughout the great body of the liary Societies in many parts of the country, people, must be considered as rendering no can hardly be estimated at too high a rate.
common service both to individuals and 10 By calling the attention of the opulent to the
their country. want of Bibles in their own vicinits, they “ Let it be granted, that by any means have contributed very essentially to the be. The Holy Scripture is perused with diligence nelit of thousands, whó night otherwise have. by every poor man who is able to read it; remained in ignorance; and, by aiding the what would be the consequence? Is it too funds of the parent institution, they have much to hope, that the noise of tumult and enabled it to carry on its foreign operatious disorder may be hushed in peace? that men with great and increasing success.”
may be taught to fear God, and in honour " That a project of this tendency should be the king? to do unto others as they wish that checked or narrowed by the want of re others should do unto them? and to dissources, is a circumstance deeply to be lamented. Yet nothing is more certain, than
• * Bible Associations have been establish. that the efforts already made, however unex
ed in many places. The Auxiliary Bible So. ampled, are not commeusurate with the mag. ciety for Blackheath and its neighbourhood, nitude of the case. Here is a world in igno. has ten within its district: and one within rance! a world to be enlightened and evan
the town of Darlington, produces after the gelized !"
rate of seventy pounds a year, being more “ To complete the system, no measure than adequate
supply the deficiency of seems to have occurred of such reasonable the Scriptures amongst the poor of that town;
thereby completely liberatiug the funds of • It is sold by Seeley, and Hatchard; the Auxiliary Bible Society for Darlington and, in a cheap form, by the Printers of this and its vicinity, so far as relates to the town work, at 175. 6d. for two hundred and fifty, of Darlington itself, for the supply of foreign # 11, 146, for five hundred,