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prove the mischievous tendency of “ Nevertheless, for the hardness of the general circulation of the whole such places, the reading of the whole of the Scriptures, is nothing more ought not to be set apart. By the than a revival of the popish argu Scripture, all men be amended; ments against the Reformation. He weak men be strengthened, and will find all of them ably answered strong men be comforted. So that, by anticipation, in the Tracts of the surely none be enemies to the readBartlett's Buildings' Society. We ing of God's word, but such as either will content ourselves with naming a be so ignorant, that they know not few of them, to which we would refer bow wholesome a thing it is; or our author:- viz. Plain Directions else be so sick, that they hate the for reading the Holy Scriptures; most comfortable medicine that Archbishop Synge's Charitable Ad- should heal them; or so ungodly, vice to all thai are of the Commu• that they would wish the people nion of the Church of Rome; Ques- still to continue in blindness and rions and Answers concerning the ignorance of God.”—Homily on two Religions; Archbishop Tillot- reading of Holy Scripture, Part ji. son's Dissuasive from Popery; Pro We are tempted, before we quit testant Catechism, &c. &c.

this part of our subject, to send Dr. We know, however, of no better Maltby, for farther instruction upon answer to those popish arguments, it, to two of our modern poets. which would deprive the poor and Mr. Crabbe, in the true spirit of a unlearned of free access to the well Christian minister, speaking of his of life, than is contained in the Ho. illiterate

country school-mistress

, milies of the Church of England. “If remarks: you be afraid,” says the church, “ to

“ And what ber learning? 'Tis with awe to fall into error by reading of Holy look Scripture, I shall shew you how you In every verse throughou! one sacred book: may read without danger of error. From this her joy, lier hope, her

peace, Read it humbly, with a meek and

songht; lowly heart, to the intent you may This she has learned, and she is nobly glorify God, and not yourself, with taught." the knowledge of it, and read it,

In the same strain, the seraphic pot without daily praying to God,

Cowper describes that he would direct your reading to good effect.”—“ Presumption and " Yuri coltager, who weaves at her own door, arrogancy are the mother of all Pillow and bobbins, all her little store"

“ Just krows, and knows no more, her Bible error; and humility needeth to fear no error." " Therefore, the

true,

A truth the brilliant Frenchman nerer knew : humble man may search any truth

And in that charter reads with sparklag boldly in Scripture, without any

eyes danger of error. And if he be igno- Her title to a treasure in the skies.”— rani, he ought the more to reud, and 10 “Oh bless'd effect of penury and want! search Holy Scripture, to bring him The seed sown there, how vigorous in the out of ignorance." “ And, concern

plant! ing the bardness of Scripture," No soil like poverty for growib dirige, " whoever giveth his mind to Holy As leanest land supplies the sichest wine. Scriptures, with diligent study anil Eartlı gives too liule, giving ouly bread, burning desire, it cannot be that he To nourish pride or lum the weakest head should be left without help; for Seems, what it is, a cap and bell for sodis :

To them the sounding jargun of the schools either God Almighty will send him some godly doctor to teach him,"

The light they walk bý, kindled 1. oin abor,

Shews them the shortest way to light and " or Himself from above will give love: light into our minds, and teach us They, strangers to the controversial feld, those things which are necessary Where deists, always foil'd, yet scora ta for us, and wherein we be ignorant.

yield,

is

Aud never check'd by what impedes the feeling of remorse, or any expectawise,

tion of evil. Yet we know not by Believe, rush forward, and possess the prize." what rule of consistency some oppoCowper's Truth.

nents of the Bible Society could of the many extraordinary cir censure our conduct, if we should cumstances connected with Dr. charge upon the Society for proMaltby's work, it is surely not one moting Christian Kuowledge, 'the of the least surprising, that the ulti- strange language which has been mate bearing of his pamphlet is to held by certain of its advocates.

If extol the Society for promoting an injudicious assertion, whether Christian Knowledge. What, then, correctly reported or not is of very is the reasonable inference? Does little consequence, should be attrithe Society for promoting Christian buted, even in the columns of a news. Knowledge maintain that the whole paper, to a friend of the Bible Soof the Bible is neither “necessary ciety, some doughty controversialist nor intended for the use of all classes is always at hand io visit the offence, of mankind ?” That “out of sixty- not upon the individual merely, but six books, not above seven in the also upon the institution: the Society Old Testament, nor above eleven in itself seems to be cousidered as rethe New, appear to be calculated sponsible for all the sentiments, or for the study or comprehension of alleged sentiments, of all its friends. the unlearned ?” That “ the mass of li' the advocates of the Bible Society mankind ought no more to expect should adopt the same rule of judgto understand the prophecies of Eze- ment, is there any absurdity, whether kiel, or the Epistles of St. Paul, than of fact or reasoning, which theymight the tragedies of Æschylus, or the not charge home upon the Society Letters of Cicero and Pliny ?” and, for promoting Christian Knowledge? by consequence, that many portions The articles of their belief, and the of the Scripture, appointed to be divergencies of their reasoning, if read in our churches, should never extracted from the conflicting creeds reach the ears of the poor? Would and irregular sallies of their friends, the Society for promoting Christian would be bighly amusing: and Dr. Knowledge propose to substitute for Maliby himself would add not a the entire copy of the Scriptures “a little to the entertainment. But volume judiciously selecied from into that subject we will not enter : Cappe's Life of Christ”-the work and the oniy reason which has induced of an avowed Socinian? Are these us even to mention it, is this: lo dis. the arguments by which they would play the extreme unfairness with expect to recominend themselves to wbich the Bible Society has been the patronage of a Christian public? eated in certai recent publicaAre these the measures by which tions; and, if possible, to introduce a they intend to form the principles of better taste, sounder principles of the rising generation; to train them reasoning, and a more correct disto all virtue and godliness of living? tribution, whether of censure or of No: we are well persuaded that the praise. Society will not lend themseives to so There is, however, another view of unworthy a system. The attack of the subject, which we are unwilling Dr. Maliby on the Bible Society, is to omit. It has lately been very also an aitack upon them: they, much the fashion to attack, as too, have dispersed the whole of ihusiasts, as enemies to good sense the Scriptures for upwards of a cen- and good works, a certain body of tury, without note or comment; and men, who are known by the title of even to this hour, they circulate the Evangelical Clergymea. The way Book of Genesis, and the Psalms, in which the attack is conducted is and the writings of the Prophets this: All who agree in some geneand Apostles, without one apparent ral principles, such as the doctrines

en

of original sin, justification by faith, lo general, Dr. Maltby is very and the necessity of spiritual regene- perspicuous : his grand principle is ration, are classed together, whether intelligible enough ; but there is they belong to the established one passage occurring (p. 49), of church, the methodists, or the dis- which we find it difficult to compresenters; whether they lived in this hend the drift. The passage we century or the last. In this mixed mean is that in which he tells us, mass some individuals are discovered that the Bible Society " was origiwho have promulged very excep- nally planned, not for the benefit of tionable opinions, or done very ex- churchmen as such,not for the beceptionable things. These are se nefit of dissenters as such—but for lected as fair specimens of the opin the ultimate, and what practically nions and conduct of the whole body, would be the separate, interests of an which, on this kind of evidence, is at heterogeneous sect, who belong to once condemned as sharing in the both or to neither; but who would guilt of the specified individuals. In gladly employ the agency of charchibis way the violence and the regi- men, and of dissenters tog, in promotcide principles of the Cromwellians, ing their own favourite views and disthe antinomian dotages of Dr. Crisp, seminating their peculiar doctrines." the irregularities and occasional en- What is this heterogeneous mixture? thusiasm of the founders of metho- Is it a new name for Unitarians ? dism, the disgusting coarsenesses of No: they would prefer Cappe's Life one living character, the wildnesses of Christ. Does it consist of a class of another, and the buffooneries of a of Frenchified philosophers, who dis. tbird, are all heaped on the heads of believe the Mosaic account of the those whom, whether properly or Creation? No: they would not not, it is the custom of the day to circulate the Book of Genesis. Is designate as evangelical clergymen. it composed of persons, who disbeBut is there any fairness in this? Is lieve the doctrine of an ever-ruling it not just as unfair as it would be to Providence? They surely would recon found the whole of the opponents ject the writings of the Apostles, and of this body together, as men marked the Prophets. Does it comprehend with the sanie general character? tbat non-descript race, which fancies How, for example, would the Bishops death to be an eternal sleep? These of London and Lincoln, Dr. Gaskin, men disbelieve the doctrine of the Dr. Wordsworth, and many other resurrection, and would therefore active distributors of the Holy Scrip- expunge from their Bibles the {Epi. tures, like to be confounded with stle to the Corinthians, if it were ofDr. Maltby in his hostility to the fensive on no other account, vel for general circulation of these writings; its assertion of that doctrine. Ic or with Mr. Fellowes and the Bar. have entered with some care upon rister in their Socinian principles; the inquiry, but are utterly at a los merely because they happened tó to discover this “ heterogeneous view certain subjects, such as the mixture ;" and the early accounts of Bible Society and the evangelical the Society, which have been loop elergy, in the same light? But is it before the world, afford us oo help more fair to make such men as Mr. in this intricate research. Scott, or Mr. Basil Woodd, or Mr. We wish that Dr. Maltby had Venn, or Mr. Cunningham, or Mr. throughout the whole of his publiCooper, responsible for all that Dr. cation maintained more decisively Crisp, or "Mr. Whitfield, or Mr. those claiins to candour and fairness Wesley, or Dr. Hawker, may have which we believe he might gens said or written? "As ye would, rally urge with justice. Bot whaz then, that men should do unto you, is the purport of the declaration, even so do ye unto them, for this is that he's by no means presumes to the law and the prophets."

question the motires of the greater

part of those, who step forward to tual state of this nation, and of the world patronize the rising institution ?” around us, we can spare neither of them. What reason has he to question the Nay they sit therefore in council together at motives of the rest?

home, and go forth hand in hand to evangeWe think also that Dr. Malthy horizon, that in effect, which the twin stars

lize the nations. May they arise upon our would have consulted his reputation

were in the inythology of the heatlien, signs for candour and fairness, by extend

of peace and deliverance. ing some of his remarks to the op

Quorum sinul alba nautis, ponents of the Bible Society, as well

Stella refulsit, as to its defenders. We mean not to Defluit saxis agitatus humor: vindicate harshness, from whatever Coucidunt venti, fugiuntque nubes, quarter it may proceed : but wben Et minax (quod sic voluere) ponto Dr. Maltby next adverts to the sub

Unda recumbit." ject of invective, we earnestly ad.

Cunninghain, pp. 5, 6. vise him to begin with those who first set the example ; who gave

Sirth Report of the Directors of the currency to accusations, which no Africun Institution, read at the thing but extreme ignorance, united

Annual General Meeting on the to extreme irritation, could induce

25th March, 1812. To which are any man to advance; and who stig

added, an Appendir and a List of matised the friends of the Society, as

Subscribers. London, Hatchard. if they were influenced by some of

1812. Price 23. 8vo. pp. 183. the worst motives which can ope- In our review of the preceding Rerate upon the human mind. We port of this excellent Institution will not pollute our pages by sup- (vol. for 1811, p. 428), we entered plying him with specimens; but so largely into the discussion of when he next fancies himself to be some important questions connect"assailed with acrimonious rebuke," ed with the progress of its grand we would request him lo examine, design of amelicrating the condition whether these imaginary assailants of the African race, that we shall are not in truth acting on the de- have little more to do on the present fensive; whether the darts, which occasion, than to make our readers are flung from the camp of those acquainted with the main facts who are friendly to the "rising in- which have been brought to light stitution,” are not partly in return by the publication now before us. for the poisoned arrows which have

The first fact which meets us, is been shot against themselves.

one of the most melanchóly descripIt is time that the weapons of tion. The Slave Trade, under the hostility should be laid aside. No protection of the Portuguese and wish bas ever been shewn by the Spanish flags, is said to have revived advocates of the Bible Society io in- to a most enormous extent; and it jure ibe Society for promoting Chris. is calculated, on data which have the tian Knowledge; and it would have appearance of being correct, that in spared much pain to the friends of the year 1810, no less than from seboth, if the same spirit of forbear- venty to eighty thousand Africans ance and respect had been shewn by were carried from the coast of Afrie their opponents. But as these have ca into a state of bondage on the in every instance been the

aggres

American continent. The actors in sors, we cannot but rejoice that in this tragedy, it is true, are many of every instance they haye been de. them the subjects of Great Britain feated ; and that they have unwit- and America, and neither Spaniards tingly built up the cause, which it nor Portuguese ; but then it is the was their hearty intention to destroy. flag of Portugal, or of Spain, which

screens them from detection and puWe would earnestly lift our “ voice to nishment, and which frustrates the both for peace and co-operation. In the ac- benevolent intentions of our legisla

p. 45.)

Cunningham, p. 45:) and, “ with preciation of the Gospels to say, that, alone, what shew of reason can it be main- they less perfectiy exhibit the scheme of tained, or even intimated, that the Christianity; to affirin of a part, that it Epistles relate wholly, or chiefly, or

does not accomplish the object of the whole." in any large measure, to controver. pp. 46–48. sies peculiar to the tiines and places After exposing the fallacy of the in which they were written?" (ibid. main position, Mr. Cunningham

concludes by adverting to three There is yet another position points of minor importance, though, connected with this part of the sub- as he justly conceives, involving maject, which is not unworthy of no- terial errors. tice.

" In the first place, then, it is no small “There are," says Dr. Maltby, “no doubt,

error, I conceive, that one of the works Dr. parts in the Episties, wholly practical, and Maltby proposes to substitute for the entire of great general use; but, perhaps, none

copy of the Scriptures, is a 'volume judi. differing in substance, either from the moral ciously selected from Cappe's Life of Christ ;' maxiins of the Proverbs, or from the lessons or, in other words, from a Life of Christ so beautifully and energetically delivered by written by a known Socinian. Now, of course our Saviour himself.” p. 11.

it would be practicable for a disingenuous The remarks of Mr. Cunningham diciously selected,' as to acquit himself of all

reasoner so to avail bimself of the term "ju. upon this passage, appear to us par- intention to introduce the Gospels to the ticularly bappy

world with a Socinian commentary; but Dr. “ Nol to dwell upon the inaccurate as

Maltby would shrink from any such erasumption of equality between the practical „sion; because he is conscious that no o se. lessons of the Gospels and the Proverbs, is it lection, however judicious, can render e So the fact that the Epistles did not enlarge cinian work strictly orthodos.' pp 49, 50. the code of practical instruction presented

A second point, in which Dr. Maltby apto us by Christ bimself? If even the word pears to me no less fundamentally to err, is * practical' be confined to morality (which in his wislı, for what I conceive to mean an possibly the author designs), many moral extensive change in the Liturgy and Articles duties are distinctly treated in the Epistles of the Church of England. alone; as, for instance, the duties of hus " As to the Liturgy, if there be any er. bands and wires, of fathers and children, of pressions which offend the conscience of the masters and servants, of citizens and subs wisely scrupulous, or even the taste of the jects, of the members of a church and their justly refined, and these could be changed spiritual governors. And if the import of without risk to the whole, I should concur the word be extended, as it ought, to every

with Dr. Maltby in desiring the correction." branch of active duty, the Epistles may be p. 51. considered as making still larger additions to “ But, then, we should remember, both our practical lessons ; for what may be call that there is a degree of resnement which ed the practical part of religion, is taught is fastidiousness, and that much of the at chietly in the Epistles. Nor is this fuller cient scrupulosity about modes and expres* developement of duties in the writings of the sions in religion is laid in the grave with first followers of Christ, any disparagement the puritans. Almost every change of the of the Gospels. It was in religion as it is in 'Liturgy, therefore, nay be resisted upon nature; the sun did not reach its meridian these two grounds that we stall never at once, but adapted itself to the eye of the please the over-nice, and that the deveut spectators. The Gospels

, and the Gospels are mostly pleased already." p. 51. alone, probably were suited to the actual “ In the revision' demanded by the alexigencies of the moment; and our Lord Wher for the Articles' of the church, ! himself intimated, that in happier periods a have the misfortune to diler as radically fuller revelation would be granted : I have from him." p. 52. many things to say unto you, but ye cannot " In fact, is there any solid ground for bear them uow: '_ When He, the Spirit of objection to our Articles ? Can it be lespeel truth, is come, he will guide yon into all that any will be framed at once as scriptetruth :'— be shall teach you all things :- ral and more comprehensive?" p. 33. • he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it

“ The third and last error, which I shall unto you. Such being the fact, it is no de venture to notice, in the works of Dr. Halbs,

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