The People's Lobby: Organizational Innovation and the Rise of Interest Group Politics in the United States, 1890-1925
University of Chicago Press, 1997 M09 2 - 459 pages
In this pathbreaking work, Elisabeth S. Clemens recovers the social origins of interest group politics in the United States. Between 1890 and 1925, a system centered on elections and party organizations was partially transformed by increasingly prominent legislative and administrative policy-making as well as the insistent participation of non-partisan organizations.
Clemens sheds new light on how farmers, workers, and women invented strategies to circumvent the parties. Voters learned to monitor legislative processes, to hold their representatives accountable at the polls, and to institutionalize their ongoing participation in shaping policy. Closely analyzing the organizational politics in three states—California, Washington, and Wisconsin—she demonstrates how the political opportunity structure of federalism allowed regional innovations to exert leverage on national political institutions.
An authoritative statement on the changes in American politics during the Progressive Era, this book will interest political scientists, sociologists, and American historians.
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action activity adopted agencies agrarian Agricultural Alliance American Political Angeles associations bill Bureau California campaign century challengers Chicago Clubs Commission Comparative constitutional convention cooperation corporations CSFL cultural demands democracy Democratic direct economic effective efforts elected electoral Equity established experience Farm farmers Federation Federation of Labor forms Grange groups History important individual Industrial influence initiative innovation institutions interests issues John Labor Legislation Labor Movement League legislature less limited linked lobby ment methods mobilization Movement nonpartisan opportunities organizational organized labor partisan party party system popular Populist practices Proceedings produced programs Progressive referendum reform relations repertoire Report representatives Republican Review San Francisco Science secure social Society strategies structure Study success Suffrage Survey tion Trades Union United University Press vote voters Washington Welfare Western Wisconsin WiSFL Woman women workers York