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BY THE IMMIGRATION ACT
OF FEBRUARY 5, 1917
ESTABLISHING THE IMMIGRANT FUND
[Act of August 3, 1882 (22 Stat. L., 214)] Section 1. That there shall be levied, collected and paid a duty of fifty cents for each and every passenger not a citizen of the United States who shall come by steam or sail vessel from a foreign port to any port within the United States. The said duty shall be paid to the collector of customs of the port to which such passenger shall come, or if there be no collector at such port, then to the collector of customs nearest thereto, by the master, owner, agent, or consignee of every such vessel, within twenty-four hours after the entry thereof into such port. The money thus collected shall be paid into the United States Treasury and shall constitute a fund to be called the immigrant fund and shall be used, under the direction of the Secretary of Labor, to defray the expense of regulating immigration under this act and for the care of immigrants arriving in the United States, for the relief of such as are in distress, and for the general purposes and expenses of carrying this act into effect. The duty imposed by this section shall be a lien upon the vessels which shall bring such passengers into the United States, and shall be a debt in favor of the United States against the owner or owners of such vessels, and the payment of such duty may be enforced by any legal or equitable remedy: Provided, That no greater sum shall be expended for the purposes hereinbefore mentioned, at any port, than shall have been collected at such port.49
* See sec. 2, Act of February 5, 1917.
PROHIBITING IMPORTATION OF LABORERS
[Act of February 26, 1885 (23 Stat. L., 332)]
Sec. 2. That all contracts or agreements, express or implied, parol or special, which may hereafter be made by and between any person, company, partnership, or corporation, and any foreigner or foreigners, alien or aliens, to perform labor or service or having reference to the performance of labor or service by any person in the United States, its Territories, or the District of Columbia, previous to the migration or importation of the person or persons whose labor or service is contracted for into the United States, shall be utterly void and of no effect.60
AUTHORIZING PAYMENT TO INFORMER IN
[Act of October 19, 1888 (25 Stat. L., 566)] Section 1. * * * That the act approved February twentysixth, eighteen hundred and eighty-five, entitled “An act to prohibit the importation and migration of foreigners and aliens under contract or agreement to perform labor in the United States, its Territories, and the District of Columbia,” be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to authorize the Secretary of Labor to pay to an informer who furnishes original information that the law has been violated, such a share of the penalties recovered as he may deem reasonable and just, not exceeding fifty per centum, where it appears that the recovery was had in consequence of the information thus furnished.
See secs. 3, 5, 6, and 7, Act of February 5, 1917.
ESTABLISHING THE OFFICE OF SUPERINTENDENT
[Act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stat. L., 1084)]
Sec. 7. That the office of Superintendent of Immigration is hereby created and established, and the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, is authorized and directed to appoint such officer, whose salary shall be four thousand dollars per annum, payable monthly. The Superintendent of Immigration shall be an officer in the Department of Labor, under the control and supervision of the Secretary of Labor, to whom he shall make annual reports in writing of the transactions of his office, together with such special reports, in writing, as the Secretary of Labor shall require. The Secretary shall provide the superintendent with a suitably furnished office in the city of Washington, and with such books of record and facilities for the discharge of the duties of his office as may be necessary. He shall have a chief clerk at a salary of two thousand dollars per annum, and two firstclass clerks.51
AUTHORIZING THE PRESIDENT TO SUSPEND
CONTAGIOUS DISEASES EXIST
[Act of February 15, 1893 (27 Stat. L., 449)]
Sec. 7. That whenever it shall be shown to the satisfaction of the President that by reason of the existence of cholera, or other infectious or contagious diseases, in a foreign country there is serious danger of the introduction of the same into
See sec. 1, Act of March 2, 1895, and sec. 23, Act of February 5, 1917.
the United States, and that notwithstanding the quarantine defense this danger is so increased by the introduction of persons or property from such country that a suspension of the right to introduce the same is demanded, in the interest of the public health, the President shall have power to prohibit, in whole or in part, the introduction of persons and property from such countries or places as he shall designate, and for such period of time as he may deem necessary.
REQUIRING STEAMSHIP OR TRANSPORTATION COMPANIES TO POST COPIES OF IMMIGRATION
LAW IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES
[Act of March 3, 1893 (27 Stat. L., 569)]
Sec. 8. That all steamship or transportation companies, and other owners of vessels, regularly engaged in transporting alien immigrants to the United States, shall twice a year file a certificate with the Secretary of Labor that they have furnished to be kept conspicuously exposed to view in the office of each of their agents in foreign countries authorized to sell immigrant tickets, a copy of the law of March third, eighteen hundred and ninety-one, and of all subsequent laws of this country relative to immigration, printed in large letters, in the language of the country where the copy of the law is to be exposed to view, and that they have instructed their agents to call the attention thereto of persons contemplating emigration before selling tickets to them; and in case of the failure for sixty days of any such company or any such owners to file such a certificate, or in case they file a false certificate, they shall pay a fine of not exceeding five hundred dollars, to be recovered in the proper United States court, and said fine shall also be a lien upon any vessel of said company or owners found within the United States.52
63 See Rule 32 for time of filing.
AUTHORIZING APPOINTMENT OF COMMISSIONERS
OF IMMIGRATION [Act of August 18, 1894 (28 Stat. L., 372)] Section 1. The commissioners of immigration at the several ports shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to hold their offices for the term of four years, unless sooner removed, and until their successors are appointed; and nominations for such offices shall be made to the Senate by the President as soon as practicable after the passage of this act.
CHANGING TITLE OF SUPERINTENDENT OF
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION That the Superintendent of Immigration shall hereafter be designated as Commissioner General of Immigration, and in addition to his other duties shall have charge under the Secretary of Labor, of the administration of the alien contract-labor laws, etc.63
PLACING THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE CHINESEEXCLUSION LAWS IN CHARGE OF THE
[Act of June 6, 1900 (31 Stat. L., 611)]
And hereafter the Commissioner General of Immigration, in addition to his other duties, shall have charge of the administration of the Chinese-exclusion law and of the various acts
See sec. 7, Act of March 3, 1891, and sec. 23, Act of February 5, 1917.