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4. Alien woman, married to citizen of United States naturalized, remains alien until naturalized independently." The naturalization procedure in this case requires certificate of arrival (if after 1906), one year's residence in United States and filing of petition.

5. Alien woman, married to alien, ineligible to United States citizenship, may not be naturalized."

"Woman without
country." Forfeits
foreign passport,
under laws of
many foreign
countries by mar-
riage to citizen of
another country.
Is also refused
United States
passport because
not a citizen of
United States.
Foreign passport us-
ually same as hus-
band's.

There never has been any good reason why adult women should not have an independent citizenship, but not until they were enfranchised in the United States was there a law to make explicit the independent citizenship status of married women. After the nineteenth amendment went into effect, hundreds of thousands of wives unable to speak the English language automatically became voters for no other reason than that they were married to citizens, a situation that fortunately cannot occur again. Minor children naturally follow parental citizenship.

TENDENCY OF ALIENS TO BECOME NATURALIZED

The tendency of immigrants to complete the formalities connected with becoming citizens is a fair indication of their assimilability; yet it must be admitted that failure to do this. has sometimes been the result of unfavorable circumstances, or neglect, and should, in no way, militate against the professed loyalty of the individual.

By way of illustration of the tendency of aliens living in an industrial centre to become naturalized, I am presenting the following table 13 and brief case record:

13

"Exception in case of marriage to American Indian. Department interprets that such a marriage does not entail loss of citizenship. "This includes women married to aliens who withdrew first papers in order to avoid service in army during World War. According to act of July, 1918, such aliens forfeited forever right to become United States citizens.

Facts for both table and case record gathered by Mr. Fred Fitzgerald of Festus, Mo.

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132

9

6

3

3

8

11

4

102

First
Papers

3

0

0

3

1

2

0

17

Case 4 Russian.-Fifty-four years of age. country. Fully naturalized. "Like this country very fine. away in bank."

Fully
Natural-

ized

1

1

13

66

Favorable to U.S.

11

3

5

10

2

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91

Unfavorable

to U. S.

Case 1

Greek.-Twenty-nine years of age. Four years, two months in this country. Not naturalized. Attitude towards this country: "Good country. Lots of money-plenty of places to go and good things to eat."

2

3

1

2

Case 2

Italian. Forty-six years of age. Twelve years, three months in this country. Fully naturalized. Attitude towards this country: "Fine place to make money but Americans treat us like dogs."

2

3

2

Case 3

Italian. Thirty-eight years of age. Nine years, seven months in this country. Not naturalized. Attitude towards this country: Country no good. People calls us dagoes and make us do all the dirty work."

41

Sixteen years, five months in this
Attitude towards this country:
Made lots of money and put lots

Case 5

Hungarian. Forty-two years of age. Eight years, two months in this country. Not naturalized. Attitude towards this country: "This country good enough for me."

Case 6

Hungarian. Forty years of age. Seventeen years, six months in this country. Not naturalized. Attitude towards this country: "Made plenty of money. Saved a little but worked awful hard. Bosses too hard on foreigners."

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