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4. Alien woman, married to citizen of United “ Woman without

States naturalized, remains alien until country.” Forfeits naturalized independently." The natu- foreign passport, ralization procedure in this case re- under laws of quires certificate of arrival (if after

many foreign 1906), one year's residence in United countries by mar. States and fling of petition.

riage to citizen of another country. Is also refused United States passport because not a citizen of

United States 5. Alien woman, married to alien, ineligible Foreign passport us

to United States citizenship, may not be ually same as husnaturalized.“

band's. There never has been any good reason why adult women should not have an independent citizenship, but not until they were enfranchised in the United States was there a law to make explicit the independent citizenship status of married women. After the nineteenth amendment went into effect, hundreds of thousands of wives unable to speak the English language automatically became voters for no other reason than that they were married to citizens, a situation that fortunately cannot occur again. Minor children naturally follow parental citizenship. TENDENCY OF ALIENS TO BECOME NATURALIZED

The tendency of immigrants to complete the formalities connected with becoming citizens is a fair indication of their assimilability; yet it must be admitted that failure to do this has sometimes been the result of unfavorable circumstances, or neglect, and should, in no way, militate against the professed loyalty of the individual.

By way of illustration of the tendency of aliens living in an industrial centre to become naturalized, I am presenting the following table 13 and brief case record :

Exception in case of marriage to American Indian. Department interprets that such a marriage does not entail loss of citizenship.

1 This includes women married to aliens who withdrew first papers in order to avoid service in army during World War. According to act of July, 1918, such aliens forfeited forever right to become United States citizens.

» Facts for both table and case record gathered by Mr. Fred Fitzgerald of Festus, Mo.

Nationality

Age

No. of Years

in U.S.

Citisenship

Attitude Toward U.S.

First papers.

48 36 45 40 55 50 39 34 43 40 36

16 12 19 14 22 26 14 6 5 11 9 6 8 4 11 14 16 5 3

31

Italian .
Italian .
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Italian
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek,
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Greek.
Roumanian.
Roumanian.
Roumanian.

36 48 43 52 45 38 40 34 26 32 24 48 29 36

6 3 6 4

Not naturalized Favorable
Fully naturalized Favorable
Fully naturalized Favorable

Favorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Fully naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Favorable
First papers

Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable First papers

Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Unfavorable First papers

Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable First papers

Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Fully naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable

10

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45 49 51 44 34 39 43 40 36 48 41 36 45 40 33 30

26 B 8 5 4 4 6 8 12 6 9 6 4 4 5 6 14 16 11 5

37

48 54 44 46 38

Nationality

Age

No. of Years

in U.S.

Citizenship

Attitude Toward U. 8.

15 19 24 16 11 10 14 17 30 16 8

Roumanian..
Ruthenian.
Ruthenian.
Ruthenian.
Ruthenian.
Ruthenian.
Ruthenian.
Ruthenian.
Bohemian
Bohemian
Bohemian
Bohemian
Bohemian
Bohemian
Bohemian
Bohemian
Bohemian
Bohemian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Russian
Turkish
Turkish
Turkish
Turkish
Lithuanian
Lithuanian
Lithuanian
Lithuanian
Lithuanian.
Lithuanian
Slovak
Slovak
Slovak
Slovak
Slovak
Slovak
Slovak
Bulgarian

50 46 40 36 42 41 54 49 36 44 48 48 44 40 36 29 34 46 49 54 50 34 41

65H4BB43664以D8BB。

Not naturalized Unfavorable
First papers

Favorable
Fully naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
First papers

Favorable First papers

Favorable Fully naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable First papers

Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable First papers

Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable First papers

Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable First papers

Favorable Fully naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Unfavorable First papers Unfavorable Fully naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable First papers

Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable

38 35 42 40 54 53 47 48

10

8 13 16

9 11 15 14 19

6 14 11 16

6 12 27 19 5 3 11 13 19 20 2 6 7

37
42
49
43
35

44

Nationality

Age

No. of Years

in U.S.

Citizenship

Attitude Toward U.S.

12

5 25 20 11 10 28 2 6 9 9 5 8 6

Bulgarian Bulgarian Bulgarian Bulgarian Bulgarian Bulgarian Bulgarian Bulgarian Croatian Croatian Croatian Finnish Finnish Finnish Magyar, Magyar Magyar Magyar Magyar Magyar Magyar Magyar Magyar Magyar Magyar Magyar Magyar Polish. Polish. Polish. Polish. Polish. Polish. Polish.

47 34 53 56 34 42 61 24 42 35 39 35 37 42 40 51 33 44 47 41 38 39 31 29 42 44 40 35 44 48 54 59 43 39

Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Fully naturalized Favorable
Fully naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Fully naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Favorable
Not naturalized Unfavorable
Not naturalized Favorable

12

Favorable

Favorable Fully naturalized Favorable Not naturalized) Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable

Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Favorable Fully naturalized Favorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Unfavorable Not naturalized Favorable

5
12
14
12
16
5
4
3
14
10
9
6
14
16
25
21
17
6

First papers
First papers

First papers

SUMMARY

Nationality

No. of
Cases

Not
Natural-

ized

First
Papers

Fully
Natural-

ized

Favor- Unfavor

able able to U.S. to U.S.

Italian Greek Lithuanian Slovak . Bulgarian Croatian Finnish

30 16 6 7 9 3 3

23 15 4 4 6 3 3

4 1 1 2 0 0 0

3 0 1 1 3 0

19 12 5 3 8 1 0

11 4 1 4 1 2 3

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Case 1 Greek.—Twenty-nine years of age. Four years, two months in this

country. Not naturalized. Attitude towards this country: "Good country. Lots of money-plenty of places to go and good things to eat."

Case 2 Italian.—Forty-six years of age. Twelve years, three months in this

country. Fully naturalized. Attitude towards this country: "Fine place to make money but Americans treat us like dogs.”

Case 3 Italian.—Thirty-eight years of age. Nine years, seven months in this

country. Not naturalized. Attitude towards this country: "Country no good. People calls us “ dagoes " and make us do all the dirty work.”

Case 4 Russian.-Fifty-four years of age. Sixteen years, five months in this

country. Fully naturalized. Attitude towards this country: "Like this country very fine. Made lots of money and put lots away in bank.”

Case 5 Hungarian.—Forty-two years of age. Eight yoars, two months in

this country. Not naturalized. Attitude towards this country: “This country good enough for me.”

Case 6 Hungarian.—Forty years of age. Seventeen years, six months in

this country. Not naturalized. Attitude towards this country: “ Made plenty of money: Saved a little but worked awful hard. Bosses too hard on foreigners."

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