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L. T. She was admitted to the Sunday-school in only expressing her surprise that they could act in direct which the writer of this little memoir was a teacher, contradiction to all the instructions given them by when about eight years of age, and formed one of the their teachers, and wilfully neglect to keep holy class committed to her charge. The superiority of the Sabbath-day. In the manner in which they rethis child's conduct to the rest of her companionsceived her justly merited rebuke, she found in her soon began to be observable. Without some parti- own experience the truth of Scripture—"all that will cular cause, she never absented herself from the live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.” school, and the uniform steadiness of her behaviour L. was never a robust child; but from the autumn of when there was remarkable: she always appeared to 1834 her health began to decline materially, though no be impressed with the seriousness of the work in doubt was then entertained of her ultimate recovery. which she was engaged, and to feel that the instruc- From this time she was not able, on account of the tions then given were not “a light thing,” to be for- fluctuating state of her health, to be a regular attendgotten as soon as heard, but momentous truths, with ant at the school. Her complaint at length terminated which she needed to be experimentally acquainted. in consumption, in which her chief sufferings were During the prayers offered at the meeting and dis- from excessive and long-continued weakness, which missal of the scholars, she always manifested uncom- almost entirely incapacitated her from speaking; this, mon attention; and her teacher does not recollect a together with natural timidity, deprived her teacher single instance in which it was found necessary to of the pleasure of much conversation with her, though reprove her for that giddiness and thoughtlessness, she ever evinced the most lively interest and thankwhich almost universally, it is believed, form a part of fulness for religious reading and converse. Her linthe cross a Sunday-school teacher must expect to gering illness she bore with Christian meekness and meet with; and it is impossible to forget the fixed patience-fruits, no doubt, which the Holy Spirit had seriousness with which she invariably listened to the wrought in her. She, like all the children of God, reading and explanation of the chapter in the Testa- had her doubts and fears, the enemy of her soul ment, which made part of the Sabbath morning occu- sometimes suggesting that her sins were too great to pations. When L. was between nine and ten years of be pardoned; though in general she indulged the hope age, the school, owing to particular circumstances, that, through the blood of Christ, she was washed was obliged to be given up for about the space of from all her sins, and should obtain an eternal inthree months, during which time, in the absence of heritance in the mansions of her father's house above. the teachers, she undertook the charge of a few of the Constantly, through the whole of her illness, her younger children, and they regularly assembled on the frame of mind was, “thy will be done :" though she Sabbath morning at her mother's cottage. She also desired rather to depart and to be with Christ, yet frequently employed her leisure hours in teaching she expressed her entire willingness to remain so during the week. But, above all, it was the constant long as her heavenly Father saw it to be needful. tenour of her daily life which induced the hope that The evening before her death, the latter part of the something more than head-knowledge had been vouch- 7th chapter of the book of Revelation was read to her, safed to her-a hope that God the Holy Spirit was which, though unable to utter a word, she heard with inwardly teaching her the reality of those blessed delight; and the following morning, after a night of truths which she had heard with her outward ears. great suffering from violent convulsions, which were Her mother, and indeed all who knew her, frequently borne without a murmur, she fell asleep in Jesus ; bore testimony to her obedience and willingness to and doubtless now forms one of the ransomed comdo any thing required of her; she was also very care- pany, who, having washed their robes and made them ful in endeavouring to set a good example to her white in the blood of the Lamb, dwell for ever in the little brother, whose impetuous disposition she en- heavenly temple. When her body was committed to deavoured constantly to restrain.

the dust, and the solemn and affecting burial-service Another evidence that a new heart had indeed been of our Church read over her lifeless form, it was given her, was the pleasure with which she looked for- delightful to anticipate, in sure and certain hope, her ward to the privileges and enjoyments of the Lord's day: resurrection at the last day unto eternal life, through it was truly unto her " a delight,” and not, as it is to be our Lord Jesus Christ. Calling on her mother after her feared it too often proves to multitudes, “a weariness.” death (which happened the latter part of April 1835), She was in the habit of rising earlier on that day, that

she mentioned that L. was in the habit every evening she might have time for reading to herself and also to of praying with her, and conversing on the love of her mother before school-time; and when the public the Redeemer, and frequently exclaiming, “ I should services of the Sabbath were ended, she never joined never have known any of these things, if I had not those idle wanderers who too frequently are in- heard them at the Sunday-school.” duced to trifle away its valuable hours—those hours now in mercy lent us, to prepare, in a more especial RELIGIOUS EXERTIONS IN FRANCE. manner, for eternity; and for the way in which we

It will no doubt be gratifying to our readers to receive have used and improved them, all must shortly give intelligence of the progress of religion in various parts an account before the awful judgment-seat of Him of the world. With this we shall endeavour to supply who "requireth that which is past.''

As is ever to them. In the present Number we shall give a short be expected, she was ridiculed for her strictness by

account of the proceedings of some of the religious so

cieties in France. Every Christian will rejoice to her school-fellows: but this did not move her ; what

learn, that in that land where, a few years ago, it was ever others did, she determined to be on the Lord's publicly decreed that there was no God, and that death side. She came out and was separate from them, was an eternal sleep, there are now a band of faithful

men filled with zeal to promote the glory of the Sa- procure his Bible. He received it, read it, studied it; viour. They are still comparatively very few in num- and, by the blessing of God, is now a Christian in decu ber; but, by God's blessing, they are increasing. And and in truth. we are not to forget that our Loril likens his kingdom The reports of the French societies must excite to leaven “hid in three measures of meal," which feelings painful as well as pleasant in the heart of a wrought till the whole was leavened." Thus eflec- British Christian. If it be pleasant to know that the tually, from small beginnings, shall the Gospel spread. work of God is advancing in the neighbour kingdom,

There are now lying before us the last reports, pub- it is still painful to see how little of the strength of lished in 1835, of the Paris Religious Tract Society, France is as yet put forth in the Redeemer's service. of the Evangelical Society of France, of the Paris A vast proportion of that country is still a moral wilMissionary Society, and of the French and Foreign derness. There are many departments without a Bible Society:

single Protestant minister: and, alas! in many ProThe Religious Tract Society held its twelfth anni- testant Churches the pure Gospel of Christ is not proversary meeting April 28, 1835. The committee re- claimed. Surely, then, we ought to strengthen the ported that there had been a considerable increase hands of those devoted men who are ranking themwithin the year, both in the income, and in the quan- selves there upon the Lord's side. By our prayers, by tity of tracts circulated. The receipts amounted to our testimony, by our example, we may do much. 21,562 francs (about 9821.); and half a million of Let English Christians who travel on the continent tracts had been distributed. Many interesting facts bear this in mind. They may be instruments under were stated. We have room for only one. A young God of turning, as they journey, the waters of salvasoldier, said one of the ministers present, had received tion into new channels. If they neglect the opportua Bible and some tracts just before his departure on nities presented to them, surely a fearful responsibility service to Algiers. Ah, (cried he, in expressing his will rest upon their heads.

C. gratitude) were I obliged, in order to preserve these books, to crawl on my hands and knees all the way to Algiers, I would far rather do that than be deprived


We often hear it said, that no man need believe that The second anniversary meeting of the Evangelical which he cannot understand. Hence, by some, several Society of France was held April 29, 1835. The ob

of the doctrines of Scripture, confessedly mysterious, ject of this important society is to propagate religious

are doubted or denied. truth through France. According to the report, five

But every one must allow, colporteurs (hawkers), four schoolmasters, and one

who chooses to co ider, that there are many facts schoolmistress, three evangelists, and five ministers, the truth of which is evident, though the reasons of had been employed within the year. Much impression | them pass our comprehension. It is a fact, for inappeared to have been made by these labourers, and

stance, that if you plant an acorn it will grow, put much good to have been done both among Protestants and Roman Catholics. One of the latter, for instance,

forth branches, be adorned with leaves, and become an old soldier, at Rennes, came forward to offer his

in process of time a mighty and magnificent tree. little subscription of two francs a quarter. More, he

You would laugh at the folly of the person who told said, he had not to give ; but what he had he gave you that this could not be. Yet, where is the philowith lively pleasure for that which had rendered him

sopher who can explain this fact? He may say, inso happy. The income of this society was stated to be 22,031 francs (about 8811.)

deed, that it draws nourishment from the ground, The Paris Missionary Society held its eleventh an

from the rain, from the atmosphere: but can he tell niversary April 30, 1835. Its gross income had been us how the various parts of the oak, so different from 69,352 francs (about 2,7741.) It had four missionary each other in form, and substance, and colour, are stations at the Cape of Good Hope; and bad just sent

produced? Can he shew us by what means the simout two additional missionaries, who, when they arrived ple materials are moulded, and make us understand at their destination, would swell the number of missionaries to seven; there being also two assistant

all the stages of the curious work? Can he tell us missionaries, and four females; making a total of why the leaves upon the oak are all alike, of one parthirteen labourers. The report observes, with holy ticular shape, quite different from the leaves of any joy, that the Church of Christ in France, heretofore other tree, though planted in the same soil, watered wandering in the desert, plaintive, not long ago, as the dove, whom the arrow of the fowler has wounded,

by the same showers, and warmed by the same sun? and seeking a refuge in the caves of the rocks, is now

No: he cannot tell us all this; yet he never strives enlarging the place of her tent, strengthening her

to make us disbelieve our senses, and deny the growth stakes, and lengthening her cords beyond the seas,

of the oak from the acorn. It is just so with regard and propagating her faith even under the fires of the to the truths of revelation. As God is infinitely susouthern tropic. This it takes as an omen of good for

perior to man, it is not likely that what he is, and the country, remembering the faithful word, that he ibat watereth shall himself be watered.

what he does, can ever be fully comprehended by our The French and Foreign Bible Society held its imperfect faculties. Many truths, therefore, must be second general meeting May 1st, 1835. Its funds higher than our thoughts, as the heavens are higher amounted to 57,336 francs (about 2,2931.); and it had than the earth. Yet this does not render them doubtcirculated, within the year, 1527 Bibles and 5499 Tes

ful. We may easily be sure of a fact, even though we taments. That its labours are not in vain, the following anecdote may shew:-An infirm old man, in Bri

are ignorant of the motives which prompted it, and tanny, used to travel through a number of villages,

the instruments which effected it. So that, if any and, in return for the alms he received, instruct the thing above our comprehension comes upon sufficient children of the peasants. One day, having been hos- evidence, whether that be the evidence of our senses, pitably treated by a poor shoemaker, he offered to or the testimony of credible witnesses, we are bound read the Bible to him. The shoemaker agreed; and God's Spirit so impressed upon his heart what he heard,

to admit it. He who doubts the truth of a doctrine that he exclaimed, “I must have that book; where

revealed in Scripture because he cannot explain it, can I get it?" He was told—at Nantes. Immediately ought also to disbelieve the growth of trees and plants be hastened thither, more than twenty-five leagues, to from seed. In fact, if he were consistent, there would

be no limit to his unbelief. He ought to doubt his is, hence, the strongest reason for the minister own being, because he can as little understand how

of God's word to inculcate diligently that the reasonable soul and flesh are one man. But there

truth which is so momentous, and so disare few indeed who do not receive the mysteries of pleasing to the carnal mind. Men will not the natural world, allowing there a thousand facts

of themselves discover and embrace it: it which defy the utmost powers of their mind to under

must be urged " line upon line, precept upon stand: why do they not act on the same principle with regard to the spiritual world? There is a great


I intend in this discourse to expound, as analogy between God's dealings in providence and in grace. Ile never, indeed, asks us to credit that which plainly as I can, our Saviour's solemn words is against reason; nor does he propound any thing

in my text; and I shall, to us without sufficient evidence of its truth. Let us,

I. Shew the nature and deficiency of the therefore, if the evidence of the fact be clear, learn righteousness denounced by our Lord : to admit his testimony, even though we cannot, for our

II. Speak of the particulars in which the infirmity, see clearly how that fact is brought about.

Christian righteousness exceeds it.

I. If we examine the New Testament, we

shall see that, generally speaking, the outward THE CHRISTIAN RIGHTEOUSNESS : conduct of the Pharisees was irreproachable. a Sermon.

They are continually mentioned in opposition

to the publicans, who were justly charged MATTHEW, v. 20.

with a mass of vices. St. Paul was a Phari. " For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the Scribes and

see, and he was, as he tells us, a diligent obPharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the king- server of rites and ceremonies and precepts; dom of heaven."

yea, he was, “ touching the righteousness The most fatal mistakes have frequently pre

which is in the law, blameless.” Indeed, the vailed respecting the nature of that righteous- Pharisees went beyond the strict letter of the ness which is acceptable in God's sight. The Mosaic statutes, and required and practised Jews very generally imagined that it was to a multitude of observances not enjoined in be attained by the law of Moses. “ Being the divine revelation. They would not asignorant of God's righteousness, and going sociate with immoral characters; for they laid about to establish their own righteousness, it as a charge against Jesus Christ that he was they submitted not themselves unto the right- gone to be a guest with a publican, and that eousness of God.” Rom. x. 3.

Their error

he suffered bimself to be touched by a woman was productive of the worst consequences.

that was a sinner. And, to a certain extent, For as the Scripture teaches us that there is they were sincere in their professions; for St. but one way to heaven, they did, in effect, Paul says, “ I bear them record that they by wandering from it, exclude themselves have a zeal of God, but not according to knowfrom that blessed inheritance. Our Saviour ledge,” Rom. x. 2; and St. Peter, adverting and his apostles were, therefore, careful to their great condemning sin, the putting to explain exactly the only safe grounds of de- death of Jesus Christ, allows, “Now, brethren, pendence for God's favour. They pointed I wot that through ignorance ye did it, as did out, with the greatest distinctness, the mode also your rulers.” Acts, iü. 17. The Phariin which he is just, and yet the justifier of sees, then, lived, as we should say, regular and the guilty. Their declarations, however, have creditable lives; they were moral and upbeen often overlooked, and nominal Christians right; and yet our Lord declares to his auhave revived, from time to time, though in a ditors in my text,

ditors in my text, “Except your righteousness somewhat new dress, the ewish figment of a shall exceed the righteousness of the Scribes justifying righteousness by works of law. and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into This was the pith of the

controversy between the kingdom of heaven.” We learn, then, at the Romanists and the Protestants at the pe- once, this most important lesson, that a man's riod of the Reformation; and it has been ever conduct may be decent and unblamable, and since a bone of contention between the merely yet that he may be far from God, exposed moral man, who trusts in himself that he is to the wrath of Him who not only can kill righteous, and the broken-hearted believer in the body, but also " is able to destroy both Jesus, who desires, “ what things were gain” soul and body in hell.” Where, then, is the to him, to count them “loss for Christ.” Self-deficiency of such a righteousness? dependence is natural to man. He comes into 1. I reply first, that it proceeds from an the world, the Bible tells us, with an evil improper principle. The moral Pharisees heart: he inherits the desire of his first pa- were not actuated by love to God. They did rents to be as gods; he therefore, till sub- their works to be seen of men. They were dued by divine grace, fights strenuously restrained from sin, not by a hatred of it, as against the humbling doctrines of the cross, offensive in the eyes of a kind Father in heaven, the offence of which will never cease. There but by a fear lest, if they indulged in it, they


are as


should lose the estimation of their fellows ---his sincere ignorance, if you will only agupon earth.

Now the moral value of an gravates his guilt. And this was the case with action depends mainly upon the motive which the Pharisees. They believed that they did prompts it. Two men may perform the same God service, because they shut their eyes to outward deed of charity; and yet the one be the evidence of the Gospel, and closed their influenced by ostentation, the other by the ears to the preaching of the truth ; and genuine feelings of compassion. It is need therefore, to their condemnation, they rejected less to say that their acts will be differently the righteousness of God. appreciated by Him who searcheth the heart These, then, are fatal flaws in Pharisaic and trieth the reins; for they would be dif- righteousness: it flows from a wrong prinferently appreciated even by the receiver of ciple, it is therefore imperfect; it is applied their bounty, if he could discover the differ- to a wrong purpose, it is therefore inadeence of their intentions. Hence it is that our quate. I might easily point out other parLord upbraids the Pharisees with being like ticulars of deficiency: but perhaps I have “whited sepulchres," externally fair, within said enough to shew you, that " except your polluted with uncleanness. He therefore, in righteousness exceed the righteousness of the the context, takes pains to prove that the law Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case of God did not, as they appeared to fancy, enter into the kingdom of heaven.” only reach to the actions, but required the II. I proceed, in the second part of the affections of the heart. It might be broken, discourse, to shew wherein the Christian and he gives instances, by an unholy thought. righteousness exceeds it. Their imperfect principles would not carry There are two parts of Christian righteousthem to this spiritual obedience.

- the righteousness of justification, and 2. Farther; their righteousness was mis- the righteousness of sanctification. The Phaapplied. We learn from many passages in risee, as I have shewn, has neither; for he Seripture, that the Pharisees expected salva- looks to be justified by his own works, which tion as the reward of their good deeds. Our

filthy rags :” and he performs his Lord strove to correct this erroneous notion, services from a selfish motive; they are, in the well-known parable, in which he intro- therefore, unpleasing in the eye of that God duces an individual praying in the temple; who will have the affections of the soul. “God, I thank thee that I am not as other 1. The Gospel, on the other hand, sets men are . . . I fast twice in the week, I give forth to us a righteousness which can justify tithes of all that I possess.” Luke, xviji. 11, by faith in Christ. “I count all things but 12. Righteousness could be available in this loss (says the Apostle Paul, Phil. iii. 8, 9) for way only if it were actually perfect. One the excellency of the knowledge of Christ trace of deficiency would vitiate it; for, as Jesus my Lord ... that I may win Christ, and St. James asserts, “Whosoever shall keep the be found in him, not having mine own rightwhole law, and yet offend in one point, he is eousness, which is of the law, but that which guilty of all." James, ii. 10. Now this mis- is through the faith of Christ, the righteousapplication must be of destructive tendency. ness which is of God by faith.” When man It is of no use to argue that a man is sincere was lying in sin and estrangement from God, in such an error ;- undoubtedly, as I have the Lord Jesus Christ interposed to reconcile admitted, many of the Pharisees were sincere us to him. He appeared in our nature, he in their belief that they ought to resist the suffered the penalty of our sins, he perfectly Gospel;-but if sincerity in error is to excuse obeyed the law which we had broken, and it, why then there was no need for the incar- thus brought in an everlasting righteousness, nation of Jesus Christ. Men had only to which shall be “ unto all and upon all them persuade themselves that their crooked paths that believe.” God, for his sake, can now would lead to eternal life, and then there receive the sinner who approaches him by would be no use in a revelation to disclose Jesus Christ; for the simple terms of salvato them the straight and true one. Let this tion, as set forth in Scripture, are, God" gave be deeply pondered by those who fancy that his only begotten Son, that whosoever beall which God requires is sincerity. It is a lieveth in him should not perish, but have fatal mistake to entertain such a notion. It everlasting life.” John, iii. 16. And this is nullifies the Gospel. It charges the Highest the Christian righteousness of justification : with foolishness. The truth is, that men have

accepted in the Beloved ;" by faith no right to be sincere in error. Ignorance is we lay hold on the free gift of God in his an excuse only so far as it is unavoidable: if dear Son. And hence is excluded that vague any one is ignorant because he will not ex- notion which many entertain, that God, simply amine, wrong-headed because he will not because he is merciful, and because Christ listen to wise counsel, persuaded he is right died, will forgive them, and accept their imbecause he is too proud to learn, his ignorance perfect endeavours. This is not the Scripture


we are


truth. The Seripture teaches us that Christ | mands the affections, it touches the secret died, not to patch up our deficiencies, but springs of action, it works, not to be seen of altogether to deserve salvation for us. It men, but “ the love of Christ constrainetli teaches us that God indeed is merciful, but us,” that whatsoever we do, we should do all that he has exhibited his mercy in one only to the glory of God. And this is the Chrisway to us, by his dear Son; so that for those tian righteousness of sanctification, which is who reject Christ, " there remaineth no more wrought by the power of the Holy Spirit, sacrifice for sins." We become really inte- leading us to Christ, shewing us his glory and rested in God's mercy by the effectual appli- his love, and strengthening us from hence to cation of Christ's blood: he washes us from be his obedient servants. In this respect, then, our sins, he forgives our iniquity, in him we it exceeds the righteousness of the Scribes are accounted righteous. And thus, as God and Pharisees : theirs may be traced to selfdealt with Christ, for man's sake, as though love—this flows from love to God in Christ: he had been guilty; so now he deals with theirs is unsound, hypocritical--this is genubelievers, for Christ's sake, as though they ine and heartfelt. No wonder that theirs is were righteous : he removes, as far as the an abomination in the sight of Him who deeast is from the west,” so far their guilt from clares that “the ploughing of the wicked is them. In this respect, then, the Christian sin ;"—No wonder that this comes up, through justifying righteousness exceeds the right-Christ, as “a sweet-smelling savour” to our eousness of the Scribes and Pharisees : theirs gracious Father, who has invited us to offer is the righteousness of man, imperfect, pol-up ourselves, body, soul, and spirit, a sacriluted ;-ours is the righteousness of Christ, fice to him, pleasing, and accepted in his dear perfect, most holy: theirs is based upon their Son. The works of a Pharisee are a conown works ;-ours is the free gift of God. No demning witness against him, because he may, wonder that theirs leaves them beneath the if he examine, perceive that they are desticurse, for the law proclaims, “Cursed is every tute of the essence of that law which demands one that continueth not in all things which an obedience of thought as well as of action are written in the book of the law to do --the holy fruit of a believer in Christ is a them:"—no wonder that ours takes away con- pleasant evidence of the reality of his faith, demnation, for “Christ is the end of the law of that faith which “worketh by love." for righteousness to every one that believeth." And in this way we see the close connexion A Pharisee, a self-righteous man, can never between sanctification and justification ; and enjoy well-grounded comfort that his sins are hence the weapons, with which worldly men forgiven, because he is never able to make have striven to destroy the great doctrines of satisfaction to the broken law: the believer free grace, fall pointless to the ground. "Do in Christ may have joy in the Holy Ghost, we make void the law through faith? God because, “ being justified by faith," he has forbid (we reply with the apostle, Rom. iii. "peace with God, through our Lord Jesus 31): yea, we establish the law." We shew Christ.”

you how only the law can be properly kept; 2. Further, the Christian righteousness of for “love is the fulfilling of the law.” And as sanctification is pure in its principle, though surely as love is shewn to a sinner in the forcertainly imperfect in its measure, in this life. giveness of his sins, will love be returned by It springs from the love of God shed abroad the believer to his kind and compassionate in our hearts by the Holy Ghost, which is Father. Why! when the sun sends forth his given unto us.” That service alone is really beams, they are not absorbed in darkness : valuable which is done from love. We delight but moons and planets, bright with his glory, to imitate the beloved object, we hate that reflect them back again, turning always their which he hates. And so, having received un- enlightened faces to him, as if to bask in his numbered mercies from God, in his dear Son, rays, and to acknowledge him the author of the believer, whose sins, which were many, are their refulgence. It is so with the believer. forgiven, loveth much. The Scriptures always Let but the Sun of righteousness arise, and place the love of God as the foundation his face is lightened, a portion of God's ir We love him because he first loved us,' own glory seems to rest upon him, and his (1 John, iv. 19); and they represent one that conduct and conversation prove that he is is justified by faith as having received a per- anxiously inquiring, " What shall I render fectly new principle of action. He was before unto the Lord for all his benefits towards encumbered with “ the spirit of bondage" -- me?" Do you suppose that a cause he is now influenced by the spirit of adop- mighty in operation as the pardoning love of tion;" his service heretofore, such as it was,

God in Christ will have no effect? It is not was heavy task-work--it is now the cheerful more irreligious than unreasonable to imagine offering of a grateful soul. This principle it. Look at the influence of the heavenly produces not external fruits only; it com- | bodies upon the waters of the vast ocean.

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