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Of counter-proclamation, now are seen,
was made archbishop in the year 1583; and the in(Proud triumph is it for a sullen queen!)
genious Sir Henry Wotton, who knew him well, has Lifting them up, the worship to confound
left this character of him: “ That he was a man of Of the Most High. Again do they invoke
a reverend and sacred meinory, and of the primitive
temper; a man of such a temper as when the Church The creature, to the creature glory give;
by lowliness of spirit did flourish in highest examples Again with frankincense the altars smoke,
of virtue." The following is an instance in which he Like those the heathen served ; and mass is sung ; displayed this temper, and shewed the assimilation of And prayer, man's rational prerogative,
his character to the example of Him who was a meck Runs through blind channels of an unknown tongue.
and lowly of heart." He built a large alms-house WORDSWORTH.
near liis own palace at Croydon, in Surrey, and endowed it with maintenance for a master and twenty. eight poor men and women: and this place he visited
so often, that he became familiar with all their names IIYMN
and dispositions ; and was so truly humble, says his For the Opening of a new Church.
biographer, “ that he onlled them his brothers and sisa ALVICHTY Ruler of the world,
ters.” When the queen dined with him at his palace Whose throne is heaven, whose footstool earth,
at Lambeth, which was very frequently, he would
usually the next day visit his brothers and sisters at Whose word the night of chaos furled,
Croydon, and dine with them at liis liospital. "You Who spake, and nature sprang to birth ;
may believe,” adds his biographier, " there was joy at O from thy seat of glory bend,
the table;" for, after the example ofliis Divine Master, And with a kind, all-gracious ear,
“he was not ashamed to call them brethren." Our humble pray’rs and praise attend,
THE ATHEIST'S CREED.-The atheist believes that And manifest thy presence here.
there is no God, nor possibly can be; and conse
quently that the wise, as well as the unwise, of all Vast as is heaven's unknown embrace,
ages, have been mistaken, except himself, and a few Thy glory wider bounds demands;
He believes either that all the world have And canst thou condescend to grace
been frightened with an apparition of their own fancy, temple reared by mortal hands ?
or that they have most unnaturally conspired toge
ther to cozen themselves; or that this notion of a Thou canst!—for thou didst stoop to take
God is a trick of policy, though the greatest princes A human form, the cross to bear,
and politicians do not, to this day, know so much, nor That thou might'st fallen creatures make
have done, time out of mind. He believes, either With thec immortal life to share.
that the heavens and the earth, and all things in them,
had no original cause of their being, or that they were And thou hast said, where two or three
made by chance, and happened, he knows not how, to In thy blest name together meet,
be as they are; and that, in this last shuttling of matter, There shall thy Holy Spirit be,
all things have, by great good fortune, fallen out as To hold with then communion sweet :
happily, and as regularly, as if the greatest wisdom
had contrived them; but yet lie is resolved to believe Spirit of Life, and 'Truth, and Love,
that there was no wisdom or contrivance in them. Thy promised blessing now impart,
He believes that matter of itself is utterly devoid of That all who seek thy face may prove
all sense, understanding, and liberty; but for all that, How holy, just, and truc thou art !
he is of opinion, that the parts of matter may now and
then happen to be so conveniently disposed as to 0, to thy service consecratc
have all these qualities, and most dexterously to pero This sacred temple,-make it thNE,
form all those fine and free operations which the ig. Shine forth in thy most glorious state,
norant attribute to spirits. Such is the atheist's
creed, whence we learn that lie must be weak, creduHere reign in majesty divine !
lous, and absurd.--Abp. Tillotson. Here be thy holy name adored,
SOUNDNESS OF MIND.-A perfectly sound and just Here pray'rs be offered ---vows sincere-
mind is a rare and invaluable gift. it is given but to Let all confess, with one accord,
few; and a very small number of these few escape the That thou, O Lord our God, art here!
bias of some predilection, perhaps occasionally opera; W. Howorth.
ting, and none are at all times perfectly free. I once saw,” says Mr. Cecil, this subject forcibly
illustrated. I watch-maker wld me, that a gentleAliscellaneous.
man had put an exquisite watch into his hands that
went irregularly. li was as perfect a piece of work GIBBON.–Gibbon's great consolation seemed to as was ever made. De took it to pieces, and put be derived from the probable continuance of life, as together again twenty times. No defect was to be he considered the abbreviation of time, and the discovered, and yet the watel went intolerably. A failure of hope, must always tinge with a browner
last, it struck him, that possibly the balance-irheel shade the evening of life." So completely did he might have been near a magnet.
On applying a carry on a species of self-deception on this subject, needle to it, he found his suspicion true. If the that in his last illness, about twenty hours before soundest mind be magnetised by any predilection, his death, his biographer says, "he happened to fall it must act irregularly." into conversation, not uncommon with him, on the probable duration of his life. He said, that he thought himself a good life for ten, twelve, or perhaps
LONDON :-Publislied by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, twenty years." How would such a death-bed have Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave Maria Lane, St. Paul's; been enlightened by “ the hope full of immortality!"
and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and --Archdeacon Hoare.
Country. Archbishop Wutgift.--This prelate was an eminent example of the Christian grace of humility. He
ROBSON, LEVEY, AND PRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.
than his power and goodness, is manifest; and
the fulfilment of the gracious promise is once GRATITUDE to God for his manifold un- more realised, that seed-time and harvest merited mercies will ever be a predominant shall not fail : and in a most morbid and unfeeling in the bosom of a true Christian. He christian state must that man's heart be, who will delight to meditate on the eternal Jeho- can behold the valleys standing so thick with rah as on a being infinite in goodness and in corn, " that they do laugh and sing," and not mercy. The whole scheme of human redemp- enter into the devotional feelings of the tion will be viewed by him with astonish- Psalmist, when he exclaimed, “Sing unto ment and praise. The gift of God's well- Jehovah with thanksgiving ; sing praises upon beloved Son will be the pledge of the ready the harp unto our God: who covereth the communication of every minor benefit; and heaven with clouds, who prepareth rain for thus the believer is enabled to cast all his the earth, who maketh grass to grow upen care upon his almighty Father, fully to trust, the mountains. He giveth to the beast his and earnestly to believe, that every temporal food, and to the young ravens which cry; Want will be satisfied. The God of grace is and filleth thee with the finest of the wheat." also the God of creation and providence. In viewing the fruitfulness that every where The gracious Being who opened a way of presents itself around him, the Christian will escape from the wrath to come, is the same be inclined to examine the progress of divine who called the universe to spring into exist- grace in his own soul, and to ask himself ence by his almighty word, and who still what evidence he has that, the heavenly seed causeth his sun to shine, and his rain to de- of the word being sown in his heart, there scend, and who exercises an unceasing watch- has been a corresponding increase to that fulness over the meanest of his creatures; which presents itself in the natural world. All and without his especial permission not even around him is teeming with plenty. The seed sparrow falleth to the ground.
cast into the ground has not lain dormant. Tlie return of harvest cannot fail to give It has germinated, sprung up—“ first the rise to feelings of devout gratitude in every blade, then the ear, then the full corn in the pious mind, while it will almost insensibly ear.” The rain has descended, the sun has lead from the contemplation of temporal shone, and now the blessed effects of their blessings to subjects of a spiritual nature, and genial influence are apparent. How stands of eternal importance. The season is one of it with the professed believer himself? There joyfulness." They joy before thee,” says is no soil naturally so barren as the human the prophet, foretelling the feelings with which heart. The spontaneous productions of that Messiah's advent would be hailed, “accord- soil are the rank and noxious weeds which ing to the joy in harvest.” The husbandman evidence man's fallen and ruined state. But again experiences that the labour that he em- when the Almighty Husbandman implants that ployed in seed-time has not been expended which is good in the soul, and when, under in vain. The faithfulness of Jehovah, no less the vivifying beams of the Sun of Righteous
VOL. I.-NO, XII.
ness, and by the refreshing dews of the Divine The reaper enters the field and cuts down Spirit, there is an increase in all those hea- | the ripe corn, and that corn is in due season venly graces and virtues, which are the evi- removed to the barn, and the wheat is sepadences of true religion having taken root in rated from the chaff. How forcible is our the heart; then does the Christian testify the Lord's illustration of the proceedings of the power of Jehovah, by his faithfulness in good day of judgment, when he declares the harworks, as much as that power is testified by vest to be the end of the world, and the the hundredfold increase of the seed which reapers the angels. The wheat and the tares has been cast into the ground. There is in grow together, and it is difficult to separate fact a striking resemblance between the two them. Man is at best an uncertain discrioperations—the natural increase of the ma- minator as to the true character of his fellowterial, the spiritual increase of the immaterial men. Were the separation to be made by seed; both are carried on by the same Divine him, how often would the noxious weed be energy; and the believer will be anxious to gathered into the garner! But the discrimidiscover that there has been an increase in nating eye of the heavenly Husbandman canspiritual attainments in himself. He will not be deceived. The Lord weigheth the carefully examine whether he abounds in spirits : he searcheth the hearts, and his those fruits which are declared to be those scrutinising glance can at once discover man's of the Spirit, and whether there is a growing real character. How important is it then meetness for being gathered into the hea- that each one should bear in mind, that in venly garner.
the proceedings of this awful day, he himThe season of harvest, with its fields of self shall bear a part ; that he shall be at ripening corn, will remind the Christian of that day found meet to be gathered into the the beautiful and simply expressive language garner of the Lord, or to be cast into the of his heavenly Master, when he likened the burning! The alternative is most momentous: state of the world to that of fields “white and the fearful blindness of man's natural unto the harvest." He will be thus led to understanding, and the insensibility of man's the consideration of that solemn obligation natural heart, are in nothing so fully maniwhich is laid upon every professed follower fested, as in the careless indifference with of the Lord Jesus Christ, to spread to the which they view the all-important subject of utmost the knowledge of his name, and not their eternal destiny. But yet, in too many only to pray to the Lord of the harvest, that instances, the mind remains unimpressed by he will send forth labourers into his harvest, thoughts of judgment to come. Seasons pass but to aid in the furtherance of this glorious on, bringing the sinner nearer and nearer to object. If there be no anxiety about the his fearful doom; and yet he relects not on spiritual and eternal welfare of our fellow it. To him every call is made, every warnmen ; if the reflection of countless myriads ing is vouclisafed in vain. Reader! is this living without God, and dying without hope, your case ? Are you preparing for the harcause no prayer to ascend to the throne of vest, the end of the world; or are your grace in their behalf, and call not forth thoughts directed solely to the perishing obthe exercise of the most unbounded cha-jects of a passing day? Perhaps you are rity, and anxiety to bring them to the peculiarly interested in the produce of the knowledge of the truth,--then there is the present larvest. Upon its abundance much most infallible evidence that our own souls of your worldly prosperity may depend. Live are barren and unfruitful. The first fruit of not, however, unmindful of that far more imthe Spirit's influence mentioned by St. Paul portant harvest, the result of which will be is love--not merely love to God, but love to inspeakably more momentous to you than every brother of the human race; and when that of the present, or of any
other the heart is brought under the sanctifying in- witness here below. Oh, be assured that Auence of Divine grace, and the understand there it can matter little how your worldly ing is enlightened to comprehend something affairs may prosper, if your soul does not of the excellency of the knowledge of Christ prosper; and that no mortal tongue can deJesus the Lord, then there will be an imme- scribe the intolerable agony of those who, diate desire to bring others to the same state for ever excluded from the presence of Jehoof religious knowledge. The world at the vah, and consigned to the horrors of the lake present moment presents peculiar facilities that burneth, shall exclaim in loudest wailfor the dissemination of Divine truth. The ings of unceasing despair,
“ The harvest is fields are white already to harvest. May the past, the summer is ended, and we are not Lord of the harvest be graciously pleased to saved !" multiply the labourers sent forth, and to bless the means employed for the purpose of spreading abroad the knowledge of Messiah's name!
JERUSALEM-MIRACLE OF THE HOLY
FIRE. ENTERING the gate of the Holy Sepulchre church, the first object which attracted my attention was the stone of unction, venerated as the spot where the body of cur Lord was anointed for burial. Several large Candles are kept standing at each end, and over it are suspended several silver lamps. The pilgrims all bow; and, after making the sign of the cross, kiss the sacred stone.
Leaving the stone of unction, we were conducted to the holy sepulchre. The monument erected over the tomb contains two apartments.
In the first is the stone, where, it is said, the angel made his appearance to Mary; in the other is the holy tomb. I waited some time for the pilgrims to withdraw. While standing there, a pilgrim entered, and, at the sight of the tomb, wept and sobbed as over the grave of a parent.
Seventy-three feet from the holy sepulcire we came to the chapel of apparition, in which a few Catholics were engaged in evening service; the music, for softness and solemnity, exceeded any thing which I had heard in Asia. From this chapel we returned to the holy sepulchre ; and, passing through the Greek church, ascended Mount Calvary. It is sixteen feet abore the level of the tomb. I stooped down to look into the hole in which, it is supposed, stood the cross ; below which is a fissure in the rock, made, it is believed, when Christ our Lord bowed his head, and gave up the
part of its influence. Some held their faces in the blaze, saying, “ It does not burn." Others said, “ Now, Lord, I believe! forgive my former unbelief." After this the pilgrims retired, abundantly satisfied with what they had seen and heard. The number of pilgrims present at this Passover may be thus stated :1200 Greeks, 1400 Armenians, 70 Copts, 20 Syrians, 15 Catholics, 1 Abyssinian : total 2706.
Passing the north-east corner of the city, we descended to the brook Kedron. The bed of the stream was perfectly dry, notwithstanding the great rains. On our left, I saw the church erected over the grave of the Virgin Mary; on our right, the garden of Gethsemane. St. John has marked the site of the garden very particularly : “ He went forth with his disciples over the brook Kedron." There is but one spot over the brook Kedron convenient for a garden. This garden has been consecrated by the many prayers, and by the blood, of our divine Saviour: * for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples." It is still occupied as a garden, and contains several large olive-trees.
In fifteen or twenty minutes I reached the summit of the mount of Olives. Here we had a delightful view of the city, and also of the Dead Sea. Perhaps no place in the world commands a finer prospect, or is associated with events more sacred and sublime. " David went up by the ascent of Mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot.” On the east side of it, our blessed Saviour raised Lazarus from the grave; and on the west he endured the agony of Gethsemane. Here he beheld the city, and wept over it. From this mount he was at one time conducted to Jerusalem with shoutings of " Hosanna to the Son of David ;" and at another, with the cry of, " Crucify him ; crucify him !" From this spot he gave his last commission, “ Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel;" and thence ascended, and “ sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.”
Bethany is about two miles east of Jerusalem, at the foot of the Mount of Olives, on the east side. We came to the grave of Lazarus. " It was a cave," saith St. John, “ and a stone lay upon it.” A Turk, who seemed to have charge of the sepulchre, for a few paras gave us lighted tapers, and permission to enter. We descended twenty-eight stone steps, where we found a small room, about eight feet square.
On the east and west sides are tombs cut in the solid rock. Probably Jesus our Lord stood here, and cried, with a loud voice, “ Lazarus, come forth.”
After a residence of about three months in this sacred city, I can say that, in one respect, it differs from any other place that I ever visited: there is no such thing as being satiated by viewing objects every where presented to the eye. The sight of Smyrna, of Pergamos, of Patmos, awakened the tenderest sensibilities; but the feelings were in a measure momentary. It is not so with Jerusalem.
I now go to Mount Calvary~walk in the garden of Gethsemane--stand upon the heights of Zion-ascend the Mount of Olives-drink of the waters of Siloam-with greater pleasure than I did on the first day of my arrival. Indeed, there are so many subjects presented to the mind--such as the devout anthems of David; the dedicatory prayer of Solomon, when he knecled, and spread out his hands to God, and consecrated a temple, which became the glory of the Church, the wonder of the world; the exalted strains of Isaiah, when he saw the day of Christ and rejoiced; the zeal, patriotism, and piety of Ezra and Nehemiah, when they reared the tabernacle of David amid the opposition of the world ; and, what infinitely more, the sufferings, death, resurrection, and ascension of our divine Redeemer,--that the pleasure must be increased upon every examination.
But, what is rather remarkable, this view of the
On Easter eve, every apartment of the Church was erowded with Turks, Jews, Christians, and people from every nation under heaven: they were assembled to witness the supposed miraculous descent of the Holy Spirit, under the similitude of fire. It is estimated that at least 5000 people were present. The governor of the city, and the Turks of rank, were there. A very convenient place was allotted me to observe distinctly every ceremony.
About twelve o'clock we witnessed scenes of a very extraordinary nature, and highly derogatory to the Christian profession. A body of Arab Christians, natives of Palestine, were admitted to perform their part in the duties of the holy week : they began by running round the holy sepulchre with all the frantic airs of madmen; clapping their hands, throwing their caps into the air, cuffing one another's ears, walking half Baked upon the shoulders of their companions, hal
or rather shrieking, to the utmost extent of their voices. This was the exhibition to 5000 people, who were in expectation of soon witnessing the descent of the holy fire.
About one o'clock the Turks entered the small apartment of the holy tomb, extinguished the lamps, closed the door, and set a watch. I was determined to enter myself the holy sepulchre, with the Russian consul, to see from what direction the fire proceeded; but they replied, " The Turks will not give permission to strangers to enter.” Shortly after, the principal Greek priest entered the holy sepulchre, attended by the Armenian patriarch, and also by the Syrian patriarch. The Greek priest, however, entered the second apartment unattended. Every eye was fixed as the time approached. As we stood waiting, suddenly there darted from the sepulchre a flaming torch, which was carried almost instantaneously to a distant part of the assembly. I stood among the first to receive the fire ; and to prove that, as to its power of burning, it contained no extraordinary qualities. The zeal of the pilgrims to get a part of the fire before the superior qualities departed (as, they say, it burns like other fire in a few minutes), endangered the lives of many : several were well nigh crushed to death. Some lighted candles, others tow, with a view to preserve a
• From Parson's Journal of a Visit to the East.
subject destroys all curiosity to see particular objects, / reign of King Henry IV. A few years before, Wickvenerated by the ignorant multitude. You are here liffe, the morning-star of the reformation, had exposed shewn the pillar to which our Saviour was bound to be scourged; the arch upon which Pilate cried, “ Be
the enormous corruptions of the Church of Rome ; hold the man!" the very door at which Peter knocked,
and Lord Cobham, having embraced his doctrine, when the angel led him from the prison ; and a thou
became one of the chief patrons of the Lollards, as sand other places of great veneration. All this is folly, the new sect were generally called. On the accession and calculated to disgust enlightened travellers, and of King Henry V. in the year 1413, the bishops, relying give strength to infidelity. But, that this city was for many ages the great
on that monarch's devotion to them, held a synod in capital of the Church of the living God; that it has
St. Paul's Church to repress the growth of the Gospel. been honoured by the presence of David, of the
Twelve inquisitors of heresy had been appointed at prophets, of Gabriel, and of God himself in human Oxford the year before ; and they had found, they Hesh ; that the Gospel has been preached here with said, 246 erroneous doctrines in Wickliffe's books. power and with wonderful success; and a multitude These books were ordered to be burnt; but it was from this city conducted to the heavenly world,--is truth, upon which the mind may rest without the pos
now represented that little good would result, unless sibility of deception. And this is enough to satisfy
certain great men, the supporters of heresy, were rethe most enlarged and benevolent minds.
moved. Among them was particularly mentioned Soon after passing the gate, we arrived at the house Lord Cobham; and the king was informed that he of Procopius, to whom I had letters of introduction.
held dangerous opinions respecting the sacrament, The servant informed as that he was in the church for evening prayers. I hastened thither to unite
penance, pilgrimage, image-worship, and the ecclewith the professed followers of Christ upon Mount
siastical power of Rome. It was further said, that Calvary, and to render thanks to God for the happy he had supported and maintained, even by force of termination of my voyage to the holy city. The church arms, suspected preachers in the dioceses of London, is but a few steps from the place where, it is Rochester, and Hereford. The bishops would gladly supposed, stood the cross. It is called the Church of
have proceeded against Lord Cobham at once; but it St. Constantine, and is the place to which all the Greek bishops, five in number, with their numerous attend
was judged expedient not to attack a man of such ants, resort for morning and evening service. Every
credit and power till the king's consent was fully thing was conducted with a pleasing stillness and had. Henry received the prelates--Arundel, archregularity becoming so holy a place. After a bishop of Canterbury, being at their head-too graciservice of thirty minutes, I returned, and presented ously; but requested them to deal with the accused my letters to Procopius. Conversation was directed to the exertions which the Protestants are making to
as gently as they could; and promised, that if they promote the diffusion of the Holy Scriptures. They
would delay their censures, he would himself seriously replied, “ We believe the Protestants to be our reason with him. friends."
The king very soon sent for Lord Cobham; and, Within 100 feet of my room reside five bishops, having first questioned him respecting a book belong. namely, those of Petrea, of Nazareth, of Gaza, of
ing to him, said to contain most pestilent heresy, adLydda, and of Philadelphia. Persons come to my room to read the Scriptures. The priests encourage
monished him to submit himself to his mother, holy me in this employment. If, then, a missionary can
church, and, as an obedient child, to acknowledge reside here with no other employment than to read that he was culpable. You, most worthy prince," the Scriptures with pilgrims, not uttering a word was the magnanimous reply, “ I am always prompt respecting Catholics, Greeks, or Turks, a great work
and willing to obey; forsomuch as I know you : might be accomplisheda work which would impart infinite joy to the friends of this mission, and guide bearing the sword to the punishment of evil-doers
Christian king, and the appointed minister of God, many souls to eternal life.
and for safe-guard of them that be virtuous. Unto Biography.
you, next my eternal God, owe I my whole obedience,
and submit thereunto, as I have done ever, all that I THE LIFE OF SIR JOHN OLDCASTLE,
have, either of fortune or nature, ready at all times to LORD COBHAM.*
fulfil whatsoever be shall in the Lord command me. In the vanguard of that noble army of martyrs, who But, as touching the pope and his spirituality, I owe have in this country scaled with their blood the faith them neither suit nor service; forsomuch as I know of Jesus, stands conspicuously Sir John Oldcastle, him, by the Scriptures, to be the great antichrist, Lord Cobham. It is generally true, that “ not many the son of perdition, the open adversary of God, and wise men after the fesli, not many mighty, not many the abomination standing in the holy place." Ennoble, are called ;" for the honours of the world act raged at his boldness, the king would talk no further with fearful force in inclining the heart to forget with him, and left him to the tender mercies of the God: but here was one who laid down the coronet to prelates. take up the cross, and bravely loved not his life unto Lord Cobham now retired to his castle of Cowling, the death. His history ought to be universally known in Kent, whither the archbishop soon despatched an amongst us.
officer to cite him before the ecclesiastical authoriOf the early years of this distinguished person ties. This officer at first was afraid to enter with little is recorded. It may be enough to say, that, such a message the gates of a powerful baron; having married the niece and heiress of the last Lord was afterwards introduced under the protection of a Cobham, he assumed, in right of his wife, that title, person in the king's service. This man, untruly, inand that he had served with honour abroad in the formed Cobham that he was commissioned to charge • See Fox's Acts and Monuments, vol. i.; and Southey's
him in the king's name to obey the summons. But
, Book of the Church, vol. i.
knowing that his life was aimed at, he flatly refused.