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him,—who would not repent, when God called him to repentance. Assuredly there is no desolation equal to that of the heart which God hath left desolate. There is no ruin more melancholy than the eternal ruin of an immortal soul.


which he endured the scoffs and reproaches of his enemies! Lead her to his cross, and let her view him in the agonies of death, and hear his last prayer for his persecutors,—" Father, forgive them ; for they know not what they do.” When natural religion has viewed both, ask which is the prophet of God ? . But her answer we have already had, when she saw part of this scene through the eyes of the centurion who attended him at the cross; by him she said, “ Truly this was the Son of God."-Bishop Sherlock.

TEMPTATION.—The temptations of God strictly involve in them no more than a trial of principlethe temptations of Satan involve in them the infusion of moral evil into the mind.-Howell's Sermons on the Lord's Prayer.

The Cabinet. GRACE.-A man may as soon read the letter of the Scripture without eyes, as understand the mysteries of the Gospel without grace.Bp. Beveridge.

RELIGION EVERY THING.–The observation is not more common than just, that if religion be any thing, it is every thing. If Christianity be true, the consequences of our present conduct are infinitely important; and while the infidel may be more atrociously criminal and extensively mischievous, the professed believer who lives like other men is the most inconsistent character in the world. The language of Scripture does not accord to that of modern times. Wicked Christians and irreligious believers are never mentioned in the sacred volume. Faith is never supposed separable from a holy life. All worldly men are represented as unbelievers, or as possessing a dead faith; and all believers are spoken of as servants of God, who live to his glory, and are distinguished from other men by the whole tenour of their conduct, and not merely by their principles. These things are as observable in the Old as in the New Testament; for true religion has been essentially the same ever since the fall of Adam, though many circumstantial alterations have taken place; and, indeed, the perfections of God, the wants of a sinner, and the nature of holiness and happiness, are in themselves immutable. Let me, then, conclude with the observation which introduced the subject—" If religion be any thing, it is every thing :" it must be our business in this world, if we would enjoy a warranted hope of felicity in the world to come, yea, it must be our element here, in order to a meetness for the inheritance of the saints in light. Every man's own conscience must decide how far this is his character and experience; and every one must be left to apply the subject to his own case, for conviction, admonition, and encouragement. Rer. T. Scott.

DOCTRINE AND PRACTICE.— To preach practical sermons, as they are called, that is, sermons upon virtue and vice, without inculcating those great Scripture truths, of redemption, grace, and the like, which alone can incite and enable us to forsake sin and follow after righteousness,—what is it but to put together the wheels, and set the hands of a watch, forgetting the spring, which is to make them all go ?-Bp. Horne.

CHRIST AND MAHOMET CONTRASTED.-Go to your natural religion-lay before her Mahomet and his disciples, arrayed in armour and in blood, riding in triumph over the spoils of thousands and ten thousands who fell by his victorious sword. - Shew her the cities which he set in flames, the countries which he ravaged and destroyed, and the miserable distress of all the inhabitants of the earth. When she has viewed him in this scene, carry her into his retirements; shew her the prophet's chamber, his concubines and wives, and let her see his adulteries, and hear him allege revelation and his divine commission to justify his lusts and his oppressions. When she is tired with this prospect, then shew her the blessed Jesus, humble and meek, doing good to all the sons of men, patiently instructing the ignorant and the perverse. Let her see him in his most retired privacies-- let her follow him to the mount, and hear his devotions and supplications to God. Carry her to his table to view his poor fare and hear his heavenly discourse! Let her see him injured, but not provoked! Let her attend him to the tribunal, and consider the patience with


O thou Eternal, good Supreme,
My hope, my life, my constant theme ;
To thy poor suppliant lend an ear,
Draw her by love-keep her in fear.?
She asks not wealth—she asks not pow'r-
She asks thy presence every hour :
Her watch by night, her guide by day,
To lead her on her heavenly way.
Grant her true wisdom from above,
To rule her faith, control her love ;
Then shall her spirit take its flight,
A seraph plumed for realms of light.
"Tis thou alone canst bend my will,
Canst shew the path my feet shall tread,
Canst bid my soul thy word fulfil,
And nourish it with daily bread.
This, this is all I need require-
Abide in Thee, and Thou in me;
Here I'd begin, here end desire,
And yield my every power to Thee.

C. E. M.


Hail and farewell, thou lovely guest,

I may not woo thy stay;
The hues that paint thy blushing vest

Are fading fast away,
Like the returning tints that die
At evening from the western sky,

And melt in misty grey.
The morning sun thy beauties hailed,

Fresh from their mossy cell ;
At eve his beam, in sorrow veiled,

Bade tliee a sad farewell :
To-morrow's rays shall gild the spot,
Where, loosen'd from their fairy knot,

The withering petals fell.
Alas! on thy forsaken stem

My heart shall long recline, And mourn the transitory gem,

And make the story mine : So on my joyless wintry hour Hath oped some bright and fragrant flower,

With tints as soft as thine,

Like thee the vision came and went,

Like thee it bloom'd and fell;
In momentary pity sent,

Of fairer climes to tell.
So frail its form, so short its stay,
That nought the lingering heart could say,
But hail and fare thee well!



(For the Church of England Magazine.)
HERE sweetly sleep awhile, blest babe! thy sun
In haste hath set, thy work of suffering done.
A stranger to thy great Creator's name,
Unknown to thee the glorious Saviour's famc:
Nor faith, nor hope, nor love, nor other grace,
Within thy infant bosom held their place.
No power hadst thou to shed one contrite tear,
One duteous act perform, or lisp one prayer.
But not in vain thy life! Thou hast not sown,
Yet the rich harvest reapest as thine own;
Thou hast not fought, but thou hast won the prize;
Hast never borne the cross, yet gained the skies.
E'en guilt was thine, of Adam's guilty race ;
Yet such the Father's love, the Saviour's

That Father's love hath turned thy night to day-
That Saviour's blood hath washed thy guilt away.
Clothed in his robe of righteousness divine-
Peace, pardon, life, and endless joys, are thine !

the law. It is a custom with them to sound the hom on new-year's day, to advertise the Jews that they are to hearken with humility and attention to the judgments of God, and to thank him for his favour and support during the year which is just ended. This festival lasts two days, and the synagogue is to pray with a loud voice, and in an humbler posture than usual. In Germany the Jews send their children to the grand rabbi to receive his benediction; and when they sit down to table, the master of the house takes a bit of bread, and dips it in honey, saying, "May this year be sweet and fruitful;" and all the guests do the same. They seldom omit serving up a sheep's head at this entertainment (which, they say, is a mystical representation of the ram sacrificed instead of Isaac). The sounding of the horn is performed standing, where the law is read; the whole congregation remaining in the same posture. This is made of a ram's horn, being also a monument of Isaac's ram. It is crooked, as representing the posture of a man humbling himself. The time for blowing it is from sunrise to sunset. The ancient Jews, on the day of atonement, discharged their sins upon an hc-goat, which afterwards was sent into the desert: but the modern Jews, of Germany in particular, instead of a goat, now do it upon the fish. They go after dinner to the brink of a pond, and there shake their clothes over it with all their might. They derive this custom from a passage of the prophet Micah, chap. vii. 19: “ He will have compassion on us; he will subdue our iniquities, and cast all our sins into the depths of the sea.' Where we may observe the impropriety and absurd cor equences of a literal interpretation, when the expression is evidently figurative.

Rev. WILLIAM GILPIN.-The late Rev. William Gilpin, vicar of Boldre, in the New Forest, was in the habit of devoting part of his leisure-time to drawing; and he published several of his sketches, which were well received by the public, as also a work on the beauties of forest-scenery. His residence in the New Forest afforded him many opportunities of sketching the majestic oaks, with which the forest abounded till the late war demanded them to recruit our navy. With the profits of his drawings, and solely from them, he endowed a school in his parish for the instruction of the children of poor labourers, which he lived to see completed; and the parish is now deriving very great advantages from his benevolence. There is a school-house, with a permanent salary for a master.

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Miscellaneous. SPONTANEOUS BURNING.–The spontaneous combustion of the human body would appear to be the result of long and confirmed drunkenness in the individual who suffers. The constant drinking of ardent spirits saturates the whole fabric of the body, making it so highly inflammable, that, under certain circumstances, when a fame is contiguous, the catastrophe of burning to death ensues. The following account is given by Devergie, a French author, of the general manner of its occurrence ;-"Spontaneous combustion commences by a bluish flame being seen to extend itself by little and little, with an extreme rapidity, over all the parts of the body affected ; this always persists until the parts are blackened, and generally until they are burnt to a cinder. Many times attempts have been made to extinguish this fame with water, but without success. When the parts are touched, a fattish matter attaches itself to the finger, which still continues to burn. At the same time a very strong and disagreeable smell, having an analogy to burnt horn, spreads itself through the apartment. A thick black smoke escapes from the body, and attaches itself to the surface of the furniture, in the form of a sweat, unctuous to the touch, and of an insupportable fetor. In many cases the combustion is arrested only when the flesh has been reduced to a cinder, and the bones to powder. Commonly the feet and a portion of the head are not burnt. When the combustion is finished, an incinerated mass remains, which it is difficult to believe can be the whole of the body. All this may happen in the space of an hour and a half. It is rather uncommon for the furniture around it to take fire; sometimes even the clothes are not injured."

MODERN JEWISII Custo».—Though the modern Jews retain many of their ancient ceremonies, yet do they differ greatly from those which are enjoined in

• These lines were intended as an epitaph.

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his fellow-creatures. And surely, if it be ON THE DUTY OF COMMUNICATING TO

wisdom to tell a man of his danger while in THE DYING A KNOWLEDGE OF THEIR SITUATION.

the days of health and strength, it is worse

than folly to conceal his true situation from There are few situations more painfully the man who must soon lie down in the trying than that in which we behold a fel- chambers of the grave. low-creature stretched on a dying bed, who With respect to the patient himself. If, is yet wholly unconscious of his state, and indeed, there is a satisfactory evidence that, flatters himself that he shall speedily be re- united to Christ by a true and living faith, stored to the occupations and enjoyments of he is in truth a believer, surely the tidings life. No real Christian can doubt that it is need not be held back, that he must soon an imperative duty to undeceive such a per- leave the house of this earthly tabernacle. son: and yet there is often a great back- The believer's conversation is in heaven. wardness in revealing the solemn truth; and His Lord is in heaven. His thoughts, his the language of a delusive hope is frequently desires, his affections, are centred in heaven. employed even by those who are convinced He doubts not but that many who were that the sufferer's case is hopeless.

linked to him by dear and tender ties shall This unwillingness to communicate a know- dwell with him in heaven: why, then, ledge of their situation to the dying may should the truth be concealed, that the world arise either from the pain it gives the indivi- and all its vanities is fast departing from him, dual who is made the channel of communica- and that he shall speedily be emancipated tion, or from the effect which is likely to be from the trammels of a corruptible body, and produced on the patient. Nothing but the that his soul, ransomed by the blood of most unpardonable selfishness will ever tole- Jesus, shall wing its way to those regions rate the former as a rational plea for the where there is fulness of joy? Death is neglect of this duty. It may, and in the gain to the believer. The worldling knows majority of cases it will, be most painful to not this. He cannot comprehend the purbe the bearer of the melancholy truth ; but port of the declaration. What gain can there surely this ought not to prevent the truth be in death ? is his inquiry. But“ all being spoken. It is painful to rebuke vice; things" are the believer's —even “ death,” to warn the impenitent; to break in upon the with all its fancied horrors. For what says slumber of those who are asleep in sin; boldly the Saviour ? " He that liveth and believeth to set forth the guilt and danger of a life of in me shall never die.” Let this declaration disobedience : but still this must be done, and be laid up in the heart as a treasure, of not merely by the appointed minister, whose inestimable value. There is no death to office it is to exhort and to warn, but by the believer. The body shall, indeed, be every real servant of the Lord Jesus Christ, consigned to the sepulchre, and the name who seeks the furtherance of his divine Mas- and memorial shall soon be forgotten, and ter's glory, and the salvation of the souls of the ashes shall no longer be distinguished



from the soil to which they have been con- pentance; it is presumptuous to do so. signed. But there is life eternal for the be- | That bed is too often a bed of bodily anguish, liever, in the house not made with hands. when the thoughts cannot be directed to Why, then, not tell the dying Christian that spiritual and eternal subjects. “ To-day, he must soon leave a world which he knew while it is called to-day,” man is to flee to was not his home? Why not tell him that the the Saviour, to seek pardon through his weary journey is fast drawing to a close-atoning blood. But surely no man will dare that the day is now far spent-and that he to say that God may not shew mercy even shall speedily enter on an eternal day of un- at the last. No man will dare to say that clouded brightness ? He may have some the voice of sovereign mercy may not utter worldly affairs to arrange;

have some

to the soul of the dying, “Thy sins are fordying testimony to give; he may have some given thee; depart in peace.” No man may injunction to impart. It is but kindness, presume to limit the sovereign grace of that then, to tell him of his real situation.

Jehovah who delighteth in mercy. Whatever But, if it be needful to inform the dying God's purposes may be, man's duty is plain. Christian that the day of life is far spent, Whether or no God will grant repentance how much more needful is it to deal honestly unto life, man's duty is to call the dying sinner by the man who is either wholly careless to repentance.

Whether or

no God will about the momentous concerns of eternity, or dispel the mists of prejudice and error, man's who is building his hopes of eternal happi- duty is to point out to a perishing brother ness on some sandy foundation, and not on the true character of the Gospel dispensathe Rock of Ages ? In either of these cases,

tion. We may depend upon it, that he will it is not only inexpedient, it is positively sin- be regarded by the condemned soul in misery ful, to keep the patient in the dark. The few as the worst of enemies, who drew the veil waning moments of the eleventh hour should of concealment over the actual condition in surely be improved. The attempt should be life's last moments, and whispered the delumade, under the Holy Spirit's blessing, to sive tale of restoration to bodily health, while illumine the eyes of the understanding, ere the soul was on the very confines of eternal the bodily eyes close in the sleep of death, misery. and to impress the hard and stony heart, ere There is a reason urged, however, for the that heart ceases to beat in the chambers of propriety of concealing the true nature of silence. If there be neither knowledge, nor their situation from the dying, lest the chance wisdom, nor device in the grave: if, as the of recovery might be lessened by the shock tree has fallen, so must it lie for ever; if which the communication would impart. he that is unjust must be unjust still, and he Even were the communication likely to prove that is filthy must be filthy still;—surely his hurtful so far as the body is concerned, it crime cannot but be heinous, who deludes the still would seem an imperative duty to acdying sinner or the dying formalist, and does quaint the patient with his true condition ; not lead them, while the lamp of life holds on and the conduct of the medical attendant is to burn, to Jesus, the only shelter from the in the highest degree reprehensible, who keeps wrath to come. Surely, the concerns of the patient and his friends in the dark. a never-dying soul are not thus to be tam- Speaking with reference to this very point, pered with. Surely, the eternal portion of a a medical practitioner of great eminence, who human being is not thus to be trifled with. has viewed this important subject in its true Surely the vague, undefined notions of the light, thus records his opinion: “It is obDivine mercy, to which countless myriads jected, that the communication may be attended trust, ought not to put aside the declarations with injurious effects both to the body and of the Divine word, which represent the fear the mind; but those best qualified to judge ful portion of those who shall appear before must say, from experience, that a prudent inthe heavenly throne unjustified, unsanctified, timation of the truth, so far from proving and not meet for the society of "just men prejudicial, in almost every instance is promade perfect."

ductive of a calmer state, and never does But what efficacy, it may be asked, there be in a death-bed repentance? Too Even taking a lower ground on which to many, it may be said, trust to such repentance, rest this imperative duty, that of doing to and trust in vain. Why disturb the dying others as we would they should do unto us, sinner, when the life is now drawing to a surely no man in his senses would desire to close ? Salvation is the work of a whole life, pass into eternity without a knowledge of his and it is too late to begin that work now. situation. No one, not labouring under menSuch a mode of reasoning testifies a lamentable ignorance of the salvation of the Gospel.

From the “ Principles of Christian Philosophy." By John

Burns, M.D., Regius Professor of Surgery in the University of It is dangerous to trust to a death-bed re- Glasgow, &c. &c.



tal imbecility, would prefer knowing nothing punish. He strictly forbids any on this day to do about the change which is so speedily to take

their work, or follow their business, or take their

pleasure, or even to speak their own words (Isa. Iviji. place. Why, then, act to others in a way | 13). If they transgress, there is a curse entailed different to that in which we wish they on disobedience, which will find them out. It will would act to us? Why regard that as a kind- fall upon them in mind, in conscience; in body, or ness to others, which we should regard as the

in estate; in their own persons, or in the persons

of those whom they love best. It will curse their greatest act of unkindness to ourselves? Why | blessings. It will embitter life with sorrow, and not seek to soothe the bed of death with the

spread a blacker darkness over the grave. It will only message that can then bring true peace work evil to their country as well as to themselves; -the message, that Christ Jesus waiteth to for, while righteousness exalteth a nation, sin is a re

proach to any people. Thus it was in the case of be gracious; and that whosoever cometh unto

Israel: “They greatly polluted the Sabbath; then God bim, he will in no wise “ cast out ?"

said, He would pour out his fury to consume them" At all events, the duty of the Christian (Ezek. xx. 13. Jer. xvii. 27). And he did so ;-the minister is obvious. He must expostulate spoiler came down like fire upon Jerusalem, and dewith the friends of the dying on the guilt of

voured the palaces thereof."

If these be facts—and those who dispute them must concealment. He must, without fear of

not only reject their Bibles, but belie the evidence of offence, speak boldly, as he ought to speak, their own senses-it will follow, my dear friends, that if he would escape the guilt and consequent

the duty of every man who loves his country, his God, condemnation of the unfaithful watchman and

and his own soul, is twofold. First, not to profane the

Sabbath himself: secondly, to prevent as far as possinegligent shepherd. The exercise of the ble the profanation various Christian graces is never more im- your duty, but your interest. If the Bible be true, no portant than in the solemnity of the dying Sabbath-breaker will enter into the kingdom of God. chamber. It is there that the presence of

He will not defile heaven with those whom he cannot

endure on earth. Besides, disobedience is presumpthe pastor of deep Christian experience is tion. The Sabbath rests on God's express command especially felt, and that many a pastor, (Exod. xx. 3.) Has he not a right to order, and are whose name has not extended beyond the not we under obligation to obey ; and does not every limited sphere of his parochial duty, is made

one who violates his command, virtually harden him

self against God? And did ever any do so, and the humble instrument of directing a perish- prosper? O do not live as though you neither feared ing soul to the fountain opened for sin and God, nor regarded men! Do not risk daily, hourly, for uncleanness—a soul which shall be his an account for which you are altogether unprepared. crown of rejoicing in the day of the Lord

Beware of trifling with God. Unless you have made Jesus.


up your minds, which God forbid ! to the senseless impiety, to the monstrous contradiction, that his true

word is false, do not cause it by your sin to bear witness AN ADDRESS

against you on the day of judgment. If you believe

that you have a soul, which will not perish with the To the Inhabitants of the Parish of St. Bride, and of body, o do not sell it, as Judas did his Master, for

the Precincts of Bridewell and White Friars, London, a few pieces of silver, the purchase of sin, and who follow their Worldly Calling on the Lord's-day. therefore the price of blood. It has been asked, “what BY THE Rev. Thomas DALE, M.A., VICAR. shall a man give in exchange for his soul ?" Will you

take a wretched pittance, extorted by your own iniquity MY DEAR PARISHIONERS AND FRIENDS, -I am about from the iniquities of others, in exchange for yours ? to address a few plain remarks to you, which are Do not think, however, that you will really lose any intended only for your benefit. They come from one thing by abstaining from Lord's-day traffic. The curse whose desire it is, no less than his duty, to seek of sin is always greater than its gain: the wages of iniyour real and lasting good. Let me entreat you then quity never wear well: it is such gold and silver, which, to consider what I say; it concerns every one who in the declining days of life, is found to “canker, and believes that there is a God, who rules heaven and eat the flesh as it were fire." But we hope you will not earth, and a soul within himself, which shall be lost long have even this shadow of an excuse. We will or saved, according as God shall judge.

try and persuade all to cease from thus insulting their The Sabbath was made for man. It was specially God, and injuring their own souls. We will come to ordained of God, before sin entered into the world. you in a few days, with a declaration drawn up, enThe first day of human existence was a Sabbath gaging to desist from traffic on the Lord's-day, which (Gen. ii. 3). Sabbaths were kept in Paradise itself; we hope will be signed by all; for if all would close by the patriarchs before the flood (Gen. viii. 10, 12); their houses of business, none would be harmed thereby. and by Israel in the wilderness, before the law had Those who now purchase on the Sabbath would then been given from Mount Sinai (Exod. xvi. 23). To

do so on the evening before. Your custom would be call the Sabbath a Jewish ordinance, therefore, is little if at all diminished; your consciences would be contrary to fact; it existed before the law was given greatly relieved. Your Sabbaths would be your own ; by Moses; it remained after the grace and truth of and if you did not so employ them as to bring a the Gospel had come by Jesus Christ (Acts, xvi. 1. blessing upon your own souls, you would at least Rev. i. 10); and it shall continue until that day escape the fearful risk of leading others into sin, and when God shall judge the world in righteousness. thus doing the work of the devil, at the certainty of It is binding upon all God's rational creatures; and receiving for your hire a portion of the devil's curse. if there be one who can, with the least shew of reason, My dear friends, I thus address you only for your disregard it, it is only the fool who hath said in his good. I must speak the truth, but I desire to speak heart, “ There is no God!"

it in love. My concern is to promote your happiness, As, then, to keep holy the Sabbath-day is God's both in this world and in that which is to come. My earliest command, so it is that peculiar command, the object is, not to take from you what you have, but to breaking of which he will most signally and severely help you in obtaining that which is above all price.

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