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been unsupported by complete evidence. | were evil. For every one that doeth evil The Jews, with good reason, might have de- hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, manded of him-“ Master, we would see a lest his deeds should be reproved.” And this sign from thee : what sign, therefore, dost was the condemnation of the Jews. God thou do, that we may see and believe ?" To sent forth his Son in the fulness of time those well versed in the writings of the pro- "sent forth his Son, born of a woman, born phets, there were other incontrovertible proofs under the law, to redeem them that were under of the Messiahship of our Lord, as there were the law, that we might receive the adoption of to those who could appreciate the wisdom sons.” And he declared him to be that Son; with which he spake. But miracles were but the hearts of the people were hardened calculated to arrest the attention of the most through their sinfulness, that they could not ignorant and thoughtless. Jesus, speaking understand ; and their eyes were blinded, that of himself, said—“I have a greater witness they could not see. It is for us to recollect, than that of John ; for the works which the that the displeasure of the Almighty is still Father hath given me to finish, the same denounced against every man who will not works that I do bear witness of me.”

receive Jesus as the Saviour; who will not look The Jews, therefore, were wholly inexcus- unreservedly to him for pardon. It is to no able in not receiving Jesus as their king. purpose that the impious thought is cherished, He himself adduces it as a grievous addi- God will not enter into judgment with me for tion to their condemnation, and which caused the mere withholding my assent to a doctrinal them to have “no cloke for their sin," that statement. It is in vain that the declaration he had wrought among them so many won- is set forth in all the parade of a proud phie derful works in vain; that they had been so losophy, and with all the sarcasm of an unlittle impressed by the miracles which they humbled spirit—"Man is no longer to be beheld him perform.

held answerable for his belief." The solemn In adverting to the history of the Jewish declaration of our Lord to Nicodemus bath people ; to the exact fulfilment of the many lost none of its force. “He that believeth on prophecies respecting them ; to their dis- him is not condemned: but he that believeth persion through all lands; to the miseries not is condemned already, because he hath which in every quarter of the globe have be- not believed in the name of the only begotten fallen them,--miseries probably unparalleled Son of God.” While we are astonished at the in the annals of human suffering—for theirs obstinacy of the Jews, at their perverse rejecare the records of lamentation, and mourning, tion of their long-looked-for King, it is for us and woe;--we are inclined, perhaps, to call to beware, lest, following their example, we in question the justice of the Divine Being, neglect the great salvation set before us in in allowing such afflictions to befal them; the Gospel. In that Gospel the miracles of we are apt to suppose, that, had they pos- | Jesus are recorded for the establishing of our sessed clearer evidence of the divine mis- faith. They are written, says St. John, sion of the Saviour, their treatment of him we may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the would have been very different. The tes- Son of God; and that believing, we may have timony of Nicodemus, however, proves such life through his name.” an argument to be wholly untenable.

He III. But there is an important point in the frankly acknowledged that "no man could conduct of Nicodemus, as recorded by the do the miracles which Jesus did, except evangelist in the text, which deserves our he were aided by a divine power." It particular notice, namely, the caution which was the fact, that these miracles had been ħe manifested, that his visit to our Lord performed, which led to his anxiety to con- should be in secret. He was unwilling that verse with Jesus, and which induced him to this interview should be made public. He address him in such language. There can well knew the excitement which would be be no doubt, that before such a willing tribute produced by the knowledge of the fact, that of respect was paid by this ruler of the Jews, an individual of his station had conversed with he had ascertained that there was no impos- Jesus. He foresaw that the suspicions of his ture on the part of our Lord. It is unreason- brethren of the council would at once be exable to suppose that the language employed cited; and that they would regard him with by him was spoken in irony. We dare not, jealousy, if not openly rebuke him for his therefore, call in question the justice of the weakness. It is worthy of remark, that on Most High, in suffering the wrath which they the other occasions when his name is introimprecated, to fall on the heads of that devoted duced, this circumstance is particularly nopeople-in giving them a trembling heart, and ticed. He is spoken of particularly as the failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind. “Light person “who came to Jesus by night;" and had come into the world : but men loved in this caution he resembled Joseph of Aridarkness rather than light, because their deeds mathea, of whom it is said that he was a dis

66 that

ciple; but "secretly, for fear of the Jews.” | where religion is viewed with the most thoughtNow this caution, while it affords a striking less unconcern, if not with the most culpable contrast to his avo'wal of discipleship after the levity; and where seriousness of character crucifixion, and furnishes a strong evidence cannot fail to excite reproach. We are willthat his mind was far from being alive to the ing to hold intercourse with the Saviour, necessity of his boldly avowing his conviction but it must be by night ; in the retirement that Jesus was a divine person, or, at least, of our closet, where no human eye beholds was under the immediateguidance of God,-is us; or in the bosom of our families, where deserving of our attention, though certainly no invidious remark will be made. We are not of our imitation. Nay, it is not impro- anxious to sit at the feet of Jesus as discibably recorded by the evangelist, and so par- ples, and to learn of him ; for we are conticularly alluded to by him, as a reproof and vinced that in him “are hid all the treasures a lesson to the Christian to beware of being de- of wisdom and knowledge," and we trust terred from boldly avowing his allegiance to that in his meritorious sacrifice we shall have his heavenly Master. How many are there, an abiding interest ; but then we do not wish who occupy high places in society, who dare the world to know all this; we are somepot declare their real feelings with respect to times even contented to listen to the prothe imperative obligations of religion, from the fane remark and to the unhallowed jest, and very same motives which induced Nicodemus to witness the most entire recklessness to all to visit our Lord by night? Truly, it is hard religious obligations and duties, without even for them that have riches, for them that are attempting to espouse the cause of our blessed raised to the dignities of the world, to enter Lord. And does not this argue that there into the kingdom of God. “ Blessed is he is something radically wrong in our reliwhosoever shall not be offended in me," was gious state? Does it not prove that we are the declaration of that Master himself. There not influenced as we ought to be by the love is not unfrequently, indeed, an anxious desire of the Saviour--that he does not possess in some minds to make a loud profession of that entire sovereignty over the heart which religion ; an anxiety to let the world at large he ought? Most unquestionably it does : witness their zeal for the Lord of Hosts ; a and it is our imperative duty to take heed zeal which is no indication whatever of the lest, through fear of the world's ridicule, we influence of true religion on the soul, but which should be induced gradually to lose sight of generally springs from a restless disposition; that holy singularity of conduct by which the from a feverish, unprofitable excitement, if true Christian should be distinguished from not from the hope of choking some besetting the worldling and mere nominal professor. sin. Though we would by no means approve He who would enlist under the banners of of this loud crying of “ Lord! Lord !" when the Lord Jesus, and continue his faithful serthere is, perhaps, but little anxiety to do the vant unto his life's end—who would have his will of our Father which is in heaven-this conversation “such as becometh the Gospel substitution of warmth of expression for the of Christ"-must count the cost of this deardour of heartfelt devotion,-we must re

votedness to his Master's cause. He must collect, that there is too frequently, and even not expect to escape censure and ridicule, or with persons, the sincerity of whose religious the imputation of being swayed by improper profession it would be uncharitable to ques- motives. His path will often be beset, not tion, an unwillingness to make that bold merely by the avowed patrons of error, but avowal of discipleship to the Saviour which by such as hold "the truth in unrighteousthe Saviour himself so imperatively demands: ness;" who have never experienced the reno-We have all ground for self-condemnation vating power of divine truth ; who,“ thinking and deep humiliation before God on this it strange that he runs not with them to the Very account, that we have not dared to

same excess of riot, will speak evil of him.” come boldly forward and declare ourselves But surely if we feel, as we ought to feel, the to be on his side, when, by so doing, we deep debt of gratitude which we owe to our might excite the sneer of the unbeliever, or gracious Redeemer; if we reflect on the mighty even the rebuke of the nominal professor. wonders he hath wrought on our behalf; that It is not difficult to maintain a religious to him alone we are indebted for the blessed character among those who are under re- hope of pardon and peace and life eternal; ligious influence; to let our speech be sea- that it is by him alone we have access to the soned with salt when our words give no Father; we shall not hesitate firmly to espouse offence; to act consistently, when by so do- his cause, and fearlessly to declare ourselves ing we shall gain the esteem and the appro- to be his disciples. We shall not shrink from bation of those around us. The difficulty is, a bold avowal of the truth ; and not only, to do so in our daily intercourse with the when on our knees in prayer, shall we acknowworld, under circumstances and in society ledge his authority, but in the ordinary business of life, and in our daily intercourse with region is our own country; and these immortal our fellow-men.

beings, left destitute of the light of life, are our Let us pray that such a good confession we own brethren, those who, we may say, are perishmay have grace to witness : that, “strength-ing before our eyes, and within a walk of our own ened with all might by the Spirit in the inner dwellings. Strange indeed it must seem, that these man," we may be enabled to exclaim with the are the persons, of all others, who are overlooked in apostle, and on the same grounds, “ I am

the great enterprise of Christian benevolence; that

while the Hindoo and Chinese, the African and the not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ : for it is the power of God unto salvation to every

savage Indian, the New Zealander and the New Holone that believeth.” Then shall we resemble

lander, are all objects of our compassion, we should that master of Israel, who has formed the degraded, and far more really miserable, because far

pass over with unconcern those who are scarcely less subject of our present meditation, in his more

more responsible, located around our own dwellings! advanced stage of Christian knowledge and

We could scarcely admire a man's benevolence, while experience, when he was not ashamed pub

we should marvel at his eccentricity, if, being the licly to avow himself a disciple; and then

father of a numerous family, he should employ himshall we bear testimony to the value of those

self in concerting plans for the benefit of others, while principles by which we profess to be governed, he utterly neglected the care of his own offspring. and which it is our desire to maintain through The inconsistency which I have noticed, if not so palevil as well as through good report.

pable, will be found not less real, when carefully and impartially considered.”—Pp. 6, 7.

Mr. Dodsworth argues, that in taking into calculaReviews and Motices.

tion the provision for the spiritual instruction of the A Sermon, occasioned by the Appeal of the Lord Bishop

people, we are not to include the efforts made by dis

senting bodies. On this point there might be perhaps of London for the Building of Additional Churches in

a little difference of opinion even among Churchmen. the Metropolis. By William Dodsworth, M.A., Mi

But we think his argument is fair, and we cordially nister of Margaret Chapel, St. Mary one. Lon

agree to his statements. There are, no doubt, many don, Burns. 1836.

congregations among the dissenters where the Gospel It appears to be an undoubted fact, that there are few is preached ; but there does not appear to be any wardistricts of the United Kingdom where there is a rant for its continuing to be so. The late trials congreater deficiency of the means of grace than in the nected with Lady Hewley's charities fully exemplify metropolis and its vicinity. The statement just this. Congregations, once orthodox in their belief, issued by the Lord Bishop of London exhibits* the have become avowedly Socinian. In his calculation a fearful truth that there are now upwards of one Churchman is to sit down, and to endeavour to arrive million of persons in London for whose accommoda- at the actual state of church-accommodation in a given tion there is no provision in the Church. We confess, district. But let us listen to Mr. Dodswortli's statethat until we read his lordship's appeal, we had no adequate conception of the lamentable deficiency in the means of religious instruction within the pale of

" The necessity for some great effort will at once the Establishment; and we conceive it is the duty of be apparent, when I state, on the authority of the Rethe clergy at large to imitate the example of Mr. port of the Church Commissioners, that, at the present Dodsworth, and to lay before their congregations the time, after all that has been done in late years, there importance, nay, the absolute necessity of providing an

is in the metropolis and its suburbs, omitting all notice immediate remedy for the evil; so that the benefits of spiritual instruction and pastoral care may be extended

of those parishes which contain less than 7,000 inhato those hundreds and thousands of practical heathens

bitants, a population of not less than 1,380,000, with who are to be found at this day in the streets and church-room for only 140,000, or little more than onealleys of our metropolis, ignorant of the simplest truths tenth of the whole. If we adopt the very moderate of the Gospel, and “perishing for lack of knowledge.”

scale which requires church-room for one-third of the Mr. Dodsworth very powerfully sets forth the imperative obligation under which, as professing Chris

population, the result will be, that there are above tians, we lie, to provide for the instruction of the ig

900,000 immortal souls, within a few miles of the spot norant at home. He rejoices, as every true Christian on which we are now assembled, left destitute of the must rejoice, at the missionary spirit which is dif- means of grace. It is true that in this calculation no fused throughout the land. But he states what is, allowance is made for the provision in the meetingalas! too true, that

houses of religious bodies not in connexion with the “ There is one portion of this world's inhabitants Church; and certainly, however much it may be opwhich has hitherto been almost excluded from this posed to the temper of the times, I would maintain that widely extended sphere of Christian benevolence, we as Churchmen, in considering the spiritual wants which has been overlooked and forgotten in our en- of the people, have no right to take this irregular prodeavours to spread the light of the Gospel. And vision into our reckoning. I do not mean to disparage what portion of the habitable world is this? Is it the efforts of those bodies, much less to cast any reflecsome distant land, too remote to share an interest in tion upon their good int ons. If the love of Christ our regard ? Is it some inaccessible region, which constrains us,' we must rejoice that Christ is preached, with difficulty can be penetrated ? No, my brethren, though we cannot approve of the means. It must be you have doubtless anticipated my meaning; this admitted, with grief and humiliation, wherever the

blame may lie, that the Church is not in a position in * “ Proposals for the Creation of a Fund to he applied to the Building and Endowment of Additional Churches in the Me

which she can justly complain of the interference of tropolis. By Charles James, Lord Bishop of London." Fellowes. those who have separated themselves. We regret, in

ments :

deed, the separation itself; we mourn over the rending and most fervently pray, that the plan of the Bishop of of the body of Christ, and lament that the zeal which

London may be carried into effect. In the dioceses of expends itself in these irregular efforts is not employed Chester, Lichfield, and Durham, we believe that dio

cesan societies have been formed, in aid of the erection in strengthening by union the good cause that it weak

of new churches. We trust that Mr. Dodsworth's exens by division: but seeing that the Church does not, ample will be followed by very many of his brethren. practically speaking, occupy so much as one third of All may not appeal so forcibly and eloquently; but all her allotted field of labour, are we in a position to com- may shew a willing mind to further the good work. * plain that others have entered upon the cultivation of that ground which otherwise must lie waste? God for

Notices of the Lives and Death-beds of Abner and David bid! Even though some, as in the apostle's days, were Brown, two infant brothers, who were laid in one grave to preach Christ of envy and strife, as well as others of on the 18th of January, 1834; with Suggestions on the good will, "What then? Notwithstanding every way,

Christian Nurture of Children. Nisbet, 1835. whether in pretence or in truth, Christ is preached; We consider this a valuable little book. It contains a and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.' Still, highly interesting account, by their parent, of the two however, I would maintain, that in considering the

sons of a country clergyman, And though we are ready

to make allowance for the natural bias of a father's spiritual wants of the people, we have no right to take

mind, we gladly acknowledge that these children were into account the efforts of separatists, for two reasons : indeed the lambs of the Redeemer's flock: we joyfully first, because we cannot know what is taught in those ascribe praise to God for them. “O Lord, our Lord, bodies--there are shades of doctrine from the nearest

how excellent is thy name in all the earth! Out of approach to orthodoxy, down to the lowest grade of

the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained

strength." Socinianism-it is quite impossible for us to draw any This volume will be very useful to parents, as line between truth and error amongst them; and the pointing out the plan of education pursued with these immortal interests of men are too precious to be risked boys, which, upon the whole, we cordially approve. It on such a scheme: and, secondly, because, if we admit

is too much the practice of the present day, both in inthat dissent is wrong, which, as sound Churchmen, we

struction and in discipline, to appeal to the reason of

children. Undoubtedly the reasoning powers of their must, then it is not justifiable to expose any of our fel

mind ought carefully to be cultivated; but if they are low-creatures to the necessity of doing wrong, with the required to believe nothing they cannot comprehend, enly alternative of doing more wrong by the entire and to do nothing they do not see the need of, there neglect of religion. It is not justifiable to hold the will grow upon them the worst habits of scepticism language to any– You must worship as a separatist,

and insubordination. An effect very dangerous has,

we conceive, been already produced in this way; and of not at all.

we fear it will be yet more evident and pernicious in The following facts and plans are abstracted from the next generation. We particularly recommend the Bishop of London's " Proposals," and are added Mr. Brown's suggestions on this subject. He appears in an Appendix to the sermon before us; only, as to have perfectly succeeded in commanding the obeis well observed, “ it must be borne in mind (what dience, without diminishing the affection, of his childene is apt to forget in these tabular statements), that

We must conclude our notice with a quotation on each unit represents a human soul; that we are not

the importance of religious education : eren speaking of the religious destitution of one ge.

“ There was a wide foundation of simply scriptural beration, but of what has been, and what must (but for timely aid) be, and must increase--the continually re

principles laid of old, on which the superstructure of

our laws, institutions, and manners, has arisen; so that peated cycle of the spiritual starvation of so many thousand distinct, undying, human souls."

Christianity is twisted in with the very constitution of

our government.'t And because religion was thus pracSpiritual Destitution of London.

tically brought into every thing national, our country CHURCIIES.

long continued advancing towards high prosperity and Puprlation (omitting parishes which contain less than

unequalled civilisation. But now, when our national

. 1,380,000 religion has been freed from the popish errors and imPresent church-room for 140,000.

perfections with which our forefathers had to struggle Calculating necessary church-room at one-third, provision is thus made for .

in ayes long gone by, and our Gospel light is so much

brighter and more generally diffused than it ever beLeaving a population, for which there is no provision

fore was, we are, as a nation, recklessly departing in the Church, of ..

960,000

from that sound wisdom in which our ancestors acted. In thirty-four parishes, containing a population of 1,127,000

The spirit of infidelity, which, watching to throw aside there are seventy-five clergymen.

Scripture, says that education for secular purposes Cakulating two clergymen for every 3,000, provision is

need not be religious; and the spirit of popery, which, thus made for

112,500 lurking and occasionally seen in all the religious comLezring a population, for which no pastoral care is pro

munities of the day, makes the Scripture itself a means ridel, of

1,014,500 of error, by teaching only favourite parts of it, and Sucli facts speak for themselves. The question is not

calling this religious education,-are striking at the merely, whether the progress of dissent shall be im- root of our country's prosperity, by abstracting or conpeded, and the Church of England strengthened, but taminating her religion. And they are doing so to a whether means shall be provided for training for im- degree little suspected among us.”—P. 34. mortal glory the children of ignorance and of crime? The emissaries of the evil one are, indeed, busy: shall

. Since the above was written, we have learned that notices those who affirm that they are on the Lord's side be

of sums, amounting to upwards of £24,000, have been received

by the Bishop of London in furtherance of this important object. listless and inactive? God forbid! We do humbly hope, + Matthew Henry.

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sermon.

The Divine Commission of the Christian Ministry, and the general principles, which are applicable to all who call

Principle of Church Establishments; three Sermons, themselves Christians, and tells us expressly that whatpreached at the Episcopal Jews' Chapel. By the Rev.

soever things were written in the Old Testament were A. M'Caul, M.A. Wertheim, 1834.

written for our instruction.”--Pp. 32-35. In the first of these sermons the author proves from Scripture, that, as the Jewish priesthood held a divine Mr. M'Caul reasons out his different positions most commission, so the Christian ministry is also divinely

ably and clearly ; indeed, we scarcely know any where appointed; and with greater glory, inasmuch as it is

so much sound Scriptural truth on the subject in so not a ministration of death, but a ministry of the Spirit; small a compass. We never saw the case better put. as it is intended not to be done away, but to remain ;

Every class of persons can comprehend it. We need, as it is not adapted to one small nation, but shall per

therefore, hardly add, that clergymen and other friends vade the world, Christianity becoming the established

of the Established Church will do well to circulate law of the whole earth, Christ the universal king and

these sermons in their respective parishes and neighpriest. In the second, he argues, on historical evidence,

bourhoods. that in the Patriarchal, Mosaic, and Christian dispensations, the Lord both commissioned teachers, and also provided them with a maintenance. In the third, his

The Cabinet. object is to shew that Christian legislators are bound I had rather be the poorest believer than the greatest to furnish the people with Christian instruction, in ac- king on earth. How small a commotion, small in its cordance with the principles set forth in the preceding beginning, may prove the overturning of the greatest

kingdom! But the believer is heir to a kingdom that “ There is but one rule,” says Mr. M'Caul, “for cannot be shaken. The mightiest and most victorious the governor and the governed ; and if it be the prince, who hath not only lost nothing, but hath been duty of the individual Christian, in all his individual

gaining new conquests all his days, is stopped by a business and transactions, to consult the glory of God,

small distemper, in the middle of his course; he re

turns to his dust, and then his vast designs fall to it is equally his duty in fulfilling the public duties of nothing. In that very day his thoughts perish. But the the station to which God has called him. Now, that it believer, in that very day, is sent to the possession of is the duty of the private Christian to make known the his crown: that is his coronation-day; all his thoughts unsearchable riches of Christ within the sphere of his

are accomplished. How can you aftright him? Bring

him word that his estate is ruined. Yet my inheritance own influence, can be doubted by none. In whatever

is safe, says he. “Your wife, or child, or dear friend, relation of life he may stand, whether as father or mas- is dead." Yet my Father lives. “You yourself must ter, he has not only a right, but he is in duty bound, to die." Well, then, I go home to my Father, and to my provide for the Christian instruction of his children

inheritance. For the public troubles of the Church, and his household. God has committed them to his

doubtless, it is both a pious and a generous temper to

be more deeply affected for these than for all our pricare, and at his hand their souls will be required. The

vate ones; and to be alive to the common calamities of father who neglects to instil into the minds of his child

any people, but especially of God's own people, hath ren the true principles of right and wrong--and these been the character of men near unto him. Observe the principles are to be found no where but in the Gospel pathetical strains of the prophets' bewailing, when is justly regarded as the cause of all the follies and the

they foretell the desolation even of foreign kingdoms, crimes which they in after-life commit: he is now as

much more when foretelling that of the Lord's chosen

people: they are still mindful of Sion, and mournful justly condemned and abhorred by the common sense for her distresses. So the Psalmist : “If I forget of mankind, as he will one day be punished by the sen- thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cuntence of a righteous Judge. The master of a house who ning.” (Ps. cxxxvii. 5.) Pious spirits are always omits to assemble his household to instruct them, amidst

public spirited. Yet, even in this, with much comthe toils of time and servitude, in the road that leads

passion, there is a calm in the believer's mind. How

these agree, none can tell but they who feel it. He to eternity and happiness, must justly be considered as

finds, amidst all hard news, yet still, a fixed heart, a betrayer of a sacred trust, reposed in him by his God. trusting, satisfied in this, that deliverance shall come And shall the king, the governor, the legislator, go un- in due time (Ps. cii. 13), and that in those judgments punished, who cares nothing for the eternal happiness

that are inflicted, man shall be humbled, and God exor misery of the thousands and tens of thousands that

alted (Isaiah, ii. 11; v. 16); and that in all tumults

and subversions of states, still his throne is fixed, and move within the range of his influence? Or does the

with that the believer's heart likewise. So Ps. xxix. responsibility diminish according as the sphere of in

10: “ The Lord sitteth upon the flood; yea, the Lord fluence increases ?--Shall he to whom God gives most, sitteth king for ever.” ... In all commotions the kingand whose means and resources for advancing the Gos- dom of Christ shall be spreading and growing, and the pel of Christ are greatest, be the only exempted per

close of all shall be full victory on his side: and that son? The word of God says, that to whom much is

is sufficient for the believer.--Archbishop Leighton. given, of him will much be required.---Abrahain, who,

Pride.—Of all sins, pride is the most offensive to it is to be remembered, was prince, governor, legislator,

God; probably because it was the original sin of the

devil, and led the way to all other sins; and because as well as father of his family, was so diligent in the

our Maker knows best the weakness and dependent discharge of this duty, as to obtain an express testi- nature of his creatures. Of all kinds of pride, he hates mony from God himself.--It may be said that Abra- the spiritual most; probably because he most perham acted on a divine command, wlicreas the New sectly discerns our want of real worth, our wicked. Testament no where commands the kings and princes

ness, and our hypocrisy.—Skelton. in the Gospel dispensation to make a similar use of

MODERATION. -- The “ moderation” of the spi. their power and influence. But it might with equal

ritually-minded man, instead of attracting general

admiration, is likely to occasion his gliding through propriety be said, that the New Testament no where

life more than ordinarily unnoticed. For in proporcommands kings and princes to abstain from adultery, tion as he walks more entirely " in the Spirit," will murder, and injustice. The New Testament lays down he be despised and unesteemed by the world ; and in

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