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proportion as his graces are blended more perfectly should rise to a higher point of devotedness to God our into the simplicity of “moderation,” will he be the Saviour. What'consolatory hopes on the death of our less adınired by the generality of the “religious world," brethren ; what exceeding joy in the presence of the whose eyes are too often caught by a shewy pre-emi- Lord; what a gathering together of the general asnence in one or two favourite graces.--Notices of A. sembly and church of the first-born, does the coming aud D. Brown.
of the Lord set before us! Surely here is the ChrisWhen Christ is habitually and conspicuously ele
tian's most effectual topic of consolation amid all his
trials and sorrows. Rejoice, inasmuch as ye are parrated, as the sun of the religious system, and all the
takers of Christ's sufferings; that when his glory shall graces and qualities which constitute religion are made
be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.-to emanate from bim, and to revolve around him, then
Bickersteth. there will be light; while darkness will prevail, in a greater or less degree, in proportion as that sun is hid behind a cloud.-Bishop J. B. Sumner.
Poetry. The young Christian is like a green fruit; it has perhaps a disagreeable austerity, which cannot be corrected
AFRICAN MOTHER AT HER DAUGHTER'S GRAVE. out of its proper course; it wants time and growth :
BY MRS. SIGOURNEY. wait awhile, and by the nourishment it receives from the roots, together with the action of the sun, wind, and
Some of the African tribes visit the burial-places of their rain, in succession, from without, it will insensibly ac- departed relatives with offerings of food and drink. Mothers quire that flavour and maturity, for the want of which have been known, for a long course of years, to bring, in an an unskilful judge would be ready to reject it as nothing
agony of grief, this annual oblation to their children's grave. worth.
“DAUGHTER, I bring thee food FEELINGS TOWARDS THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH.
The rice-cake pure and white, Let us then rejoice, ministers and people, in our
The cocoa with its milky blood, mutual happiness, that we are born and nurtured in
Dates, and pomegranates bright; the bosom of this Church, where we are entered by
The orange in its gold, baptism, instructed in her catechism, sealed by con
Fresh from the favourite tree, firmation, nourished by the holy and blessed sacra
Nuts in their brown and husky fold, ment, taught by the preaching of the word, honoured and comforted by her public worship. But what re
Dearest, I spread for thee, turns can we make to our holy mother for all those benefits she hath done unto us? What but to love,
Year after year I tread honour, and obey, and to defend her against all her
Thus to thy low retreat; enemies? In the camp of Israel, the tabernacle, with
But now the snow-hairs mark my head, the tribe of Levi, was placed in the middle of the en
And age enchains my feet: campment, and all the other tribes encamped round
Oh! many a change of woe about; and thus, in our Israel, all orders, professions,
Hath dimmed thy spot of birth, and ranks of men, resembling the several tribes, should, in their proper stations, encamp about the
Since first my gushing tears did flow Church and the clergy, to guard them from the ad
O'er this thy bed of earth. Fersary. We who wait at her altars, besides the common ties of other Christians, have peculiar obligations,
There came a midnight cry! as ministers, to love and defend her to the uttermost.
Flames from our hamlet rose ; For my own part, I believe, and am persuaded from
A race of pale-brow'd men were nigh, the heart, that our Church, of any in the world, ap
They were our country's foes : proximates the nearest to perfection, in as great purity
Thy wounded sire was borne and beauty of holiness as can be attained to in this mortal state—that she is holy and apostolic in all her
By tyrant force away; articles and doctrines. I firmly believe, that the go
Thy brothers from our cabin torn, vernment of bishops, priests, and deacons, established
While bathed in blood I lay. in her, in which other Protestant Churches are defident, was appointed by Christ himself, and every
I watched for their return slere ordained by his apostles. And I humbly trust,
Upon the rocky shore, that every true member, much more every one who
Till night's red planets ceased to burn, has received the ministry of reconciliation, is ready
And the long rains were o'er2nd willing to join with me in this persuasion; and,
Till seed, their hand had sown, being thus persuaded, to join with me also in this profession, with regard to our Church, that by God's
A ripened fruitage bore : assistance (for, without that, all our professions are
The billows echoed to my moan ; but presumptuous), by God's assistance, if we should
But they returned no more. die with her, we would not deny her in any wise.Dr. Bisse.
Yet thou art slumbering deep; ADVENT.-- That Christians should comfort one an
And to my wildest cry, other, is an important duty connected with the coming
When vexed with agony I weep, of Christ. Christians are now companions in tribula
Dost render no reply. tion, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ.
Daughter! my youthful pride, They have to suffer for well-doing, they have to bear
The idol of mine eye, the scorn of the world, and the mistakes and misrepresentations even of brethren ; but let us attend to
Why didst thou leave thy mother's side, the Divine direction, and let the coming of Christ be
Beneath these sands to lie ?"tiexed, not as a matter of controversy, but of comfort. * Wherefore comfort one another with these words."
Long o'er the hopeless grave 0, if we were oftener regarding this glorious hope,
Where her lost darling slept, and speaking of it with glowing expectation, surely
Invoking gods that could not save, our hearts would be more knit together in love, and we
That pagan mother wept,
Oh ! for some voice of power
destroys the spiritual discernment. If it is not used To soothe her burning sighs
with an unfeigned reference to the worship of God, and “ There is a resurrection-hour,
with a design to assist the soul in the performance of
it, which cannot be the case when it is the only occuThy daughter's dust shall rise."
pation, it degenerates into a sensual delight, and beChristians! ye hear the cry
comes a most powerful advocate for the admission of From heathen Afric's strand ;
other pleasures, grosser, perhaps, in degree, but in
their kind the same. It is recorded of the Rev. Mr. Haste! lift salvation's banner high
Cecil, that, being passionately fond of playing on the O'er that benighted land;
violin, and finding that it engrossed too much of his With faith that claims the skies
time and thoughts, he one day took it into his hands Her misery control,
and broke it to pieces.—Grimshawe's Cowper. And plant the hope that never dies
SWEDISH LAWS WITH RESPECT TO INTOXICATION. Deep in her tear-wet soul.
-The laws against intoxication are enforced with great rigour in Sweden. Whoever is seen drunk, is fined,
for the first offence, three dollars; for the second, six; Miscellaneous
for the third and fourth, a still larger sum, and is also
deprived of the right of voting at elections, and of Bishop Porteus.—The following anecdote is taken
being appointed a representative. He is besides pubfrom Sermons on the Dangers and Duties of a Chris
licly exposed in the parish church on the following tian, by the Rev. Erskine Neale." There are parts in Sunday. If the same individual is found committing our professional career,” said the venerable Mr. 1-y,
the same offence a fifth time, he is shut up in a house “ which teach us great humility and deep distrust.
of correction, and condemned to six months' hard laTalking of a clergyman's experience, there is a fact
bour ; and if he is again guilty, to a twelvemonths' connected with my own, which has often recurred to
punishment of a similar description. If the offence me, and never without creating painful reflections.
has been committed in public, such as at a fair, an I was, for many years, curate of a church near London.
auction, &c. the fine is doubled ; and if the offender One of our congregation, a lady of boundless benevo
has made his appearance in a church, the punishment lence, and of the most genuine, though unobtrusive is still more severe. Whoever is convicted of having piety, had a son, who was a prisoner at Verdun. She
induced another to intoxicate himself, is fined three was a widow, and he an only child. It was her wish
dollars, which sum is doubled if the person is a minor. that he should be statedly remembered in the prayers An ecclesiastic who falls into this offence loses his of the Church; and for thirteen years, after that beau
benefice; if it is a layman who occupies any considertiful petition in our liturgy, that it may please thee
able post, his functions are suspended, and perhaps he to shew thy pity upon all prisoners and captives,' did is dismissed. Drunkenness is never admitted as an I offer up a special intercession for him. During this
excuse for any crime; and whoever dies when drunk is interval, Bishop Porteus came to the church. Tie
buried ignominiously, and deprived of the prayers of circumstance struck him, and he inquired into the the Church. It is forbidden to give, and more exparticulars. On learning them, he observed, “ If the
plicitly to sell, any spirituous liquors to students, young man ever returns, I should like much to know
workmen, servants, apprentices, and private soldiers. his character and fate.' After an interval of three Whoever is observed drunk in the streets, or making years, the bishop again visited our little sanctuary, a noise in a tavern, is sure to be taken to prison and recollected the circumstance, observed that the clause detained till sober, without, however, being on that acwas omitted, and inquired the reason.
I gave it with
count exempted from the fines. Half of these fines pain. This child of many prayers had been restored
goes to the informers (who are generally police-offito his early home, a thoughtless, selfish profligate ; he cers), the other half to the poor. If the delinquent had wasted in debauchery and excess the means of that has no money, he is kept in prison until some one pays mother, whose every thought, and prayer, and hope, for him, or until he has worked out his enlargement. and wish, had had a direct reference to his return;
Twice a-year these ordinances are read aloud from the and, finally, had compelled her, in the evening of her pulpit by the clergy; and every tavern-keeper is days, to throw herself upon the bounty of her friends.
bound, under the penalty of a heavy fine, to have a of the intermediate stages of wretchedness that the
copy of them hung up in the principal rooms of his son passed through, I can say nothing; but this I well
house. know was his end; he was found dead one Sunday morning on a brick-kiln.
• How often,' was the bishop's reply, do we pray for what proves a curse, and not a blessing! How many amongst us are Israel
Not exceeding 6 lines
to ites! They, dissatisfied with God's governance, asked Every additional line for a king. With what chastisements, penalties, suf
Entire ditto ferings, and scourges, was their darling desire accom
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2 10 living. Give me her address.'
Advertisements and Bills to be sent to the Publishers not later Solitude and society may be illustrated by a lake
than the 24th. of the latter, Nine Thousand are required. and river. In the one, indeed, we can view the heavens more calmly and distinctly; but we can also see our own image more clearly, and are in danger of the
Portfolios, of a neat construction, for preserving the separate
Numbers until the Volumes are complete, may be had of the sin of Narcissus : while, in the river, the view both of
Publishers, price 28. 6d, each. the heavens and of ourselves is more broken and disturbed ; but health and fertility are scattered around. -Wolfe.
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Town and Country. but I believe that wine itself, though a man be guilty of habitual intoxication, does not more debauch and befool the natural understanding, than music, always music, music in season and out of season, weakens and ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE,
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ments. On their sin, neighbouring princes ON THE DEALINGS OF GOD WITH
were permitted to invade their land, and reNATIONS.
duce them to slavery; and, on their repentGod has informed us, in the Scripture, that ance, God raised up some deliverer to free he has “appointed a day in the which he will them from their misery, And while they judge the world in righteousness.” Every were governed by kings, the Jews were happy thing secret will then be revealed, and his and prosperous, just so long as they feared justice will be manifest to the whole universe. God and maintained his worship; they were It is because this judgment is coming, that the unfortunate and oppressed, whenever they Lord often leaves wicked men unpunished in turned aside to the service of abominable this life. He does not overlook their crimes; idols. Their repeated sins caused their caphe is not insensible to the claims of equity; tivity for seventy years in Babylon ; their but he reserves, to a more solemn occasion, penitence there was followed by their restorathe judging and condemning of them, if they tion to their own country. And, finally, for continue impenitent. This, however, refers their national sin of crucifying Christ, their merely to individuals. Bodies of men,—for city was destroyed by the Romans; and they instance, nations,-cannot be so dealt with. have ever since been wanderers upon the face They cannot, as nations, be judged hereafter, of the earth. The state in which we behold because no such distinction will remain in the Jews now is not the effect of accident; it another life, and because many persons, who is, we are distinctly told in Scripture, in conhave partaken largely of national guilt, have sequence of their national guilt, a punishment individually repented and sought forgiveness, from that Judge who only doeth right. while yet the mass of the nation have con- It is sometimes said, that the Jews were a tinued in their evil deeds. Since, therefore, peculiar people, and that God's dealings with nations cannot be judged hereafter as nations, them are not to be taken as a general standard God usually deals with them now according of what he will do to others. But we shall to their conduct. He thus lets it be seen find the same lesson in the history of other through all the earth that he is a just God, nations. The inhabitants of Sodom and Gowho “ will by no means clear the guilty.” morrah, for instance, suffered a terrible inflicHe thus gives proof that "righteousness ex- tion of Divine vengeance, being made "an alteth a nation; but sin is a reproach to any example unto those that after should live unpeople."
godly." The Egyptians were plagued beWe see this remarkably exhibited in the cause of their wicked oppression of the chilhistory of the Jews. Immediately on their dren of Israel. The land of Canaan was departure from Egypt they rebelled against given to the descendants of Abraham, to conGod, and they were punished by severe quer and possess, because of the crimes of judgments being repeatedly inflicted on the those that dwelled therein ; and it is a remarknation. The book of Judges is little else than able fact, that not till the trespass of the a narrative of such rebellions and such punish- Canaanites and of the other tribes had grown
VOL. I, NO. III.
up even unto heaven, did judgment come upon may fairly argue from his revealed will, is, them. The Israelites were stayed in a distant that he will have his justice known, his name country, and not permitted to claim their glorified, as of old, when he said to Pharaoh, promised inheritance, so long as the conduct " for this cause have I raised thee up, for to of those they must drive out could be borne shew in thee my power, and that my name with. It was distinctly announced to Abra- may be declared throughout all the earth." ham, thy seed " in the fourth generation shall Modern history might also be appealed to ; come hither again; for the iniquity of the but I shall enter no farther into that wide Amorites is not yet full.” In later ages, we field, than to point to the condition of France find that the Assyrians and Babylonians were and Spain. Few countries have suffered more the instruments of God's justice upon other than these two within the last forty or fifty nations; but after they had executed his pur- years: and when we'remember that in the poses, an equitable recompense was meted out one, France, licentiousness has ranged unto them also. “It shall come to pass,” we fettered, and infidelity assumed its most giganread in the prophecy of Jeremiah, “when tic port; and that in the other, Spain, the Inseventy years are accomplished, that I will quisition had quenched most ruthlessly in punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, blood every spirit which dared to testify saith the Lord, for their iniquity, and the land against the worst superstitions of Popery ; we of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual can hardly, when we look upon the woes those desolations.” This sentence, as every traveller lands have endured and are enduring, help assures us, has been most literally put in acknowledging, that verily, there “is a God force.
that judgeth in the earth.” I make no referI might bring other examples from the ence, as I might do, to our own country: other sacred writings; but perhaps I shall be told, pens have traced, in her history, the connexion that all nations, as well as the Jews, were in between national devotedness and prosperity, those times, especially before the establishment and national sin and misfortune. of Christianity and the ceasing of miracles, It is no real objection to urge that national under some peculiar superintendence of God: calamities are indiscriminating, visiting alike let us see, then, if we cannot find the same rule those who have, and those who have not shared observed in other histories, in later days, and in the national guilt. For, --not to say that all, in widely distant lands. Let us first look at in some measure, partake of a national crime the Romans. Every one knows that this who do not protest against it, and, as far as people rose by degrees to unexampled power; they properly can, resist it; and that such that their empire was afterwards torn by in- protesters God may protect, as he protected testine commotions, and finally crumbled un- the Christians at the destruction of Jerusalem, der the attacks of certain barbarous tribes, watering them, like Gideon's fleece, with who founded new kingdoms on its ruins. It blessing, in the midst of sterility and curse, and is also well known, that historians, who little removing them from the approach of evil, -it intended to illustrate the providence of God, is sufficient to reply, “the Lord knoweth how have described the later ages of the Roman to deliver the godly out of temptations, and empire as ages of degeneracy and vice. The to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgstern probity which, according to them, an- ment to be punished.” That fire which conciently characterised the Roman people, had sumes the evil-doers may be made to his gradually departed, and yielded to the worst people a precious trial of faith-a needed corforms of sensuality and luxury. Now, when rection-a purifying furnace; just as in Babythis is allowed on all hands, is it reasonable lon the three Jews walked, not merely unhurt, to imagine that ruin was a mere consequence but strengthened and comforted, in the midst of depravation of manners, and not rather a of the flame which had slain their enemies. judicial punishment proceeding from Him who The same pillar which was a cloud and darkkeeps so carefully to himself the sovereignty ness to the Egyptians, was to the Israelites a of the world, that not one sparrow falls, propitious light. without his permission, to the ground? And But those who hear rule in any land ought if even it be granted that national ruin is but hence to recollect, that they may bring trouble the natural consequence of national vicious- on many besides theniselves. There was a ness, it must then be asked, Who has so dis- famine over Israel, because Saul had slain the posed events as that the one should naturally Gibeonites; there was a pestilence over Israel, lead to the other? Must not the answer be, because David had numbered the people. For He, whose will is nature's law, and whose just a nation to be prosperous, it must collectively, and authoritative word has linked throughout governors and subjects, serve the Lord. And the universe the orderly succession of cause the laws which promote his honour, and mainand effect? God permits not this order with- tain his service, are most for the welfare of out some reason for it; and the reason we that nation; " for (the Lord saith,) Them that honour me I will honour, and they that des- wife also was a wise and pious woman; and his children pise me shall be lightly esteemed." His pro- were well nurtured and brought up in the fear of God. tection is a far surer defence than the mightiest
Such was the character of Dr. Rowland Taylor; and armies; his frown more to be dreaded than
thus did he, as a good shepherd, labour among his the fiercest foe. Let the lessons, then, of Aock at Hadleigh. Hadleigh had very early in the worldly expediency be cast to the winds;
reformation received the Gospel. It had been fa
voured with the ministry of that devoted martyr, they are like broken reeds, upon which if you shall lean, they will go into your hand
Thomas Bilmey; and the people were remarkable for and pierce it. Let it be remembered, that the adorning by their conduct their profession of the
truth. religious man is the truest patriot; and that
On the death of King Edward VI, the Popish rehe cannot serve his country better than by ligion was again set up in England. The godly serving his God. And just as, if ten righteous bishops and ministers were put in prison, or obliged men had been found in Sodom, that guilty city would, for ten's sake, have been spared; as
to fly; and a general persecution raged against those
who would not deny the faith. Dr. Taylor, however, the Lord gave Paul the lives of those that
boldly stood his ground: he persisted for several royaged with him; so, many times, the ungodly months in retaining the Protestant service in his may owe their temporal security to the men Church, and faithfully preached against the corrupthey despise. Let every one, therefore, ac- tions of popery. Enraged at his zeal, two Papists, cording to his sphere, the poor as well as the who lived in his parish, persuaded the minister of rich, in the exercise of the rights he possesses, Aldham, a neighbouring village, to come to Hadleigh, seek chiefly the glory of God. Were we, without Dr. Taylor's knowledge, and celebrate mass. indeed, a people fearing him, and working And so one day, while the good doctor was sitting in righteousness,--did we really, as a nation, dis- his study reading the Bible, he heard the church-bells countenance sin, and maintain, purely and ring: Hastening to see what was the matter, he found zealously, the truth, we might then become,
the intrusive priest, guarded by armed men, just what we shall never properly be, for any
ready to begin his idolatrous service. He boldly proworldly advantages, the envy of surrounding tested against it; but with his wife, who had followed lands. Lo! these are they whom the Lord
him, he was forcibly turned out of the church, the hath blessed.
doors were locked against him, and the mass was said.
In a few days information was laid against Dr. Biography.
Taylor before Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Win
chester and lord high chancellor of England; who THE LIFE OF DR. ROWLAND TAYLOR,
sent him orders to appear before him, and answer for Who was burned at Hadleigh, in Suffolk, Feb. the 9th, 1555. his conduct. His friends upon this persuaded him to
fly. But said he, “ I am old, and have already lived Tuis excellent man was a native of Rothbury, in the
too long, to see these terrible and most wicked days. county of Northumberland. At the University of Cambridge he lived in much intimacy with his coun
I am fully determined, with God's grace, to go to the tyman, William Turner, subsequently Dean of Wells, bishop, and to his beard to tell him that he doth
naught. God shall well hereafter raise up teachers of through whose instructions, and by the sermons of
his people, who shall with much more diligence and Bishop Latimer, he was led to embrace the Protestant
fruit teach them, than I have done. For God will not religion. He afterwards became chaplain to Archbishop Cranmer; and was appointed, in the reign of
forsake bis Church, though now for a time he trieth
and correcteth us, and not without a just cause. As King Edward VI., one of the commissioners for draw
for me, I believe, before God, I shall never be able to ing up a body of ecclesiastical laws.
do God so good service as I may do now; nor shall I Being presented to the living of Hadleighi, he left
ever have so glorious a calling as I now have, nor so the archbishop's bousehold to reside among the people coumitted to his charge. Here he was very diligent
great mercy of God profiered me as is now at this in tending his flock: so that not on Sundays and
present. For what Christian man would not gladly bolydays only, we are told, but whenever he could get
die against the Pope and his adherents? I know that his hearers together, he preached to them the word
the Papacy is the kingdom of antichrist. Wherefore, of God, the doctrine of their salvation. In his life
I bescech you to pray for me; and I doubt not but and conversation, also, he was a notable example of
God will give me strength, and his Holy Spirit, that all Christian holiness. He was so free from pride, that
mine adversaries shall have shame of their doings."
Then, his friends, weeping, commended him to God; the poorest person might resort to him as to a father ; he was so bold, that he would faithfully, though
and he, leaving his dear people to the charge of a kiwlly, rebuke the richest and most powerful. He
faithful pastor, in a day or two set forward on his 528 of mild temper, void of all rancour, and willing to
journey. His servant, who accompanied him, coun. forgive his bitterest enemies. To the sick and needy
selled him on the road to change his mind, and not go he acted like a tender nurse, urging his parishioners
to the bishop. But Dr. Taylor would not be moved. to works of charity; while lice himself, almost beyond
"0, Johın (said he), shall I give place to this thy his means, was ready to relieve their necessities. His
worldly persuasion, and leave my flock in this danger?
Remember the good Shepherd, Christ, which not alone • Vide Fox, Strype, and Burnet.
fed his flock, but also died for his flock, Him must I