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is found an occasion of thankfulness for the blessings Discourse I. What is meant by “the preaching of which Christianity has shed on the conjugal relation : the cross." the early consecration of Samuel to the Lord by his parents, is an example to parents in general,

II. Pride, a cause of opposition to "the preaching

of the cross." "To pray early, and at noon-tide, and at even, on

III. The love of sin, a cause of opposition to “the behalf of our own souls, of our children's souls, and of

preaching of the cross." every other living soul whom we do or ought to love,

IV. Effects of " the preaching of the cross," at Coand intercede for, in the name of Jesus Christ, our

rinth. only Saviour, Mediator, and Advocate. Were our

V. “The preaching of the cross” the true means of supplications of this cast," continues the writer," and were they frequently and fervently made--were it the

producing vitality of religion.

VI. The Liturgy of the Church of England an imgrand and indefatigable desire of our hearts to see the love, the wisdom, and the majesty of our Almighty

portant security for “the preaching of the cross."

VII. The want of a scriptural Liturgy frequently Parent owned and celebrated by every word and deed

leads to a rejection of" the preaching of the cross. of man-did we implore health, talent, influence, nay,

VIII. Practical inferences. virtue itself, for us and ours, that we and they might

The sixth and seventh of these discourses will be 'praise the Lord for his goodness' more effectually,

read with much profit by all Churchmen: as pointing more conspicuously; we should soon be lost in won

out the testimony borne by the Liturgy to the docder at the profusion with which blessings would de- trine of “the cross ;" the importance of “an uniscend upon us from the treasury of heaven.”

formity of statement in the pulpit and in the desk;"

and the secret of the Church's stability, as consisting This passage is a fair specimen of the spirit of these

in “a faithful preaching of the cross.' lectures, which are, throughout, descriptive of a deeply

This work, though unpretending in its form, conpious mind. They are, perhaps, not without fault:

tains much matter, and has a large collection of notes, there are some conjectures thrown out, as to what

gathered from various sources, which shew the indusmight have been the motives and the inward workings of the minds of some of the characters in the narra

try of the writer, and greatly enhance the usefulness

of the book. tre, which appear to us sometimes rather puerile- Since these discourses came out, Mr. Bissland has at all events, gratuitous. But, as a whole, these lec- published, by request, a sermon, preached at a late tures are very valuable ; and it is a great excellency visitation of the Archdeacon of Winchester, held at in them, that, though they treat of an Old Testament

Alton, Hants: the subject is, “ The office and obligacharacter, they are pervaded throughout by a rich

tions of the messenger of God:” its spirit and tendency measure of Christian doctrine.

is similar to the sermons we have just noticed; and

being in a very cheap form, it may be read by all " The Preaching of the Cross,the effectual. Means for high standard of the ministerial calling.

classes who desire to find a scriptural account and fi: Carersion of the Sinner, and the Stability of the Cari By the Rev. Thomas Bissland, M.A. of Babol College, Oxford; Rector of Hartley Mauctt, Hants; and Chaplain to Lord Bexley. Lon- An Account of New Zealand, and of the Formation and dos, Hatchard and Son. 1836.

Progress of the Church Missionary Society's Mission in The author of this little work is already known to the

the Northern Island. By the Rev. William Yate, patlie, as having written a volume of sermons preached

Missionary of the Church Missionary Society. Second at St. Paul's, Winchmore Hill, Middlesex, and de

edition. London, 1835. Seeley and Burnside. dicated, by permission, to the late Bishop of Lich- It has been remarked by one eminently qualified to peld and Coventry. From the high terms of com- form a correct opinion as to the most effective method mendation in which that volume was spoken of in of extending tlie kingdom of the Redeemer (for, if we several of our standard Reviews, and from our own mistake not, it is the remark of Dr. Chalmers), that subsequent acquaintance with the work, we were led “ if all the revenues of the Church establishment, to expect a useful book when we saw the announce- from its first foundation to the present day, had promert of " the Preaching of the Cross." We have not duced but a Bishop Horsley, they would not have been disappointed. " The subject (as the author been expended without adequate compensation.” We kimself reinarks, in the introduction) must, on all may fairly make use of a similar declaration with kanils, be allowed to be a most momentous one:" and respect to the New Zealand mission, and affirm, that it bad evidently assumed a high importance in his had all the funds of the Church Missionary Society mind, as he had treated of it in the first sermon of his been expended on that mission alone, the Society Larger volume, with much earnestness and ability. No would have acted as a faithful steward to the resources topic that the Christian ininister can take in hand can committed to its trust. exceed, or even equal, this in importance. It was the We rejoice at the growing anxiety manifested in all che grand theme of St. Paul, wliose mind was so filled quarters to make known the power of the Gospel ; by it, that he determined to know nothing else but and though there may be tens of thousands of prothis, in his ministerial teaching; a consideration, which fessing Christians, who feel not the duty and privilege should make those who preach, careful to give to this of telling “it out among the heathen that the Lord great doctrine the prominence which it held in an reigneth" (may we not say, the heathen at home, as apostle's ministrations; and should be a caution to well as abroad?), we do take courage, from the anxiety those who hear, that they turn not away, in distaste, manifested in our great societies to extend wider and from those who make this doctrine the “burden" of wider the sphere of their influence. their message. To both these classes, we think that The information contained in the volume before us Mr. Bissland's Discourses will be valuable: and we is most valuable, and is the result of the author's own shall be glad to hear that they find their way into the personal observations during a residence of seven years hands of young clergymen, and candidates for orders, in New Zealand. The volume is divided into five as a guide for their future course. For the sake of chapters. I. On the geographical situation of New such, as well as for general readers, we shall copy the Zealand. II. On its productions. III. On the custable of contents, instead of giving any extracts. toms and superstitions of the inhabitants. IV. On


the origin and difficulties of the missionaries. V. On LITURGY.-Next to a sound rule of faith, there is the effects consequent on the introduction of the nothing of so much consequence as a sober standard Gospel. To which is added, as an appendix, a cata- of feeling in matters of practical religion ; and it is logue of shells, collected on the east coast of New the peculiar happiness of the Church of England to Zealand, by the author. To the naturalist it will possess, in her authorised formularies, an ample and afford much valuable information.

secure provision for both. But in times of much We may in future numbers give some interesting leisure and unbounded curiosity, when excitement of extracts from the work; at present we confine our- every kind is sought after with a morbid eagerness, selves to the following, in which the value and im. this part of the merit of our Liturgy is likely in some portance of our scriptural Liturgy are thus referred mcasure to be lost on many even of its most sincere to (pp. 232, 3) :

admirers; the very tempers which most require such

discipline, setting themselves, in general, most de“The Liturgy of the Church of England, as trans

cidedly against it. -- Rev. John Keble. lated into the language of New Zealand, has been,

Religious PrinCIPLE.-The person whose mind next to the preaching of the Gospel, and the use of the

is thoroughly imbued with the religion of Christ, and Holy Scriptures, one of the most efficacious means of

who is habitnally endeavouring to conform his disposiChristian instruction. It is so simple, expresses so tions and character to its pure and spiritual requisiwell the wants, both temporal and spiritual, of the tions, is worthy of the trust that may be reposcd in people; and, like the Bible, from whence a large por

him, because he regulates his conduct by a rule whose tion of it is derived, it so exactly meets every case,

operation is uniform, which adheres as forcibly to

the conscience in solitude and in darkness as in the that it comes home to the experience, the heart, and

broad and open face of day," and which leaves him the conscience; tends to awaken the unconverted; not, in a single instance, to follow the decisions of a and is a source of comfort and consolation to the dis-short-sighted expediency.Dewar. tressed sinner under his convictions; while the more LIVING WITHOUT God.--The greatest moral evil advanced are edified by the spirituality of the peti- and suffering that we can be exposed to, is the being tions. My mind is more than ever convinced, from my

forsaken of God - the being cast out of his presence. ministerial experience in New Zealand, of the essential

This, with awe be it spoken, appears to have made

part of our Lord's suffering, when he cried, with a value of a liturgical service to a people so uneducated,

loud voice, “ My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken so unused to pray, as the New Zealanders. The intro- me?" Yet this state of spiritual dereliction is volunduction of this incomparable • form of sound words' tarily embraced by those who, according to the emamong them, might be noticed by a great variety of phatic language of holy Scripture, live “ without God extracts from my journal. .... I believe that the sacred

in the world."-Bishop Sandford. truths found in our book of Common Prayer, which MORAL CULTURE.— The state of the heart is of far are constantly sounding in the ears, and falling from higher value for this world and the next than mere

intellectual culture ; since it fixes the character of man the lips, of the natives, have been one of the grand

as a being formed for purposes which will only grow means of bringing them to their present state of mind. into their full magnitude when the splendid endowTranslated into the New Zealand language, our Li- ments of taste and science will be vain. All the gifts turgy is most strikingly beautiful. When any strange

of wealth and intellect are blessings to their possessors natives come into the chapel, and hear it, they say,

only as they are supremely consecrated to the service • Ah! those are not native prayers : if we did as those

of God; and have no other influence on the happiness

of futurity than of aggravating our guilt, if they are persons pray for us to do, we should be very different devoted io any other ends than those for which they from what we are: we should cast away all our sins : have been bestowed.--Dewar. we should believe in their God, and be made like them

Talent.—The omnipotency of mere talent is the in all their doings.'"

grand delusion with which the devil is now deceiving the nations.---Rev. II. Budd.

Tue CHRISTIAN A MAN of PRAYER. Yes, if the The Cabinet.

entire world, in the midst of which we live, be but ATONEMENT FOR SIN.-No duty or work within the

one continued temptation ; if all the situations in power and performance of man, as such, is able to

which we may be, and all the objects which environ us,

seem united with our corruption for the purpose of expiate and take away the guilt of sin. In this matter

either weakening or seducing us; if riches corrupt, we must put our hands upon our mouths, and be silent for ever. He that thinks and attempts by his own

and poverty exasperate; if prosperity exalt, and atticgoodness to satisfy God's justice, does by this the

tion depress; if business prey upon, and ease render

effeminate; if the sciences intate, and ignorance lead more incense it; and by endeavouring to remove his

us into error; if mutual intercourse trivially engage guilt does indeed increase it. His works of satisfaction for sin are the greatest sins, and stand most in selves; if pleasure seduce, and pious works excite our

us too much, and solitule leave us too much to ourneed of the satisfaction of Christ. - Dr. South.

pride; if health arouse the passions, and sickness ScriptURE Difficulties. — The liberty of man, nourish either lukewarmness or murmurings; in a and the foreknowledge and providence of God, are word, if, since the fall of nature, every thing in or equally certain, although the proof of each rests on around us be a fresh danger to be dreaded, in a situadifferent principles. Now when two distinct proposi- tion so deplorable, what hope of salvation, oh, my tions are separately proved, each by its proper evi- God! could there be still remaining to man, if from dence, it is not a reason for denying either, that the the bottom of his wretchedness he had it not in his human mind upon the first hasty view imagines a power to make his lamentations, to be continually repugnance, and may, perhaps, find a difficulty in mounting toward the throne of thy mercy, in order to connecting them, even after the distinct proof of each prevail that Thou thyself mayest come to his aid; is clearly perceived and understood. There is a wide that Thou mayest interfere to put a check upon his difference between a paradox and a contradiction. An passions, to clear up his errors, to sustain his weakintellect to which nothing should be paradoxical would ness, lessen his temptations, to abridge his hours of be infinite.-Bishop Horsley.

trials, and to save him from his backsliding? The

Christian is, therefore, a man of prayer; his origin, his situation, his nature, his wants, his place of abode, all inform him that prayer is necessary.--Massillon.

SINFULNESS OF THE HEART.-Many complain and cry out very tragically of the wretchedness of their hearts, their total indisposition to all good, and exceeding propensity to all sin; all which may be very true. But while they are complaining of their hearts, perLaps they freely allow themselves in some known course of disobedience; they frequently renew wounds upon their consciences by the repeated commission of actual sin: and this surely is not the way ever to get theniselves purified-thus to complain of sin and to commit sin; to insure their complaints by their practices; to cry out of the body of sin, and yet to take no notice of actual impieties: this is provocation of God and abuse to themselves. Their business is to turn complaints into endeavours, words into actions, and vigorously oppose every particular temptationto stifle every sinful suggestion. For certainly none ever truly hated the sinfulness of his heart who did not in some measure reform the sinfulness of his actions.-Dr. South.

The truest mark of distinction between a genuine Christian and a mere moralist, pharisaical or philosophical, I take to be, that the latter finds his ease in being insensible to his secret faults; while the former is easiest when he is most tenderly sensible of them.Ano and Jebb's Correspondence.

PRACTICE.-I take practice to be the best rhetoric to enforce practical divinity: and, I am sure, without practice no divinity can be effectual to save our souls. -Sir George Wheler.

Yet then, when faithless to man's dearest pride,

The chisel'd granite yields its age-worn trust ; And yon proud arch, that spurns the crouching tide,

Shall sink, at length, a monument of dust; Then blest shall be the memory of the just,

Whose lowly deed, in heaven's fair page enrolled, Shall bright survive the warrior's trophied bust,

And, fresh with wreaths that ne'er may waxen old, Shall teach how vain the wise, how impotent the bold ! O then be mine the fame that cannot die!

The wisdom mine that tells of worlds unknown! Be mine the faith that lifts her tranquil eye

To heaven's bright world, and calleth it her own! And when the breath that wafts my parting groan

Shall lose its burden in the passing gale, And nought shall live but one frail funeral stone, Whence soon must lapse the plaintive moss-worn

tale, Then stretch'd be Faith's bold wing, and swellid Hope's

joyful sail ! And heaven be mine, and heaven's eternal year ;

And glories bright, and ecstasies divine ;
And mine the Almighty Father's voice to hear-

" Servant, well done! thy Saviour's joys be thine." I would not scutcheon'd pall, or gorgeous shrine,

The plausive tablet, or the chantry's pride, The sculptor's emblem, or the minstrel's line ;

Be mine the merits of the CRUCIFIED; Of Him who for me lived, of Him who for me died,"

Frees the Rev. S. C. Wilks's Rosebuds Rescued."
Yes: 'twas a fearful deed; the sun's dark flood,

That rose in tear-drops, poured his setting beam
Red with solstitial splendour, blood for blood,
As weeping Heaven had blushed to view the

stream That stained earth's bosom;--yet e'en thou, proud

theme, Thou, Waterloo, to younger names shalt yield; Soon shall thy fame a distant meteor seem,

Known but as Agincourt or Cressy's field, While future heralds deck some newer, baser shield. Vain, feverish man! that think'st thy insect-toil

Can snatch e'en Waterloo from time's decay! E'en while we gaze, death strips this mortal coil,

Our life an hour, our memory but a day; And then, when every glory melts away,

An icy palace, vain yon granite pile To tell to distant age the wild affray That stampt its name. Ah, distant age shall

smile To think man's feeble art oblivion would beguile! No; Waterloo shall be but as a dream,

To fill some book-worn brain, where learned lore, Deep treasured, sheds a momentary gleam

On deeds forgotten ; pointing where, of yore, Europe co-leagued unnumber'd trophies bore

From Belgic plains; and where a tyrant's band Drank the dark cup the world had drunk before ;

Their blood-stain'd lord expelled to distant land, To pine life's lingering day on Helen's desert strand.

Oh! that I knew how all thy lights combine,

And the configurations of their glory
Seeing not only how each verse doth shine,

But all the constellations of the story. This verse marks that, and both do make a motion

Unto a third, that ten leaves off doth lie; Then, as dispersed herbs do watch a potion,

These three make up some Christian's destiny. Such are thy secrets, which my life makes good,

And comments on thee ; for in every thing

Thy words do find me out, and parallels bring, And in another make me understood.

Stars are poor books, and oftentimes do missThis book of stars lights to eternal bliss.



GLORIOUS Lord, of boundless might!

Holy! infinitely good! In infinity of light

Stands thy throne, and ever stood ! Far beyond our little thought,

Far beyond our earthly waysHow with fervour, as we ought,

Can we offer fitting praise ! Blessed be thy glorious name,

Earthly hymns ascend on high, Where the bright seraphic flame

Rolls the chorus of the sky,

that we

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Fill our torpid hearts with love,

tricts of the metropolis there are ten parishes, conTune our feeble lips to praise ;

taining together a population of 353,460 persons. In So, with perfect souls above,

these parishes there are eighteen churches and chapels, “Shall we mingle humble lays. EDMESTON.

served by twenty-four incumbents and curates; the average being not quite one church or chapel for every

19,000 souls, and one clergyman for every 14,000.”— Miscellaneous.

Letter from the Bishop of London. ROMANISM.–Either the Scriptures themselves are

Night STUDY.--Never go to bed direct from the most obscure and defective, or the Romish Church

labour of composition, because the transition is too has unwarrantably ingrafted on them very gratuitous great, and the vascular balance is thereby destroyed. and extraneous doctrines. Neither are those doctrines Night is commonly the literary labourer's best hour ; regarded by it as of inferior moment, compared with

but then the arterial system is excited ; and if in this the fundamental and more explicitly enounced truths

state of excitement le retires to rest, the consequence of Christianity ; but full as much stress is laid on the

is, a difficulty in the action of the returning vessels human inventions of after-ages, as upon what incon

which produces, first sluggishness, then congestion, testably belongs to our common religion, as delivered

and from this, torpor, and many a fearful evil. Before to the world by its divine Founder. So very far is

the act of retiring, the pen should be thrown aside ; Romanism from being consistent either with the true

some work, which does not require much thought or spirit of the Gospel, in the numerous additions it has

attention, should be taken up, till this excitement has made, and the complex system it has reared upon it, given way to the approach of sleepiness; and then to that it requires the utmost ingenuity, the most subtlely bed with safety and advantage. --- Essay on the Disorstrained interpretation, on the part of its advocates,

ders incident to Literary Men, by Wm. Newnham, Esq. to make out even any tolerable shew of consistency. CYPRIAN.- This eminent saint, when on his road to They have recourse to obscure traditions, and all suffer martyrdom, was told by the emperor that he kinds of doubtful, not to say most fraudulent, autho- would give him time to consider, whether he had not ritics for their purpose, instead of abiding by the ex- better cast a grain of incense into the fire in honour press and plain declarations of the word of God; and of idols, than die so degrading a death. The martyr while they thereby give a falsifying value to what can nobly answered, “ There needs no deliberation in the possess none, except as it coincides with scriptural doc- case." trine, they reduce the latter to the level of those in- CONTENTMENT.—There are some persons who are ventions they would thus seek to exalt. Neither does themselves tolerably well off in the world, and yet who there appear to be any disposition on the part of this are sadly discontented when they see others still more Church to suffer its exceptionable tenets gradually to prosperous than themselves. This is a very wrong fall into desuetude or oblivion, and so work out"

feeling. The Holy Scriptures teach us that a man is a silent “reform" in its own bosom. No: what it

to be " content with that he hath,” reminding him has been, that will it ever continue to be, whenever

brought nothing into this world, and that we and wherever it shall have the power of acting uncontrolled by circumstances. Never has it abjured a

can carry nothing out:" and that “ godliness with

contentment is great gain.” We brought nothing into single one of its most dangerous errors spontane- the world ; God has required of fallen man that he ously; for to some of the most mischievous of all it should labour for his support. And, if one man emstill clings with a pertinacity hardly short of miracu-ploys his labour and his thoughts more diligently than lous, after the powerful arguments that have been another, he will probably be the more prosperous of used against them. Although the court of the Vatican is no longer what it was, yet the spirit of papacy re

the two: and what he has acquired will enable those

who belong to him to acquire still more; and thus mains the same scotched and wounded indeed, but

one family acquires more property than another. And not killed, nor even subjugated. Just allow it but to the laws of every civilised country protect a inan in recover itsell, and gain a vantage-ground, and its

the peaceable possession of what he or his forefathers present seeming humility and moderation will be

have gained. "People of little property think that forthwith cast aside. *

others have too much, and would not be sorry to see New CHURCHES IN LONDON.- During the last any change which might disturb them in their postwenty-five years much has been done towards the sessions; but they ought to consider, that if they bave erection of new churches, partly by the aid of parlia- a right to disturb those who are richer than themmentary grants, partly by parochial contributions, and selves, a man wlio is poorer than themselves has the partly by the exertions of individual benevolence and same right to disturb them. If I have a piece of land The efforts of associated churchmen, through the me- worth five pounds a-year, and think that I have a dium of the Incorporated Society for the Building and right to take part of another person's land who has a Enlargement of Churches and Chapels. In sixteen of thousand pounds a-year, for the very same reason a the parishes here referred to, which are in the diocese person who has no land at all might come and take of London, thirty-three new churches have been part of my land from me. It things were to be so, erected within that period, and additional accommo

there would be an end of all peace and happiness in a dation provided for 54,000 persons. But the numbers country. The Scriptures require us to be diligent in given in the report of the Church Commissioners re- our calling, “not slothful in business ;" but, when we present the actual state of things at the present time, are exerting ourselves for our own support and that after all that has been done to lessen the fearful dis- of our family, in the fcar of God, and in dependence proportion which exists between the population of this on his blessing, we are to be contented with that meavast city, and the provision made by the Church for sure of worldly prosperity which he sees fit to give us, its religious instruction. At this moment there is in and to receive all his favours with thankful hearts, the metropolis and its suburbs, omitting all notice of and to know that, if we desire to love him and to serve those parishes which contain less than 7000 inhabit- him, " all things shall work together for our good.”— ants, a population of not less than 1,380,000, with Oxford Herala. church-room for only 140,000, or little more than onetenth of the whole. In a charge delivered to the London :-Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, clergy of the diocese of London, in the year 1834,

Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's: it is said, that “ in the eastern and north-eastern dis

and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and

Country, • From Rae Wilson's Records of a Route in France and Italy, with Sketches of Catholicism.



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ON MISTAKES RELATIVE TO CHRISTIAN strength .... This is the first and prinCHARITY.

cipal part of charity; but it is not the whole.

For charity is also to love every man, good There are few subjects connected with re

and evil, friend and foe; and whatsoever ligion on which more lamentable mistakes

cause be given to the contrary, yet nevertheexist, than as to the nature and value of less to bear good-will and heart unto every Christian charity, which is described by the apostle, as “the bond of perfectness;" and

Viewed with reference to man, that part which our Church deems of such importance of it to which our attention is to be directed, to the existence of true religion in the soul, charity is that kindness and benevolence of that she terms it the very bond of peace and disposition, which induces us not only to reof all virtues, without which whosoever liveth lieve distress and to forgive injuries, but to is counted dead before God.”* The Greek throw a mantle over the inconsistencies, the word employed in the New Testament to imperfections, and the faults of others; and denote this grace, is sometimes translated

to put the most favourable construction upon charity, and sometimes love ; and much pre- all their actions. Almsgiving, indeed, convalent error might have been prevented had

stitutes a branch of charity ; but even almsthe latter invariably been employed. Charity giving may be the result of pride and ostenis often regarded as synonymous with alms- tation, and a desire of human approbation; giving. The charitable man, in the world's

the motives which led the Pharisees to pervocabulary, is he who bestows out of his form their boasted works, the worthlessness abundance, or out of his poverty, for the of which was clearly pointed out by the relief of the wants of others; although the Saviour. Regarding himself, however, rather apostle declares, in language, it might have

as the steward than the possessor of his been thought, too plain to be misunderstood, goods, the charitable man will never turn his that it is possible for a man to give not only a

ear from the cry of misery. He will feel it portion, but the whole of his property, for the

not merely a duty, but a privilege, to imitate alleviation of a brother's sufferings, and yet the example of that Saviour who continually to be entirely destitute of this Christian

went about doing good. But, after all, this grace.“ And though I bestow all my goods is but a branch of this Christian virtue. to feed the poor, and though I give my body There are other branches equally important. to be burned, and have not charity, it pro- It is in itself a gift of the Spirit of grace, and fiteth me nothing."

from it emanate the blessed fruits of forgiveThe true nature of charity cannot be

ness and benevolence, and universal anxiety more fully described than it is in the homily of the Church, wherein it is stated, that fellow-men. These graces are the distin

to promote in every way the welfare of our “charity is to love God with all our heart

, guishing features of that man's character, all our souls, and all our power, and all our

whose soul is transformed into the divine Collect for Quinquagesima Sunday.

image, and who evidences to the world, that VOL. 1. —NO. V.


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