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Sorrow foregoes its nature there,

unfortunate class. The sufferings which chimneyAnd life assumes a tranquil air,

sweeps undergo in this metropolis, peopled as it is Divested of its woes ;

with those whose benevolence, extending beyond the There sovereign goodness soothes the breast,

limits of our own country, reaches to the most distant

spots of the globe, would seem fabulous, were they not Till then incapable of rest,

incontestably proved, and daily taking place almost In sacred, sure repose.

under our own eyes.—Dr. Hodgkin. MADAME Guion,

EASTERN SHEEP.- John, *. 3. Having had my attention directed last night to the words, “ The sheep

hear his voice, and he calleth his own sheep by name;" Miscellaneous.

I asked my man if it was usual in Greece to give WANT OF SLEEP.- Nothing is so hurtful both to

names to sheep; he informed me that it was, and that the mind and body as the want of sleep. Deprived of

the sheep obeyed the shepherd when he called them the necessary portion, the person gets wan, emaciated, by their names. This morning I had an opportunity and listless, and very soon falls into bad health ; the

of verifying the truth of this remark. Passing by spirit becomes entirely broken, and the fire of even

a flock of sheep, I asked the shepherd the same ques. the most ardent dispositions is quenched. Restless

tion which I put to my servant, and he gave me the ness, when long protracted, may terminate in delirium,

I then bade him call a sheep; he did or confirmed insanity; and in many diseases it is the

so, and it instantly left its pasturage and its companions, most obstinate symptom we have to struggle against ;

and ran, up to the hand of the shepherd with signs by it alone all the bad symptoms are aggravated; and pleasure, and with a prompt obedience, which I had as soon as we can succeed in overcoming it, every

never before observed in any other animal. It is also thing disagreeable and dangerous frequently wears

true of the sheep in eastern countries, “ that a stranger away, and the person is restored to health.

will they not follow, but will flee from him ; for they

know not the voice of strangers.” The shepherd told Biskop LATIMER.-It is related of Latimer, that me that many of his sheep are still wild ; that they when he once preached before the tyrant Henry had not yet learned their names; but that, by teaching, VIII., he took a plain straightforward text, and his they would all learn them. The others, which knew sermon assailed those very sins for which the monarch their names, he called tame.--Rev. J. Hartley's Journal. was notorious; and he was stung to the quick-for truth always finds a response in the worst man's con


::--The true Conservative is one, science. He would not bend beneath the authority

who, faithful to God and his country, seeks “ to do his of his God; and he therefore sent for Latimer, and

duty in that state of life to which it has pleased God said, “ Your life is in jeopardy if you do not recant

to call him.” Regarding the institutions of his counall you said to-day when you preach next Sunday.”

try as designed, not for the aggrandisement of a party, The trimming courtiers were all anxious to know

but for the protection and benefit of all, he exults in the consequence of this, and the chapel was crowded. the blessings they have secured for his native land, The venerable man took his text, and, after a pause,

and guards them as a sacred trust for posterity. begun with a soliloquy, thus: “ Now, Hugh Latimer,

Anxious to remove any blot which may disfigure them, bethink thee, thou art in the presence of thy earthly

and to promote whatever may render them more monarch; thy life is in his hands, and if thou dost effective for the public good, he requires proof that not suit thyself to his fancies, he will bring down the proposed change is desirable, practicable, and thy grey hairs with blood to the grave. But, Hugh safe. He condemns experimental legislation, which Latimer, bethink, bethink thee, thou art in the pre

risks substantial blessings for shadows. He refuses sence of the King of kings and Lord of lords, who to exchange practical systems for untried theories. hath told thee, · Fear not them that kill the body, and

He will not purchase real advantage at the cost of inthen can do no more ; but rather fear him that can justice. Conscience, as well as judgment, teaches kill both body and soul, and cast thee into hell for

him, that however duty and interest may seem to ever!'- yea, I say, Hugh Latimer, fear him.” He claslı, yet that, whether in private, or public, or then went on, and not only repeated what he had be- national concerns, integrity is the true and only path fore advanced, but, if possible, enforced it with greater

to safety, honour, and success. He knows his rights emphasis. What was the consequence? Henry sent

as a member of a free state, and firmly maintains them. for him, and said, “ How durst thou insult thy mon

He knows his duty as a subject, and performs it arch so?” Latimer replied, " I thought it 1 were cheerfully. He regards the poor and the helpless, unfaithful to my God, it would be impossible to be

not as burdens upon the land, who have scarcely the loyal to my king." The king embraced the good old right to live, except as they minister to the pride and bishop, exclaiming, “ And is there yet one man left

convenience of the rich, but as a sacred charge, to be who is bold and honest enough to tell me the truth!" especially protected and cherished. He has no idea

of politics apart from morals; of morals, not founded CHIMNEY-SWEEPS.— There is no occupation in which upon religion ; of religion, not derived from revelathe person is so constantly and generally exposed to tion. Conservative principles, in short, comprehend the influence of a fine and subtle dust or powder as in every duty to our neighbour, our country, and our the case of sweeps; but the miseries which attend the king, all with reference to God, as our supreme Ruler abominable practice of employing climbing-boys are and Judge.- From Osler's Church and Dissent, so numerous, so various, and so grievous, that it would be difficult to refer to each the amount of its share of destructive influence. Not only does the

LONDON :-Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, general application of the soot to the surface of the

Portman Square; W.EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; body interrupt the natural functions of the skin, but it and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and tends to produce a very serious ulcerating disease in Country. parts of the body which are exposed to friction. As Portfolios, of a neat construction, for preserving the separate this disease is obviously the effect of soot, it is called Numbers until the Volumes are complete, may be had of the chimney-sweepers' cancer. Other ill effects of the Publishers, price 2s. Od. soot, to which sweeps are exposed, are not so apparent ; but it is probable that the soot has some share in producing the stunted growth, the distorted limbs, and general weakness, so commonly observed amongst this RODSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLIN, 46 ST. MARTTY'S LAXE.


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ritual exercises; the other class, having an RELIGION CONSISTENT WITH WORLDLY

indistinct idea of the dignity of religion, as OCCUPATIONS.

a thing which, to be duly regarded, will deAll errors, on whatever subject, are faults of mand much time and attention, have decided excess or defect: they are either an exagge- | that their worldly interests will suffer, if they rated view of the importance of the matter in bestow on religion this measure of attention: question, or too low an estimate of its im- they determine, therefore, to attend to that, portance. Whether it be of the one kind or the benefit of which is perceived to be immethe other, of course, as being error, it is to be diate and present. Both these descriptions of reprobated and shunned ; and yet there are persons are wrong in their judgments : the some subjects in which the error on the one one may remain a citizen of human society, side seems less to deserve reproof than on the and fulfil the purpose of God in making him other : and this is the case with respect to a being capable of religion; the other may conexcess in religion : for, although error of this verse with spiritual objects, without damaging kind may, and does, lead out oftentimes to his worldly and lawful interests. No doubt, the most mischievous results; yet those who there are many to be found who would rank are guilty of it are less hateful than others, under the first of these descriptions of perinasmuch as they have formed to themselves sons, and whose opinions border on what may higher notions, and have taken up a loftier be justly termed fanatical excess; but such standard of opinion and duty, than those who are by far the smaller proportion, inasmuch in this matter, err on the side of defect. Re- as the number of those who consider religion ligion is the highest good, and the noblest ob- to be a thing of paramount value is very ject, of man: to act as if we did not feel it to small: the great multitude belong to the be such, is inexcusable;—to act as if we were other class, because the heart of man is natupossessed and absorbed by this view, even rally indisposed to any communion with spithough it lead us to some immoderate lengths, ritual things, and gladly shelters itself under is surely venial.

this specious plea, for the entire neglect of A mistaken view of religion, as to its com- them. It is these, then, who have formed no patibility with the active duties of life, has acquaintance with religion, through a fear that, led to consequences of opposite kinds; but by too much engrossing their care, she will equally injurious to those who have held the injure their worldly prosperity; it is these, respective sentiments. The one description whom we need to convince of their mistake. of persons-penetrated with a sense of the Now, there is one argument, which would transcendent excellence of religion, and re- be sufficient, even if we could find no other, to solving that nothing ought to come in the way prove that religion is consistent with worldly of its claims, nothing divide its supremacy in business; and it is this, that all men, without their hearts—have been led to abandon every exception, are engaged with business; with ocpursuit, and quit the necessary occupations of cupation, that is to say, of some sort or other, life, that they may give themselves up to spi- arising out of their connexion with the civil

VOL. 1. —NO. VII.


society of which they are members: either, whether it is possible to be religious amidst therefore, their relation to this social com- a life of occupations, it is to be particularly munity must be destroyed (a thing quite in- remembered, that this first expedient, of which conceivable), or religion must be compatible we have spoken, viz. the express exercises of with this relation, and the duties that grow religion, public and private--that this, while, out of it. The truth is, that man was made as we have shewn, it is at the command of

all, . has appointed is equally made for man. But But it is when the habit of religion governs how can this be made to appear ? for, if we the whole life, that its consistency with worldly look into the world, we see that by far the occupation is most plainly seen. For religion larger proportion of men are taken up with is not one among the many interests of life, active duty, which they cannot neglect, if which is to have its measure of attention, and themselves and those dependent on them are then to give way to other pursuits; but it is to prosper or subsist. In the literal “ sweat the single interest of life: it is not a duty to of their face" do most men eat their bread; be discharged, but a principle to be felt. arà those classes which are not obliged, as To be truly religious, is to breathe the atmowas St. Paul, by their own hands to minister sphere of God's presence, at all times, and unto their daily necessities, go through much under all circumstances : it is, to have that constant mental, and, often, not a little bodily perception of him, spiritually, which the fatigue. Providence seems to have balanced heathen had of him for their physical susthe condition of the several classes of society tenance," in him” to “ live and move, and pretty nearly in respect of the labour imposed have our being.” In a word, it is to have on each: "he that will not work, neither shall such a sense of God's intimate, pervading he eat,” will be found to be the law, more or presence throughout the world and within less, under which every man is actually placed ourselves, as shall make us live continually “ Man is born for action,” says a French unto him. Surely, this is true religion : and writer, “ as the fire tends upward, and the yet it is for want of seeing the matter in this stone descends. Not to be occupied, and not undeniable light, that men are so often heard to exist, is for man the same thing."

to complain, that to live by the standard of Now, there are two ways in which religion the Bible, and to mix with the business of can be cherished in the heart; and each, we the world, is a union which they cannot hope think, is consistent with the duties of active life. to achieve. But, on such persons, we might The first is, by engaging in the express exer- urge that remark which has been made with cises of religion, public or private -- in the regard to religious disputes, that “ love congregation or the family. It is from these, settles all controversies;" and, if the spirit of at all times, that piety derives its principal religion were implanted in their hearts, they nutriment. Now, in a country where the would not be perplexed to find a solution of Sabbath is recognised as the day of weekly the problem, how they could live in the world, rest, and on which all ranks of men are for and yet live unto God. Let them look into that time set free from their labours; where, the diary of good men of former generations, also, there is, throughout the kingdom, in and of good men now living, and they would every one of those districts which we term be amazed to find how many moments in parishes, a local supply of religious ordi- each day-moments of those hours when they nances, none can complain that he has not were in the midst of busy duties—how many constantly within his reach one of the most such moments, amounting sometimes to hours effectual means of spiritual support. This in a week, and to weeks in a year, have, inmeasure, at least, of his life, he may devote der the influence of a devotional spirit, been to the “ things that are above."

reclaimed from earth, and given to God; how And, private devotion, whether in the often, in the midst of worldly turmoil, the family or closet, - who is he that may not soul's aspirings have taken upward flight, find the time to practise this, with tolerable and held converse with “ the things that are regularity, if he be sincerely anxious about not seen.” Holy ejaculations, whether of it? It is, clearly, most easy to do so in the prayer or praise, have gone forth from the upper and middle classes of society; and midst of the senate or the exchange, and have there are many instances to be found, both nerved the legislator, and the merchant, to on record and within our own observation, of discharge a responsible duty, or to meet a families in the lowest walks of life, where-- trying extremity. The presence of the most the will existing—there has been found the august personages, - the pressure of the way; and where the domestic altar, though busiest throng,—the intrusion of the most formed of rude materials, and standing on unwelcome visitor,-cannot prevent the truly rugged ground, is yet habitually raised. spiritual man from holding real and precious Now, in answering to ourselves the question, communion with Him “who seeth in secret :"

there is no need that the lips should utter any true and formal nature of religion ; and make sound : the veriest whisper of the soul finds your whole life to be an unintermitted life of an effectual entrance into His ears, unto duty to God. For this habit of piety in your whom all hearts are open, all desires known, soul will not lie sleeping and inactive, but and from whom no secrets are hid.” But we almost in every hour of the day will put forth go much farther than this: we not only assert actual exertings of itself in applications of it to be a very possible thing to live in the short occasional prayers, thanksgiving, deelement of the world and in the element of pendence, resort unto that God that is always religion at the same time: we assert that this ncar you, and lodgeth in a manner in your union is the very essence of piety. Not heart, by his fear, and love, and habitual relito keep company with the material objects by gion towards him. Thus, you doubly redeem which we are encompassed, is a thing impos- your time: 1st, In those natural and civil sible ; " for then we must needs go out of the concerns which are not only permitted, but, in world :" but to be surrounded by an unholy a great measure, enjoined by Almighty God. atmosphere, and yet to breathe celestial air ; 2d, At the same time exercising acts of relito be in the world, and not of it,--this is gious duties, observance, and veneration, by precisely the duty whereunto we are called perpetuated, or at least frequently reiterated, the discipline under which we are placed; though short acts of devotion to him. And and if religion be that which it has been de- this is the great art of Christian chemistry, fined to be, “the life of God in the soul of to convert those acts that are materially natuman," it will enable us to do this; for “ this

ral or civil, into acts truly and formally reliis the victory that overcometh the world, even gious; whereby the whole course of this life our faith.” Was not David an instance that is both truly and imperatively a service to religion consists in such a course as this, Almighty God, and an uninterrupted state of when, throughout a life unusually busied in religion; which is the best and noblest, and " serving his generation,” he “ set the Lord most universal redemption of his time." always before him?" Moses, too, who amidst

E. the duties and temptations of an exalted post, * endured, as seeing Him that is invisible ?" and Paul, who did all things

Biography. as of God, in the sight of God," “ who trieth the hearts ?"

ST. IGNATIUS, BISHOP OF ANTIOCH. Not only did they thus “ walk with God”

It is peculiarly refreshing to cast our eyes far upward while they walked on earth, but they knew

in the line of Christian history, and contemplate those that they were called “ so to walk, and”

servants of God, who, in the earliest periods of the thereby “ please God.”

Church, witnessed, for his name, a good confession. The monk in his monastery, and the nun

Such an

was Ignatius, one of the apostolical in her convent, may fancy they are sublime fathers of the Church, who was born in Syria, educated instances of the self-denying power of reli- under the personal tuition of the Apostle and Evangion; but such a praise is more truly claimed gelist St. John, and became intimately acquainted with by those Christians who become the salt of St. Peter and St. Paul. St. John, esteeming him to the earth, by preserving the world around be eminently fitted by his knowledge and piety, orthem from corruption, themselves being dained him: he was afterwards, on the death of Euopreserved uncorrupt ; — who imitate those dius, appointed bishop of Antioch, about the year 70, guardian spirits, who, whilst they have a re- by the two Apostles who first planted Christianity in spect to the things this lower do,

that city,--the place, it will be remembered, where yet, “ continually behold the face of their the disciples were first called Christians. In this imFather who is in heaven.”

portant seat of duty (for Antioch was both the metroThe following remarks from Sir Matthew polis of Syria, and the most renowned city of the East) Hale's Contemplations confirm the above sen

he continued more than forty years, giving honour timents :

and protection to the religion of Christ, until the Em“ Whatever you do, be very careful to

peror Trajan came to Antioch to make preparations maintain in your heart a habit of religion.

for a war against the neighbouring people. After This will put itself into acts, even although moration of his recent victories, he began to inquire

making a triumphal entry into the city, in commeyou are not in a solemn posture of religious into the state of religion there; and finding that worship, and will lend you multitudes of reli: Christianity had made great progress in Antioch, he gious applications to Almighty God, upon all resolved to persecute it here, as he had already done occasions and interventions, which will not

in other parts of the empire. at all hinder you in your secular occasions,

He seems, however, to have been led, either through but better and further you. It will give a humanity or policy, to adopt a modified course of tincture of devotion upon all your secular treatment of the Christians; for he directed Pliny to employments, and turn those actions which punish those only that were brought before him judiare materially civil or natural, into the very cially. Ignatius, " not ashamed of the testimony of



a mo

the Lord," and " in nothing terrified by his adver- | really believe it, and feel the energy of the Spirit of saries," resolved to go, of his own accord, to the em- its divine Author, has not often been more illustriously peror, to make open profession of his faith, and of his displayed." resolution to stand by the cause, to the support of He was first conducted to Seleucia, a port of Syria, which he was a consecrated instrument. The con- at about sixteen miles' distance, the place whence Paul ference which took place is recorded in the Acts of and Barnabas set sail for Cyprus. Arriving at Smyrna, Ignatius, a book published by Archbishop Usher from in Ionia, he was permitted to visit Polycarp, bishop of two ancient manuscripts. The Church historian that place, who had been his fellow-disciple under Milner truly characterises this conference as

St. John ; and was himself visited by deputies sent nument of false glory, shrouding itself under super- from the various churches of Asia; in return for stition and ignorance, on the one hand ; and of true which kind expression of sympathy, he wrote letters glory, supported by the faith and hope of Jesus, on to the churches of Ephesus, Magnesia, Tralles, and the other."

Rome, to build them up in the faith. “ Being come into the emperor's presence,” says Any one who should take the pains to read these Milner," he was thus addressed by Trajan : What an epistles would derive much instruction from the sentiimpious wretch art thou, both to transgress our com- ments of this primitive bishop on subjects of much mands, and to inveigle other souls into the same folly interest in the present day. And, when we consider to their ruin !- Ignatius answered, Theophorus ought the period at which those sentiments were uttered, not to be called so; for wicked spirits are departed they must come home to us with peculiar force. At from the servants of God. But, if you call me impious the moment when death is full in his face, what is the because of my hostility, I own the charge in that subject of which his heart is full ? Let the historian respect; for I dissolve all their snares, sustained in- we have before quoted give the answer: let every wardly by Christ, the heavenly king.–Traj. Pray, Christian reader weigh it seriously. who is Theophorus ?-Ign. He who has Christ in his Nothing (says Milner) lies more on his heart in breast.-- Traj. And thinkest thou not that gods reside all his epistles than to recommend the most perfect in us also, who fight for us against our enemies ?– union of the members of the Church, and to reprobate Ign. You mistake in calling the demons of the nations schisms and dissensions. He conceives of them as all by the name of gods. For there is only one God, united to Jesus Christ, all partaking of the same spi. who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that ritual life. To separate from the Church, and to lose is in them; and one Jesus Christ, his only begotten that subordination in which they all stood to their Son, whose kingdom be my portion.— Traj. His king- | pastors, was to tear in pieces the body of Christ, and dom, do you say, who was crucified under Pilate ?- to expose themselves to the seductions of those who Ign. His, who crucified my sin with its author, and would draw them from the faith and hope of the has put all the fraud and malice of Satan under their Gospel. In modern times, this language is judged not feet, who carry him in their heart.— Traj. Dost thou, very consonant to the spirit of liberty, on which we then, carry him who was crucified within thee ?—Ign. are so apt to felicitate ourselves. And I am perI do; for it is written, ‘I will dwell in them, and walk suaded, that the strong manner in which submission in them.' Then Trajan pronounced this sentence to the bishop is inculcated, has been the strongest against him: “Since Ignatius confesses that he car- argument with many to encourage themselves in ries within himself him that was crucified, we com- doubts of the authenticity of these pieces. "Let no mand that he be carried bound by soldiers to great one mistake,' writes Ignatius to the Ephesians ; ' if Rome, there to be thrown to the beasts for the enter- any man is not within the altar, he is deprived of the tainment of the people.''

bread of God. If the prayer of one or two has so We do not, at once, perceive why Trajan should much strength, how much more that of the bishop have sent him to so great a distance as Rome was and the whicle Church? He who separates from it, from Antioch, to suffer the sentence of execution. is proud, and condemns himself: for it is written, Would it not have been a more terrific and impressive God resisteth the proud. Let us study, therefore, lesson to scare them away from the profession of Chris- obedience to the bishop, that we may be subject to tianity, if they should see " their champion dead” God. And the more silent and gentle any one obbefore their eyes ? Trajan thought, no doubt, that by serves the bishop to be, the more on that account using this method he should produce an effect, equally, should he reverence him : for every one to whom the if not more appalling at Antioch, while he should Master commits the stewardship ought to be received carry the influence of this example of his displeasure as the Master himself.' And, in every age, the same to a far wider extent.

conduct towards godly pastors is doubtless the true But " the wrath of man shall praise” God: the wisdom of the Church ; and the spirit of schism, amLord hath made all things for himself; yea, even the bition, and self-conceit, disguising itself under the wicked " for the display of his glory.” The sequel specious pretences of liberty of conscience, has proof the history will illustrate these truths. “ The scene

duced the most fatal effects." before us,” says Milner, “is august: the state of There is also another of these letters which Ignatius Christendom at that time is much illustrated by it. wrote to the churches, to which it is impossible not to The seven epistles of this great man, undoubtedly allude particularly—that which he sent to Rome, in genuine as they are, and accurately distinguished from which he entreats the Christians there not to attempt all corrupt interpolations, will come in aid to the acts to rescue him from his impending martyrdom ; thus of his martyrdom; by them, he, being dead, yet exhibiting the spirit, and using, in his letter, nearly speaketh ; and, what the Gospel can do for men who the very words, of his blessed companion Paul, who

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