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was formerly a prominent physician of Lawrenceburg, Ind., and since he located in Helena has been very successful in his profession and in outside business interests. Mr. J. S. Miller graduated at the American Medical College in St. Louis in 1880. He was especially pleased to meet Prof. Younkin, Dean of the American, who was one of our party. Mr. Miller gives his whole attention to law and to mining interests. He has been very successful in making money. These gentlemen were both very pleasant and affable, and delightfully described to us the chief interests centering in and about Helena. They presented us with specimens of the rich ores that abound in Helena mines. They also gave each as a memento, one or two uncut famous Montana sapphires.

The city of Helena and its good citizens had subscribed a very generous sum of money, to be devoted to the entertainment of our party, and in showing us the city, their smelting works-the handling of gold etc., from the time it came from the mine--through every step until it was turned over in great gold ingots to the Treasury Department of the United States. They had induced the delay of a shipment that we might feast our eyes upon great hunks of the gold god. Helena is without doubt, one of the richest little cities in the world. 13,834 people are assessed $24,000,000. They had $8,119,689 71 individual deposits in their banks, Sept. 30, 1895. Millions upon millions of dollars are invested in buildings and plants of various kinds in and about Helena. It has the largest hot spring natatorium in the world. It is 150 by 4c0 feet, and the water varies from 119° to 190° F. The destiny of Helena is yet unwritten; but her promise is golden. No city between St. Paul and the Coast can surpass her.

All day and all night, until four o'clock in the morning we were hustling along trying to get out of Montana. This we did at Hope, and slow watches were turned up another hour to be in time with “Pacific" standard time.

To be continued.

THE ECLECTIC NATIONAL ASSOCIATION.—The meeting here last week of this association was a great success. The attendance was large considering the distance Portland is from the east, and the class of men present was good. Advertising men have been strictly excluded. The society meets next year at Minnetonka, Minn., Dr. D. Maclean, of San Francisco, was elected president.

The ECLECTIC.—The homeopathic school, founded upon a single line in the therapeutics, perbaps has need of separate medical societies, but the Sentinel fails to see a single reason for the existence of separate eclectic medical societies. Eclecticism is, as we understand it, founded upon the principle, the very best possible, that a physician should pluck the good from all creeds, theories and isms. This is regular medicine. A man with that belief is entitled to admission into any regular society,

if he is a reputable character and does not modify such belief. Why then a separate faction from the great body of medical practitioners known as the regular school? Theories in therapeutics are little enough to separate physicians, even when they differ. When there is no difference, why should a wing of the profession refuse to join the body? The Sentinel would be glad to hear from some eclectic upon this subject.Medical Sentinel of Portland, Oregon.

[We thank Dr. Coe, editor of the Sentinel, for his compliments both expressed and implied in the above. At some future time we hope he'll be fully informed as to what eclecticism is. For the present we can only say that the eclecticism of to-day does not exist because it "plucks the good from all creeds, theories and isms." That it is not by a long shot-"regular medicine." If eclecticism were nothing more than what Dr. Coe, and many others seem to understand it to be, it would hardly deserve the respect given it by by him and by others." “Regular medicine" is willing to take us in because we are something and because we have something, and because we do something. No other school in existence equals ours in its materia medica. Shall we make all sacrifices and concessions, and lose our work and identity by being swallowed up by "regular medicine?"]

DIAGNOSIS OF INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.

Dr. R. F. Williams, in a paper read before the Richmond Academy of medicine, says:

"The diagnosis of intestinal obstruction is always difficult and cannot be dogmatically given; as it must be made by differences in degree of symptoms for the most part; and perhaps more than in any other condition, is the judgment of the physician called in here.

"Diagnosis as to the site of the obstruction:--Abdominal inspection and palpation give indications of the location by the detection of welldefined masses or active peristalsis in the distended coils. Rectal and vaginal examinations should always be made, as by these means, the condition of the pelvic organs can be discovered and often, if the obstruction be low, it can be felt; while, it high, the fingers will find the empty coils depending into the pelvis. Rectal examination with the whole hand is not to be recommended. Obstruction of the small gut gives rise to greater anuria and there is, usually, an increased amount of indican in the urine due to decomposition if albuminous matter. forming indol; while if the obstruction be in the large intestine, indican is not increased as the albuminous substances are not present there in such quantity.

"In obstruction of the small gut, there is greater vomiting which

becomes stercoraceous early, and less tympanites, the distension being in the upper part of the abdomen if the duodenum or jejunum is the site of the obstruction, and in the central part, if the ileum be involved. Professor Monti, of Vienna, gives as a diagnostic point pain beginning about the umbilicus and radiating toward the stomach when the duodenum or jejunum is the site; while if the obstruction be lower down, pain begins in the cæcal regions. He also considers the development of tympanites of diagnostic value if the case be seen early enough.

In obstruction of the large gut, there is greater tympanites and vomiting comes on more slowly. Tenesmus and the passage of mucus and blood are commoner. For deciding the point of obstsuction in the large intestine, rectal examination will give evidence of the involvement of the rectum, and often, of the sigmoid flexure. Inflation with a bellows, or with bicarbonate sodium and tartaric acid is a useful means. Knowing the capacity of the larger gut to be about six quarts, distension of the gut by the injection of known quantities of water, will frequently aid in the diagnosis. For this purpose, only a soft rubber tube should be used on account of the danger by hard one. The patient should be anæsthetized and have his buttocks raised. In both of these last mentioned means care must be used, as cases are on record where such methods have caused rupture. To further aid the diagnosis by this method, ausculation along the course of the large gut should be made as the gurgling sound will give further evidence."- American Medical Review.

SAVE YOUR MEDICAL JOURNALS.-A medical journal is not written only as a pastime and money-making scheme;-the first object is education. As a busy practitioner can not swallow the contents of three or four medical journals of each dominant school and retain all in his brain, as stored up capital for future reference, a fine method is to record, in a book called the Medical Index, all the most valuable titles of such articles read. Daily a certain question comes up: Where did I read such and such an article on such a subject? Your Index will tell you in a second, where, what year, what page. But if a medical journal is worthy to be bought and paid for, it is worthy of being kept in a cover with index attached, bound, and in the right place for ready reference! The general practitioner, especially in the country, has about fifty to seventy-five different journals sent to him during the year; even as sample copies, each one contains some gold among the dross of literature. Let us take time once a year, at least, to cull out this gold, mark the best articles in our Index, and keep all medical journals on file for future reference.-DR. A. OPPERMAN, Auburn, Neb. [The Doctor can direct a German-speaking eclectic to an excellent location. Write him.]

NOTES

AND SOCIETIES.

The Wisconsin State Eclectic Medical Society held its apnual meeting at Kilbourn City on June 2d, 3d, and 4th. There was a very good attendance. The ladies turned out in full force, and organized themselves into a Ladies' Auxiliary with Mrs. Dr. Rodecker as chairman, and Mrs. Dr. Rodermund as secretary. Our officers are Frank P. Klahr, M. D., Horicon, president; C. E. Cole, Prairie du Chien, first vice president; H. H. Norris, Rio, second vice president; W. A. Pratt, Warrens, corresponding secretary; I. F. Stillman, Kilbourn, treasurer; T. H. Vernon, Hillsboro, secretary. Our next place of meeting, Milwaukee, on the last Tuesday in May. Another feature was, we adopted a la pel button, our badge being a bundle of sticks entwined with a serpent and the letters, V. V. S. W. S. E. M. S.-T. H. VERNON, secretary.

Honors are falling thick and fast about our friend, Frederick Wallace Abbott, M. D, The Eclectic Medical Society of Maine elected him to honorary membership at its last annual meeting. The same honor was conferred upon him by the Vermont Eclectic State Association at its last session in Montpelier. Dr. Abbott lives at Taunton, Mass., and recently the mayor of that city tried to induce him to serve as president of its Health Board, but the doctor's professional and literary duties are so pressing that he was forced to decline the honor.

Thus does it become more and more evident that things is a workin', as I have frequently remarked before. Eclecticism is getting there with both feet and don't you forget it. Only Dr. Abbott's superior ability, both as a physician and a man of affairs enforced this “conces. sion” on the part of Taunton's mayor.

C.

THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.-A meeting of the Executive Committee of the Mississippi Valley Medical Association was held at Atlanta, on May 6th, and the following gentlemen were appointed to deliver addresses: Dr. H. N. Moyer, Chicago, address on Medicine. Dr. Horace H. Grant, Louisville, address on Surgery. The indications are that the meeting to be held at St. Paul, on Oct. 20, 21, 22 and 23, will be the largest and most successful in the history of the association. As all the railroads will offer reduced rates for the roundtrip, an opportunity will be given to visit St. Paul and Minneapolis during the most delightful season of the year. C. A. Wheaton, M. D., St. Paul, Minn., Chairman Committee of Arrangements. H. O. Walker, M. D., Detroit, Mich, President. H. W. Loeb, M. D., 3559 Olive Street, St. Louis, Secretary.

GLEANER: You will probably remember the fact that last year the graduates of the Eclectic Medical College of the City of New York made an astonishing record in the examination before the Board of Regents, when they went up for license-every one of them passing, so that our school stood with no failures. That record was considered, and was in fact, phenomenal. This year thirteen (13) of the class which graduated in May, attended before the Board of Regents for examination, and all have passed. We may congratulate and rejoice with each other over the fact that our college has maintained its high standard of last year. Yours as ever, G. W. BOSKOWITZ, M. D., Dean.

[We congratulate our New York brethren. Eclectics are made of the “sterner stuff”—and the Eclectic Medical College of the City of New York is a piece from the middle of the bolt. Indeed there is no "fagend" to eclecticism.]

A YOUNG eclectic physician, of good moral character, who is willing to work, can learn by inclosing stamp and addressing the undersigned, of an excellent opening in an eastern city of about 35,000 inhabitants, with but one eclectic physician, who will cheerfully assist the right man. Also, an eclectic practitioner of good babits, who speaks French fluently, can learn of a good opening in an eastern city of 16,000 inhabitants with practically no opposition. Can have the assistance of a well-established eclectic in introducing him. Inclose stamp.-WM. C. HATCH, M. D., New Sharon, Maine.

Two or three good young eclectics can be directed to excellent locations in the city of Pittsburg, Pa. For full particulars write to P. J. Stouffer, M. D.

DR. T. C. TUCKER, E. M. I. 1875, and his daughter, Agnes M. Tucker, E. M. I. 1890, who have done an excellent business for themselves, and made a name for eclectic medicine in and around Douglas, Kas., intend to move to Indianapolis, Ind., in September next. The work there will be less irksome. May success accompany them.

An excellent opening for an eclectic, in one of the best counties in Kansas; people thoroughly eclectic; good schools, churches, etc., etc. The place must be taken quickly. Address T. C. Tucker, M. D., Douglas, Kansas.

Dr. E. M, MANWAREN, the prominent eclectic of Oswego, N. Y., intends to go abroad shortly to perfect his knowledge in special work. His excellent business must be left to some one, and doctor, if you want it, write Dr. M. for terms. He will dispose of it in a way that will surprise you. Write him.

Dr. H. M. HAMBLIN, of Newkirk, Kay county, Okl., can direct an eclectic to an excellent opening in one of the best counties of his domain. Write him for particulars.

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