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what work Mr. Roosevelt did on the Advocate. The future author of “Winning of the West” seems to have contented himself with purely editorial duties or to have thought too little of his writings to claim them, for the files of the paper reveal but one article signed by him, and this bears only the initial “R.” However, this article is identified by his associates on the publication. It is entitled “Football in Colleges,” and is merely a résumé of conditions of the game at Yale and Princeton. It has little of the nervous force and picturesque style of his later writings. The one Roosevelt touch is in the closing paragraph, which reads: “What is most necessary is that every man should realize the necessity of faithful and honest work, every afternoon." The last two words are in italics. The utterance is characteristic of the man, and valuable in that it points thus early to his driving qualities.

An incident recalled by his classmates is equally characteristic of Mr. Roosevelt and shows that he did things much the same way then that he does them now. A horse in a stable close by Mr. Roosevelt's room made a sudden noise one night, which demanded instant attention. Mr. Roosevelt had retired, but without stopping

to change his apparel he sprang out of the window, two stories from the ground, and had quieted the trouble before the less impetuous neighbors had arrived.

While in college Mr. Roosevelt held membership in the following clubs: The Natural History Society; the Art Club, of which Charles Elliot Norton was president; the Finance Club; the Glee Club (associate member); the Harvard Rifle Corps; the 0. K. Society, of which he was treasurer, and the Harvard Athletic Association, of which he was steward.

Mr. Roosevelt's outdoor life, his hunting and fishing trips, and the study and cataloguing of the birds and insects of his neighborhood had aroused in him a love of natural history long before he entered college. Most of his summers were spent at the Roosevelt farm near Oyster Bay, then almost as inaccessible from New York as the Adirondacks now are, and there was plenty of opportunity for long tramps through the woods and fields in search of information. His perseverance as a boy was phenomenal. Once his curiosity was aroused concerning any living organism he allowed himself no rest until he had the whole scheme of its development down

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from the original protoplasm. He continued these studies all through his college career and at graduation had a mind well stored with the facts of natural history. In this way he laid the foundation for the investigations that have since given to his descriptions of hunting a peculiar scientific value not owned by those of any other writer. He loved the country from boyhood, and to-day credits his physical endurance to his early outdoor life. “I belong as much to the country , as to the city,” he often says; “I owe all my vigor to the country.

Mr. Roosevelt's reading and research had been of such a nature as to develop his admiration for heroic deeds, and in college he became a close student of history, being specially attracted to the science of government and the stirring tales that accompanied the accounts of the different conquests and the formation of new powers. He never tired of reading the “Federalist,” which he calls “the greatest book of its kind ever written."

Mr. Ray Standard Baker, in “A Character Sketch of Mr. Roosevelt,” published in McClure's for November, 1898, says of him: “No young American of the time was more thoroughly familiar with the history of his country,

both east and west, and with the lives of its greatest men. He had studied its politics as well as its wars, and he knew every one of the noble principles on which it was founded."

It was while in college that Mr. Roosevelt conceived the idea of his attractive and useful history of the “Naval War of 1812,” and he began writing it almost as soon as he was out of Harvard.

The causes that have resulted in Mr. Roosevelt's being given the title of “A Typical American" can be easily traced in the development of his character during this formative period of his college life. “Each of us,” he says, “who reads the Gettysburg speech, or the second inaugural address of the greatest American of the nineteenth century, or who studies the long campaigns and lofty statesmanship of that other American who was even greater, cannot but feel within him that lift toward things higher and nobler, which can never be bestowed by the enjoyment of material prosperity.

Here was an aristocrat born and bred, a young man in the full enjoyment of riches, who at the very outset of his career not only chose for his model the deeds of the two greatest

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