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CLI.—THE INFLUENCE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
Extract from Daniel Webster's Speech on the Panama Mission, de
livered in the House of Representatives of the United States, April 14, 1826.*
Mr. Chairman, I WILL detain you only with one more reflection on this subject. We cannot be so blindwe cannot so shut up our senses, and smother our faculties, as not to see, that in the progress and the establishment of South American liberty, our own example has been among the most stimulating causes. That great light-a light which can never be hid--the light of our own glorious revo. lution, has shone on the path of the South American pa. triots, from the beginning of their course. In their emergencies, they have looked to our experience ; in their poli. tical institutions, they have followed our models ; in their deliberations, they have invoked the presiding spirit of our own liberty. They have looked steadily, in every adversity, to the great northern light. In the hour of bloody con. flict, they have remembered the fields which have been consecrated by the blood of our own fathers; and when they have fallen, they have wished only to be remembered with them, as men who had acted their parts bravely, for the cause of liberty in the western world.
Sir, I have done. If it be weakness to feel the sympa. thy of one's nature excited for such men, in such a cause, I am guilty of that weakness. If it be prudence to meet their proffered civility, not with reciprocal kindness, but with coldness or with insult, I choose still to follow, where natural impulse leads, and to give up that false and mistaken prudence, for the voluntary sentiments of my heart.
The following Resolution being under consideration, in committee of the whole House upon the state of the Union, viz.
is “ Resolved, That, in the opinion of the House, it is expedient to appropriate the funds, necessary to enable the President of the United States to send Ministers to the Congress of Panama,"
LII.-MARCELLUS TO THE ROMAN POPULACE, UPBRAIDING
THEM FOR REJOICING AT CÆSAR'S SUCCESS.
Extract from Shakspeare. Julius Cæsar.–Act 1, Scene 1.
WHEREFORE rejoice that.Cæsar comes in triumph?
CLIII.-THE DEATH AND CHARACTER OF WASHINGTON.
Extract from John M. Mason's Eulogy on Washington, delivered at
New York, February 22, 1800.
The death of WASHINGTON, Americans, has revealed the extent of our loss. It has given us the final proof that we Dever mistook hiin. Take his affecting testament, and read
the secrets of his soul. Read all the power of domestic virtue. Read his strong love of letters and of liberty. Read his fidelity to republican principle, and his jealousy of national character. Read his devotedness to you in his military be. quests to near relations. In his acts, Americans, you have seen the man. In the complicated excellence of character, he stands alone. Let no future Plutarch attempt the iniquity of parallel. Let no soldier of fortune, let no usurping conqueror, let not Alexander or Cæsar, let not Cromwell or Bonaparte, let none among the dead or the living, appear in the same picture with WASHINGTON: or let them appear as the shade to his light.
On this subject, my countrymen, it is for others to specu. late, but it is for us to feel. Yet in proportion to the severity of the stroke, ought to be our thankfulness, that it was not inflicted sooner. Through a long series of years has God preserved our WASHINGTON a public blessing: and now that he has removed him for ever, shall we presume to say, What doest thou ? Never did the tomb preach more powerfully the dependence of all things on the will of the Most High. The greatest of mortals crumble into dust, the moment He com. mands, “ Return, ye children of men.” WASHINGTON was but the instrument of a benignant God. He sickens, he dies, that we may learn not to trust in men, nor to make flesh our arm. But though WASHINGTON is dead, JEHOVAH lives. God of our fathers ! be our God, and the God of our children! Thou art our refuge and our hope ; the pillar of our strength ; the wall of our defence, and our unfading glory!
Americans ! this God, who raised up WASHINGTON, and gave you liberty, exacts from you the duty of cherishing it with a zeal according to knowledge. Never sully by apathy or by outrage, your fair inheritance. Risk not, for one moment, on visionary theories, the solid blessings of your lot. To, you, particularly, O youth of America! applies the solemn charge. In all the perils of your country, remember WASHINGTON. The freedom of reason and of right, has been handed down to you on the point of the hero's sword. Guard with veneration the sacred deposit. The curse of ages will rest upon you, O youth of America ! if ever you surrender to foreign ambition, or domestic lawlessness, the precious liberties for which WASHINGTON fought, and your fathers bled.
OLIV.—THE HOSPITALITY AND THE REVENGE OF THE INDIAN.
Speech of Logan, a Mingo Chief, to Lord Dunmore, Governor of
I APPEAL to any white man to say, if ever he entered Logan's cabin hungry, and he gave him not meat : if ever he came cold and naked, and he clothed him not. During the course of the last long and bloody war, Logan remained idle in his cabin, an advocate for peace. Such was my love for the whites, that my countrymen pointed as they passed, and said, “Logan is the friend of white men.” I had even thought to have lived with you, but for the injuries of one man. Colonel Cresap, the last spring, in cold blood, and unprovoked, murdered all the relations of Logan, not even sparing my women and children. There runs not a drop of my blood in the veins of any living creature. This called on me for revenge. . I have sought it: I have killed many : I have fully glutted my vengeance : for my country I rejoice at the beams of peace. But do not harbor a thought that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear., He will not turn on his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan ?-Not one.
CLV.---THE RAPID MARCU OF CIVILIZATION,
Extract from a Speech of an Indian Chief to the Provincial Congress,
in New-England, April 11th, 1775.
BROTHERS! we have heard you speak by your letter-we thank you for it-we now make answer. Brothers ! you remember when you first came over the great waters, I was great and you were little, very small. I then took you in for a friend, and kept you under my arms, so that no one might injure you; since that time we have ever been true friends ; there has never been any quarrel between us.-But now our conditions are changed. You are become great and tall. You reach to the clouds. You are seen all round the
world. I am become small, very little. I am not so high as your heel. Now you take care of me, and I look to you for protection. Brothers! I am sorry to hear of this great quarrel between you and Old England. It appears that blood soon must be shed to end this quarrel. We never, till this day, understood the foundation of this quarrel between you and the country you came from. Brothers ! whenever I see your blood running, you will soon find me about you, to revenge my brothers' blood. Although I am low and very small, I will gripe hold of your enemy's heel, that he cannot run so fast and so light as if he had nothing at his heels.
Brothers! I would not have you think that we are falling back from our engagements. We are ready to do any thing for your relief, and shall be guided by your counsel.
CLVI.-THE EFFECTS OF CIVILIZATION UPON THE INDIANS.
Extract from the Speech of Red Jacket, an Indian Chief, to one of the
· Missionaries of the Missionary Society.
Friend and Brother,--It was the will of the Great Spirit that we should meet together this day. He orders all things, and has given us a fine day for our Council. He has taken his garment from before the sun, and caused it to shine with brightness upon us. Our eyes are opened, that we see clearly; our ears are unstopped, that we have been able to hear distinctly the words you have spoken. For all these favors we thank the Great Spirit, and Him only.
Brother-Listen to what we say.
There was a time when our forefathers owned this great island. Their seats extended from the rising to the setting sun. The Great Spirit had made it for the use of Indians. He had created the buffalo, the deer, and other animals for food. He had made the bear and the beaver. Their skins served us for clothing. He had scattered them over the country, and taught us how to take them. He had caused the earth to produce corn for bread. All this He had done