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tie new man entire in all its parts and members. It hath pleased the Father that in Christ all fullness should dwell : There is in him every grace; he is full of grace
and truth: And they that are Christ's, do, “ of his fullness receive grace for grace ; (John i. 14. 16.) i. e. there is every grace in them which is in Christ; grace for grace ; that is, grace answerable to grace : There is no grace in Christ, but there is its image in believers to answer it: The image is a true image; and there is something of the same beautiful proportion in the image, which is in the original ; there is feature for feature, and member for member. There is symmetry and beauty in God's workmanship. The natural body, which God hath made, consists of many members ; and all are in a beautiful proportion : So it is in the new man, consisting of various graces and affections. The body of one that was born a perfect child, may fail of exact proportion through distemper, and the weakness and wounds of some of its members ; yet the disproportion is in no measure like that of those that are born monsters.
It is with hypocrites, as it was with Ephraim of old, at a time when God greatly complains of their hypocrisy, Hos. vii. 6 Ephraim is a cake not turned,” half roasted and half raw : There is commonly no manner of uniformity in their affections.
There is in many of them a great partiality with regard to the several kinds of religious affections ; great affections in some things, and no manner of proportion in others. An holy hope and holy fear go together in the saints, as has been observed from Psal. xxxiii. 18, and cxlvii. 11. But in some of these is the most confident hope, while they are void of reverence, self jealousy and caution, to a great degree cast off fear. In the saints, joy and holy fear go together, though the joy be never so great: As it was with the disciples, in that joyful morning of Christ's resurrection, Matth. xxviii. 8. “ And they departed quickly from the sepulchre, with fear and great joy."* But many of these rejoice without tremb
* i Renewed care and diligence follows the sealings of the Spirit. Now is the soul at the foot of Christ, as Mary was at the sepulchré, with fear and
Jing: Their joy is of that sort, that it is truly opposite to gode ly fear.
But particularly, one great difference between saints and hypocrites is this, that the joy and comfort of the former is attended with godly sorrow and mourning for sin. They have not only sorrow to prepare them for their first comfort, but after they are comforted, and their joy established. As it is foretold of the church of God, that they should mourn and loath themselves for their sins, after they were returned from the captivity, and were settled in the land of Canaan, the land of rest, and the land that flows with milk and honey, Ezek, XX. 42, 43. “ And ye shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall bring you into the land of Israel, into the country for the which I lified up mine hand to give it to your fathers. And there shall ye remember your ways, and all your doings, wherein ye have been defiled, and ye shall loath yourselves in your own sight, for all your evils that ye have committed.” As also in Ezek. xvi. 61, 62, 63. A true saint iš like a little child in this respect; he never had any godly sorrow before he was born again ; but since has it often in exercise : As a little child, before it is born, and while it remains in darkness, never cries ; but as soon as it sees the light, it begins to cry ; and thenceforward is often crying. Although Christ hath borne our griess, and carried our sorrows, so that we are freed from the sorrow of punishment, and may now sweetly feed upon the comforts Christ hath purchased for us ; yet that hinders not but that our feeding on these comforts should be attended with the sorrow of repentance. As of old, the chilren of Israel were commanded, evermore to feed upon the paschal lamb, with bitter herbs, True saints are spoken of in scripture, not only as those that have mourned for sin, but as those that do mourn, whose manner it is still to mourn, Matth. v. 4. “ Blessed are they that mourn ; for they shall be comforted.”
Not only is there often in hypocrites an essential deficiency as to the various kinds of religious affections, but also a
great joy. He that travels the road with a rich treasure about him, is afraid of a thief in every bush.” Flavel's Sacramental Meditations, Med. 4.
may be in
strange partiality and disproportion, in the same affections, with regard to different objects.
Thus, as to the affection of love, some make high pretences, and a great shew of love to God and Christ, and it may be, have been greatly affected with what they have heard or thought concerning them : But they have not a spirit of love and benevolence towards men, but are disposed to contention, envy, revenge, and evil speaking; and will, it may be, suffer an old grudge to rest in their bosoms towards a neighbor, for seven years together, if not twice seven years ; living in real ill will and bitterness of spirit towards him : And it their dealings with their neighbors, are not very strict and conscientious in observing the rule of “ doing to others as they would that they should do to them.” And, on the other hand, there are others that appear as if they had a great deal of benevolence to men, are very good natured and generous in their way, but have no love to God.
And as to love to men, there are some that have flowing affections to some ; but their love is far from being of so extensive and universal a nature, as a truly Christian love is. They are full of dear affections to some, and full of bitterness towards others. They are knit to their own party, them that approve of them, love them and admire them; but are fierce against those that oppose and dislike them. Mat. v. 45, 46. 6. Be like your father, which is in heaven; for he maketh his şun to rise on the evil, and on the good. For if
love them which love you, what reward have ye? Do not even the publicans the same?”, Some shew a great affection to their neighbors, and pretend to be ravished with the company of the children of God abroad ; and at the same time are uncomfortable and churlish towards their wives and other near relations at home, and are very negligent of relative duties. And as to the great love to sinners and opposers of religion, and the great concern for their souls, that there is an appearance of in some, even to extreme distress and agony, singling out a particular person, from among a multitude, for its object, there being at the same time no general compassion to sinners, that are in equally miserable circumstances, but what is in a
able instance of Christ's having compassion at once both to
men's : both, i
because bega z sion to 22
his comment while bac
with bre professing
same mars sion.
sickness and diseases among the people. We have a remarka
monstrotis disproportion ; this seems not to be of the nature of gracious affection. Not that I suppose it to be at all strange, that pity to the perishing souls of sinners should be to a degree of agony, if other things are answerable: Or that a truly gracious compassion to souls should be exercised much more to some persons than others that are equally miserables especially on some particular occasions : There may many things happen to fix the mind, and affect the heart, with resa pect to a particular person, at such a juncture; and without doubt some saints have been in great distress for the souls of particular persons, so as to be as it were in travail for themi í but when persons appear, at particular times; in racking agoi dies for the soul of some single person, far beyond what has been usually heard or read of in eminent saints, but appear to de persons that have a spirit of meek and fervent love, charo ity, and compassion to mankind in general, in a far less dea gree than they : I say, such agonies are greatly to be suspectá ed, for reasons already given; viz. that the Spirit of God is wont to give graces and gracious affections in a beautiful sømmetry and proportion,
And as there is a monstrons disproportion in the love of some, in its exercises towards different persons, so there is in their seeming exercises of love towards the same persons... Some men shew a love to others as to their outward mafij they are liberal of their worldly substances and often give to the poor ; but have no love to, or concern for the souls of wen. Others prétend a great love to men's souls, that are not compassionate and charitable towards their bodies. The making a great shėw of love, pity and distress for souls; costs them nothing ; but in order to shew mercy to men's bodies they must part with money out of their pockets. But a trie Christian love to our brethren extends both to their souls and bodies; and herein is like the love and compassion of Jesus Cbrist. He shewed mercy to men's souls, by laboring for them in preaching the gospel to them; and shewed mercy to their bodies, in going about doing good, healing all mánver of
men's souls and bodies, and shewing compassion by feeding both, in Mark vi. 34, &c. “ And Jesus when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion towards them, because they were aş sheep not having a shepherd ; and he began to teach them many things.” Here was his compassion to their souls. And in the sequel we have an account of his compassion to their bodies, because they had been a long while having nothing to eat; he fed five thousand of them with five loaves and two fishes. And if the compassion of professing Christians towards others does not work in the same ways, it is a sign that it is no true Christian compassion.
And furthermore, it is a sign that affections are not of the right sort, if persons seem to be much affected with the bad qualities of their fellow Christians, as the coldness and lifelesse ness of other saints, but are in no proportion affected with their own defects and corruptions. A true Christian may be affected with the coldness and unsavoriness of other saints, and may mourņ much over it : But at the same time, he is not so apt to be affected with the badness of any body's heart, as his own ; this is most in his view ; this he is most quicksighted to discern ; this he sees most of the aggravations of, and is most ready to lament. And a less degree of virtue will bring him to pity himself, and be concerned at his owo calamities, than rightly to be affected with others' calamities, And if men have not attained to the less, we may determine they never attained to the greater.
And here by the way, I would observe, that it may be laid down as a general rule, that if persons pretend that they come to high attainments in religion, but have never yet arrived to the less attainments, it is a sign of a vain pretence. As if persons pretend, that they have got beyond mere morality, to liye a spiritual and divine life ; bạt really have not come to be so much as moral persons : Or pretend to be greatly affected with the wickedness of their hearts, and are not affect: ed with the palpable violations of God's commands in their practice, which is a less attainment: Or if they pretend to be brought to be even willing to be damned for the glory of God,