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have believed.” Matth. ix. 2 r'. 66 She said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole.” i Cor. xii. 3. “ Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man, speaking by the Spirit of God, calleth Jesus accursed ; and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.”
§ 4. It is a belief of the truth, from a spiritual taste and relish of what is excellent and divine. Luke xii. 57.
“ Yea, and why, even of yourselves, judge ye not what is right?" Believers receive the truth in the love of it, and speak the truth in love. Eph. iv. 15. “But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ."
$ 5. The object of faith is the gospel, as well as Jesus Christ. Mark i. 15. “ And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand : Repent ye, and believe the gospel.” John xvii. 8. « For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me ; and they received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me.” Rom. x. 16, 17.
6. But they have not obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report ?....So then, faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.” § 6. Faith includes a knowledge of God and Christ. 2 Pet,
“ Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord ; according as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue." John xvii. 3.
6 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou hast sent."
$7. A belief of promises is faith, or a great part of faith. Heb. xi. “Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen," &c. 2 Chron. xx. 20. “ And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa; and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jeru: salem ; Believe in the Lord your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper.” A de
1. 2, 3.
« For we
pending on promises is an act of faith. Gal. v. 5.
receiving of Christ. John i. 12. “But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name."
$ 9. It is receiving Christ into the heart. Rom. x. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. “ But the righteousness which is of faith, speaketh on this wise, Say not in thy heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (That is, to bring Christ down from above ;) or, who shall descend into the deep? (That is, to bring up Christ from the dead.) But what saith it; The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart, (that is, the word of faith, which we preach) That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation."
§ 10. A true faith includes more than a mere belief; it is accepting the gospel, and includes all acceptation. 1 Tim. i.
« And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief.” 2 Cor. xi. 4. For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached ; or if you receive another Spirit, which
ye have not received; or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him.”
§ 11. It is something more than merely the assent of the understanding, because it is called an obeying the gospel. Rom. x. 16. “ But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report ?". 1 Pet. iv. 17. - For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God : And if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God ?”
It is obeying the doctrine from the heart; Rom. vi. 17, 18. « But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin ; but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which
was delivered you. Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness," &c.
$ 12. This expression of obeying the gospel, seems to denote the heart's yielding to the gospel in what it proposes to us in its calls: It is something more than merely what may be called a believing the truth of the gospel. John xii. 42. “ Neyertheless, among the chief rulers also, many believed on him ; but, because of the Pharisees, they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue.” And Philip asked the eupuch, whether he believed with all his heart?.... It is a fully believing, or a being fully persuaded : This passage evidences that it is so much at least.
§ 13. There are different sorts of faith that are pot true and saving, as is evident by what the Apostle James says, • Shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.” Where it is supposed that there may be a faith without works, which is not the right faith : When he says, “ I will shew thee my faith by my works," nothing else can be meant, than that I will shew thee that
my faith is right.
§ 14. It is a trusting in Christ. Psal. ii. 12. 66 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little : Blessed are all they that put their trust in him." Eph. i. 12, 13. 6 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ : In whom yo also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation ; in whom also, after that ye belicved, ye were sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise.” 2 Tim. i. 12. i For the which cause I also suffer these things : Nevertheless I am not ashamed ; for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day."
Many piaces in the Old Testament speak of trusting in God as the condition of his favor and salvation ; especially Psal. Ixxviii. 21, 22. “ Therefore the Lord heard this, and was wroth : So a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel ; because they believed not in God, and trusted not in his salvation.” It implies submission;
Rom. xy. 12. And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse ; and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles, in him shall the Gentiles trust.” 1 Tim. iv. 10. " For therefore we both labor and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, especially of those that believe.“ 2 Tim. i. 12. « For which cause I also suffer these things ; nevertheless I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.” Matth. viii. 26. “ Why are ye fearful, Oye of little faith ?” Matth. xvi. 8. " Which Jesus, when he perceivec, he said unto them, O ye of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves, because ye have brought no bread ?” 1 John v. *13, 14.
“ These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life ; and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God. And this is the confidence that we have in him, that if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us.” Believing in Christ in one verse, is called confidence in the next.
§ 15. It is a committing ourselves to Christ; 2 Tim. i. 12. " For the which cause I also suffer these things : Nevertheless I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.” This is a Scripturc sense of the word believe, as is evident by John ii. 24. “ Jesus did not commit himself to them.” In the original it is oux επιςευον εαυλον αυθοις.
$ 16. It is a gladly receiving the gospel; Acis ii. 41. “ Then they that gladly received his word, were baptized ; and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.” It is approving the gospel; Luke vii. 30, 35. “ But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him. But wisdom is justified of all her children." It is obeying the doctrine ; Rom. vi. 17. « But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin ; but ye have obeyed from the heart, that form of doctrine which was delivered you." It is what may be well
understood by those expressions of coming to Christ, of look: in to him, of opening the door to let him in. This is very evident by scripture. It is a coming and taking the waters of life, eating and drinking Christ's flesh and blood, hearing Christ's voice, and following him. John x. 26, 27. “ But ye believe not; because ye are not of' my sheep, as I said unto you. My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me.” John viii. 12. « Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world ; he that followeth me, shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life." Isaiah xlv. 22. “ Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth : For I am God, and there is none else.”
$ 17. Faith consists in two things, viz. in being persuaded of, and in embracing the promises : Heb. xi. 13. " These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.” I Cor. xiii. 7. “ Charity believeth all things, hopeth all things.” If that faith, hope and charity, spoken of in this verse, be the same with those that are compared together in the last verse, then faith arises from a charitable disposition of heart, or from a principle of divine love. John V. 42.
“ But I know you, that ye have not the love of God in you," with the context. Deut. xiii. 3. 6 Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: For the Lord your God proveth you, to know whether you love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul.” 1 John v. 1. “ Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ, is born of God: And every one that love eth him that begat, loveth him also that is begotten of him."
$ 18. It is a being reconciled unto God, revealing himself by Christ in the gospel, or our minds being reconciled. 2 Cor. v. 18, 19, 20, 21. “ And all things are of God, who hath reconciled as to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation ; to wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. Now then we are ambassadors for Christ ; as