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PREFACE

This book has been prepared for the purpose of encouraging the intelligent study of the history of American literature by assembling representative text of the poetry and adequate critical machinery to accompany it.

In making the selections two main points have been kept in mind: First, that, taken as a whole, the poems should be observable as an index both to the progress of American poetry and to the progressions of American thought; second, that they should fairly represent the chief characteristics of the authors. In order to have them hit this latter mark, it was necessary that they be ample enough to furnish material for real study of the successive poets, and this fulness limited the number of units to twenty-nine, twenty-five poets and four time-groups: songs, epigrams and elegies of the seventeenth century, almanac verse of the eighteenth, and the lyrics of the Revolutionary and Civil Wars not included in the works of the more important poets. Insurmountable copyright restrictions will account for the lack of a few late products by four of the best known poets, and for the total omission of one or two others who could not be adequately represented. These omissions, however, have only slightly disturbed the balance of the text.

The material, aside from the text, has been prepared with the aim of assisting the student to use his mind rather than his memory, and of suggesting lines of study for him to follow. The criticisms are, therefore, not offered as dogmatic finalities, but as "aids to reflection.” Wherever they can be construed as representing the debatable opinions of the authors, they will be of more service to the students who arrive at intelligent dissent from them than to those who mark and learn them with unthinking docility. Pains have been taken to indicate as far as possible the original places of publication in various types of periodicals, from newspapers to annuals, and a separate index of these data has been prepared. The importance of this information, and the deductions that can be drawn from it, have thus far been almost wholly overlooked. The editor will be grateful for corrections or additions.

Assistance of the greatest value has been rendered by Mr. Howard M. Jones, in the writing of the criticisms on Emerson, Poe, Whittier, Lowell, Longfellow and Lanier; by Mr. George Sherburn, in the supply of the text and criticism on the hitherto unnoticed poem by the eighteenth century Lewis; by Mr. Frank M. Webster, in the writing of the criticism on Anne Bradstreet, and in extensive work on the notes; and by Miss Agnes L. Pickering, in help in preparation of the manuscript. Among many librarians who have been liberal in their courtesies, especial acknowledgment is due Mr. J.C. Schwab, Yale University, in connection with the use of the Aldis collection; to Mr. H. L. Koopman, Brown University, in connection with the use of the Harris collection, and to Mr. W. G. Forsythe, of the Boston Public Library, in connection with use of the haven for students over which he presides in the Barton library room.

PERCY H. BOYNTON.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I-POEMS
Louisbourg..

37
To Celia.

38

ANNE BRADSTREET

The Wasp

39

Date Obolum Bellesario..

39

To Her Most Honoured Father.

The Battle of the Kegs..

40

Queen Elizabeth..

1 The Birds, the Beasts, and the Bat.

41

The Prologue

3 My Generous Heart Disdains..

42

Contemplations.

4

The Author to Her Book.

8

Letters to Her Husband.

JOHN TRUMBULL

8

From The Progress of Dulness, Part III. 43

SEVENTEENTH CENTURY SONGS,

Lines Addressed to Messrs. Dwight and Bar-

low..

49

EPIGRAMS AND ELEGIES

From M'Fingal, Canto III, The Liberty Pole 50

Song

. Thomas Morton 11

From "The Simple Cobler of Aggawam”

POETRY OF THE REVOLUTION

Nathaniel Ward 11

On “The Tenth Muse”. Nathaniel Ward 13 From “Braddock's Fate and an Encitement

Upon Mrs. Anna Bradstreet, Her Poems, &c.

to Revenge".

58

J. Rogers 13 To Arms, To Arms !. My Jolly Grenadiers... 58

Acrostic on William Paddy...

15

How Stands the Glass Around?

Upon the Author

B. W. 15

General Wolfe (?) 59

A Funeral Elegy Upon the Death of the Truly

The Death of Wolfe..

(Anon.) 59

Reverend, Mr. John Cotton, Late Teacher

Sure Never Was Picture Drawn More to the

of the Church of Christ at Boston, in New-

Life..

. Virginia Gazette 60

England..

.John Norton 15 Come Join Hand in Hand, Brave Americans

Threnodia on Samuel Stone

All..

John Dickinson (?) 61

Edward Bulkley (?) 16

A Tory Parody of the Above.. Boston Gazette 62

Bacon's Epitaph, Made by His Man...... 17 The Parody Parodized or The Massachusetts

Song of Liberty.

62

The Liberty Pole Satirized.

(Anon.) 63

MICHAEL WIGGLESWORTH

A Song..

Joseph Stansbury 64

From The Day of Doom..

The Boston Tea Party..

18

:'(Anon.) 64

Sentence and Torment of the Condemned

A Lady's Adieu to Her Tea-Table.

65

19

The Saints Ascend to Heaven..

Virginia Banishing Tea...

65

21

The Vanity of Human Wishes...

When Good Queen Elizabeth Governed the

21

Realm...

Joseph Stansbury 65

Liberty Tree.

Thomas Paine 66

R. LEWIS

A Song..

Pennsylvania Journal 66

A Journey from Patapsco in Maryland to An-

The Ballad of Nathan Hale..

67

napolis, April 4, 1730.....

Independence.

.Freeman's Journal 68

24

A Ballad.

.Freeman's Journal 68

Song..

. Jonathan Odell 69

THE ALMANACKS OF NATHANIEL AMES The Congress. Towne's Evening Post 70

Bold Hawthorne.

70

From the Almanack for 1733.

30

A Birthday Song.

From the Almanack for 1738.

Jonathan Odell 71

31 The Fate of John Burgoyne.

72

From the Almanack for 1743

32 A Pastoral Song.

72

From the Almanack for 1751

Joseph Stansbury

33 The Epilogue..

A Broadside 73

Yankee Doodle.

73

FRANCIS HOPKINSON

Yankee Doodle's Expedition to Rhode Island

Rivington's Gazette 74

Ode on Music....

35 A Fable....

David Matthews (?) 75

Song..

35 A Cry to Battle,

J. M. Sewall 75

Advice to Amanda.

35 War and Washington.

.J. M. Sewall 76

A Morning Hymn.

36 The Old Year and the New: A Prophecy

Verses.

36

J. M. Sewall 77

86

The Present Age... .Freeman's Journal 77

JOSEPH RODMAN DRAKE

The Congratulation.

Jonathan Odell 78

The American Times

The American Flag..

136

Camillo Querno (Jonathan Odell)

To a Friend ..

81

136

Ode for the New Year. Jonathan Odell

The Culprit Fay

83

139

Lords of the Main.. Joseph Stansbury 84

A Pasquinade.

Joseph Stansbury 85

FROM THE “CROAKER PAPERS" BY

Volunteer Boys.

.Henry Archer 85

DRAKE AND HALLECK

Song, for a Venison Dinner..Joseph Stansbury

The Dance.

To Mr. Simpson.

86

147

Cornwallis Burgoyned.

To Croaker, Junior.

87

147

Let Us Be Happy as Long as We Can

The National Painting.

148

Joseph Stansbury 87

The Man Who Frets at Worldly Strife

148

To E. Simpson, Esq..

149
To Captain Seaman Weeks.

149

PHILIP FRENEAU

Abstract of the Surgeon-General's Report. 150

The Power of Fancy...

89

To XXXX, Esquire

150

On Retirement.

90

To Mrs. Barnes..

151

A Political Litany.

90

An Address.

152

American Liberty.

91

The Midnight Consultation.

92

America Independent...

FITZ-GREENE HALLECK

94

George the Third's Soliloquy.

95

From Fanny

154

The British Prison Ship, Canto II.

97 On the Death of Joseph Rodman Drake... 158

On the Memorable Victory of Paul Jones.. 99

Marco Bozzaris.

158

Arnold's Departure..

101

The Iron Grays.

159

Prologue to a Theatrical Entertainment in

Connecticut.

160

Philadelphia.

101

Red Jacket..

165

Epigram.

102

The Field of the Grounded Arms.

167

A Prophecy.

102

The Political Balance.

103

WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT

A News-Man's Address.

106

A Newsman's' Address...

106

Thanatopsis.

169

To Sir Toby...

107

To a Waterfowl.

170

The Progress of Balloons.

108

O Fairest of the Rural Maids.

170

Literary Importation..

109

Summer Wind.

171

The Wild Honey Suckle.

110

Monument Mountain.

171

May to April.

110 Hymn to the North Star.

173

The Indian Burying Ground..

110

A Forest Hymn..

174

On the Prospect of a Revolution in France.

111

Hymn to Death.

176

Congress Hall, N. Y..

112

"I Broke the Spell That Held Me Long 179

On the Death of Dr. Benjamin Franklin. 112

"I Cannot Forget with What Fervid Devo-

The American Soldier...

112

tion"

179

To the Public....

113 June...

179

Seventeen Hundred and Ninety-One..

113

A Meditation on Rhode Island Coal.

180

To My Book.

114

The Past.

182

Epistle.

114

The Twenty-Second of December.

182

Ode.

115

The Evening Wind...

183

To the Americans of the United States.

115

Hymn of the City.

183

The Political Weather-Cock.

115

Song of Marion's Men.

184

On a Honey Bee.

116 To the Fringed Gentian.

184

On the British Commercial Depredations.. 116 Seventy-Six..

185

To a Caty-Did...

117

The Antiquity of Freedom.

186

“O Mother of a Mighty Race”

187
Robert of Lincoln..

187

TIMOTHY DWIGHT

The Planting of the Apple-Tree.

188

From Greenfield Hill, Part IV, The Destruction Our Country's Call..

189

of the Pequods.

118 The Song of the Sower.

189

From Greenfield Hill, Part VI, The Farmer's

The Poet...

191

Advice to the Villagers..

121 Abraham Lincoln.

192

Columbia...

123

Christmas in 1875.

192

Love to the Church....

124 A Lifetime.

193

125

130

195

195

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