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BY REMOVING RESTRICTIONS ON
NUMBERS AND LENGTH OF

SERVICE OF DRAFTEES

HEARINGS
it. S. Congress, this accee, BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
SEVENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS
. FIRST SESSION

ON
H. J. Res. 217, H. J. Res. 218, H. J. Res. 220,

and H. J. Res. 222
JOINT RESOLUTIONS DECLARING A NATIONAL EMERGENCY,
EXTENDING TERMS OF ENLISTMENTS, APPOINTMENTS, AND
COMMISSIONS IN THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES, SUS-
PENDING CERTAIN RESTRICTIONS UPON THE EMPLOYMENT
OF RETIRED PERSONNEL OF THE ARMY, MAKING FURTHER
PROVISIONS FOR RESTORATION OF CIVIL POSITIONS TO
MEMBERS OF THE ARMY ON RELIEF FROM MILITARY

SERVICE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

JULY 22, 25, AND 28, 1941

Printed for the use of the Committee on Military Affairs

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1941

61230

COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS

ANDREW J. MAY, Kentucky, Chairman R. EWING THOMASON, Texas

WALTER G. ANDREWS, New York DOW W, HARTER, Ohio

DEWEY SHORT, Missouri CHARLES I. FADDIS, Pennsylvania

LESLIE C. ARENDS, Illinois ANDREW EDMISTON, West Virginia

CHARLES R. CLASON, Massachusetts EDWIN M. SCHAEFER, Illinois

ALBERT G. RUTHERFORD, Pennsylvania J. JOSEPH SMITII, Connecticut

J. PARNELL THOMAS, New Jersey MATTHEW J. MERRITT, New York

PAUL W. SHAFER, Michigan JOHN M. COSTELLO, California

THOMAS E. MARTIN, Iowa OVERTON BROOKS, Louisiana

CHARLES H. ELSTON, Ohio
JOHN J. SPARKMAN, Alabama

FOREST A, HARNESS, Indiana
PAUL J. KILDAY, Texas
CARL T. DURHAM, North Carolina

SAMUEL W. KING, Hawaii
CLIFFORD DAVIS, Tennessee

ANTHONY J. DIMOND, Alaska
E. C. GATHINGS, Arkansas

BOLÍVAR PAGÁN, Puerto Rico
J. C. BURNETTE, Clerk

JULIA WATTERSON, Assistant Clerk
II

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

AUG 15'41

CONTENTS

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Statement of-

Page

Gen. George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff..

1-15

Mr. Grenville Clark, representing the National Emergency Committee

of Military Training Camps.

41-57

Gen. John McKay Palmer, United States Army, retired.

57-64

Maj. Gen. Milton A. Reckord, commanding general, Fort George

G. Meade, Md

65-87

Maj. Gen. Jacob L. Devers, commanding general, Fort Bragg, N. C.- 88-99

Brig. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, Director, Selective Service System -- 99-104

Mr. Frank Murray, president National Parents of Selectees, Inc.-- 104-120

Mr. Merwin K. Hart, New York, N. Y.--

120--126

Mr. Thos. J. Reardon, United States Constitution Defense, Hartford,

Conn..

127-128

Mrs. Catherine Curtis, representing the Women's National Committee

to Keep the United States Out of War and Mothers' National

Executive Committee

129-139

Mrs. Rosa M. Farber, acting national chairman, Mothers of the

United States of America.

139-143

Mrs. Ethel Groen, president, the Mothers of Sons Forum.

143-145

Mr. Stuart Benge..

145-149

Mrs. Mary L. Arbogast, Mothers of Sons Forum.

150-151

Mrs. Sadie Barry, representing Parents of Selectees_

151-154

Mrs. Lucinda Benge, representing selectees -

154-156

Mrs. Agres Waters, representing We, the Mothers, Mobilized for

America.

156-158

Mr. Seymour Etkin, secretary, Washington Keep America Out of

War Committee..

159-162

Mr. Frederick J. Libby, executive secretary of the National Council

for Prevention of War..

162-164

Letter of Joseph C. Menendez, commander in chief, Veterans of

Foreign Wars.

164

Resolution of Eph Boggs Post, No. 49, the American Legion ----- 164-165

PROVIDING FOR THE NATIONAL DEFENSE BY REMOVING

RESTRICTIONS ON NUMBERS AND LENGTH OF SERVICE OF DRAFTEES

TUESDAY, JULY 22, 1941

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C. The committee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Andrew J. May (chairman) presiding

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please be in order. Gentlemen, we have met this morning for the purpose of considering House Joint Resolution 217 and other similar resolutions (reading] : to further provide for the strengthening of the national defense by removing the restrictions on numbers and length of service of draftees, and for other purposes.

We have this morning as the first witness Gen. George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff of the United States Army.

The general is in the witness chair, and the chairman would like to say to the general we would like to have a statement from him of the reasons for the resolution; and, during the course of your testimony, if you reach a point where you think some war secret is involved that should not be disclosed to the public, you are privileged to say so and to reserve that for further closed sessions of the committee.

Now you may proceed, General, and I am going to ask the committee to allow the general to complete his statement, after which he may be subject to questions by members of the committee.

STATEMENT OF GEN. GEORGE C. MARSHALL, CHIEF OF STAFF

General MARSHALL. Mr. Chairman, I have no prepared statement. I have already testified twice before the Senate Committee on Military Affairs. The first hearing has been printed, and I assume some of you have read it. I do not know just to what extent I should repeat myself, but I can be guided in that by your questions, if what I say now is not sufficient for your purposes.

I would like to begin with a reference to my biennial report covering the period of my first 2 years as Chief of Staff. The recommendations submitted in that report were made by me at that particular time and in that specific manner because the situation was so serious that, in my opinion, it had to be brought before the people of the United States. My recommendations were based on military necessity only, and I was especially concerned that they be made in a manner that was clearly nonpolitical. I consulted no one with respect to them and no one knew that I was going to make them. I thought that my action was in the best interests of national defense.

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