The Plessy Case: A Legal-Historical Interpretation

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Oxford University Press, 1988 M09 8 - 282 pages
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In 1896 the U.S. Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson upheld "equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races" on all passenger railways within the state of Louisiana. In this account with implications for present-day America, Lofgren traces the roots of this landmark case in the post-Civil War South and pinpoints its moorings in the era's constitutional, legal, and intellectual doctrines. After reviewing de facto racial separation and the shift by southern states to legislated transportation segregation, he shows that the Fourteenth Amendment became a ready vehicle for legitimating classification by race. At the same time, scientists and social scientists were proclaiming black racial inferiority and lower courts were embracing separate-but-equal in ordinary law suits. Within this context, a group of New Orleans blacks launched a judicial challenge to Louisiana's 1890 Separate Car Law and carried the case to the Supreme Court, where the resulting opinions by Justices Henry Billings Brown and John Marshall Harlan pitted legal doctrines and "expert" opinion about race against the idea of a color-blind Constitution. Throughout his account, Lofgren probes the intellectual premises that shaped this important episode in the history of law and race in America--an episode that still raises troubling questions about racial classification and citizenship--revealing its dynamics and place in the continuum of legal change.

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The Plessy case: a legal-historical interpretation

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Dealing with a landmark Supreme Court decision, Lofgren has written a monograph in the tradition of Anthony Lewis's Gideon's Trumpet . He explores Plessy v. Ferguson from Homer Plessy's challenge of ... Read full review


INTRODUCTION The Plessy Prison
De Facto to De Jure Transportation Segregation in the South from the Civil War to the 1890s
Plessy in Louisiana The Test Cases
Plessy in Louisiana The Constitutional Clash
The Constitutional Environment Lost Origins and Judicial Deference
The Intellectual Environment Racist Thought in the Late Nineteenth Century
The Transportation Law Environment Access by Leave Not Right
Plessy Before the United States Supreme Court
The Court Decides Jim Crow Affirmed
Speaking to the Future

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