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Section 572. Regents may take testimony.

573. Copies of extracts.
574. Departments and their government.
575. Report by regents.
576. Institutions in the university.

577. Visitation.

578. Registration.
579. Reports of institutions.
580. Grants of state money.
581. Grants to academic schools and registered libraries.

582. Charters.

583. Provisional charters.

584. Limited charters.

585. Limitations on incorporation.
586. Powers of incorporated institutions.
587. Change or suspension of charter.
588. Rechartering.

589. Dissolution.

590. Suspension of operations.
591. Stock or business corporations.
592. State examinations, credentials and degrees.

593. Academic examinations.

594. Admissions and fees.

595. Conferring degrees.
596. Trust to institutions, cities or villages.

597. Accumulation and restoration of funds.

598. Unauthorized use of the name college or university.
599. Misdemeanors under this article.
600. Felony under this article.
601. Supreme court may review regents proceedings.

[General note.- This article contains a general revision of the university law, with some additions. The subject of libraries and museums has been transferred to the article on libraries, and several new provisions have been included herein. A change is proposed in the constitution of the board of regents which is indicated in the section relating to that subject.

The article also includes some provisions now in independent statutes, and others included in university ordinances. The prin. cipal powers and duties of the regents are included in this article, but many other provisions are found elsewhere in the chapter, particularly those relating to libraries, museums and academic departments in union schools. The sources of the several sections and more important changes are indicated in the foot notes.]

Section 560. Definitions.-As used in this article.

1. “ Elementary schools” are the schools, including kindergartens and the grades commonly known as primary, intermediate and grammar, which together give a course of instruction in grammar, including reading, writing, spelling and elementary grammar and composition; and in arithmetic, geography, United States history, drawing, laws of health, good manners and good


2. “ High schools" are incorporated public schools requiring for admission the completion of the elementary school course and giving a four-year course of secondary instruction.

3. “ Academies ” are incorporated schools in the university giving an academic course, but not supported by local taxation.

4. “ Academic” refers to the four years of secondary instruction between elementary school and college. “Academic school" includes all schools in the university giving one or more years of academic instruction.

5. "Colleges" are incorporated institutions requiring for admis. sion the completion of the four-year high school course and a registered course of instruction in the liberal arts and sciences.

6. “ Universities” are incorporated institutions, with degreeconferring powers, and with needed libraries, laboratories, museums and other equipment and facilities for the highest special. ized instruction of those adequately prepared therefor by completion of the college course, and for the conservation, advancement and dissemination of knowledge of the liberal arts and sciences by research and publication.

7. “Special schools” are professional, technical and other incorporated schools, whose distinctive object is to train for particular callings. Special schools are of academic, college or university grade, respectively, according as they require for entrance the completion of the elementary, academic or college course.

8. Elementary education ” means all education given by elementary schools.

9. “Higher education" means all education in advance of ele. mentary schools, and is divided into academic, college and university grades, according as the institution requires for entrance the completion of an elementary, academic or college course. Besides the work of colleges and universities, it also includes the work of high schools, academies, special schools and home education.

10. “ Home education” is that gained by individual reading and study or through libraries, museums, study clubs, classes, lectures, and extension, correspondence, summer, evening, vacation or other continuation schools or other agencies not a part of the state's common school system, for providing those outside the regular teaching institutions with educational facilities and opportunities.

11. The - university” means university of the state of New


12. The “ regents

means board of regents of the university of

the state of New York.

13. “ Trustees means the governing board of an educational institution or association, whether called trustees, directors, managers or by any other name.

14. " Ordinances" are rules affecting institutions, associations or individuals brought into relations with the university by law.

15. “By-laws" are rules governing the regents' own organization and procedure, and defining the duties and powers of their committees and officers.

16. "Rules" includes ordinances, by-laws or other regulations.

17. “ Registered” means registered by the university of the state of New York as maintaining proper educational standards.

18. “ General education" is that gained in elementary or high schools, academies, colleges or by home education as distinguished from the highly specialized training of the university and of the professional, technical and other special schools.

19. “ Academic fund” means the total amount of money appropriated by the state from the literature fund or other sources for the benefit of schools of academic grade.

20. “President" includes chancellor, warden, director, dean or other name of the officer recognized by the institution as its official


[Based upon Univ. Law, $ 2, but mostly new.]

$ 561. The university.—The corporation created in the year seventeen hundred and eighty-four under the name of the Re gents of the University of the State of New York, is hereby con. tinued under the name of the University of the State of New


[Const., art. 9, § 2, first sentence.]

$ 562. Objects. The university shall
1. Encourage and promote higher education.

2. Visit and inspect all departments and institutions under its supervision.

3. Distribute to or expend or administer for them all property and funds which the state may appropriate or the university may own or hold in trust or otherwise for this purpose. 4. Perform other duties imposed on it by law.

[Univ. Law, last sentence of $ 3 rewritten.]

$ 563. Regents. The university shall be governed and all its corporate powers exercised by a board, composed of ex-officio and elective regents. The governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state and superintendent of public instruction are exofficio regents, and possess all the powers of elective regents. elective regent must be chosen byoviva voce vote of the senate and assembly in joint session at such times during a regular session of the legislature as they may determine. The regents now in office are continued.

An elective regent heretofore or hereafter chosen shall hold his office during good behavior. An elective regent hereafter chosen, must at the time of his election be thirty years of age.

A vacancy among the elective regents now in office shall not be filled until the number is less than fifteen. Thereafter elec

tive regents shall be chosen from time to time as may be necessary to keep the number fifteen, and the board shall be composed

of nineteen members.

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