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sion forfeits twenty-five dollars for the benefit of the district library, and such penalty shall be recovered by the supervisor.

[Con. School Law, tit. XV, § 12, rewritten. (Page 100, $ 12.)]

§ 67. When action does not abate.-An action against a district officer to recover a penalty or forfeiture does not abate by his resignation, except upon the special order of the court in which the action is pending.

[This section is new and is a substitute for Con. School Law,

tit. VII, last sentence of $ 33. (Page 42, $ 33.)]

§ 68. Water closets and privies. The trustee of each school district shall provide at its expense a suitable and convenient water closet or privy for each sex at each of the schools under his charge. Such closets or privies shall be entirely separate from each other with separate means of access; and the approaches thereto shall also be separated by a substantial close fence, not less than seven feet in height.

The trustees shall keep each closet and privy in a clean and wholesome condition.

[Con. School Law, tit. VII, § 48, and tit. VIII, § 15, sub. 14, consolidated. (Pages 50, 77, SS 48, 15, sub. 14.)]

ARTICLE IV.

UNION SCHOOLS.

Section 75. Union school district; how established.

76. Effect of adverse action.

77. Board a corporation; designation of district.
78. Officers.

79. Expenses; how paid.

80. Filing papers.

Section 81. Powers and duties of boards of education.

82. Visitation and supervision by superintendent.

83. Powers of district.

84. Power of meeting to vote taxes.
85. Municipal authorities to raise school moneys.

86. Increase and reduction of board.

87. Member of board not to be interested in contracts.

88. Moneys; how paid by the board of education.
89. Adoption of academy.
90. Academy as academic department.
91. Supervision of academic department.
92. Limitation on dissolution.

93. Dissolution; distribution of property.

94. Re-transfer of academies.

95. Notice of proposed tax for school buildings, sites, eto. 96. Continuance and election of boards of education.

[General note.—The law relating to union schools has been rewritten for this article. It is much condensed, and many provisions that are also applicable to common school districts are omitted and applied by other provisions. It is thought that a simple, practicable scheme of government is here provided for schools of this grade.]

$ 75. Union school district; how established.--Union schools may be established as herein provided :

1. Fifteen qualified voters of a common school district may pre sent to the trustee a request, signed by them, for a district meet. ing to determine whether a union school district shall be established therein. The trustee, within ten days after receiving such request, shall give notice that a meeting for that purpose will be

nor

more

beld at the school house or other more suitable place in the district, at the time and place therein specified, not less than twenty

than thirty days after posting such notice. The notice shall be served either personally in the same manner as for a special meeting, or by posting the same in at least ten conspicuous places in the district. The notice shall also be published in each newspaper actually printed in the district, for at least once in two consecutive weeks next preceding the meeting. If the trustee shall not give such notice within twenty days, the commissioner or superintendent shall authorize and direct a qualitied voter of the district to give the same.

2. Fifteen qualified voters from each of two or more adjoining common school districts may unite in a request for a meeting of the qualified voters thereof to determine whether they shall be consolidated by the establishment of a union school district therein. The trustees or a majority of them upon receiving such request shall give the notice provided by the foregoing subdivision, except that the place for holding the meeting shall be as central as may be, and the notice shall be posted in at least five public places in each district. The commissioner or superintendent may order such meeting under the conditions and in the manner prescribed in the foregoing subdivision.

3. The meeting shall be organized by the election of a chairman and secretary, and may be adjourned for not more than ten days. A proposition to establish a union school district cannot be considered, unless in the case of a single district, fifteen qualified voters thereof, and in the case of two or more districts, the same number from each district, are present at the meeting.

4. A meeting may, by resolution, determine to establish a union school district in accordance with the request. If such resolution is adopted, the meeting may establish a board of education, which shall always consist of an odd number, and shall be composed of not less than three nor more than nine trustees, who by the order of the meeting shall be divided into three classes as follows: The first class shall hold until one year, the second until two years, and the third until three years from the first day of July next following. Thereafter trustees shall be elected at each annual district meeting, or charter election, to supply the places of those whose terms will expire at the end of the current school year. All terms shall begin on the first day of July. The trustees first elected shall enter at once upon the duties of their office, and the office of an existing trustee in such common school district shall thereupon cease, except for the purposes herein provided in case of a dissolved district. [Con. School Law, tit. VIII, SS 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, rewritten and con

solidated. (Pages 63-68, SS 1, 2, 4, 5, 8).]

§ 76. Effect of adverse action.-If at such a meeting, a proposition for the establishment of a union school district is rejected, no other proceedings shall be taken, except to reconsider or ad. journ, and another meeting for the same purpose shall not be called within one year thereafter. [Con. School Law, tit. VIII, part of $ 5 rewritten. (Page 65,

§ 5).]

§ 77. Board a corporation; designation of district.—The trustees and their successors shall constitute the board of education of such union school district, and as such they are a body corporate. The commissioner shall designate such district as “ Union

school district number

..... of the town of

" which

shall be the name and style of the board. [Con. School Law, tit. VIII, part of 88 5, 7, rewritten. (Page

64, § 5).]

§ 78. Officers.—The board of education at its first meeting, and at each annual meeting thereafter, shall elect one of its members president. In a district not conterminous with a city the board shall appoint a clerk, who may be one of its own number, or any other qualified voter except a teacher employed in the district. A person so appointed shall be clerk of the board of education and of the district, and shall perform all the clerical and other duties pertaining to his office. He is entitled to receive such compensation as may be fixed by an annual district meeting, and if provision is not so made for his compensation, the board of education may fix the same. The board shall also annually appoint a district treasurer and a collector who must be taxable voters in the district. The treasurer is entitled to receive such compensation as may be fixed by the board.

[Con. School Law, tit. VIII, part of $ 7, rewritten. That part of $ 7 which relates to the bond of treasurer and col. lector is omitted, being covered by the general section in this chapter on that subject. (Page 66, part of $ 7).]

§ 79. Expenses, how paid.—The reasonable expenses of the necessary proceedings upon the organization of a union school district, as herein prescribed, are a charge against the district so organized. If a union school district is not organized, the persons who signed the request for a meeting are jointly and severally liable for such expenses.

[Con. School Law, tit. VIII, § 3 and part of g 4, rewritten and consolidated. (Page 64, SS 3, 4).]

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