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Foreword.

IT HAD BEEN the intention of the in

augural committee under the auspices of which the present volume was prepared to publish merely a handbook containing an account of the principal events of the INAUGURATION OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES, but during the course of preparation it was seen to be desira

ble to broaden the scope somewhat in order to do justice in some measure to the historical importance of the occasion, although the book is not meant to be comprehensive in any historical sense.

The several organic acts which marked the successive advances in self-government have been included to afford some basis of comparison.

The book is illustrated with reproductions of photographs taken of the actual scene, as these, indeed, constitute the best record of any public

event.

If this volume, in years to come, will bring back to mind the notable political event and the vivid scenes of November 15, 1935, it will have served the purpose of the Committee.

JORGE B. VARGAS

Executive Secretary Inauguration Committee

NOVEMBER 15, 1935
BENEATH A SKY OF TROPICAL BLUE radiantly

reflecting the rays of a bright autumnal sun, more than a half million persons assembled in Manila at the Legislative Building early on the morning of November 15,

1935, to witness and to participate in the establishment of a new government for this country, the Commonwealth of the Philippines.

A bugle call announced the processional march of officials and distinguished guests at 7:45 a. m. As they descended the center aisle of the huge ceremonial stand erected upon the steps of the main entrance to the Legislative Building, the great audience repeatedly applauded until, following the entrance of the Honorable George H. Dern, Secretary of War of the United States, the National Colors of the United States and the Philippine Islands were borne to the rostrum. A deep hush fell then upon the vast assemblage, and His Grace, the Archbishop of Cebu, pronounced the Invocation opening the Inaugural Ceremonies.

"To the King of ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever, Amen.

“We thank Thee for this day so longed for by the Filipino people, dawning with bright hopes for the fulfillment of our cherished and legitimate aspirations.

"Deign, O Lord, to bless America and Spain, and deign to complete Thy work in us.

"We pray Thee, O God of Wisdom and Justice, from whom all authority comes, to assist with Thy light and power the authorities who have been elected by the will of their brethren ... the President and the Vice President.

"Let Thy divine wisdom enlighten the deliberations of the National Assembly.

Bless our industries and commerce. Preserve union and peace, liberty and equality amongst Thy beloved

people.

Then, at the conclusion of the Invocation, the last Governor-General of the Philippines, Frank Murphy, now High Commissioner, by virtue of the oath of office he had taken at Malacañan on the preceding day, introduced the Secretary of War, Honorable George H. Dern, who delivered his Inaugural Address and then called upon the High Commissioner to read the proclamation of President Roosevelt, announcing the results of the general election on September 17, 1935. This was done, and thus was completed the first part of the Inaugural Ceremonies.

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