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by the others. Nearly all these clerics were from Maynooth, and their disloyalty was a subject of conversation amongst all the passengers and crew of the Austral, the latter being so exasperated as to threaten, but were deterred from inflicting, summary punishment upon the offenders.

The twenty-two priests are a contingent to reinforce the Roman Catholic staff in the colonies.

A FAIR RETORT. REPLYING to the charges that the Church Association acts the part of a persecutor, the Rock writes :

“Now let us see how the other side have acted. Deliberately they have resisted every legal authority, and refused to obey any court, as well as their own bishops. They base their objection to obey on the constitution of the courts, which, say they, are purely secular. Now granting, for argument's sake, what we have often disproved, that the courts are purely secular, and that the Church ought not to be bound by them, let us see how much honesty there is in our opponents' tactics. What are we to say to the present state of affairs at Miles Platting ? The Bishop of Manchester, in exercise of his solemn functions, and as a spiritual power, declines to institute an unsuitable nominee to a benefice, and lo! these virtuous gentlemen, who would go to prison rather than obey a secular court in matters affecting the Church, immediately apply to a secular court on the purely secular point as to a layman's right of property to over

rule the spiritual chief's decision on a spiritual question of | the fitness or unfitness of an avowed law-breaker to undertake

a spiritual charge! This has always been the way. Whenever the Ritualists thought they could gain the smallest advantage, they would rush to these much-abused courts at once. When they knew they had not a leg to stand upon, they defied the courts, and villified them and all who desired to see the majesty of the law sustained.”

LETTERS FOR THE YOUNG.–No. XXXVI. (A sequel to the narrative, “Special Providence,” in February SOWER, page 47.]

DEAR SIR, --On reading in the Sower for February the narrative, “Special Providence,” which was written by myself about fourteen years ago, it struck me that I had never given any account of dear little Tommy's death, and that perhaps the Lord had so ordered it that it might be blessed to some (I trust many) of the readers of the SOWER now.

Tommy's father is still alive, and, on reading the account in the Sower for February, he said it brought every circumstance before him as vividly as ever. He then went on to describe how the dear little fellow lingered, sometimes better and sometimes worse, and the many blessed hours he had spent in conversation and communion with him. The father, from the effects of the injury to his spine, was obliged to sit indoors a good part of his time. He usually sat on one side of the old-fashioned country fireplace, and Tommy, in his little arm-chair, on the other; and here, unseen by, and practically unknown to the busy, bustling world outside, but not unknown to God, these two sufferers sat and mutually helped and comforted each other.

At last, one Tuesday morning, on his father approaching his bed-side to see if he was ready to get up, Tommy, with a face radiant, as from the presence of some heavenly vision, said, “Father, I shall spend my Sunday in heaven this week. His father said, “ What makes you think so ? You have been dreaming, Tommy ;” and being, as he expresses it, "touched close home,” he became visibly affected, which Tommy observing, said, “Father, you can spare me for a little while. You have been a kind earthly father to me, but my heavenly Father wants me to spend next Sunday with Him, without this suffering body, and you will join us soon." His father was too much affected to continue the conversation, but, like Mary of old, he hid these sayings in his heart.

During that and the following day, Tommy seemed about as usual, and his father began to hope that his stay would still be prolonged; but on Thursday, the wounds in his side appeared irritated, and during the day inflammation set in. From this time till just before his death, on the following day, his sufferings were very great, and, during every interval of ease, he begged his father to pray for patience, saying, “Oh, father, I thought I could bear to die ; but oh, pray for patience for me to bear the pain!”

On the Friday morning, on his father re-entering the room, after being absent a short time, Tommy called out, “Oh, father, can you help me a little—only a little ?" His father replied, “No, my dear boy, I am afraid I cannot. I would willingly bear part of the pain for you if I could ; but the Lord can and will help you to bear it.” Tommy then, looking up into his father's face, said, “Oh, father, if this is not dying, how can I die ?" His father replied, “I believe that, before you die, Tommy, mortification will set in, and your sufferings will abate.”

For some time after this he sat by the bed-side, earnestly wrestling with the Lord in prayer, that He would give the dear boy some relief from pain; when presently Tommy said, “My pain is all

gone, father. Do


think I shall die now?" His father took up one of his little delicate hands, the finger-nails of which had turned almost black, and, holding it before him, said, “Do you see this, Tommy? Do you know what this means, my dear ?"

On relating the circumstance to the writer, the father said, “Never did I see a country child going to a fair look more delighted than Tommy did, as he replied, 'I see, father. It is death. I am going to spend my next Sunday in heaven. Do not fret for me, father. You will soon come too, and we shall be with Jesus there.'” He continued in this happy frame for some few minutes, when, nature being completely exhausted, he fell into a kind of stupor, which continued for about an hour, and then, without recovering consciousness, passed away, to spend an everlasting Sabbath with the Lord.

In conclusion, I may mention, for the benefit of my young readers, and to give the stamp of truth to the narrative, that Tommy's name was Richardson, and he lived in the village of Ridgewell, in Essex, where his father for many years acted as clerk at the Baptist Chapel ; and in the graveyard adjoining, Tommy's mortal remains now lie. Mr. Bridge, the minister who brought the half-crown to Tommy's father from Birdbrook Hall, has lately passed away, and all the dear boy's relatives, his father included, have removed to London. Still there are many persons in Ridgewell who remember the circumstances here narrated, and who cherish Tommy's memory with the deepest love.

I remain, yours very truly for Christ's sake, Gravesend, March 8th, 1883.

G. NEWMAN. P.S.—The following verses were written by my dear old friend, Joseph Richardson (Tommy's father).-G. N.

I love my Saviour's gracious name,

His Spirit and His power ;
I love Him for Gethsemane,

That soul-oppressive hour.
I love Him as the Bread of Life

On which my soul hath fed ;
I love Him as the great High Priest,

While He—the Victim-bled.
I love Him for His gracious words,

While on this earth He trod;
'Twas not the righteous that He called,

But sinners, unto God.
I love Him for those blessed words,

While on the cross He hung-
6. 'Tis finished !” there the Saviour cried,
The special work is done.


NOTICES OF BOOKS, &c. Three Letters on the Immortality of the Soul and Eternal Punishment.

By the late J. C. PHILPOT, M.A. Price three-halfpence.

E. Littleton, Baptist Minister, Withyham, Sussex. THESE letters were written some years ago to one who denied the immortality of the soul and the eternal punishment of the wicked, and they are now reprinted and sent forth as affording an answer to a similar objector, who has openly espoused the cause of erroneous men by advocating dogmas which we know are altogether contrary to the Word of God and the teaching of the Holy Ghost. It is solemn to see the gradual declining from truth which we sometimes witness in persons of whom better things were hoped, and the fearful decline from vital godliness which is unmistakable in the professing Church. Let every seeker after truth beware of the snares of Satan and erroneous men. Mr. Philpot, in the reply to a correspondent, from which we give the following extracts, says

“We may arrange your sentiments under these three heads: 1. That the soul of man was not created immortal. 2. That the eternal life to be enjoyed by the saints in heaven is the express gift of Christ to His people, whereby He makes their souls immortal. 3. That the punishment of the wicked, at the day of judgment, is not a state of eternal woe, but a positive death or destruction, so that they cease altogether to be.

“In addressing ourselves to these three points

“1. Let us first, then, consider, in the light of the inspired Scripture, and of fair inference from it, the doctrine of the immortality of the soul of man by original creation and constitution.

It is very plain that there was a creation of man's soul by the power of God's breath, for the sacred historian shows in the same verse the formation of man's body and of man's soul as two distinct acts of creative power, and tells us also the natural and original constitution of both : 'And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground.' The body, therefore, was formed of a material, visible, earthy substance. But the soul was not formed of any such natural, material, visible substance. God breathed expressly into man's nostrils out of His own fulness the breath of life, and under His creating; forming breath there was produced a living soul, for 'man became a living soul,' which he was not before, but had merely a body formed from the dust of the ground. Now, this soul, as being breathed into him by one act of divine volition, was not material like the body, or made up of parts and particles, flesh and bones, and distinct members, but immaterial, and so far, a pure spiritual substance.”

(To be continued.)


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