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STRIKES, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT

OF WORK, BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1881 TO 1905-Concluded.

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Kentucky..
Louisiana..
Maine......
Maryland....
Massachusetts..
Michigan......
Minnesota..
Mississippi.........
Missouri...
Montana...
Nebraska...
Nevada..
New Hampshire.
New Jersey....
New Mexico...
New York....
North Carolina..
North Dakota..
Ohio.....
Oklahoma...
Oregon.......
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island..
South Carolina..
South Dakota.
Tennessee......
Texas......
Utah.......
Vermont..
Virginia.....
Washington..
West Virginia.
Wisconsin....
Wyoming..

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North Atlantic...
South Atlantic..
North Central....
South Central..
Western.......

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a Not including 1 strike involving 12 establishments not reported.

Not including 1 strike involving 21 establishments not reported.
c Not including 2 strikes involving 33 establishments not reported.

The largest numbers of strikes occurred, as might be expected, in the most important industrial States of large population. The greatest number of strikes in any one State occurred in New York, the number in that State being 10,199. In Pennsylvania there were 4,159 strikes, and in Illinois 3,624.

The number of establishments involved in strike was 51,597 in New York, 29,176 in Illinois, and 24,985 in Pennsylvania.

In a consideration of strikers and employees thrown out of work, Pennsylvania occupies the first position. The number of strikers was 1,690,414 in Pennsylvania, 1,422,778 in New York, and 895,593 in Illinois. The number of employees thrown out of work was 2,242,934 in Pennsylvania, 1,674,290 in New York, and 1,207,000 in Illinois.

The average number of establishments per strike was 5.1 in New

of strikers per strike was 140 in New York, 406 in Pennsylvania, and 247 in Illinois. The average number of employees thrown out of work was 164 in New York, 539 in Pennsylvania, and 333 in Illinois. The largest number of establishments per strike was in Colorado, the average in that State being 9.7.

The presentation by geographical divisions shows that a much larger number of strikes occurred in the North Atlantic and North Central divisions than in the other divisions, which occupy less important positions industrially. The average number of establishments involved per strike was the highest in the Western division and much lower in the South Atlantic and South Central divisions than in the corresponding Northern divisions. The average number of strikers per strike was the highest in the North Atlantic and South Atlantic divisions and the lowest in the Western. The average number of employees thrown out of work per strike was the highest in the North Central division and the lowest in the Western. LOCKOUTS, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, EMPLOYEES

LOCKED OUT, AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK.

In the series of three tables which follow are presented for lockouts statistics similar to those shown for strikes in the preceding series of tables.

The first of these tables presents the data by years. LOCKOUTS, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, AND EMPLOY

EES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY YEARS, 1881 TO 1905.

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The total number of lockouts during the period from 1881 to 1905 was 1,546, the number of establishments involved 18,547, the number of employees locked out 716,231, and the number of employees thrown out of work 825,610.

The average number of establishments involved per lockout was 12, the average number of employees locked out 463, and the average number of employees thrown out of work 534.

During the 25-year period, the smallest number of lockouts within any one year was 6, in 1881, involving 9 establishments, locking out 655 employees, and throwing out of work 655 employees. In 1903 there were 154 lockouts, the largest number within any one year, involving 3,288 establishments, locking out 112,332 employees, and throwing out of work 131,779 employees.

The average number of establishments per lockout varied from 1.3 in 1896 to 38 in 1900. · The average number of employees locked out per lockout varied from 92 in 1896 to 859 in 1887, and the average number of employees thrown out of work from 109 in 1881 to 1,044 in 1900.

Similar data by industries are presented in the table which follows:

LOCKOUTS, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, AND EM

PLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1905.

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LOCKOUTS, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, AND EM

PLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1905–Concluded.

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Ironwork, ornamental...
Jewelry and silverware.
Laundry work..
Leather.................
Lime and cement....
Lithographing...
Lumber and timber products
Metallic goods....
Millinery goods.......
Mining, ore.....
Musical instrument
Paper......
Pa per goods.......
Planing mill products.....
Pottery.....
Printing and
Public works......
Railroad transportation.
Rope, twine, and bagging....
Rubber goods......
Shipbuild ng.....
Silk goods.......
Slaughtering and meat packing.....
Smelting and refining...
Stone quarrying and cutting..
Stoves and furnaces....
Street railway transports
Streets and sewers...
Telegraph and telephone......
Tin and sheet metal goods...
Tobacco: chewing and smoking ..
Tobacco: cigars and cigarettes ..
Typewriters, cash registers, and sew-

ing machines...
Watches and clocks..
Water transportation
Wooden goods......
Woolen goods......
Miscellaneous.....

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The greatest number of lockouts occurred in the building trades. In that industry were 255 lockouts, involving 10,142 establishments, locking out 221,064 employees and throwing out of work 245,762 employees.

The manufacture of cigars and cigarettes occupies second place so far as number of lockouts is concerned, but the second place is occupied by the manufacture of men's clothing so far as establishments involved are concerned, and by the coal and coke industry so far as employees locked out and employees thrown out of work are concerned.

The average number of establishments per lockout varied from 1 to 123.2; the average number of employees locked out from 10 to 2,000, and the average number of employees thrown out of work from

The table by States and geographical divisions follows:

LOCKOUTS, ESTABLISHMENTS INVOLVED, EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1881 TO 1905. (See Table XVII, pages 738 to 741, for notes relating to general lockouts extending into two or more

States.

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Alabams......
Arizona.
Arkansas
California.
Colorado.
Connecticut
Delaware...
District of Columbia.
Florida..
Georgia..
Idaho...
Minois
Indiana.
Indian Territory
Iowa...
Kansas...
Kentucky.
Louisiana.
Maine..
Maryland..
Massachusetts..
Michigan..
Minnesota...
Missouri.
Montana..
Nebraska..
New Hampshire.
New Jersey..
New Mexico.
New York.
North Carolina.
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma...
Oregon....
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island...
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee.
Texas...
Utah..
Vermont....
Virginia.
Washington..
West Virginia..
Wisconsin..
Wyoming....

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The greatest number of lockouts within any one State occurred in New York; in that State were 326 lockouts, 6,422 establishments involved, 222,853 employees locked out, and 269,415 employees thrown out of work. In Pennsylvania were 164 lockouts, 2,276

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