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RESULTS OF STRIKES ORDERED BY LABOR ORGANIZATIONS AND NOT so

ORDERED, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1903—Concluded.

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Shipbuilding...
Silk goods......
Slaughtering and meat packing.
Smelting and refining.....
Stone quarrying and cutting ....
Stoves and furnaces......
Street railway transportation
Streets and sewers..........
Telegraph and telephone..
Tin and sheet metal goods..
Tobacco: chewing and smoking.
Tobacco: cigars and cigarettes...
Trunks and valises............
Typewriters, cash registers, and

sewing machines......
Watches and clocks...
Water transportation..
Wooden goods.
Woolen goods.....
Miscellaneons...

48.00 58. 55 65.85 76.31 30.58 49.76 42.22 16.03 43.51 33.70 20.00 44.51 55.55

30.43 28. 62 42. 59 12.00 49. 12 27.71 26.00 36.69 17.10 43. 42 40.00 57.88 33. 33

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In 49 of the 82 industries the percentage of establishments in which the strike was wholly successful was greater where the strike was ordered by labor organizations than where not so ordered. If those strikes in which the strikers succeeded in winning a part of · their demands be also considered, it will be seen that in all but 20 of the 82 industries the per cent of establishments in which strikes succeeded either wholly or in part was greater for the strikes ordered by labor organizations than for those not so ordered.

In strikes ordered by labor organizations the percentage of establishments which succeeded in building trades was 52.50 per cent, with 17.59 per cent partly successful; in men's clothing 76.23 per cent successful and 6.49 partly successful; in coal and coke 20.35 per cent successful and 32.11 partly successful; in cotton goods 13.86 per cent successful and 17.82 partly successful; and in foundries and machine shops 39.02 per cent successful and 17.26 partly successful. Of strikes not ordered by labor organizations the percentage of establishments in which the strike was successful in building trades was 50.95 per cent, with 9.01 per cent partly successful; in men's clothing 23.04 per cent successful and 6.45 per cent partly successful; in coal and coke 32.59 per cent successful and 11.04 per cent partly successful; in cotton goods 21.06 per cent successful and 8.16 partly successful; and in foundries and machine shops 27.69 per cent suc

The table presenting the results of strikes by States and geographical divisions follows:

RESULTS OF STRIKES ORDERED BY LABOR ORGANIZATIONS AND NOT SO ORDERED,

BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1881 TO 1905.

(See Table VIII, pages 492 to 495, for notes relating to strikes not reported whether ordered or not ordered.

generul strikes extending into two or more States, establishments in which strike was pending at the close of some one of the four investigations included in this report, and establishments in which result of strike was not reported.]

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Alabama...
Arizona...
Arkansas..
California..
Colorado....
Connecticut....
Delaware.
District of Columbia
Florida....
Georgia...
Idaho....
Illinois....
Indiana...
Indian Territory.
Iowa......
kansas....
Kentucky..
Louisiana..
Maine.........
Maryland...
Massachusett
Michigan....
Minnesota...
Mississippi.
Missouri...
Montana...
Nebraska..
Nevada....
New llampshire..
New Jersey.
New Mexico....
New York......
North Carolina..
North Dakota..
Ohio...........
Oklahoma....
Oregon..
Pennsylvania..
Rhode Island,
South Carolina..
South Dakota.
Tennessee...
Texas.......
Utah.
Vermont...
Virginia......
Washington.
West Virginia.
Wisconsin.....
Wyoming.....

12.30
34.87
16.39

6.15
11.86
25.71
16.11
17.94
19.09

25.98 66.67 33.60 33.35 54.96 41. 42 34.42 48.01 31.33 12.75 25.00 53.08 32.41

3.28 33.70 29.05 46.97 11.62 44.23 45.14 39.24 51.20 50.15 11.59 43.35 49.74 46.29 80.00 39.52 45.03 59. 46 65.99 25.81 58.82 33.33 20.00

8.46 38.28 65.05 52 27 85.00 26.30 45.88 77.23 72.59 30.90 36.74 25.16 36.80 22.50

25.17

7.69 42.86 33.16 30.53 35.62 48.44 51.61 72.11

13.98 100.00 42.63 29.48 50.00 40.00 38.10 27.92

9.65 21.55 38.67 30.00 27.37 34.44 16.67 31.55 30.77 22.22

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12.07 26.53 12.50 41.47

9.09 41.18 31.03 50.00 43.75 30.23 21.95 33.33 23.08 18.91 30.00 20.83 26.09 29.41 48.27 32.27 28.23 35.00

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Of the strikes ordered by labor organizations, the strikes were

strikes occurred and partly successful in 10.37 per cent in New York; in Pennsylvania, wholly successful in 38.28 per cent and partly successful in 25.38 per cent; in Illinois, wholly successful in 53.08 per cent and partly successful in 11.89 per cent; in Ohio, wholly successful in 33.33 per cent and partly successful in 26.13 per cent; and in Massachusetts, wholly successful in 39.24 per cent and partly successful in 16.11 per cent.

The strikes not ordered by labor organizations were wholly successful in 41.47 per cent of the establishments and partly successful in 9.36 per cent in New York; in Pennsylvania, wholly successful in 30.23 per cent and partly successful in 10.79 per cent; in Illinois, wholly successful in 42.63 per cent and partly successful in 9.09 per cent; in Ohio, wholly successful in 31.03 per cent and partly successful in 10.82 per cent; and in Massachusetts, wholly successful in 30.00 per cent and partly successful in 9.61.

The presentation by geographical divisions shows that in the North Atlantic division the ordered strikes were wholly successful in 54.72 per cent of the establishments involved and partly successful in 15.80 per cent; in the South Atlantic, wholly successful in 34.46 per cent and partly successful in 23.19 per cent; in the North Central, wholly successful in 45.94 per cent and partly successful in 16.31 per cent; in the South Central, wholly successful in 29.15 per cent and partly successful in 12.67 per cent; and in the Western division, wholly successful in 42.01 per cent and partly successful in 11.71.

The strikes not ordered were wholly successful in the North Atlantic division in 32.84 per cent of the establishments involved and partly successful in 9.75 per cent; in the South Atlantic, wholly successful in 46.34 per cent and partly successful in 9.52 per cent; in the North Central, wholly successful in 34.25 per cent and partly successful in 9.50 per cent; in the South Central, wholly successful in 22.89 per cent and partly successful in 11.14 per cent; and in the Western division, wholly successful in 33.44 per cent and partly successful in 12.80 per cent. The percentage of wholly successful strikes was considerably greater in strikes ordered by labor organizations than in those not so ordered in each of the geographical divisions except the South Atlantic; the percentage of partly successful strikes was also greater in the strikes ordered by labor organizations, except in the Western division.

The three tables which follow present the number and per cent of strikers and employees thrown out of work in establishments involved in strikes ordered by labor organizations and not so ordered. The first of the three tables present these data by years, the second by

The table by years follows:

STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN

VOLVED IN STRIKES ORDERED BY LABOR ORGANIZATIONS AND NOT SO ORDERED, BY YEARS, 1881 to 1905. [See Table VII, pages 490 and 491, for notes relating to strikes not reported whether ordered or not

ordered.)

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The percentage of strikers in strikes ordered by labor organizations varied from 60.91 per cent in 1881 to 91.90 per cent in 1904. The percentage of employees thrown out of work in establishments involved in strikes ordered by labor organizations varied from 56.17 per cent in 1881 to 90.62 per cent in 1904. The years 1894 and 1900 to 1904 inclusive show very large percentages of strikers and of employees thrown out of work in strikes ordered by labor organizations, but during 1905 lower percentages are again shown.

The table by industries follows:

STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES TIIROWN OUT OF WORK IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN

VOLVED IN STRIKES ORDERED BY LABOR ORGANIZATIONS AND NOT SO ORDERED, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1905. [See Table VI, pages 486 to 489, for notes relating to strikes not reported whetherordered or not ordered.)

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Agricultural implements.. 12,510

73. 60

4.487 26.40 16,858 73. 48 6,084 26.52 Agriculture...

3, 105
9,960 76.23 3,105

10,122 76.53 Automobiles and bicycles..

3,671
1,908 34. 20

1,921 21.17 Awnings, tents, and sails.....

296 79.14
78 20.86
296

78 20.86 Bakery .... 28,698 96.27 1,113 3.73 31,219

1,312
Blacksmithing and horseshoe-
ing......

7,272 97.97
151 2.03 7,425

1.99 Boots and shoes....

75, 636 85.41
14.59 135, 924

15.08 Brass and brass goods.. 10,126 80.94 2,385 19.06 11, 2:0 81.98

18.02 Brewing.......

16,398 98. 48

253
1.52 17,924 98.61

1.39 Brick and tile.. 55,889 68.67 25,502 31.33 61, 187

32.32 Brooms and brushes.. 1,047 61.81 647 38. 19 1,333

34.98 Building trades.. a 882, 298 296. 12 35, 607 3.88 61,040,966 196.06

3.94 Canning and preserving.

4, 160
60.05 2, 768 | 39.95 4,955 54.07

45. 93 Car building..........

41, 212 62. 27 24,969 37.73 57,078 63. 93 32,199 36.07 Carpets....

18, 278 48.32 19,552 51.68 31,579 47.77 34,530 52. 23 Carriages and wagons

17,598 85. 67 2,944 | 14.33 19,794 84.77 3,557 15. 23 Clothing, men's..

360, 813 96.94 11, 401 3.06 446, 036 97.18 12,963 2.82 Clothing, women's.... 206, 822 95.93 8, 773 4.07 222, 208 95.72

9,946 Coal and coke.

1,622, 602 81.16 376,681 18. 84 1,910,965 77.88 542, 698 22.12 Coffins and undertakers' good

298 67.57 143 32. 43

768

83. 84 148 16. 16 Confectionery... 1,082 78. 24 301 21.76 2,519 89.33

301

10.67 Cooperage.....

20,610 80.34 5,042 19.66 22, 104 80. 45 5.370 19.55 Cotton and woolen goods.. 27.417 71.57 10, 891 28. 43

63. 46 23, 724 36.54 Cotton goods... 107, 416 64.57 58, 941 35. 43 161, 764

115, 705 41.70 Cutlery and edge tools.... 3,074 59.09 2,128 40.91 4,786

3,616 43.04 Domestic service.... 29, 397 92. 43 2, 406

29,779 Electric and gas apparatus and supplies................. 4,762 74.83 1,602 25.17 4,848

1,920 28. 37 Electric light and power...

3,635 88.29
11.71 3,799 86.91

13.09 Flour mill products.......

3.551 91.52 329 8. 48 4,380 92.74 343 7.26 Foundry and machine shop.... 174, 840 84.01 33, 277 15.99 238, 771 84.53 43, 700 15. 47 Freight handling and teaming 190,609 76.38 58, 936 23. 62 213, 810 77.61 61, 673 22. 39 Furnishing goods, men's....

13,353 60.92 8,566 39. Os 19, 4301 64. 13 10,867 35.87 Furniture and upholstering.. 46,883 86.60 7, 252 13. 40 52, 611 85.04 9, 258 14. 96 Gas............

2,186 39.08 3,407 60.92 2, 201 39. 18 3,417 60. 82 Glass......

43, 462

20, 179 31,71 87,319 64. 47 48, 112 35. 53 Gloves and mittens...

10, 485 92. 27

878 7.73 14.805 93. 50 1,033 6.50 Hardware.....

9,503 45. 90 11, 201 54. 10 20,706 55.87 16,356 44. 13 Harness and saddlery 7,608 93.63 518 6.37 8,231 93. 70

553 6.30 Hats and caps.....

26.964 89. 14 3, 285 10.86 38, 288 85.81 6,329 14. 19 Hosiery and knit goods.

2,006 18. 15 9.048 81.85 8,172 (28.75 20, 256 71. 25 Iron and steel..... 166,585 66.60 83,540 33. 40 273,863

162,784 37.28 Ironwork, ornamental,

2,851 85.46

485
14,54 3,688 88.38

485 11.62 Jewelry and silverware

6,078
602 9.01 7,934 91.51

736 8. 49 Laundry work...

10, 152 93.20

741
6.80 10.437 93. 18

764 6.82 Leather........... 17, 158 76, 65 5, 226

21,690 73.71 7,738 26. 29 Leather goods.

1.149 86.72

13. 28 1,158 86.81 176 13. 19 Lime and cement. 2,162 44.82 2,662 55. 18 4, 412 58, 26

41.74 Lithographing.....

2,689 96.97
3.03 3, 144 96.32

3. 68 Lumber and timber products. 24, 172

27,728 53. 43 29, 228 41.70

40, 871

58.30 Metallic goods...

9,023 70.91 3,702 29.09 10,911 69.37 4,817 Millinery goods..... 725 61.23 459 38.77 731 61. 43

38.57 Mining, ore........

25,731 38. 92 40,390 61.08 29,093 31.09 64, 475 68.91 Musical instruments..

12,982 89, 43 1, 535 10.57 16, 426 91.45 1,535 8.55 Paper..........

14,552 92. 46 1,186 7.54 18,684 91.87 1,654 8. 13 Paper goods... 4,212 79.04 1, 117 20.96 4,352 73. 39

26.61 Planing mill products....

53, 330 93. 66 3, 609 6.34 62,882 94.26 3,827 5.74 Pottery.....

13,091 81.75 2,922 18. 25 19,871 83. 13 4,032 16.87 Printing and publishing....... 41,913 94.35 2,511 5.65 55, 746 95.34

4. 66 Public works................ 4,983 | 24. 17 15,630 | 75.83 5,495 23. 79

76.21 a Including 1 strike involving nearly all industries in New Orleans, the principal industry affected being building trades.

Including 1 strike involving nearly all industries in New Orleans, the principal industry affected

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