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TABLE XIX.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

YEARS AND CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905—Continued.

Year and cause.

Lock-
outs.

Establishments in
which lockout-

Em-
Total Em-
estab- ployees

ployees

thrown Suc

lish- locked Suc

out of reeded Failed. ments. out. ceeded.

work. partly.

1902.

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Against demand for increase of wages..
Against demand for increase of wages and

reduction of hours.
Against demand for increase of wages and
reduction of hours, and concerning recog-
nition of union and union rules and em-
ployers' organization...
Against demand for increase of wages and
reduction of hours, and concerning work-

ing conditions and rules (a). Against demand for increase of wages, and concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization.. Against demand for increase of wages, and

other causes. To enforce reduction of wages.. To enforce reduction of wages, and against

demand for reduction of hours.. Against demand for reduction of hours. Against demand for reduction of hours, and concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization... To enforce increase of hours. Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization... Concerning employment of certain persons (a) Concerning method and time of payment.. Concerning Saturday part holiday.. Concerning working conditions and rules (a). In sympathy with lockout and against strike,

elsewhere. Other causes.

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9

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Against demand for increase of wages.

12

35 Against demand for increase of wages and reduction of hours....

3

3 Against demand for increase of wages and reduction of hours, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization..

3 Against demand for increase of wages, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization....

7 154

12 Against demand for increase of wages, and other causes..

2

7 To enforce reduction of wages.

6 To enforce reduction of wages, and concern

ing recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization...

1

1 Against demand for reduction of hours

11

17 Against demand for reduction of hours, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization....

1

1 Against demand for reduction of hours, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization and overtime work and pay

1

2 Against demand for reduction of hours, and concerning overtime work and pay.

1

1 To enforce increase of hours, and concerning

recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization...

1

1 Concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization..

76 835 100 Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization and working conditions and rules.

2

1

a Not involving union rules.

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Table XIX.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

YEARS AND CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905-Continued.

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1904. Against demand for increase of wages.. Against demand for increase of wages and

reduction of hours. Against demand for increase of wages and reduction of hours, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and em

ployers' organization.... Against demand for increase of wages, and concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization.. Against demand for increase of wages, and

concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization, and

other causes. To enforce reduction of wages. Against demand for reduction of hours.. Against demand for reduction of hours, and concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization. To enforce increase of hours.. Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization. Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization and

working conditions and rules. Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization, and

other causes.
Concerning employment of certain persons(a),
Concerning docking, fines, and charges..
Concerning working conditions and rules (a).
In sympathy with lockout and against strike,

elsewhere Other causes.

Total

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1905.

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Against demand for increase of wages.

12 60 11 Against demand for increase of wages, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization..

1 Against demand for increase of wages, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization and working conditions and rules.

2 To enforce reduction of wages..

2 381 To enforce reduction of wages, and concerning employment of certain persons (a).

1

1 Against demand for reduction of hours.

23 Against demand for reduction of hours, and concerning ricognition of union and union rules and employers' organization..

1

1 To enforce increase of hours....

3

9

203 47, 142

557 55, 142

4

1

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TABLE XIX.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

YEARS AND CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905—Concluded.

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a Not including 5 establishments in which lockout was pending at the close of some one of the four investigations included in this report.

Not involving union rules.

TABLE XX.–SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905.

[For explanation of this table see page 118.]

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Against demand for increase of wages.. 185 508 310 527
Against demand for increase of wages and

1,345 75,714 reduction of hours.

15

28 15 90 Against demand for increase of wages and

1,690 1,757 reduction of hours, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization.....

5 14 28 Against demand for increase of wages and

2,003 2,078 reduction of hours, and concerning Saturday part holiday...

1

7 225 225 Against demand for increase of wages and reduction of hours, and concerning working conditions and rules (a)..

1

20 225 225 Against demand for increase of wages, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization

29 234 20 207 461 Against demand for increase of wages, and

9,984 10,124 concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization and working conditions and rules..

203 557 Against demand for increase of wages, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization, and other causes.

1
11
11 30

30 Against demand for increase of wages, and concerning employment of certain persons (a).

6
1

7 Against demand for increase of wages, and

3,917 3,917 concerning method and time of payment... 1

1 335 335 Against demand for increase of wages, and

concerning working conditions and
rules (a).

1
1

1 520 Against demand for increase'of wages, and

520 other causes

7
4

15 To enforce reduction of wages..

1, 468 1, 468 199

1,064 101, 412 111,261 To enforce reduction of wages, and against demand for reduction of hours.

24 25

1,580 To enforce reduction of wages and increase of

1,580 hours.

2 10

1

11 519 To enforce reduction of wages, and concern

1,019 ing recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization..

21

21 527 747 To enforce reduction of wages, and concerning employment of certain persons (a).

1

1
6

6 To enforce reduction of wages, and concerning method and time of payment..

1 14 14 To enforce reduction of wages, and concerning working conditions and rules (a).

5

5 28 33 2,503 2,528 To enforce reduction of wages, and other causes.

1

43 43 800 800 Against demand for reduction of hours..

64 173 16 52 241 14,262 Against demand for reduction of hours, and

14,919 concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization...

7
4 116 1 121

2,335 3,154 Against demand for reduction of hours, and concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization and overtime work and pay.

1

2 103 103 Against demand for reduction of hours, and concerning employment of certain persons (a).

1

1 56
Against demand for reduction of hours, and
concerning overtime work and pay.

1
1
1 51

51 To enforce increase of hours..

37
209

51 260 21,703 22,371 To enforce increase of hours, and concerning · recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization.....

2
16

16
234

240 To enforce increase of hours, and other causes.

1

1

1 260 260 Concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization...

669 5,798 € 349 2,051 8,345 231, 562 301, 948 a Not involving union rules. • Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was pending at the close of some one of the four investigations included in this report.

Not including 147 establishments in which lockout was pending at the close of some one of the

TABLE XX.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

CAUSES, 1881 TO 1905-Concluded.

Cause.

Lockouts.

Establishments in which lockout

EmTotal Emestab- ployees ployees

thrown SucSuc

lish- locked ceeded Failed. ments. out.

out of ceeded.

work. partly.

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Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization and working conditions and rules... Concerning recognition of union and union rules and employers' organization, and in sympathy with lockout and against strike, elsewhere. Concerning recognition of union and union

rules and employers' organization, and

other causes. Concerning employment of certain persons(a) Concerning employees working out of regu

tar occupation.. Concerning overtime work and pay. Concerning overtime work and pay and Sat

urday part holiday.. Concerning method and time of payment... Concerning Saturday part holiday. Concerning docking, fines, and charges. Concerning docking, fines, and charges, and

other causes. Concerning working conditions and rules (a). In sympathy with lockout and against strike,

elsewhere... Other causes.

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Total.

1,546 -10,525 1,970 0 5,904

18, 547 716, 231 825, 610

a Not involving union rules.

See notes to details.

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