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The statistics of strikes and lockouts in Germany were compiled from the seven annual reports thus far published. They cover strikes and lockouts occurring in the various industries of the Empire. The strikes and lockouts are considered separately in the German reports, and therefore in the present compilation the figures given represent strikes and lockouts ending in each year.
The two following tables give a summary of the more important facts published in relation to strikes and lockouts, respectively, in Germany for the years 1899 to 1905:
STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY YEARS, 1899 TO 1903. [The column headed “Strikers” shows the maximum number of strikers at any time during strike.)
LOCKOUTS IN GERMANY, BY YEARS, 1899 TO 1905. [The column headed “Employees locked out" shows the maximum number of employees locked out
at any time during lockout.]
During the seven-year period from 1899 to 1905 there were 10,484 strikes, affecting 54,661 establishments, 938,543 strikers, and 65,435 other employees who were thrown out of work on account of the strikes. Of the strikes 2,311, or 22.1 per cent succeeded, 3,557, or 33.9 per cent, succeeded partly, and 4,616, or 44.0 per cent failed; 7,038 were ordered or assisted by labor organzations. Of the establishments affected, 14,050 were entirely closed as a result of the strikes.
During the same period there were 583 lockouts which ended, , 8,282 other employees thrown out of work on account of the lockouts. Of the lockouts, 210, or 36.0 per cent, succeeded; 236, or 40.5 per cent, succeeded partly, and 137, or 23.5 per cent, failed. Of the establishments affected, 2,373 were entirely closed as a result of the lockouts.
The following table shows, by groups of industries, the number and results of strikes, the number of establishments and strikers involved, and the number of other employees thrown out of work on account of strikes during each year from 1899 to 1905:
RESULTS OF STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY INDUSTRIES AND YEARS, 1899 TO 1905. [The column headed “Strikers" shows the maximum number of strikers at any time during strike.]
Machinery, instruments, apparatus, etc.:
1899. 1900. 1901 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905.
5 10 12
18 19 14
9 24 33 72
20 36 19 29 39 35 59
563 207 102 67
3,736 7,395 5,042 2,516 4,866 5,978 19, 502
58 79 164 331
RESULTS OF STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY INDUSTRIES AND YEARS, 1899 TO 1905
STRIKES IN GERMANY, BY INDUSTRIES, FOR THE PERIOD 1899 TO 1905. [The column headed “Strikers" shows the maximum number of strikers at any time during strike.]
In the above table the group of building trades has the largest number of strikes and of establishments involved during the sevenyear period. The group of mining, metallurgical, salt, etc., industries shows the largest number of working people affected.
The next three tables show the number of strikes and of lockouts for each year, grouped according to their duration, and the number of strikes for the seven-year period, grouped according to duration and results, respectively.