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The table by years follows:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE STRIKE IN ESTABLISIIMENTS IN WHICH STRIKES OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACII SEX STRIKING, BY YEARS, 1887 TO 1905.

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o Not including 1 establishment not reported. Not including l establishment in which number employed before strike was not reported. c Not including 5 establishments not reported. d Not including 5 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported. e Not including 33 establishments not reported. | Not including 33 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported. 0 Not including 40 establishments not reported. A Not including 40 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.

Considering all strikes in the United States during the nineteenyear period from 1887 to 1905, the above table shows that of the 11,782,692 male employees in the establishments involved immediately preceding strikes, 44.91 per cent struck, while of the 1,452,247 female employees before the strike but 28.15 per cent struck. In 1905, the last year covered by the investigation, 35.60 per cent of the male employees and 12.24 per cent of the female employees in establishments involved struck. In every one of the nineteen years included in the table the percentage of male employees striking was greater than that of female employees striking, except in 1904, when 43.03 per cent of the males and 43.44 per cent of the females struck.

The table presenting these data by industries follows:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE STRIKE IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN WHICH STRIKES OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX STRIKING, BY INDUSTRIES, 1887 TO 1905.

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Agricultural implements.......
48, 477 10,198 21.04 2,992

23. 40 Agriculture..... 16,397 11, 450 69.83 2, 452

58.52 Automobiles and bicycles.

28, 797
5, 372 18.65

660

8.64 Awnings, tents, and sails.

1,217

337
27.69
87

25.29 Bakery ........... .......... 35, 890 23, 812 66.43 3,954

39.33 Blacksmithing and horseshoeing

18,510 5,839 31.49 Boots and shoes....... 200, S99 52,467 26.36 91,819 5,213

16. 57 Brass and brass goods.. 35, 632 9, 688 27.19 2,361

2.37 Brewing......

47,729 12, 389 25.96 1, 104 Brick and tile..........

86, 173 62, 157 71.88

715

30.20 Brooms and brushes..

2,281 1, 302 57.08

230

15

6.52 Building trades... a 1,428, 515 0820, 129 0 57.41 a 2,989

81,183

39.59 Canning and preserving..

9, 316

4,692 50.20 5,895 1,871 31.74 Car building...........

369, 801 54.058 14.62 1,479 100 6.76 Carpets............... 59,185 19,066 32.21 52, 383

15.90 Carriages and wagons..

31, 769 16, 432 51.72

000

51

8.50 Clothing, men's....

337, 112 275, 222 81.64 179, 429 77,259 43.06 Clothing, women's..... 160,564 139, 593 86.94

50, 399 02.11 Coal and coke...

2,337, 307 1,772,619 75.84 Collins and undertakers' good

2,859

391 13.68 Confectionery..

1,511

29.59 2,185 Cooperage....

31,512 14,684 46.60 Cotton and woolen goods..

64, 198 19,393 30.21 62,081 15, 136 21.38 Cotton goods......

236, 428 76,218 29.72 265, 298 73,200 27.59 Cutlery and edge tools...

11,336

3. 416 30.40 1,013 Domestic service...

38,585 26,883 69.67 14,242 4.210 29.56 Electric and gas apparatus and supplies.....

27, 195 5,663

4,757 530 11.14 Electric light and power...

25,087 4.117 16.41 1,481 Flour mill products....

9, 591
3,682 38.39 973

196 20.11 Foundry and machine shop... 917,714 180, 130 19.63 10,931

718

6.57 Freight handling and teaming 309, 087 193, 819 62.72 798

2.51 Furnishing goods, men's...

19,855 10,080

56, 536

19.00 Furniture and upholstering .. 86,024 29,750 31.58 3,030

24.13 Gas......................

10.989

5,068 46.12 Glass.. 169,090 54,904 32.36 8,918

732

8.18 Gloves and mittens..

11,466

3,064 26.72 14,612 2,925 20.02 Hardware... 78, 100 13,617 17.37 8, OSI

614 7.60 Harness and saddlery.

11,541
6, 133 55.73

200 36.04 Hats and caps......

51,745 24, 187 46.74 18,086 3, 817 21.10 Hosiery and knit goods.

23, 832 3,148 13.21

46, 688 7,139 15.20 Iron and steel......

690, 681 172,909 25.03 2,301 223 9.69 Ironwork, ornamental.

6,185 3, 336 53,94 Jewelry and silverware 15, 836 6,360 40.16

103 Laundry work.....

3,926

3, 306 84.21 8,612 7,319 85.33 Leather........... 53, 377 19,703 36.91 1,401

119 Leather goods....

4,279
1,245 29.10

80

9.13 Lime and cement....

13,498 4,336 32.12 Lithographing......

11, 403 2,598 22.78 3, 835 Lumber and timber produc

61,793 35, 877 55.37

43 Metallic goods...... 42,645 9,946 23.32 5,504

8.65 Millinery goods......

363
268 73.83

91.56 Mining, ore.........

109,216 62,679 57.39 Musical instruments

28, 065
8, 206 29.24

2946

581 19.59 Paper....

24,590 11, 479 46.68 5,768 4,211 73.01 Paper goods..

5, 106
1,619 32.30 5, 214

61.76 Planing mill products.

87, 106 45, 191 51.70

478

15.27 Pottery.......... 26, 897 12,030 44.73

38.67 Printing and publishing

€137, 688 d 35, 434

d 25.73
€ 39, 747

d 8.69 Public works............

29, 362 15,590 53.10 Railroad, canal, and road building 151.139 68,227 45.14 Railroad transportation..... 891,789 102, 181 11.46 4,104

166 4.04 Rope, twine, and bagging..

6.074

1, 903 31.33 6, 743 2.393! 35. 19 Rubber goods...........

14, 224 3, 810 27.00 11, 229 2,587 23.04 Shipbuilding..... € 256, 940 d 43,728 d 17.02

€ 68 Silk goods....................

63,011! 32,676 51.86 | 70,741 i 21, 473 30.35 a Not including 39 establishments not reported. o Not including 38 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported. (Not including 1 establishment not reported.

3. 118

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NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE STRIKE IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN WHICH STRIKES OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX STRIKING, BY INDUSTRIES, 1887 TO 1905-Concluded.

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Slaughtering and meat packing...
Smelting and refining....
Stone quarrying and cutting.
Stoves and furnaces..
Street railway transportation
Streets and sewers..........
Telegraph and telephone.....
Tin and sheet metal goods...
Tobacco: chewing and smoking...
Tobacco: cigars and cigarettes.
Trunks and valises....
Typewriters, cash registers, and

sewing machines......
Watches and clocks...
Water transportation..
Wooden goods.....
Woolen goods....
Miscellaneous....

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15.54 52.52 64.35 23.61 51.49 66.40 32.18 44.08 36. 46 73.00 70.60

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33, 120 13, 239 69,583 16,814 89,543 238, 943

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10.78 11.63 21.64 59. 46 18.72 31.22

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a Not including 40 establishments not reported.
o Not including 40 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.

In the industries in which large numbers of employees of both sexes are found the table shows that in a majority of industries a larger per cent of the males than of the females in the establishments involved went on strike. In the manufacture of men's clothing 81.64 per cent of the male employees and 43.06 per cent of the female employees struck. In the manufacture of women's clothing 86.94 per cent of the male employees and 62.11 per cent of the female employees struck. In cotton goods 29.72 per cent of the male employees and 27.59 per cent of the female employees struck. In the manufacture of cigars and cigarettes 73 per cent of the male employees and 45.42 per cent of the female employees struck. In hosiery and knit goods 13.21 per cent of the male employees and 15.29 per cent of the female employees struck. The presentation of these data by States and geographical divisions follows:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE STRIKE IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN WHICII STRIKES OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF

EACH SEX STRIKING, BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1887 TO 1905. [Sce Table V, pages 480 to 485, for notes relating to general strikes extending into two or more States.]

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Alabama.
Arizona...
Arkansas..
California...
Colorado...
Connecticut.
Delaware...
District of Columbia
Florida....
Georgia.
Idaho....
Illinois...
Indiana..
Indian Territ
Iowa......
Kansas....
Kentucky..
Louisiana..
Maine.
Maryland....
Massachusetts
Michigan..
Minnesota..
Mississippi..
Missouri..
Montana.
Nebraska...
Nevada.....
New Hampshire.
New Jersey..
New Mexico.
New York...
North Carolin
North Dakota
Ohio...
Oklahoma...
Oregon......
Pennsylvania..
Rhode Island...
South Carolina.
South Dakota..
Tennessee.
Texas...
Utah.....
Vermont.
Virginia.......
Washington..
West Virginia..
Wisconsin..
Wyoming.........

Total...

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a Not including 1 establishment not reported.
o Not including 1 establishment in which number employed before strike was not reported.

Not including 12 establishments not reported.
d Not including 12 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.
Not including 26 establishments not reported.
Not including 26 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.
9 Not including 40 establishments not reported.
h Not including 40 establishments in which number employed before strike was not reported.
i Not including 13 establishments not reported.

In the States where the largest number of labor disturbances occurred the percentage of male employees striking was greater than that of the female employees. In New York 52.47 per cent of the males employed in establishments involved and 40.01 per cent of the females struck; in Pennsylvania, 53.33 per cent of the males and 25.96 per cent of the females; in Illinois, 31.26 per cent of the males and 21.77 per cent of the females.

The portion of the table by geographical divisions shows that in the Western division 47.61 per cent of the males employed in establishments involved struck and 49.59 per cent of the females. In each of the other geographical divisions the percentage of males who struck was much larger than that of the females.

SEX OF EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT.

The three tables following present data for lockouts similar to that presented for strikes in the series of three tables preceding. These three tables, like the three immediately preceding, cover the years from 1887 to 1905 only. The first of the tables is a compilation by years, the second by industries, and the third by States and geographical divisions. The table for years follows:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE LOCKOUT IN ESTABLISHMENTS

IN WHICH LOCKOUTS OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX LOCKED OUT, BY YEARS, 1887 TO 1905.

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Considering the lockouts in the United States during the nineteenyear period from 1887 to 1905, 67.98 per cent of the male employees and 55.10 per cent of the female employees in establishments involved

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