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investigated, 72.05 per cent of the male employees in establishments involved in lockouts were locked out, while 33.55 per cent of the females were locked out. In nine out of the nineteen years presented the per cent of female employees locked out was greater than the per cent of male employees. The table showing these data for lockouts by industries follows:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE LOCKOUT IN ESTABLISHMENTS

IN WHICH LOCKOUTS OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACII SEX LOCKED OUT, BY INDUSTRIES, 1887 TO 1905.

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Agricultural implements........
Automobiles and bicycles......
Bakery ..................
Blacksmithing and horseshoeing..
Boots and shoes......
Brass and brass goods...
Brewing...
Brick and tile.
Brooms and brushes..
Building trades...
Car building.....
Carpets............
Carriages and wagons.
Clothing, men's.
Clothing, women's..
Coal and coke.
Confectionery..
Cooperage.....
Cotton and woolen goods.
Cotton goods..
Cutlery and edge tools.
Domestic service...
Electric and gas apparatus and

supplies....
Electric light and power..
Flour mill products....
Foundry and machine shop
Freight handling and teaming..
Furnishing goods, men's.
Furniture and upholstering
Glass....
Gloves and mittens......
Hardware.....
Harness and saddlery.
Hats and caps......
Hosiery and knit goods..
Iron and steel......
Ironwork, ornamental ...
Jewelry and silverware.
Laundry work...
Leather............
Lime and cement..
Lithographing ....
Lumber and timber prod
Metallic goods....
Millinery goods...
Mining, ore ......
Musical instruments
Paper.................
Paper goods...
Planing mill products..
Pottery.....
Printing and publishing..
Public works....
Railroad transportation..
Rope, twine, and bagging..
Rubber goods........
Shipbuilding........
Silk goods.....
Slaughtering and meat packing....

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NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE LOCKOUT IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN WHICH LOCKOUTS OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX LOCKED OUT, BY INDUSTRIES, 1887 TO 1905-Concluded.

Male.

Female.

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Stone quarrying and cutting .......
Stoves and furnaces....
Street railway transportation
Streets and sewers......
Telegraph and telephone..
Tin and sheet metal goods.
Tobacco: chewing and smoking.
Tobacco: cigars and cigarettes...
Typewriters, cash registers, and

sewing machines......
Watches and clocks....
Water transportation..
Wooden goods.......
Woolen goods.....
Miscellaneous....

Total............

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In the industries in which a comparatively large number of both males and females are employed, the per cent of females locked out was in many cases equal to, or greater than, that of the males. Such industries are boots and shoes, women's clothing, hats and caps, and woolen goods. In the manufacture of men's clothing 78.15 per cent of the male employees and 42.62 per cent of the female employees in the establishments involved were locked out. The presentation by States and geographical divisions follows:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE LOCKOUT IN ESTABLISHMENTS

IN WHICH LOCKOUTS OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX LOCKED OUT, BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1887 TO

1903. [See Table XVII, pages 738 to 741, for notes relating to general lockouts extending into two or more

States.]

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Alabama..
Arizona.....
Arkansas....
California....
Colorado....
Connecticut..
Delaware....
District of Ca
Florida.
Georgia...
Idaho...
Illinois....
Indiana...
Indian Territory
Iowa.......
Kansas......
Kentucky...

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NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX BEFORE LOCKOUT IN ESTABLISHMENTS

IN WHICH LOCKOUTS OCCURRED, AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES OF EACH SEX LOCKED OUT, BY STATES AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS, 1887 TO 1905 Concluded.

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In the States where lockouts are of most frequent occurrence the percentages of male and female employees locked out are as follows: In New York, in those establishments involved in lockouts, 73.97 per cent of male employees and 40.07 per cent of female employees were locked out; in Pennsylvaina, 57.57 per cent of the males and 37.72 per cent of the females; in Illinois, 69.90 per cent of the males and 68.08 per cent of the females. In the South Atlantic division, 74.02 per cent of the male employees and 79.25 per cent of the female employees in establishments involved in lockouts were locked out. In each of the other geographical divisions the per cent of males exceeded the per cent of females.

SEX OF EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK.

In the next series of three tables the sex of the employees thrown out of work by labor disturbances in establishments in which disturbances occurred is shown for both strikes and lockouts by years, by industries, and by States and geographical divisions. These tables cover the entire twenty-five years from 1881 to 1905. The table showing these data by years follows:

SEX OF EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN WHICH

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS OCCURRED, BY YEARS, 1881 TO 1905.

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Considering the totals for the twenty-five-year period from 1881 to 1905, 90.57 per cent of the employees thrown out of work by strikes were males and 9.43 per cent were females. Of the employees thrown out of work by lockouts 84.18 per cent were males and 15.82 per cent were females. In 1905, the last year covered by the investigation, 91.02 per cent of the employees thrown out of work by strikes were males and 8.98 were females, while of the employees thrown out of work by lockouts 98.72 per cent were males and 1.28 per cent were females. The table showing the data by industries follows.

SEX OF EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK IN ESTABLISHMENTS IN WHICH

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS OCCURRED, BY INDUSTRIES, 1881 TO 1905.

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Agricultural implements........

22, 112

22. 942 96.38 3.62 1.239'....... 1,239 100.00 ...... Agriculture.

11, 702 525 13, 227 88. 47 11.53 ..... Auto nobiles and bicycles..

9,016

9,073 99.37 .63 152...... 152 100.00 .... Awnings, tents, and sails................

352

374 94.125 .88....... Bakery .......

30,723

32,531 94.44 5.56 1,998 736 2,734 73.08 26.92 Blacksmithing and horseshoeing.......

7,576.
7.576 100.00.....

1.141 100.00 Boots and shoes..... 117,933 42, 126 100.059 73.68 26.32 28, 232 13, 416 41,618 67.79 32.21 Brass and brass goods 13,393 3.36 13.729 97.55 2.45 246

246 100.00 Brewing....

18,067 110 18,177 99.39 .61 7.562 1 7,503 99.99 .01 Brick and tile..

89, 915 495 90. 4101 99. 15 .55 2,391 ....... 2.391 100.00 ....... Brooms and brushes.. 1,980

2.050 96.59 3. 41 9 0 ....... 90 100.00..... Building trades....... 21.082, 037 21,662'a1,083, 699 a 99.83 0.15245, 452 310 245, 762 99.87 . Canning and preserying............ 6,511 2.653 9. 164 71.05 28.95 ...... ....

.................. Car building...

89, 167 110 89,277 99.88 123, 4521....... 3. 452 100.00 .... Carpets.....

37, 102 29,007 66, 109 56.12 43.88 1,392 2, 325 3,717 37.45 2.55 Carriages and wagons. 23, 169 182, 23, 351 99.22 .78 3. 444 102 3. 546 97.12 2.88 Clothing. men's....... 301.676 157,383 459.059 65. 72 34.28 27.234 23. 8721 51, 106 53. 29 46.71 Clothing, women's.... 157,111 75,043 232, 154 67.68 32.32 4,194 3,638 7.832 53.55 46. 45 Coal and coke........ 2, 460, 743.. ... 2, 400, 743 100.00 ....... 70, 449 ....... 70, 449 100.00 ... Collins and undertakers' goods

916,

916 100.00 Confectionery ....

1,183
2. 820 41.95 58.05

13 20 35.00 65.00 Cooperage...

27, 471

27, 474 99.99 .01 1,203 ....... 1.203 100.00 .. Cotton and woolen goods............... 34,545 30.383 64.928 53. 21

24. 27 75. 73 Cotton goods....

135, 435 142, 035 277. 470 48.81 51. 19! 9. 946 10.064 20, 010 49.71 50. 29 Cutlery and edge tools

8, 106

206 8, 402 96.48 3.52 2. 488 434 2.922 85.15 14.85 Domestic service..... 27,789

32, 212 86.27 13.73 836 230 1.066 78.42 21.58 Electric and gas ap

paratus and supplie's.....

6,028 740 6,768 89.07 10.93 2.650 50 2.700 98.15 1.85 Electric light and power.....

4,371)
4.371 100.00

50

50 100.00 Flour mill products... 4,327

4,723 95.85 4.15 82 ....... 82 100.00 Foundry and machine shop......

281,349 1,357 282, 705 99.52 .48 16,653 4 16,657 99.98 .02 Freight handling and tearning...

275,388

275,483 99.97 .03 15.777 ....... 15,777 100.00 ........ Furnishing goods, men's...

12, 120 18,177 30, 2971 40.00 60.00 851 14.096 14.947 5.6994. 31 Furniture and upholstering.....

60,673

61.869 98.07 1.93 11, 413 11, 413 100.00 ....... Gas............

5,618

5,618 100.00 ....... Glass...

129,608 5,823 135, 431 95.70 4.30 25.694 1,812 27,506 93. 416.59 Gloy(18 and mittens.

6,504

15. S98 40.91 59. 09 10.217 8. 806 19.023 53.71 46.29 Hardware.

35, 746 1.316 37,062 96.45 3.55 3, 827 74 3.901 98.10 1.90 Harness and saddle 8.570 214 8,784 97.56

2. 44
2.44

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119...

119! 100.00 llats and caps....

35,022 9,595, 44,617 78.49 21.51 13,209 5,023 18.232 72.45 27.55 Hosiery and knit goods....

9,587 18, 841 28,428 33.72 66.28 490 9.036 14,526 37.79 62.21 Iron and steel........

435, 375

1,272 436,647 99.71 .29 17,984 21 18,005 99.88 .12 Ironwork, ornamental..........

4,173.
4, Ti .........

4,173 100.00 ....... 430 .......! 430 100.00....... Jewelry and silverware.....

7,493 1,175 8,670 86.45 13.55 1,553 34 1,557 97.80 2.14 Laundry work...

3, 421 7.790 11, 2017 30.54 69.46 189 1. 430 1,619 11.67 88. 33 Leather...

28. 892
29, 428 98.18 1.82 7,827 .......

7.827 100.00)....... Leather goods...

1.248

86

1.33-1! 93.55 6. 45 .............. Lime and cement..

7,573.

7,573 100.00 ....... 1,675'....... 1,675 100.00 ....... Lithographing...

3,264 96.69 3.31 8,651 185 8.836 97.911 2.09 Lumber and timber products.........

70,143

70.172 99. 96 .04 3, 454'.... 3, 454 100.00 Metallic goods....

15, 198 530 15,728 96.03 3.37 1,311 15 1,326 98.87 1.13 Millinery goods...

274 916 1,190 23.03 76.97 ....... 2,000 2,000. ... 100.00 Mining, ore .......

93, 658

93,058 100.00 ....... 4,260....... 4,260 100.00. Musical instruments.. 17, 817 144 17, 961 99. 20 .90 5,113 8 5, 121 99.84 .16 Paper............

15,7311 4.607 20,338 77.35' 22.65 764 10 774 98.711 1.29 o Including 1 strike involving nearly all industries in New Orleans, the prinripal industry affected

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