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GRAMMAR

CONTAINING THE

ETYMOLOGY AND SYNTAX

OF

THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

FOR ADVANCED GRAMMAR GRADES, AND FOR HIGH SCHOOLS,

ACADEMIES, ETC.

BY WILLIAM SWINTON,
AUTHOR OF "HARPER'S LANGUAGE SERIES,” “BIBLE WORD-BOOK,” ETC.

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NEW YORK:
HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,

FRANKLIN SQUARE.

594387

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1877, by

HARPER & BROTHERS, In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

PREFACE.

This text-book of English Grammar forms the advanced manual of Harper's “New Language Series,” and is designed for study in connection with the author's New School Composition.* In a graded course on the English language it is intended to fill the place of the book known as the Progressive Grammar. That, in such a course, it will fill that place in a manner more satisfactory than the work just named may reasonably be hoped from the considerations adduced in the following paragraphs.

At the time when the Progressive Grammar was first published (1872), it had become a conviction in the minds of many thoughtful teachers and others that English grammar, as set forth in books and taught in schools, was failing to accomplish its avowed end, namely, “to teach the art of speaking and writing the English language with propriety.” The Progressive Grammar was an attempt to break loose from the shackles of purely technical grammar

—to strip it of fruitless formalism, and to introduce the constructive element. It may be remarked that the author's views did not then extend beyond that one book. Soon after, however, the experience of the school-room led the author to believe—as a like experience was leading many others to believe—that a method of language

* Both treatises may be had bound in one volume, under the title “Swinton's English Grammar and Composition."

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