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AUTHORIZING APPOINTMENT OF COMMISSIONERS

OF IMMIGRATION [Act of August 18, 1894 (28 Stat. L., 372)] Section 1. The commissioners of immigration at the several ports shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to hold their offices for the term of four years, unless sooner removed, and until their successors are appointed; and nominations for such offices shall be made to the Senate by the President as soon as practicable after the passage of this act.

CHANGING TITLE OF SUPERINTENDENT OF IMMIGRATION TO COMMISSIONER GENERAL

OF IMMIGRATION

[Act of March 2, 1895 (28 Stat. L., 764)]

BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION That the Superintendent of Immigration shall hereafter be designated as Commissioner General of Immigration, and in addition to his other duties shall have charge under the Secretary of Labor, of the administration of the alien contract-labor laws, etc.53

PLACING THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE CHINESEEXCLUSION LAWS IN CHARGE OF THE

COMMISSIONER GENERAL

OF IMMIGRATION
[Act of June 6, 1900 (31 Stat. L., 611)]

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And hereafter the Commissioner General of Immigration, in addition to his other duties, shall have charge of the administration of the Chinese-exclusion law and of the various acts

* See sec. 7, Act of March 3, 1891, and sec. 23, Act of February 5, 1917.

regulating immigration into the United States, its Territories, and the District of Columbia, under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of Labor.

REGULATING ADMISSION OF CHINESE AND OTHER

ALIENS UNDER CONTRACT IF ENGAGED
IN INSTALLING OR CONDUCTING

EXHIBITS, ETC.

[Act of April 29, 1902 (32 Stat. L., 176)]

*

Sec. 3. That nothing in the provisions of this act or any other act shall be construed to prevent, hinder, or restrict any foreign exhibitor, representative, or citizen of any foreign nation, or the holder, who is a citizen of any foreign nation, of any concession or privilege from any fair or exposition authorized by act of Congress from bringing into the United States, under contract, such mechanics, artisans, agents, or other employés, natives of their respective foreign countries, as they or any of them may deem necessary for the purpose of making preparation for installing or conducting their exhibits or of preparing for installing or conducting any business authorized or permitted under or by virture of or pertaining to any concession or privilege which may have been or may be granted by any said fair or exposition in connection with such exposition, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of Labor may prescribe, both as to the admission and return of such person or persons.

AUTHORIZING REFUND OF HEAD TAX
[Act of February 3, 1905 (33 Stat. L., 684)]

BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION

Provided, That the Commissioner General of Immigration, with the approval of the Secretary of Labor, shall have power to refund head tax heretofore and hereafter collected

under section one of the Immigration Act approved March third, nineteen hundred and three, upon presentation of evidence showing conclusively that such collection was erroneously made.54

CHARGING THE OFFICERS OF THE GENERAL
GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
WITH THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE

IMMIGRATION LAWS OF THE
UNITED STATES THEREIN

[Act of February 6, 1905 (33 Stat. L., 689)]

Sec. 6. That the immigration laws of the United States in force in the Philippine Islands shall be administered by the officers of the general government thereof designated by appropriate legislation of said government, and all moneys collected under said laws as duty or head tax on alien immigrants coming into said islands shall not be covered into the general fund of the Treasury of the United States, but shall be paid into the treasury of said islands to be used and expended for the government and benefit of said islands.

AUTHORIZING PAYMENT IN ADVANCE FOR

SUBSCRIPTIONS FOR PUBLICATIONS

[Act of March 3, 1905 (33 Stat. L., 1156)]

*

Provided, That the annual subscriptions for publications for use in the Immigration Service at large may be paid in advance.

- See Rule 1. In the Act of March 4, 1911, making appropriation for the conduct of the Immigration Service (36 Stat. L., 1363, 1442), these refunds are authorized to be made only “upon presentation of evidence showing conclusively that collection was made through error of Government officers.

CONCERNING PASSPORTS, EXPATRIATION,
REPATRIATION, AND CITIZENSHIP OF
MARRIED WOMEN AND OF

CHILDREN 65 [Act of March 2, 1907 (34 Stat. L., 1228)] Section 1. That the Secretary of State shall be authorized, in his discretion, to issue passports to persons not citizens of the United States as follows: Where any person has made a declaration of intention to become such a citizen as provided by law and has resided in the United States for three years a passport may be issued to him entitling him to the protection of the Government in any foreign country: Provided, that such passport shall not be valid for more than six months and shall not be renewed, and that such passport shall not entitle the holder to the protection of this Government in the country of which he was a citizen prior to making such declaration of intention.

Sec. 2. That any American citizen shall be deemed to have expatriated himself when he has been naturalized in any foreign State in conformity with its laws, or when he has taken an oath of allegiance to any foreign State.

When any naturalized citizen shall have resided for two years in the foreign State from which he came, or for five years in any other foreign State it shall be presumed that he has ceased to be an American citizen, and the place of his general abode shall be deemed his place of residence during said years: Provided, however, That such presumption may be overcome on the presentation of satisfactory evidence to a diplomatic or consular officer of the United States, under such rules and regulations as the Department of State may prescribe: And provided also, That no American citizen shall be allowed to expatriate himself when this country is at war.

Sec. 3. That any American woman who marries a foreigner shall take the nationality of her husband. At the

* See Act of May 9, 1918.

** This provision is constitutional and means exactly what it says (McKenzie v. Hare, 239 U. S., 299).

termination of the marital relation she may resume her American citizenship, if abroad, by registering as an American citizen within one year with a consul of the United States, or by returning to reside in the United States, or, if residing in the United States at the termination of the marital relation, by continuing to reside therein.

Sec. 4. That any foreign woman who acquires American citizenship by marriage to an American shall be assumed to retain the same after the termination of the marital relation if she continues to reside in the United States, unless she makes formal renunciation thereof before a court having jurisdiction to naturalize aliens, or if she resides abroad she may retain her citizenship by registering as such before a United States consul within one year after the termination of such marital relation.

Sec. 5. That a child born without the United States of alien parents shall be deemed a citizen of the United States by virtue of the naturalization of or resumption of American citizenship by the parent: Provided, That such naturalization or resumption takes place during the minority of such child: And provided further, That the citizenship of such minor child shall begin at the time such minor child begins to reside permanently in the United States.

Sec. 6. That all children born outside the limits of the United States who are citizens thereof in accordance with the provisions of section nineteen hundred and ninety-three of the Revised Statutes of the United States 57 and who continue to reside outside the United States shall, in order to receive the protection of this Government, be required upon reaching the age of eighteen years to record at an American consulate their

5 Sec. 1993, R. S., reads as follows: “All children heretofore born or hereafter born out of the limits and jurisdiction of the United States, whose fathers were or may be at the time of their birth citizens thereof, are declared to be citizens of the United States; but the rights of citizenship shall not descend to children whose fathers never resided in the United States."

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