« PreviousContinue »
sarily be greatly and speedily augmented. It would be a moderate calculation to say that in two years it would reach $4,000,000. On the other hand, it may be said that our expenditure would be largely increased. Such is not the opinion of your committee. On the contrary, it is believed that from the greater security of our foreign relations, resulting from the settlement of this long agitated and disturbing question, our naval expenditure might be safely reduced, while no addition to our military establishment would be required. It has already been shown that an annual saving of $800,000 may be effected by withdrawing the African squadron when its services will no longer be necessary. Thus our expenditure for the interest on the debt incurred by the acquisition would be credited by $4,800,000, leaving an annual balance of but $1,425,000 to the debit of the purchase. Is this sum to be weighed in the balance with the advantages, political and commercial, which would result from it? Your committee think that it should not.
A few words on the wealth and resources of Cuba and your committee will close this report, which has swollen to dimensions not incommensurate with the importance of the subject, but which, it may be feared, will, under the pressure of other business during this short session, be considered as unduly trespassing on the attention of the Senate. The amount of taxes that can be levied upon any people without paralyzing their industry and arresting their material progress is the experimentum crucis of the fertility of the land they inhabit. Tried by this test Cuba will compare favorably with any country on either side of the Atlantic.
Your committee have before them the last Cuban budget, which presents the actual receipts and expenditures for one year, with the estimates for the same for the next six months. The income derived from direct taxes, customs, monopolies, lotteries, etc., is $16,303,950. The expenses are $16,299,663. This equilibrium of the budget is accounted for by the fact that the surplus revenue is remitted to Spain. It figures under the head of “Atenciones de la Peninsula,”and amounts to $1,404,059, and is the only direct pecuniary advantage Spain derives from the possession of Cuba, and even this sum very much exceeds the average net revenue remitted from that island, all the expenses of the army and navy employed at or near Cuba being paid by the island. The disbursements are those of the general administration of the island, those of Habana and other cities being provided for by special imposts and taxes.
It may be moderately estimated that the personal exactions of Spanish officials amount to $5,000,000 per annum, thus increasing the expenses of the government of Cuba, apart from those which, with us, would be considered as county or municipal, to the enormous sum of $21,300,000, or about $13.50 per head for the whole population of the island, free and slave. Under this system of government and this excessive taxation the population has, for a series of years, steadily increased at the mean rate of 3 per cent per annum-about equal to that of the United States.
Since the reference of the bill to the committee, the President, in response to a resolution of the Senate requesting him, if not incompatible with the public interest, to communicate to the Senate any and all correspondence between the Government of the United States and the Government of Her Catholic Majesty relating to any proposition for the purchase of the island of Cuba, which correspondence has not been furnished to either House of Congress, informs us that no such correspondence has taken place which has not already been com
municated to Congress. He takes occasion to repeat what he said in his annual message, that it is highly important, if not indispensable to the success of any negotiation for the purchase, that the measure should receive the previous sanction of Congress.
This emphatic reiteration of the previous recommendation throws upon Congress the responsibility of failure if withheld. Indeed, the inference is sufficiently clear that, without some expression of opinion by Congress, the President will not feel justified in renewing negotiations.
The committee beg leave to append hereto various tables concerning statistical details of matters treated of in this report.
All which is respectfully submitted.
No. 1.-Commerce of the island of Cuba with foreign nations for the years 1852,
1853, and 1854, made up from the general balances.” [From Ex. Doc. No. 107, first session Thirty-fourth Congress, Commercial Relations of the
United States. ]
$3,615, 692 11,641,813 11, 119, 5:26 1,921,567 1,824, 074
811, SSO 671,380
14,186 251, 452 309,949
23, 694 168, 453 313, 779
No. 2.-Statement of the aggregate of revenue and expenditure of the island of
REVENUE. Section 1.-Contributions and imports
$3,026, 833. 69 Section 2.--Customs
9, 807,878. 87 Section 3.–Taxes and monopolies.
1,069, 795. 44 Section 4.-Lotteries
16,719,200.00 Section 5.-State property
119, 285.94 Section 6.-Contingencies.
21, 338, 928.88 Deduct for sums paid as portions of the forfeitures under seizures.. 12, 972.88 Actual total
21, 325, 956.00 EXPENDITURE. Section 1.- Grace and justice..
712, 755.00 Section 2.-War..
5,866, 538. 36 Section 3.-Exchequer.
7, 645, 145. 43 | Ordinary expenses. Section 4.
2, 386, 634. 16 Extraordinary expenses.
1, 190, 700.37 Section 5.-Executive department
2,115, 833. 12 Section 6.-. Attentions (remittances) of the Peninsula.
1, 404, 059.00 Total
21,321, 665.44 1 From this sum should be deducted $5,022,000, which figures among the expenditures of the exchequer under the government guaranty of prizes in the lotteries, and which is included in the sum of $7,615,145,43 set down as expended by that department. This leaves a net revenue from that source of $1,697,200, and a total net revenue of $16,105.96.
No. 3.-Comparative statement of the number of sea-going vessels entering the port
of Habana for the years named.
No. 4. —Table of the total production of sugar, consumption, etc.
Tons. Cane sugar..
2,057, 653 Palm sugar ....
....... ........ ....... ....
100,000 Beet-root sugar..
164, 822 .................................. Maple sugar......
20, 247 Total ......
...... 2, 342, 722
But the quantity of sugar from which the United States, England, Europe, and the Mediterranean is to be supplied reaches only 1,273,000 tons. Thus, for the 300,000,000 souls who are dependent on it, it gives but about 8 pounds per head, while the consumption in England is triple that quantity, and in the United States 20 pounds per head. The use of sugar in the world is rapidly increasing. In France it has doubled in thirty years. It has increased more than 50 per cent in England in fifteen years. In the Zollverein it has quadrupled. The following
table will show the imports and production of sugar in Great Britain, France, and the United States during many years:
Consumption of sugar in Great Britain, France, and the United States.
The production of beet-root sugar in France for four years was as follows:
The figures of 1857 are only to March 1, and exceed by 54,000,000 kilograms the product of last year. The production in the Zollverein in 1855 was as follows:
14,099, 263 Anhalt
2, 301, 364 Bavaria
247, 126 Saxony.
131, 968 Wurtemburg
603, 256 Baden.
988, 825 Hesse
59, 137 Huringen
122, 965 Brunswick
Giving a total of 19,188,402. The increase in the consumption is immense. In 1841 the total for the three countries above named was 420,000 tons. This has increased to 800,000 tons, or a quantity nearly doubled, and the supply has come from Louisiana and from beet roots. The former failed considerably in the last two years, and, as a consequence, nearly convulsed the world. The value of sugar in the open market, then, seems to depend upon the precarious crop of Louisiana, since, when that fails, the prices rise all over the world.-United States Economist.
No. 5.—Table of number of Chinese shipped from China from 1847 to March 23,
The following table, derived from a reliable source, exhibits the total number of vessels that have arrived at this port since 1847 with Asiatics, their flags, tonnage,
number of Asiatics shipped and landed, number and percentage of deaths, etc., which, I think, will not be deemed uninteresting:
From the foregoing it will be seen that the loss of life on the total number shipped actually announts to 144 per cent; and whilst the number of deaths of those brought hither in Portuguese ships amounts to only 24 per cent, the number brought in American ships amounts to 12 per cent, in British ships to 141 per cent, and in French ships to 131 per cent, whilst in Peruvian ships the number of deaths amounts to 387 per cent.
No. 6.- Population of the West Indies, as stated in Colton's Atlas of the World,
volume 1. Hayti: Haytien Empire
572,000 Dominican Republic.
136, 000 Cuba (slaves, 330,425)
1,009, 060 Porto Rico
447,914 French islands: Guadalupe and dependencies
154, 975 Martinique
121, 478 French Guiana.
22, 110 St. Bartholomew..
9,000 Danish islands: St. Thomas.
13, 666 Santa Cruz.
23, 729 St. John.....
39, 623 Dutch islands, Curaçoa, etc.
28, 497 Dutch Guiana.
61,080 British islands: Bahamas
27, 519 Turk's Island.
4, 428 Jamaica'
377, 433 Caymans
68, 645 Tobago.
13, 208 Granada
32,671 St. Vincent.
30, 128 Barbadoes.
135, 939 St. Lucia
24, 516 Dominica.
7, 653 Antigua
37, 757 St. Christopher's
23, 177 Nevis
9, 601 Barbuda
1, 707 Anguilla
3, 052 Virgin islands
6, 689 British Guiana.
Acquired from Spain.