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Caloocan, Taguig and Pasai line of trenehes, except certain organizations in the city of Manila performing special duties. In accordance with these instructions, one battalion of the 22d Inf., and one Utah gun were left at Candaba and San Luis, with orders to report to Gen. MacArthur. The remainder of the troops composing the expedition with the exception of the four troops of 4th Cav., the 1st North Dakotas, the battalion of the 9th Inf., and Scott's Battery, which were ordered to return to Manila, were turned over to Major-General MacArthur.
On May 24th, Gen. Lawton proceeded by steam launch to Calumpit and thence by rail to Malolos to carry out instructions from the Corps Commander in regard to distribution and rationing of troops, added to Gen. MacArthur's command, and to supervise the re-arrangement of the 13th Minnesotas, guarding the railway. On May 26th, it was reported that a force of the enemy was being concentrated in the vicinity of Baliuag, and instructions were given to the commanding officer at that point to send out reconnoitering parties in the direction of the enemy to ascertain the facts. One company of the 3d Inf., under 1st Lieut. Moore, of that regiment, developed a force of the enemy in the direction of San Rafael, and being encumbered with two wounded men was forced to continue the engagement until relieved by two more companies, when the enemy were dispersed in short order. Other scouting parties failed to discover evidences of the enemy.
The troops destined for Manila were shipped in by rail from Calumpit as rapidly as possible, and the wagon train marched in overland.
Gen. Lawton returned to Manila on the 27th, with his staff. The wagon train arriving in the city on the 30th, closed the expedition, although it was practically completed at the breaking up on the 23d at Candaba.
LAWTON'S PARANAQUE CAMPAIGN.
** EN. LAWTON'S command, composed of the following-named
troops, concentrated at San Pedro Macati on June 9th, for operation against the insurgent forces in the vicinity of Paranaque, Gen. Wheaton now coinmanding King's old brigade.
Gen. Ovenshine's Brigade—13th U. S. Inf., (complete); 14th U. S. Inf., (nine companies); 12th U. S. Inf., (two companies); two guns, 6th Art., (Battery D); two guns, Hawthorne's Separate Mountain Battery; two guns, Andrews' Battery E, 1st Art. Gen. Wheaton's Brigade—9th U. S. Inf., (eight com
panies); 21st U. S. Inf., (eight companies); 1st Colorado Volunteer Inf., (six companies); two guns, 6th Art., (Battery D); two guns, Hawthorne's Separate Mountain Battery; two guns, Andrews' Battery E, 1st Art.
On the following morning, June 10th, the command left camp at San Pedro Macati at 5 A. M., and moved in the direction of Paranaque. The line of march was over the ridges of Guadalupe to attack the town in the rear. The intention was to clear out the country lying between Laguna de Bay and Manila Bay. It is a rough grazing country, cut by gulches and overgrown by grass and chaparral.
While the men slept with no tents, the rain poured down heavily for an hour. The men only laughed, for in the gentle air of these favored isles, rain, however it may dampen, seldom chills one. Then again, the lust of war was in our blood, and we knew that to-morrow would show us the terrible beauty of skilled and legal murder.
Before dawn we passed out of the shadow of the church and in sight of the benediction in the chapel. Out to war and past the blessed Christ who taught us to love one another; along Pasig River; then up past ruined Guadalupe; over the hill, till we came to a high ridge, where the white tents of the 12th Inf. kept watch and ward over the sleepy fields. A long procession of men, miles long, a file of ruthless steel, a wall of iron and will, came over the ridge and went across the face of the ground, towards Paranaque, hidden in the woods, yet revealing the white steeple of a church, and pointing a finger to the skies, and to the infinite Justice throned there.
THE CLICK OF THE GUNS. A kind of soothing rap-tap-tap, tickety-tick-tick, comes to your ears, and somebody looks two miles off among the ranges and ridges. “They are using black powder,” he says. We had heard that the Filipinos were manufacturing their own powder at Lipa, in Batangas province, out of the sulphur from the volcano of Taal.
This tapping is not hard or unpleasant. If this is death, you say, it is an easy death; some such quiet feeling as a man has who has taken laughing gas. He knows something tragic is going on, but he does not care nor bother about it.
At last, as we look over the land we see long files of brown men stalking knee deep in long grass. Some one says, “that looks like the Colorados.” No. The Colorados are away a mile and a half making those rapid tick-tacks which are so
soothing. A big vase seemed to burst at our feet. But it was not a vase, it was Lieut. Scott's first shot from the artillery at the line of insurgent defense. He hit close to it and exploded some shells right over them. But sly
Pio del Pilar was ARTILLERY IN ACTION, NEAR ANGELES. Photo by Lillie.
too old a rat to be caught in a cheese trap like that. You could see his men vamoose over the hill, and no cannon could shoot away a hill. Not yet, Pilar, whether you are a traitor or a patriot, shall Yankee hands be laid on you.
We are standing under a tree, which, from its shape, the boys have christened the “T” tree. It is on the topmost ridge and commands the prospect of the field of fight and Aight. But we want to hear those tick-tacks a little closer. So we follow a trail down the hillside and into a valley. Tick-tacks over in these wolds. The 14th Inf. must be tacking up proclamations of the peace commissioners. What did you say about peace? Did you notice those “rookies," or new men, duck? Did you hear an angry bee buzz past your ear? Well, then listen, and look out. You may not be an inch from death.
THE SIGNAL CORPS AT WORK. As we marched into the rough land, we were surprised to see a man uncoiling a wire. He must be out surveying the land for a farm. No. He is the Signal Corps man. His wire does not measure land, but conveys thoughts. It runs from Lawton's headquarters to those of Otis. It took a curt message to-day.
Otis is fussy, sends word to Lawton about something. He thinks so and so, and like a school girl, wants to talk it over. Lawton can't be reached. Again and again Otis tries to reach the Indian Exterminator. At last, he gets this out to him: “Where is Lawton?” The grizzly fighter sends back in reply: "At the front firing line with his men, where he ought to be.”
The Signal Corps are brave. To-day they got ahead of their body-guard, and were almost bagged by Pilar's men.
Anon, Maj. Penrose of the staff goes over a hill to a grassy field. Here he establishes a temporary hospital. No sooner is this done, than the enemy fires
into the hospital. We, who are unarmed get behind the ammunition boxes and “Suave qui peut,” is in order. Forty riflemen come up and fight the trees and fields for two hours and a half. But thick and fast flow events. Here is a wounded man: “Company K, wounded in right forearm, not serious."
A hundred feet behind, the Chinese have a litter. They carry a silent form. A young boy of seventeen years. Ten minutes ago, that was Healy-little Joe Healy of Company M, 13th Regulars. Somebody in America to-day is poorer because of the rich Philippines. Joe was terribly young. He had a surprise look of wonder on his face. What could death have told him that surprised him so ? Ask the Sphinx. Why did the tap-taps come out of the woods and cut his throat like that? Not much had happened to Joe. Only “shot in the neck fatally.” Ah, Joe, what makes you lie so still, gazing intently up? You are not always serious, you were gay and sprightly, Joe.
And now the tropic sun is getting up above our heads. The boys are young, and many are for the first time under fire. Under a tent cover in this long, hot grass, are two men overcome by heat. A comrade watches by. This one is prostrated by the heat, and that one has fever coming on.
THE WORK OF THE EXPEDITION. What had happened in military details is this: The Colorado Inf., the 9th and 21st Inf., and one troop of the Nevada Cav., swung around the hilltop of the ridge above Guadalupe church and opened battle at 6:30 A. M. The rebels made no response from the hills and the Colorado men cautiously advanced through the thick grass until they were confronted by a trench.
The Colorado Regiment then advanced toward Laguna de Bay. Two companies encountered trenches on the top of a knoll, where the Filipinos stood waist high above a trench, pouring a volley upon them. They charged and drove out the enemy, Lieutenant-Colonel Moses being wounded in the arm as he jumped into the trench. On the Paranaque side, meantime, Scott's Battery of the 6th Art., shelled the first line of insurgent defense with good effect. Then a part of the 13th and 14th Regiments formed in skirmish line, extending a mile to the right, and supported by the rest of the regiments swept
THE BURNING OF CALOOCAN. Photo by K. 1. F. down the valley and up the hillside toward another trench. The approach through the morass seriously hampered the 14th, and the rebels, taking advantage of this, poured a galling fire upon them for thirty minutes. The 14th was twice compelled to withdraw for the purpose of finding a safe crossing in the swamp. Finally the trench was enfiladed on both flanks. The rebels fled to the woods and sustained severe loss. Lieut. Geiger of the 14th with forty-five men took a hill from 300 Filipinos. About three o'clock in the afternoon, Gen. Wheaton's Brigade, headed by Gen. Lawton, who, in his white clothing and helmet, on a big black horse, was a shining mark for the enemy's sharpshooters, circled to the south of Las Pinas, encountering a large force of Filipinos in the shelter of
Pwt, he Lille.
TRAIN WRECKED BY INSURGENTS NEAR ANGELES. the trees. Gen. Lawton had a narrow escape. In the first volley of the enemy the horses of three officers were shot from under them. The Colorado Regiment and the 9th Inf., bore the brunt of this attack and dispersed the Filipinos. Hardly had they finished off that lot when a large force appeared in the rear, which the 9th Inf. and a part of the Colorado Regiment drove away. By this time nearly the whole division was around Las Pinas.
During the march, men were prostrated on all sides, owing to the lack of water and exposure to the sun. It is estimated that forty per cent of the troops were exhausted. Our men threw away their blankets, coats and even haversacks, stripping to the waist and trusting to luck for food. Water could not be obtained, and there was much discomfort after the canteens were emptied.
While the troops were advancing the army gunboat Napidan, on the river near Pasig, shelled the enemy, killing several of them. The monitor, Monadnock, and the gunboat Helena, shelled Paranaque and Las Pinas, all day with the full power of their batteries. The rebel sharpshooters kept in hiding until the American lines had passed, and then attempted to pot stragglers from the trees. Owing to their poor marksmanship their efforts were without result.
The Americans made camp for the night, south of the town, during a heavy rain. Gen. Ovenshine's Brigade did not come into camp until after dark. Stragglers came in all during the night. Men had fallen on the way and were able to continue their march only after rest and the coolness of evening had refreshed them. At six o'clock on the morning of the 11th, Gen. Wheaton advanced upon Las Pinas with a troop of cavalry, the 21st Inf., the Colorado Regiment, part of the 9th Inf., and two mountain guns, crossing two streams and entering the town without firing a shot. He then entered Paranaque.
PARANAQUE OCCUPIED. Gen. Ovenshine came into Paranaque with his brigade, about 10 A. M. The troops had been stalled in mud, two feet deep. Only by proceeding in single file and each man treading in the footsteps of the man in front of him were they able to