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regiments who had cameras in the field, and some very fine views of troops in action were obtained in this way. The views which appear in this book are those selected from more than fifteen hundred photographs collected by our staff.

Maps of all the battlefields and movements of the expeditions are shown in the book. The maps were made by Mr. P. E. Lamar, C. E., the official map-maker of the Second Division, Eight Army Corps, who personally accompanied each expedition with a company of surveyors, and the maps made by him have been endorsed as officially correct by the commanding generals. These maps have been copyrighted by Mr. Lamar, who has published a large map, 64x46 inches, and permission has been secured at considerable expense to use the map in sections in this book,

We desire to acknowledge our great obligations to Admiral Dewey and Lieutenant-Commander Colvocoresses of the Olympia, Major-Generals Lawton, MacArthur and Anderson and Brigadier-Generals King, Ovenshine, Hale, Wheaton, H. G. Otis, Hall, Funston, Summers and Smith for facilities, suggestions, and such information as military regulations permitted them to give. This history will be found accurate, so far as earnest zeal and industry on the part of those best informed can make it so. The narrative in the first chapter, describing the naval battle of Manila Bay, was written by Lieutenant-Commander G. P. Colvocoresses of the Olympia, an old schoolmate of Admiral Dewey. The other chapters were prepared in the office. from data collected as above stated in the field and from official records. While this method prevents a certain uniformity of expression and literary finish which would appear in the work of one writer, the fact that many thousands of the book have been sold in advance of publication makes it imperative to complete the work at the earliest possible date, consistent with accuracy, and it would be the work of at least two years for one person to digest the immense quantity of original data which we have collected, and prepare a narrative therefrom.

Special editions containing about one hundred pages additional matter giving a complete history of the regiment from date of muster-in to muster-out are published for sale in States which sent volunteer regiments to the Philippine Islands. Each of these editions contain the name, rank, postoffice address, and occupation of every man in the regiment; a list of killed and wounded; all deaths, with date and cause; all discharges, promotions, etc. A certificate from the commanding officer of the regiment verifies the history as officially correct. Cuts of each company, the field and staff officers, band and hospital corps are shown. Many of these company pictures were taken in view of the enemy, while the regiment was entrenched, and in several cases the company was fired upon while being photographed.

THE HICKS-JUDD PUBLISHING COMPANY.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

- - -

CHAPTER

PAGE.

I. THE AMERICAN FLEET AT MANILA..

....... 1

The Battle of Manila Bay, 3; A Spanish Version of the Battle, 8; Disputed

Points, 10; The Actions of the German Fleet, 13; Impressions of Admiral

Dewey, 15.

II. EVENTS LEADING TO THE WAR WITH SPAIN........

The Cuban Atrocities, 17 ; Senator Proctor's Report, 18; The Destruction

of the Maine, 21 ; Report of the Court of Inquiry, 22 ; The President's

Message, 25; Further Official Acts, 27; Congress Recognizes the Indepen-

dence of Cuba, 29; War Declared Between the United States and

Spain, 30.

III.' *AFTER THE BATTLE OF MANILA BAY.........

American Policy Undetermined, 33; Conditions Under Spanish Rule, 34 ;

Society of the Katipunan, 35 ; Rebellion of 1896, 35 ; Aguinaldo Appears,

36; Changes in the Governor Generalship, 37 ; The “Pact of Peace,” 38;

Money Paid by the Spanish to the Insurgents, 39; The Tragedy of the

Calle de Camba, 41; Allocution by the Archbishop of Madrid, 42;

Aguinaldo Meets the American Consul-General, 42; The Terms of an

Alleged Agreement, 44; Proclamation of the Philippine Junta, 46;

Constitution Proclaimed by Aguinaldo, 49 ; Aguinaldo's Message to his

People, 52.

IV. THE REINFORCEMENT OF DEWEY .....

The Strength of the Reinforcement Determined, 55; General Merritt

Assigned to Command, 56; Departure of First Expedition,'56; The Capture

of Guam, 57; Naval Reinforcements, 58; More Reinforcements Arrive,

58; Difficulties of Rapid Mobilization, 59 ; The Troops in San Fran-

cisco, 60; Supply and Transportation System Organized, 60; The

Transport System, 61; Cost of Transport Service and Charters, 62;

Troops Sent to Manila, 63-70.

V. THE CAPTURE OF MANILA.....

..................... 71

The Fortifications of Manila, 71 ; The Spanish Dungeons, 72; The Gates,

Forts and Barricades, 72; The Spanish Block-houses, 73 ; Construction

of Spanish Trenches, 74 ; The Filipino Insurgents, 75 ; Filipinos not

to Share in the Attack, 76; Camp Dewey Established, 76 ; Position of

the American Troops, 77; Embarrassments of the American Com-

manders, 78; Misconduct of German Amiral, 78; Rumored Coming of

Camara's Fleet, 79; The Plan of Attack, 81 ; Organization of the

American Forces, 82 ; The Nature of the Ground, 82; Difficulties in

Landing Troops, 84; The Health of the Command, 84; Aguinaldo

Addresses the Powers, 85; Growing Antagonism between the Amer-

icans and Filipinos, 85; Work of Troops before Fall of Manila, 86 ;

Arrangements with Aguinaldo, 87; Americans Occupy Filipino
Trenches, 88; The Battle in the Rain, 89; Good Conduct of the
Volunteers, 93; The Americans Ready to Attack Manila, 94; The Fleet
Takes Position, 95; Efforts to Induce Surrender 95; Alleged Arrange-

ment for a Sham Battle, 96 ; The Fleet Begins the Attack, 96; General

Merritt Orders an Attack, 97; The Alleged Peaceful Program Miscarries,

98; The Fall of the City, 100 ; Articles of Capitulation, 101.

VI. FROM THE CAPTURE OF MANILA TO REVOLT OF THE FILIPINOS ........... .. 103

Proclamation of General Merritt, 103; Filipinos in Control of the Country,

105; Complications with the Filipinos, 105; General Merritt Consults

Amiral Dewey, 107; The President Gives Instructions, 108; General
Merritt Reports on Aguinaldo, 108 ; Otis Succeeds Merritt, 109; The Fili-
pinos Ordered to Remove, 109; The Filipinos Evacuate, 110; The Mili-
tary Government, 111; The Filipinos Object to Cleanliness, 111 ; News
of the Coming Peace, 112; The Filipinos Accumulate Arms, 113 ; Sanitary
Regulations Enforced, 113; The Spanish Prison-Houses Opened, 114; The
Fiscal Admii istration, 114; A Commission Appointed, 115 ; The Treaty
of Peace Signed, 115; The President Declares the United States Sovereign
in the Philippines, 117; Aguinaldo Replies to the President, 118; Military

Government in the Philippines, 120.

VII. THE REVOLT OF THE FILIPINOS .........

.............. 125

The Military Situation, 125 ; The Disposition of our Troops, 126; A Period

of Suspense, 127; Otis' Brigade of MacArthur's Division. 129; Hale's Bri-

gade of MacArthur's Division, 131; Operations South of Pasig River,

135; The Troops of the Provost Guard, 139; Operation of the Fleet, 140;

The Filipinos Plan a Massacre, 143; The Attempt to Loot Manila, 144 ;

Great Destruction of Property by Fire, 145; The Attempted Massacre

Fails, 145 ; The Insurrectos Ask a Conference, 147; Renewed Attacks on

the Water-Works, 147 ; Wheaton's Flying Colupın, 148 ; Reorganization

of Army Corps, 151 ; The Philippine Commission, 152.

VIII. THE MARCH ON MALOLOS........

................................... 155

Position of Opposing Armies, 155; Reorganization of MacArthur's Division,

156; The Nature of the Country, 156; No General Engagement, 157 ;

Operations of Hale's Brigade, 158; Operations of Otis' Brigade, 165 ;

Operations of Wheaton's Brigade, 169; The Gilmore Incident, 173.

IX. MACARTHUR'S MARCH ON SAN FERNANDO .......

Wheaton's Operations Along the Railroad, 175; Hale's Operations from

Malolos to Calumpit, 177 ; Operations of Wheaton's Brigade to Calumpit,

184; Hale's Brigade from Calumpit to San Fernando, 187; Operations of

Wheaton's Brigade, Calumpit to San Fernando, 192; General Funston

Succeeds General Wheaton, 193; Hall's Move on Morong, 194.

X. LAWTON'S LAKE EXPEDITION ........

.................. 197

Object of the Expedition, 197; Detail for the Expedition, 198; The Com-

mand Begins the Move, 200; The Expedition Landed, 201 ; The Loss on

Both Sides, 202 ; The Work of the Gunboats, 202; Movements After the

Fight, 202; Heroism of the Wounded, 204 ; Return to Manila, 206.

XI. LAWTON'S NORTHERN EXPEDITION........

................... 207

Organization of the Command, 207; Purposes of the Expedition, 207;

Novaliches Occupied, 208; The Column Reaches San Jose, 210 ; Partial

Burning of Angat, 211; General Lawton Reports Progress, 212; Com-

munications Disturbed, 213; Gallant Behavior of Wm. H. Young, 214;

The Command Occupies San Rafael, 214; Young's Scouts Organized, 215;

San Rafael Captured Again, 215; The Column Reaches Baliuag, 216 ;

Natives Fed from Captured Stores ; 217; Maasim Occupied, 218; Large

Amounts of Stores Captured, 218 ; A Mythical Insurgent Army, 220 ; A

Civil Government Established at Baliuag, 220; A Concerted Movement

Planned, 222; Remarkable Gallantry of Young's Scouts, 223; Chief

Scout Young Mortally Wounded, 225 ; San Miguel Occupied, 225 ; Lieu-

tenant Thornton Succeeds Chief Scout Young, 227 ; Scout Harrington

.. 253

259

. . . . . .

Killed ; The Column Reaches San Isidro, 228 ; The Filipino Peace Com-

mission, 228 ; An Engagement near San Fernando, 229 ; The Expedition

Breaks up at Candaba, 230.

XII. LAWTON'S PARANAQUE CAMPAIGN .......

................. 233

The Click of the Guns, 233; The Signal Corps at Work, 234 ; The Work of

the Expedition, 235 ; Paranaque Occupied, 236 ; The Fighting Continued,

237; Result of the Operations, 240.

XIII. EXPEDITIONS TO THE SOUTHERN ISLANDS .......

.... ... 241

Operations on Panay, 241 ; Operations in Cebu, 245 ; Occupation of Negros,

247 ; The Sulu Archipelago, 249.

XIV. The GUNBOAT FLOTILLA .

................ 253

The Laguna de Bay, 254; Various Fights on the Rivers, 255 ; Captures

by the Flotilla, 257; Later Events in the Islands, 257; Character of the

Campaign now Opening, 258.

XV. THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.........

Physical Aspects, 259 ; Early History Unknown, 260 ; Political Subdivisions,

261; The Visayas, 263 ; The Sulu Archipelago, 265 ; An Early Account

of the Islands, 266 ; The Visayans in Early Times, 269 ; Ancient Form of

Government, 270 ; The System of Slavery, 271; Marriage Institutions,

272; Deterioration of the Filipino, 272; A British Opinion of the

Filipinos, 275 ; Business Capacity of the Natives, 276 ; Climatic Conditions,

277; The Typhoons, 279 ; The Oceanic Currents, 280 ; The Unhealthfulness

of Manila, 281 ; Commerce of the Islands, 282; Natural Products, 283 ;

Mining Industries, 286.

THE VOYAGE FROM SAN FRANCISCO to MANILA ......

SUPPLEMENT.................

The Staff Department of the Army, 301 ; The Engineer Corps: 301 ; The Batcalion

of Engineers, 301 ; The Engineer Corps in the Philippines, 302 ; The Quarter-

master's Department, 302; Operating a Railroad, 302; The Subsistence Depart-

ment, 303; Rations on the Transports, 30+; Rations in the Field, 304 ; The Travel

Ration, 30+; The Medical Department, 30+; The Supply and Ambulance Service,

305; Medical Department of the 8th Army Corps, 305; Victims of War in the

Philippines, 306; Noble Work of the Volunteer Lady Physicians, 307; The Red

Cross Work, 307 ; The Signal Corps, 308 ; The Chaplains in the Army, 309;

Sketches of some Chaplains, 313; A Deserved Acknowledgment, 314.

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