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OR THE MAN OF THE GREAT SPIRIT.
We hope this may prove an open
Since this Prophet, as he is styled, ing for great and extensive usefulness arose, there has been a great reform among the Indians in this quarter, among the pagans of the Six Nations, where is a wide field for missionary The settlement at the Alleghany ris. labours, already occupied, in part, byer, containing about 450 souls, a few the synod of Pittsburgh.
years since, were a poor, idle, drunk
enl, contemptible people ; they are THE SENECA PROPHET,
now become temperate, industrious, and comparatively wealthy.
sion from the Friends near Philadel. Communicated for the Panoplist by. phia, has much aided this reform, by Missionary who visited him and his counsels and example; but whether people.
one would have succeeded without A few years since, an Indian at the the other, it is probably impossible to Alleghany river, half brother to the determine. noted Cornplanter, gave out that he This prophet says, he has had rehad communications from the Great peated visions, in which he sees three Spirit, which he was commanded to spirits or angels, who make communitake known to the different tribes of cations to him. Sometimes in dreams Indians. He was formerly a great or visions, he pretends to have seen drunkard, and despised by the Indians devils flying, and hovering over their themselves, as an ignorant, idle, new town, Canadesago, seeking some worthless fellow. Since his reforma- place to light, but could find none, be tion, he appears meek, honest and in- cause the people were now orderly, offensive. By those best acquainted temperate, and industrious; he then with bim, he is considered as defi. saw them fly to Buffaloe Creek, and cient in intellect. He converses but light among the whisky casks. Some. little. His countenance does not in- times, he says, he has seen idle, dicate much thoughtfulness. When drunken Indians, clothed in rags and questioned, however, his answers are filth, in old worn out canoes, on lakes pertinent, and his public speeches at a distance from shore, clouds gathare sensible. He inculcates on his ering thick and black, with awful followers, that they sell not their thunder, lightning and tempest. lands ; that they refrain from the use Sometimes sick persons send a of ardent spirits; that they put not shirt or some other article of clothaway their wives; that they cultivate ing, to the prophet, that he may pretheir lands ; live industrious lives; scribe a cure.' In such a case, he and maintain the religious customs of takes two handfuls of tobacco, puts their ancestors.
their ends to the fire on the bearth, To one, who expressed his doubts lies down and covers himself with a of his having such communications, blanket, after he has arisen he preand used some arguments to show scribes for the disease. him he had not, he replied with his He has stated to the Indians, that usual simplicity, " I think I have had great judgments would follow them, such communications made to me." if they disobeyed the commands of
At the meeting of commissioners the Great Spirit, such as floods, with the Senecas, for the purpose of drought, &c.' The principal of the purchasing a tract of land at the Friends' mission near these Indians, Black-rock, this Indian was present, observed, that a missionary who lateand opposed the sale of their lands. ly visited them, had spoken much in He related the communications, wbich the same way to them respecting the he said he had received from the judgments of God, following the Great Spirit. Some of the commu- wicked, and that they had been visit: nications he could not recollect, and ed, as their prophet had declared, esasked his brother Cornplanter. When pecially, with a remarkable food in asked how he could forget such com- the Alleghany river. munications, he said at the time the The fame of this prophet is great Great Spirit told him these things, he among the western Indians. He has related them to his brother; and that once visited the Wyandots, and by he was told so many things, be did particular desire expected soon to pot remember all.
visit them again. He is deeply imr pressed with the opinion that judg. happened between the prophet and ments are coming on the nations, un. most of his adherents, and Cornplant. less they reform. When he first er; in consequence, they have left arose as a prophet, he visited the Pre. Corplanter, and removed farther up sident of the United States at the the river, where they are building a seat of government, accompanied by new town. His nephews, who are Cornplanter. The prophet with his sensible, and men of great renown adherents, gladly embrace every op. in the nation, use their infuence in portunity to encourage whatever, in his favour. He is consulted as the their view, tends to promote refor. principal chief of the nation; but mation. On this ground they advis. Red Jacket, a cunning and subtil chief ed the Indians to listen to the instruc. at Buffaloe Creek, does not believe tions of the missionary to the New in him, but in his public transactions Stockbridge Indians. Hence they he pays him respect, as he is popular were fond of thinking and saying, with the nation. He observed to the that a missionary, who lately spake Agent for the Six Nations, that when do different settlements of Indians, the prophet made his speeches, his urged the same things, as their pro. nephews sat contiguous to him on phet. One of the Onandagas, when the right and left. On & certain ocasked why they did not leave their casion he had taken care to place drunken habits before, since they some others next to the prophet, and were often nrged to it, and saw the he was not able to say any thing. He ruinous consequences of such con. is held in great veneration by the peoduct, replied, they had no power; but ple. One of the most distinguished when the Great Spirit fortid such of their young men gave it as his oconduct by their prophet, he gave pinion, that the prophet would yet be them power to comply with his re- persecuted and put to death, as the quest.
wicked put to death the Lord Jesus Some time since a disagreement Christ.
For the Panoplist. COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES AT BOWDOIN COLLEGE. "The following account of the Com- in which an honourable and grateful
mencement at Bowdoin College was tribute was paid to the Legislature of intended for the Panoplist
for Septem- the State for their liberal grants, and ber ; but from various casualties it to those of the Bowdoin family, who was not received till the close of De- by their generous benefactions have cember. We insert it at this late pe obtained the honour of giving their riod, because we wish to bring into name to the College, and gained the notice this infant and rising Seminary, reputation of patrons of the sciences. planted in a new and thriving portion Other benefactors were respectfully of our country, to which it promises remembered, and the addresses to to be a great blessing.
the President and Instructors were
the affectionate and amiable expresArter an anthem, accompanied by sion of gratitude for paternal tender. a band of music, the Throne of Grace ness and fidelity, and of regret at bid. was addressed in prayer by the Rev. ding farewel to the interesting scenes Dr. M'KEEN, President of the Insti- of youthful pleasure and improve. tution. The exercises of the young ment; nor could the audience fail to gentlemen, candidates for their first sympathize with the Orator, when, degree, succeeded as follows: unable fully to utter his feelings, he
ist. A salutatory oration in Latin, exclaimed, “ Curæ leves loquuntur ; pronounced by BENJAMIN TITCOMB, ingentes silent.”
jured by clamorous reproaches, and to glory in them as our highest and exposed to contempt ; if the honour. Let us account it our ordinances of God are regarded privilege to retain the faith of with disdain and represented as the reformation, particularly that insignificant by the rich and doctrine of grace, which attribthe learned ; in such a case, for ứtes every step in the salvation churches, that have preserved of sinners to God, and no part of their integrity, to be ashamed of it to man. True wisdom will Christ's cause, to conceal his teach us to undervalue the caldoctrines, and retire into a corn-, umny of proud adversaries. er, would be inglorious and base. Christian fortitude will never be In such a time, God expects that moved from the foundation of his people will openly avow con- truth by ridicule and slander. temned truth, and espouse its in- Contempt and reproach, in such terests the more earnestly, be- a cause, we may gladly bind upon cause it is misrepresented and our head, as a crown of glory. vilified by others.
And if, in many churches of Unhappily this is the case at which we hoped better things, the present day. Numberless divine truth has lost much of its heresies have crept into the purity and lustre ; we should church, and the minds of men reckon it the more indispensable are enchanted with the enticing duty, openly to maintain evan. forms of error. With a great gelical principles, and the 'more part insolent reproach and cun- distinguished honour and happining sophistry triumph over the ness; to be free from the infec interests of truth. Some of the tion of error. most important doctrines of Thirdly. By confessions of Christianity, which were reput- faith the churches may contribute ed of the highest value at the much to mutual comfort and edif, reformation, and were received cation, and promote brotherly love with the warmest affection by and unity. the primitive worthies of New- They, who are animated by England,' are not only disbeliev- fervent zeal for religion, feel sen, ed, but branded with the most sible pleasure when it flourishes odious epithets, as the offspring in the world, especially when it of narrow, gloomy bigotry, and maintains its ground in the midst even abhorred, as blasphemous. of vigilant and powerful enemies. This is particularly the case with The faithful subjects of Messiah the doctrines of man's native de- love him with the warmest af. pravity, the deity and atonement fection. The glory of his emof Christ, God's eternal decrees pire is the dearest object of their and electing love, his absolute desires. The more that empire dominion over all creatures, and flourislies and the more his his distinguishing, sovereign throne is exalted, the greater grace toward his people.
joy flows into their hearts. Ev. In such circumstances, ery victory of truth over error, ought to stand forth, as faithful and of grace over sin, yields witnesses for the truth, to assert them exquisite delight. When, with boldness the principles of therefore, churches, which emChristianity in their full extent, brace the same Christian doc
trines, publish authentic declara: enjoy with the Father and with tions of their faith, they give pi- the Son. ous satisfaction to each other. One means, by which the difThey afford the whole body of ferent parts of Christ's church believers that pleasure, which are to maintain a good corresthose, who are inspired with the pondence and happy.commun. highest esteem for the truth, ion, is the sameness of their faith, must receive from its establishe or their agreement in the same ment and propagation in the gospel doctrines. world. Every view which a mentions faith, as one thing saint has of a church, or a per- which constitutes unity among son maintaining the same faith Christians,' “ One Lord, one with himself, especially when it faith, one baptism." It is easy is abandoned by others around to perceive that creeds are weil him, enlivens his feelings and adapted to promote among the comforts his heart.
churches the happy.communion The only reason why men do here recommended. By publishnot see and feel, how excellent is ing their confessions, they exthis end of confessions, is be- press Christian affection and felo cause they have not an affection, lowship towards all in every ate regard for religion, and do place, who receive the same comnot make Jerusalem their chief mon faith. joy. The bulk of professors, It can, indeed, be hardly exlukewarm and degenerate, pre- pected, that sincere Christians, fer their own interests before the while inhabitants of these cloudy interests. of Christ, and so are regions, will perfectly agree in little affected with the boldness their religious opinions. This of his enemies, the wounding of happiness is reserved for that his cause, or the triumph of his world, where God himself is the grace.
Sun. But it is a most melanAll the real churches of Christ choly consideration, that Chrisscattered over the earth, by whal- tians are more divided in their ever peculiarities they may be affections, than they are in their distinguished from each other, sentiments. Love is the pecu. compose only one society, are an- liar character of our religion, imated by one Spirit, governed And it is one of its precepts, that by the same maxims, invigorat- whereunto we have already attain. ed by strength derived from the ed, we should all walk by the same same source, and are all mem. rule and : mind the same things. bers of that body, of which Christ' Now there are few means better is the head. Thus all the sub- calculated to promote mutual jects of Christ's kingdom are love and fellowship, than a right, joined together by the strictest use of confessions. This would bonds, and are laid under invio- directly distinguish between those lable obligations to the most in- who are infected by prevailing timate friendship, the most ar- errorand those who hold the und dent love. They should perse corrupted faith of the gospel; and, vere in uninterrupted harmony at the same time, would make it and keep up that holy fellowship evident, that all the true servants with each other, which they all of Christ harmonize not only in
those principles which constitute to lay aside their controversies, the basis of Christianity, but in or to manage them with moderaevery sentiment' of special im- tion and charity. The little disportance ; and that they are one tinctions, which would remain in the temper of their minds, all among them, would not confine actuated by the same motives;
the noble freedom of their love, all serving the same divine Lord, Narrow party spirit would expursuing the same object, and pire ; while the discussion of partaking the same pleasure. points on which they differed, beHow would the discovery of this ing conducted with good temper agreement stifle every unfriend- and with prayer, would undoubt ly passion and banish alienation. edly introduce an increasing uniHow would Christians be asham- formity. The warmth and zeal, ed of their uncharitableness to- so hurtfully directed against felward those, who adore and serve
low Christians, would be employthe same Lord, and trust in the ed in a joint and vigorous opposame atonement. How would sition against their common enethey blush at their treatment of my. Their union would inconthose, who hold in substance the ceivably augment their strength, same faith, and are cordially unit- and render every measure for Zied to the same cause.
on's good vastly more effective. While a proper use of confes... Thus Christian virtue and piety sions would be likely to preserve would be strongly recommended the purity of Christian doctrine to the esteem of mankind, and from the contagion of error, and the church, all its divisions, its to secure the ministry and the weakness, and deformity forgotchurch from those who deny the. ten, would look forth as the morn-, faith ; it would be a very power ing, fair as the moon, clear as the ful means of bringing all good
sun, and terrible as an army with men to embrace each other with the warmest affection, and either
For the Panoplist. though they are enacted with , ON THE EXECUTION OF LAWS.
consummate wisdom, and sanc-,
tioned by the authority of a thouAMONG the many rules pro- sand Solons ; yet if the execu, posed for deriving the greatest tion of them is attended with de. benefit from laws, this is one lay and indecision, they will necof the most important; that they essarily be inefficacious. be promptly and speedily enforced. Present punishment is a much Though they combine in them more powerful preventive of the two essential qualities of crimes, than future punishment. strength and impartiality; tho' When present evil engages our they are plainly and invariably, attention, and threatens our hapdirected to the public good; piness, it appears highly alarm