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work, we clerive very great encour- now cleven missionaries. Except agement from the countenance and brother Chamberlain, we are, also, support of our dear Christian breth- all at Serampore.
You know the ren in America, as well as in Eu- English company don't like the Hinrope ; and we beg leave to assure doos to be converted, and it is a part you, that every degree of support af. of their charter that they will not forded shall be applied to the fur- do any thing to change their religion. therance of the work in the most They, also, allow none (except by'suffaithful and economical manner. ferance) but their own servants to set.
We remain, dearly beloved breth- tle in the country. We have been, ren, most affectionately yours in our also, lately prohibited by the governcommon Lord,
or from interfering with the prejudiW.CAREY, J. CHATER,
ces of the natives, either by preachJ. MARSHMAN, JOSHUA ROWE, ing, distributing tracts, sending out W. WARD,
WM. ROBINSON, dative itinerarts, &c. In short, the R. MARDON,
Felix CAREY. governor said, as he did not attempt J. Biss,
to disturb the prejudices of the naMission-house, Serampore,
tives, he hoped we should not. Thus, Oct. 14th, 1806.
if we were to obey this request, in its
literal meaning, we must give up Extract of a Letter from the Mission- our work altogether, and instead of aries to Capt. JVickes.
wanting fresh missionaries, we might -.-- Think, dear brother, what the reship those we already have. But it king of Zion has done for India, since is impossible to do this. We avoid you first, in 1799, brought out mis- provoking the government, but we sionaries; not merely by our means, dare not give up our work at the combut in a variety of ways: what a pro
mand of man. We have written gress in the translation and distribu home on the subject, and sought retion of the word of God into so many lief from these painful restrictions, languages spoken by so many millions but what will be the result we know of men; how many thousands of mis- not. In the mean time our junior sionary tracts have gone all over linbrethren are getting the languages, dostan, how many natives have been and as soon as we can place them in baptized, and some landed safe in separate stations, we shall. At pres. glory; what a broad foundation laid ent the gospel sound has spread so for the future extension of the gospel; extensively that we have now more what' an increase of missionary inquirers than we have in general. strength. Episcopal, Independent, Our native brethren, too, are not idle. and Baptist, beside the number of The school, translations, printing, native itinerants. How emphatically college, &c. &c. are concerns so true respecting India, “ Behold, the weighty that there is no appearance fields are already white for the har,
of the governor's restriction at the vest.” Let this be acknowledged as Mission-house. All is bustle here, a constant and infallible proof that you morning, noon and night. have not run in vain, neither laboured This is the time for you, American in vain.
Christians, to pray for the Serampore
inission, for God only can open to us To Nir. Joseph Eastturn, Philadelphia. an effectual door.: “ He openeth and
no man shutteth." Captain Wickes tells me that I
« For where his servants have his cause to plead, am a letter in your delt. Escose this Nor Suas, nor mountains can their course iinpede, omission, of which, indeed, I was not
Infernal powers are silent at his nod,
Heaven, earth, and hell exclaim, this is the son of God." conscious. Our dcar captain can tell
Brother Wickes will give you all you how full our hands are. I have
the news about us. been reading a proof now, till my eyes
I am, my dear brother, yours vcry smarted so that I was induced to throw
W. WARD. myself on the couch to rest them. I now begin to write to you.
Serampore, Oct. 15, 1806. By this voyage of our dear captain, we have received in comfort two (Some obstructions are made to the exbrethren and their wives, and we are ertions of the missionaries by the goo.
VERY DEAR SIR,
ernmental agents in India. The pre. here, but also to protect them, not ceding letter will serve to explain the doubting but they, as good citizens, nature and cause of these obstructiuni. would pay due obedience to our laws Some of our readers may necil to be and regulations. informed that Serampore, ff:een The certificate granted by me is miles only from Calcutta, is a D.:nish founded upon this high order, and as settlement, where the missionaries are Messrs. Chater and Robinson were both protected and encouraged in their represented as belonging to the miswork, and where the “ mission house" sion society (wbich is really the case) is erected. Captain Wickes being in. I have acknowledged them as such, formed that the missionaries whom and extended the protection to them. he last took out might meet with The persons alluded to, can, there. something unpleasant if he landet fore, not be considered as refugees or them at Calcutta, to wbich he was poor debtors, merely under a tempu. bound, carrie1 them immediately to rary protection, but must be looked Serampore. The British superintend- upon as countenanced and protected ant crote to the Danish governor of by his Danish majesty himself, as Serampore, inquiring about the mis long as they continue to live in a set. sionaries, and whether he considered tlement subject to his crown, and are them as under the protection of the found to pursue only their respectire Danish government. The Danish professions, without attempting inno. governor returned the following ano vations, which I, from their uniform swer.]
good conduct, have reason to expect
will never be the case. To C. T. MARTIN, Esq. Magistrate. I have the honour to be, &c.
I have been favoured with your let- Extract of a Letter from the Mission ter of the 13th instant, informing me aries to Robert Ralston, Esq. dated that Messrs. Chater and Robinson, Serampore, Oct. 16, 1806. two missionaries recently arrived at Serampore in the American ship Ben- We have heard with gratitude of jamin Franklin, had, among other pa- the generosity of several individuals pers, produced a certificate with my respecting the procuring and forwardsignature, stating that they reside at ing benevolent aids to the trans. Serampore under the protection of the lations of the word of God. We have Danish flag, and in consequence there. also heard of your many personal exepof you wish to be informed at whose tions to promote the subscriptions suggestion, and under whose patron. throughout the United States. age, these gentlemen left England, or Very dear Sir, we feel ourselves in. whether they have come out under the capable of expressing our sense of promise of protection from any person these many marks of Christian lore. on the part of his Danislı majesty. We doubt not but the great Head of
With regard thereto I beg lcave to the church looks down with peculiar inform you, that some years back, and pleasure on these disinterested proofs at a time whea several members of of love to him and his cause on earth : the Baptist society took up their resi. and we hear him saying (of you and dence at this place, the former chief, a great many) of the distinguished now deceased, colonel Bie, reported friends of this his cause, “ Verily I to his superiors in Europe their arriv. say unto you, they shall in no wise al, and ihat an additional number of lose their reward." We know, Sir, them miglit be expected hereafter, you do not work for reward; but the requesting, at the same time, perinis- approbation and smile of Jesus are sion for them to stay, as they appear- better than life itself; and this is our ed not only to be good, moral, but al. joy, that those who express their lore so well informed men, who, in many to us, for the sake of the cause in respects, might be useful to this set- which we are engaged, so far as it is tlement; upon which an order was under the influence of the divine Spirissued to the chief and council, dated it, shall be rewarded, though we are Copenhagen the 5th of September, not able to do it. 1801, not only granting full permis. Captain Wickes, who, when here, sion for them to cstablish themselves is always one of us, will communicate
VZRY DEAR SIR,
to you all our state, internal and ex- ing on the gospel ; and since the proternal. The cause is making prog- hibition, some Armenians and Portu. ress, though we are constantly taught guese have taken so decided a part on that it is not by might, nor by power, the side of the gospel that one of them but by the Spirit of Jehovah. is fitting up a part of his house for the
express purpose of having preaching To Robert RALSTON, Esq. in it to the Hindoos, and another house
has been, also, opened by another Your kind favour I received by Mr. man through their suggestion. These Bayley of the Bainbridge, and your are circumstances which give us great second by the , giving an account encouragement, and will, I hope, be of a further sum of two thousand doln the occasion of great good. lars generously collected in America, How it rejoices my heart to hear for the purpose of assisting us in the such good tidings from America. I translation of the word of God into find there are still very glorious disthe Eastern languages. I need not plays of divine grace in many parts, say that this and what we received and that the greatest part of those per the Bainbridge, shall be faithfully awakened in the late remarkable rea applied to the purposes for which it vival, turn out well: nothing will so
A public letter from our eflectually silence all objections to the whole body will inform you what we word, as the suitable conduct and have already done, and what we are conversation of those who were the now doing
subjects thereof. What a mercy it is that we may be I am greatly pleased with the mapermitted to do any thing for Christ, ny attempts to spread the gospel and that he does not reject us and our through America, by itinerancies and offerings too.
missionary excursions. The journals I have no need to say much about published in the Magazine were to our affairs, because our dear friend, me a treat indeed. I hope that the captain Wickes, will inform you of spirit of missions will increase a hunall things, much better than I can do dred fold throughout the United by writing. Suffice it to say that the States. work of God is gradually going on, Pray has a mission to St. Domingo few ordinance days occur without been ever thought of ? It is a very desome addition from among the hea, sirable thing that the inhabitants of then, and inquirers frequently come that extensive island should hear of from different parts, some of whom and know him, who can make them not only seek, but find. We have met free indeed. with some obstructions from govern
Cease not to remember, at a ment, which are to us highly afflict. throne of grace, the cause of the Reing ; but, I trust, a gracious God will deemer in India, and one who is yours cause all these things to work together very affectionately, eventualiy for the furtherance of the Calcutta, 28th Oct. 1806. W.Carey. gospel.
There are some very encouraging * Further extracts from these stirrings in Calcutta. Till our public interesting letters will be presented in preaching' was stopped, there was a our next Number. large body of the natives daily attend
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF
REV. DR. STILLMAY. SAMUEL STILLMAN, D. D.
dained in Feb. 1759. The same year he took his degree at Philadelphia
College, and settled in the ministry born at Philadelphia, Feb. 27, 1737. on James' Island, near Charleston, He, was educated at an academy in S. C. Obliged on account of his ill Charleston, S. C. where he was or health, to quit that place in about eighteen months after his first resi. in the Assembly's Shorter Catechism, dence there, he removed to Borden. the doctrines of the Reformation, town, N. ). where he continued two which were held very precious, as the years, supplying two different congre- truths of Scripture by the fathers of gations. Afterward he visited New. New-England. These doctrines he England, and having officiated at the explained and enforced with clear: Second Baptist Church in Boston ness, and with an apostolic zeal and about one year, was installed over the intrepidity. He opened to his bear. First, Jan. 9, 1765.
ers the way of salvation through a Dr. Stillman was by nature endow, DIVINE REDEEMER. Though an ad, ed with a good capacity, and an un- vocate for Christian candour and liber. common vivacity and quickness of ap. ality, he was no friend to modern re: prehension. His feelings were pecu. finements in theology ; but viewed ljarly strong and lively; which gave their progress with deep concern, and energy to whatever he did, and under opposed to it vigorously all his elo. the influence and control of religious quence and influence. He considered principles, served to increase and dif- these refinements as cankerous to pure fuse his eminent piety. To this con- and undefiled religion, and subrersive stitutional ardour, both of sentiment of Christian morality: He felt a deep and action, which led him to enter concern for the interests of Zion. His with his whole soul into every object heart mourned at her depression, and which engaged his attention, he uni. exulted in her prosperity. ted a remarkable delicacy of feeling, Dr. Stillman was favoured by the and sense of propriety, and such Author of his being, with a pleasant sprightliness and affability in conver, and most commanding voice, the very sation, such ease and politeness of tones of which were admirably adapmanners, and at the same time, such ted to awaken the feelings of an audi: a glow of pious zeal and affection, as ence; and he always managed it with enabled him to mingle with all ranks great success. His eloquence was of and classes of people, and to dis. the powerful and impressive, rather charge all his duties as a Christian than of the insinuating and persuasive minister, and as a citizen, with digni, kind; and his manner so strikingly ty, acceptance and usefulness. The interesting, that he never preached to lively interest he appeared to take in an inattentive audience. And even whatever affected the happiness or in those, who dissented from him in re. creased the pleasures of his friends, ligions opinions, were still pleased the gentleness of his reproofs, and the with hearing him; for they knew gratification he seemed to feel in his sincerity--they knew him to be a commending others, united to his so. good man. There was a fervour in cial qualities, endeared him to all his prayers, that seldom failed to who knew him.
awaken the devotion of his hearers; The popularity of a preacher com: for, coming from the heart, it failed monly declines with his years. Dr. not to reach the hearts of others. In Stillman, however, was a singular ex- his sermons, he was animated and pa. ception to this general remark. He thetic. His subjects were often doc. retained it for upwards of 42 years, trinal, but he commonly deduced and his congregation, which, upon his practical inferences from them, and first connexion with it, was the small- every one acknowledged his great est in this town, at the age of 70, the usefulness. He addressed not only period of his death, he left amongst the understandings, but the hearts the most numerous.
and feelings of his hearers. He was As a minister of Christ his praise an experimental preacher, laid open was in all the churches. For this the deceitfulness of the human heart, great work he was prepared by the exhibited the various trials and com. grace of God in his early conversion, forts of Che'stians ; guided them and a diligent improvement of his nat in the yay to eternal life, and led the yral talents in a course of theological way. studies under the direction of the late In the chamber of sickness and excellent Mr. Hart. He embraced a Miction lie was always a welcome what are denominated the distinguishvisitor. So well could he adapt his ing doctrines of the gospel, or the doc. conversation, as to comfort er to cair.
es of grace, as they are summed up tion, soothe or to awaken--just as the
case seemed to require. And if he fect unison with the other parts of it. administered reproof, it was done in Of husbands, he was one of the most so delicate and mild a manner, that kind and accommodating ;-of pare it oftener conciliated esteem, than ents, the most affectionate and encreated offence. In his prayers with dearing - It pleased the Author of the sick, however intricate the oc- Wisdom to visit him with peculiar casion, he was always both appropri- trials. In the course of a few year's ate and highly devotional. So eini- he was called to bury seven of his nent was his character for piety, and children, all adults, and some of them so universally was he beloved, that he with families; yet such was his contiwas often called to the sick and af. dence in the perfect wisdom of God's ficted of different denominations. government, that he was always paHow many wounded hearts he has tient and submissive, and his mind bound up, and from how many weep. lost nothing of its lively confidence ing eyes he has wiped the tears away; and cheerful hope. how many thoughtless sinners he was His habit of body, through life, was the means of awakening; and how weakly, and he was not unused to many saints he has edified and built occasional interruptions of his minisup unto eternal life ; how many wa- terial labours ; yet he survived all his vering minds he has settled, and to clerical cotemporaries both in this how many repenting sinners his words town and its vicinity. It was his conadministered peace, can be fully stant prayer that “his life and his useknown only at the great day. fulness might run parallel.” In this,
The integrity of Dr. S.'s character his desires were gratified. A slight was such as produced universal con- indisposition detained him at home fidence in him. Expressive of this the two last Lord's days of his life. was his election by the town of Bos. On the Wednesday following the ton, as a member of the State Con- second of them, without any previvention, for the formation of the State
ous symptoms, he was suddenly at. Constitution, in 1779; as also for the tacked, at about 11 o'clock, A. M. adoption of the Federal Constitution, by a paralytic shock. At 10 at night, in 1788. In this last body he deliv. having received a second stroke, he ered a very eloquent speech in its grew insensible, and at 12 expired. support ; and was considered, at the Could he have selected the manner of time, as having contributed much to his death, it had probably been such wards its adoption, and confirmed an one as this, which spared him the many members in its favour, who pain of separation from a flock he was were previously wavering upon that most ardently attached to, and a famquestion. To that constitution, he ily he most tenderly loved ; a scene, ever after continued a firm, unshaken which to a person of his feeling mind, friend, and a warm approver of the notwithstanding all his religion, must administrations of WASHINGTON and have occasioned a shock. On the ADAMS,
Monday following, his remains were In 1789, he delivered the town attended to the Meeting House, Oration on the 4th of July, in which where a pathetic and appropriate dishe also highly celebrated the virtues course was delivered on the occasion, of the Father of his Country. by the Rev. Dr. BALDWIN, pastor
The University in Cambridge con- of the 20 Baptist Church in this town, ferred on him the honourary degree from 2 Tim. iv. 7, 8, to an immensely of A. M. in 1761, and the College thronged and deeply affected assemof Rhode Island gave him a diploma bly; after which his remains were of D. D. in 1788.
carried to the tomb, amidst the reTo his church and people he was grets of a numerous concourse of peo. particularly attentive, and suffered ple, who crowded around his bier, to no calls of relaxation or amusement to take a last look at the urn, which con. interfere with the conscientious dis- tained the relics of him, who once to charge of the smallest professional them was so dear, but whose face duty. His duty was always indeed they now should see no more. His his delight, and nothing in his mind loss will long be felt, not only by his ever stood in any sort of competition own immediate Society, but all bis' with it.
other numerous friends. His domestic character was in per. The memory of the just is blessed.