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THE PURPORT OF THIS CHAPTER, WHICH CONTAINS JOB'S RE-
PLICATION TO BILDAD, IS TO SHEW, THAT IT WOULD BE
SUFFICIENT FOR HIM TO TREAD IN THEIR STEPS, AND MERE-
LY TO MAKE REPETITIONS OF THE SAME COMPLAINTS: IN
ORDER, HOWEVER, TO AGGRAVATE THEIR WANT OF COM-
PASSION, OR RATHER TO DEMONSTRATE THEIR INHUMAN
AND CRUEL DEPORTMENT TOWARDS HIM, HE ENUMERATES
SEVERAL NEW PARTICULARS, WHICH MADE HIS STATE AND
CONDITION STILL MORE MISERABLE THAN HE HAD HITHER-
TO DESCRIBED. ONE OF WHICH WAS, THAT HE COULD NOT
WITH ALL HIS STRICTEST ENQUIRIES, FIND OUT THE HIDDEN
CAUSE WHY THE ALMIGHTY SHOULD CHASTISE HIM WITH
SUCH SEVERITY, AS IF HE WAS THE OBJECT OF HIS HIGHEST
DISPLEASURE; WHO NOTWITHSTANDING WAS SO INDUL-
GENT, EVEN IN THE MIDST OF HIS UNUTTERABLE WOES, AS
TO AFFORD HIM A FEW FAINT RAYS OF HOPE, THAT GOD
WOULD AT LAST SHEW HIM SOME TOKENS OF HIS FAVOUR,
AND BY RESTORING HIM TO HIS FORMER STATE OF HEALTH
AND TRANQUILITY OF MIND, WOULD DEMONSTRATE TO HIS
FRIENDS, BEYOND ALL CONTRADICTION, THAT THE OPI-
NIONS THEY SO STRENUOUSLY MAINTAINED WERE FALSE
AND ERRONEOUS. IN THE CONCLUSION, HE EXPRESSES HIM-
SELF, IN VERY REMARKABLE TERMS, AND LIKE AN INSPIRED
PROPHET, WITH RESPECT TO THE RESURRECTION OF THE
BODY AT THE DAY OF JUDGMENT.

TH

HEN JOB perceived that Bildad had only repeated the sub

stance of a former discourse, which too partially charged him with being a wicked man, could not refrain from making the following warın reply. How long will you continue to perplex my cause, which I know to be a righteous one? How long will you torture ny cars with your empty speeches, which shock me almost as much, as the unutterable woes I labour under ? Though you

have repeated the very fame hard-hearted reproaches time after time, yet T t 2

you

you unmercifully proceed in your malicious and ill-grounded cersures; yet you look upon me with such an eye of contempt, and with fo little concern, that any one would imagine you were per• fect strangers to my former course of life. Let it be taken for granted that I have been guilty of some secret sins, yet it must be likewise granted I have severely smarted for them, and therefore might reasonably expect some little commiseration from my friends, instead of such indignant reproaches. If, however, you are still determined to torment me with your cenforious arrogance ;

if

you will still persist in reading such black indictments against ine, and impleading my innocence ; consider more naturally the many afflictions I labour under, and be more merciful than to create me new griefs, and add a still greater weight to a load, which, as it is, I am not able to bear. I am very sensible, that it is the arm of the Almighty himself that has overthrown me, that it is he who has reduced me to the deplorable state I now am in, and that he has drawn his destructive net around me. I complain, it is true, aloud of this severe treatment, I beg of heaven to be redressed, and ealed of my excessive pain, but to no manner of purpose ; for I find myself abandoned, and left a prey to my unutterable woes. The Almighty still turns a deaf ear to all my solicitations, and regards not my most ardent requests ; he has laid such obstructions in my way, and fenced me in so close, that I know not how to escape ; that I am drove, in short, to the very brink of despair. He has not only divested me of all my glory, taken the crown from off my dishonoured head, deprived me of my children, and blasted my good name, but has brought me to inevitable ruin and desolation: I am absolutely lost and undone ; and like a tree, that is plucked up by the roots, bave not a single hope remaining. Here I sit a most deplorable object; and though I should be glad to die, yet even that mercy denied me.

His fury is kindled against me, and notwithstanding he knows I am innocent and guiltless, treats me as if I was his

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mtoft iinplacable enemy. Black troops of regimented woes are drawn up in battle array against me, and by his commission have laid such a close siege to me, that I have not the least ray to escape their fury. My very brethren, and nearest relations look with coldness upon me, as if they knew me not; and my most familiar acquaintance forget me, and shew me no manner of respect ; even my own domesticks rise up in rebellion against me, and treat my orders with contempt. I called to my slave to aid and assist me ; nay I entreated him, with as much submission as if he had been my inafter, to lend me his helping hand, yet he regarded not what I said : all this, however, is no great wonder ; since my diftemper is so loathsome that my wife herself abhors the light of me: notwithstanding I make my earnest fupplications to her for our dear children's sake, those tender pledges of our once mutual love ; yet all the most endearing entreaties are unable to move her compassion: the will not so much as stay one moment with me, either to help

my distress, or testify her affection for me by one soft ligh, or one condoling word. Nay, the children of the rude rabble treat me with abusive language, though I rise from my seat, and falute them in the most respectful manner. But what is still worse than all the rest, even my bosom-friends, those to whom I have intrufted my most important secrets, those on whom I have conferred the greatest favours, look down upon me with an eye of abhorrence. All these complicated miseries have reduced me to mere skin and bone. Nay, so weak am I become, that my mouth is scarce able to utter my complaints. Since then my condition is thus deplorable, O ye my friends, if you still deserve to be distinguished by that name, ye, who came with an intention to condole with me, take some pity and compassion on my distress. Though I am abandoned, in despair, and bereft of all my honours and my children'; yet these are but trivial wounds compared with those which the hand of the Almighty has since inflicted on me, O, then,

O, then, I beseech you, re

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tract your killing reproaches! Assume not the same prerogative, nor imagine, that

you have an equal right to torment me! Since you see me thus plunged in an abyss of misery; since you see the body perfectly wasted away with grief; why will

you still add to my forrows by vexing my soul with your perverse accusations ? Oh, that the numberless protestations and appeals that I have made to heaven might stand upon record, and be registered amongst the public acts! O, that

my words were engraven on a plate of lead, cut deep with an iron pen! Nay, that they were cut still deeper on some pillar of marble, where they could never be erased! For my hope, which was more dead than myself before, begins to revive ; and I here solemnly declare, that I know my Redeemer liveth, and that when future ages shall have ended their circuit, and time shall be no more ; that then he will descend from heaven in triumph over all his enemies and mine; and that when he shall stand upon the surface of the earth, the bodies of the captive Saints shall rise from their beds of dust. Notwithstanding worms and putrefaction thall consume this mortal frame; notwithstanding I shall lie long in the silent grave; yet still I doubt not but I Thall rise again, and see my God with these corporeal eyes : I doubt not, but I shall see the glorious fight for my own self, for my own pleasure and advantage. Then shall my virtue be cleared from all the fianders you have caft upon it; then thall he allert my cause, and pronounce me guiltless. This is the pillar of my hopes; and this is the prospect that supports my soul, though at present overwhelmed with forrows. You will still infift, perhaps, that you do well to persecute ine; that my

conduct has been so blame-worthy, that you have just grounds for the heavy accusations which you have brought against

As I am well assured, however, that your charge is unjust, take my advice, I beseech you, before it is too late. Repent of your presumption, and be afraid of the Almighty's justice; since his dreadful vengeance hangs over your devoted heads; since he will

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foon shew his displeasure against you for your uncharitable and milguided zeal : repent, I say, of all your perverse discourses ; since the day is coming, when the judge of all the world will reprove you for the severe treatment I have met with at your hands ; by which you will find to your

will find to your cost that your sentence of condemnation upon me is groundless and unjust.

MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS on CHAP. XIX.

VERSE XXIV.
THAT THEY WERE GRAVEN WITH AN IRON PEN AND LEAD,

IN THE ROCK FOR EVER.

" TO grave upon with the iron pen or style. The learned Gottingen professor « says, he does not understand what the Hebrew word means which we english leads “ We are certain, however, that it is claffed with metals ; gold, silver, iron and tin. “ Also that it signifies a substance ponderous and fusible. It must therefore denote "s some heavy metal or mineral. We learn, further, froin Dr. Shaw, that very pro« bably there are lead mines in the mountains of Arabia Petræa : for he found among " those rocks plenty of SELENITES, or moon-stone, which is said to be a certain fign

of lead-ore underneath. Add to all this, Pliny informs us that writing on LEAD « was of high antiquity, and came in practice next after writing on the bark and “ leaves of trees, and was used in recording public tranfactions.

“ Dr. Pocock met with hieroglyphic characters cut in the rock, in the sepulchres « of the kings of Thebes. Greaves also makes mention of an inscription of one line “ in those sacred Egyptian characters, which he observed in the second pyramid. As " to the WRITTEN MOUNTAINS, in the desert of Sinai, which are covered with un“known characters. That accurate traveller the honourable Edward Wortley “ Montague, who nicely examined them, has offered good arguments to prove they were the work of christian pilgrims in the first ages of christianity."

SCOTT.

}

VERSES XXV. XXVI. XXVII.
FOR I KNOW THAT MY REDEEMER LIVETH, AND THAT HE

SHALL STAND AT THE LATTER DAY UPON THE EARTH AND
THOUGH AFTER MY SKIN, WORMS DESTROY THIS BODY, YET
IN MY FLESH SHALL I SEE GOD. WHOM I SHALL SEE FOR MY.
SELF, AND MINE EYES SHALL BEHOLD, AND NOT ANOTHER ;
THOUGH MY REINS BE CONSUMED WITHIN ME.

LEARNED men have been divided into two very different opinions concerning this very remarkable passage. Some imagine, that it has a reference to God the Fa

thers

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