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among business men as well as greatly It was my happy lot to be Principal reducing the pressure upon our courts, of the High School of this city for more a very desirable thing. Every com

Every com- than six years. I was then called to mercial organization should have a the principalship of the Bridgeport, Ct., committee of arbitration and every ef- High School. Ten happy years there fort should be made to cultivate a were soon passed, and a few years later willingness among the members to I was able to return to Burlington and refer all differences among them to build a home there, in one of the most this committee.

beautiful parts of the charming city on The settlement of the tariff ques- which you have lately published a most tion, for a few years, at least, and the attractively written and illustrated bright prospects for a busy season, article. I want to thank you for it, and should encourage our business men to in response add a few words. more united action, to the end that The city is worthy of notice, not only we of New England may not only re on account of its beauty in detail and tain what we have but secure as much setting, but because of its exceptional more as possible of the good things social, religious and literary features. that are in store for us. If business It has long been famous for its Univermen would everywhere adopt this sys- sity, its preachers of marked ability and tem of arbitration it would save a large character, its libraries and the genuinepercentage of expense. Much good can ness of its people. Examination of its be done by our Boards of Trade in edu- streets, homes and public buildings cating the people to this system of would tend to show the truth of the settling disputes.

last statement. It is a fine specimen EDGAR POTTER, of the best type of New England cities,

Secretary. and there are few,if any, of the smaller Framingham Board of Trade.

cities of our entire country that equal

or surpass it in beauty or the other BURLINGTON

essentials of a choice residential city. Editor New ENGLAND MAGAZINE

Allow me to add that I am exceedDear Sir:-One of the best evidences ingly pleased with the way you are of the attractiveness of the city of Bur- now setting forth

now setting forth the beauties and lington, Vt., as a home, is the fact that other attractions of our beloved New many who have once made it their England. residence, return to make it their per

Yours truly, manent home.

JOSEPH DANA BARTLEY, M.A.

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AMOSKEAG MANUFACTURING COMPANY

OF MANCHESTER

By JOHN HALE

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T is always difficult even for those land came up with the officers of the having most to do with them to Amoskeag Company.

gather adequate conceptions of the While the occasion was improved in significance of large figures. Upon many ways by the visitors, perhaps the average mind they leave little im- no feature of their entertainment was pression beyond that of vague wonder; more effective than the exhibit which tons of cotton, thousands upon thou- had been brought together of one day's sands of whirling spindles and mil- product of the entire plant. Closely lions in wages-we know that all packed as for shipment, the exhibits this is vast, immense, but after all filled a space one hundred and twenty it means little else to us, and that feet long by one hundred feet wide, is one reason why so familiar an insti- stacked in tiers breast high. There tution as the great Amoskeag Manu- within range of the eye were sixteen facturing Company, of Manchester, thousand pieces of cloth, each conNew Hampshire, is really so little taining about forty yards. Stretched known, not only to the public in gen- out in one piece it would have reached eral, but even to the business world. from Manchester to New York, or

At the same time an intelligent ap- made up into clothing, etc., would preciation of such a great industry is have supplied a very considerable city. a very desirable thing to foster and it No less imposing than the quantity is the purpose of this article to bring was the wonderful variety of styles and out the salient facts in such a way patterns and the excellent quality of that they may be grasped.

the goods. In the first tier were shown A very ingenious and effective plan the product of the Langdon Mills, for this purpose was devised by the where a thousand looms are employed management at the time of a recent in the manufacture of gray and mixed visit and tour of inspection by a large goods of the same class as has been body of business men. January 21, turned out by this mill since 1870. The 1908, one hundred and fifty men, repre- old trade marks, “G. B." "76," and senting the wholesalers, buyers and "Alexandria" being among the valujobbers of the dry-goods and dress- able assets of the corporation. Next goods trade of the entire country, made to this was shown the day's product a special trip from New York to Man- of the famous "A. C. A.” ticking from chester for the express purpose of the Jefferson Mills, the narrow blue visiting the plant of the company. In and white stripes of which are familiar addition to this number about seventy all over the world. These were shown representatives of the textile trade in several styles from the light "C" from Boston and southern New Eng- ticking to the "XXX" which are used

for both mattresses and awnings. The population of a city is employed in A. C. A.” labels bear the fac-simile of its production and can gather some gold medals awarded to the Amoskeag idea of the army of experts required Company, one at the London Expo- and of the great executive ability which sition in 1851 and another at the Paris the management of this great corporaExposition in 1855 and the mainte tion demands. We are also better prenance of this international fame is a pared to listen to big figures. matter of just pride, not only with The most recent tabulation of statiscorporation but with its employees. tics given out by the company is as Alongside the tickings were shown sev

follows:
eral hundred cases of indigo blue
denims running in several styles, and in

The capital invested is.... $5,760,000
Total number of employees

13,000 the same section the “Amoskeag A”

Men

.6,000 seamless grain bags. Next to these

.

Women

. 7,000 were shown the "Outings," napped The weekly pay roll is .

$112,000 goods, which although of compara

Number of spindles

600,000 Number of looms

20,000 tively recent origin have come into Yards of cloth woven per annum, great popular favor for various grades cotton,

. 200,000,000 of underwear and dress goods. The

Yards of cloth woven per annum,
worsted

20,000,000 Amoskeag product in this line includes

Number of bags woven per annum 1,630,000 a number of favorite brands and affords

Number of pounds of cotton consteady employment for some three sumed per annum

48,000,000 thousand looms.

Number of pounds of wool con-
More than two counters across the

sumed per annum..

10,400,000 broad hall were used to show one It is interesting also to note that day's product of the mills in staple the great water wheels, thirty-four in ginghams, which the Amoskeag Mills number, furnished 16,488 horse-power began to manufacture about 1867. On and the 146 steam boilers consume the next four counters were displayed 100,000 tons of coal per annum and the fancy dress ginghams in all their furnish 22,000 horse power.

This is endless variety of color and pattern. the mechanical power which turns The Amoskeag Company refrains abso- these thousands of spindles and looms. lutely from the use of any color which Back of this lies the brain power of will not stand the hardest test of soap hundreds of skilled employees and parand water. Their goods are thoroughly ticularly of the executive heads. The washed and shrunk in the finishing business management of the corporaprocess, and will stand the severest tion is carried on from the Boston oftests. Eight thousand looms are con fice and in under the direction of Mr. stantly run in the production of these Frederic C.Dumaine, Treasurer of the goods.

In connection with this ex company, while the mills are under the hibit was that of a large variety of superintendency of Mr. plain chambrays and stripes made ex Parker Straw. Mr. Herman F. Straw pressly for outing shirts, etc.

Four is the agent. counters more were required for the The early history of the Amoskeag daily product of worsteds, the display Company is full of interest. containing ten thousand pieces. This is The real start in the cotton indusa comparatively new line for the Amos try in Manchester was made back in keag Company, but the quantity turned 1809, when Benjamin Prichard came out is enormous and the cloths are all here after attempting to make cotton staple fabrics dyed in a very great goods in New Ipswich, and at the old number of shades.

Goffee place at Bedford, and forming When we realize that this great ex a partnership with Ephraim, David and hibit in all its variety and quantity re Robert Stevens, built a small mill on presents but one single day's work, we the west side of the falls at Amoskeag can more readily understand how the village. The next year a stock com

William

pany was organized, first called the moved to Manchester in 1826, to de“Amoskeag Cotton and Wool Factory” vote his entire attention to promoting and afterward incorporated as the the interests of the company. “Amoskeag Cotton and Woolen Manu- The charter of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company."

facturing Company was granted by The agent of the first corporation re- the New Hampshire legislature, July ceived a salary of $180 a year and a 1, 1831. The act of the legislature good weaver could earn thirty-six cents which made possible a capitalization a day. The mill was without pickers of $1,000,000 was accepted twelve days or looms, the cotton being picked and later by Ira Gay, Willart Sayles, Oliver the yarn woven in the neighborhood. Dean, Larned Pitcher and Lyman Dividends did not materialize so abun- Tiffany, the latter acting also as atdantly as anticipated by these pioneers torney for Samuel Slater. At a meetin the field and after carrying on the ing the next day, July 14, by-laws were business until 1815 at no profit, there adopted and the organization perfected, was not much done until 1822, when Mr. Tiffany being elected president; Olney Robinson came here from Prov- Mr. Gay, clerk; Mr. Dean, agent, and idence, R. I., and started up the mill Messrs. Tiffany, Gay and Sayles, direcagain. Larned Pitcher and Samuel tors. Slater, of Providence, had Sol Robin- All of these incorporators were pracson's machinery and loaned him money, tical mill men, and four of them, Mr. and when Robinson failed to make the Pitcher being the exception, had been venture pay they came into possession. identified with the mills in Manchester

Prospects brightened materially in for six years before 1631, in the course 1825, when Messrs. Sayles, Tiffany, of which time the possibilities of ManDean and Gay were admitted to part chester as a cotton manufacturing nership. The three first named had center had been borne to them. The been engaged in manufacturing in company started off with very promisMassachusetts, and besides the prac ing prospects and from the beginning tical experience gained there they wise management made for the conbrought plenty of capital with which to tinued expansion of the industry which carry on the business. Dr. Dean be- has resulted in the mammoth business came the agent of the firm and re- of to-day.

GETTING CLOSE TO THE PUBLIC
HOW A BIG BOSTON CONCERN IS DOING IT

By WALTER E. WELD

TF John Magee could walk down chef directing his assistants as they

Summer Street, Boston, this even- prepare the coming meal on Magee

ing, with what mingled feelings Hotel Ranges. Visit the suburban might he survey the two gigantic elec- homes, from modest bungalow to most tric signs which proclaim his name pretentious mansion, and you will find to the passing throng at the corner that they, as well as the office strucof Otis Street. And what would be tures in the business section, are kept his astonishment as he looked into the at the required temperature by means brilliantly-lighted interior of Number of Magee Heaters. 64 and saw there such an array of When you have seen all these eviheating and cooking appliances as he dences of its truth, you will begin to never dreamed of when he started his realize that there are some grounds for small stove foundry fifty-three years the Magee Company's claim: “The ago.

New England Standard for Over Fifty These beautiful and artistic quarters Years." at 64 Summer Street are the new ex It would at first seem difficult for a hibition rooms of the Magee Furnace manufacturing concern to get nearer Company, of Boston, the company to to its public than was this one with which John Magee gave the name and its countless agents and extensive adthe impetus more than half a century vertising, yet there was still much to ago, and which has inherited from its be desired. The wholesale sample sturdy Scotch founder the honesty, the rooms were not centrally located with sincerity and the enterprise which reference to the general public and have enabled it to become sponsor for this caused the Company to take a the largest line of heating and cooking radical step, with the result that last apparatus under one name in the month Boston saw, for the first time, United States.

the magnificent exhibition rooms of Go into the kitchen of a New Eng- its largest range and heater manufacland farm-house, and you will find the turing company opened in the heart of motherly house

the retail district. wife, with the aid

These rooms of of her Magee

the Magee FurRange, turning

nace Company are out delicious gin

for exhibition purgerbread or lus

poses only — a cious baked beans

place where any such as "grandma

Magee agent may used to make" in

bring his prosthe old brick oven.

pective customers, Provide yourself

and where the with a passport to

general public is the hotel's cuisine. THE STORE WHICH MARKS A NEW ERA — always welcome to There you will IT IS COMPLETELY STOCKED BUT

inspect a reprefind the autocratic NOTHING IS FOR SALE

sentative assort

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