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EVER in the history of New ing from states other than Massachu-
have military manoeuvres For weeks before the manoeuvres been held of the magnitude of those commenced the papers contained colwhich took place from August 14th to umns of contradictory information, the 21st, 1909, in Southern Massachusetts. only official information given to the
Never before has so much time and press was the date. Even the officers money been ex
of the various outpended by the gov
fits did not know ernment of the vari
where they were to ous states whose
be sent until some troops participated.
forty-eight hours beNever have the citi
fore their departure. zens of any district
They were told shown more interest
that they were to dein military affairs,
fend Boston War and never in history
was supposed to have plans been kept
have broken out beso secret from citi
tween the United zens and soldiers
States and a foreign alike.
The Navy It is the first time
was supposed in the history of mil
have been either deitary manoeuvres in
feated or destroyed, this country that
or else lured away transports were used
from the neighborand no permanent
hood of MassachuTHE NEW ENGLAND MAGAZINE camps were made.
CORRESPONDENT AT THE FRONT marioeuvres
The War Departwere considered of
ment, at Washingsufficient importance for foreign na ton had received information that a tions to send military attaches, and the feet of transports, escorted by a naval interest the entire country manifested force, was approaching New England, was shown by the fact that over bringing 10,000 troops with the idea of 250 newspaper representatives accom seizing the forts of Boston from the panied the troops, the majority com land and that the objective point for
the transports was somewhere from Troops A, B and D, M.V.M., a battalBuzzards Bay to Salisbury Beach. ion of Field Artillery composed of Bat
The object of the manoeuvres was to teries A, B and C, and the Signal and show just how hard or easy it would Ambulance Corps consisting of one be for invaders to land from transports Company each. and push forward inland for the cap The invading forces consisted of the ture of Boston as a basis of supplies, District of Columbia, ist Field Battery, and to determine, if possible, whether ist and 2nd Regiments Infantry, it was imperative that more coast bat ist separate Battalion of Infantry teries and men be added to the Massa- (Colored), Ambulance and Signal chusetts coast.
Corps, Connecticut Ist
and 2nd The defence of Boston was given Regiment Infantry, Troop A, Batover to the Massachusetts Militia,
with tеry A and a Signal Corps. The New the General officers of the National York 7th and 14th Regiments Infantry, Guard in command, while the invad 22nd Regiment of Engineers, Squadron ers were commanded by regular army A, ist and 2nd Company Signal Corps, officers.
ist, 2nd and 3rd Battery of Field ArtilThe manoeuvres were in charge of lery, the New Jersey Squadron of CavGeneral Leonard Wood and General alry, and the oth U. S. Cavalry Witherspoon of the U. S. Army, with (Colored). The latter famous for their Brig.-Gen. Wm. A. Pew, Jr., M.V.M., work at San Juan and in the Philipin command of the defence; Brig.- pines. Gen. Tasker H. Bliss, head of the
Before the manoeuvres much critiArmy War College in Washington, in
cism was expressed by the general pubcommand of the invading force.
lic at the war department for ordering Under General Pew there were the
the militia on so strenuous a tour. 2nd, 5th, 6th, 8th and 9th regiments "Why,” said they, “it is absurd to exof Infantry, the corps of Coast Artil- pect citizen soldiers to go from the lery, the 2nd Battalion representing offices and workshops into the field
and rough it with the regulars.” But the ist and 2nd corps of Cadets, a
no complaints were heard from the squadron of Cavalry consisting of
citizen soldier; he was pleased and but a week's vacation. To-day : keen about going, and as the time drew work, work, work and then more w near became impatient to start.
In the olden days enlisted men enthusiastic were most that they gave along trunks filled with fancy unifo up Saturdays and Sundays for weeks cot Leds, a case or two of beer before the appointed date, and com possibly, a man to do the dirty w panies of infantry could be seen on In those days there were tents to s practice marches all over the state. in and the meals were served in a i The men themselves trained and did hall, dress parades were held and 1 what they could to get in the best lady friends attended. How diffe physical condition, for they knew the it is to-day and how much more in manoeuvres were to be “no boys' play,” esting and instructive. An enli but would involve miles of marching man takes one uniform, usually n over fields, through meadows, swamps of khaki, which he wears. and forests with sandy soil to make it where he happens to be at niglit, sl harder. The manoeuvres held this sum in his clothes on the ground with n mer would have been impossible a few ing but a rubber blanket between years ago. But the second line of de self and “Mother Earth.” He ma fence, as the regulars now term the covered by a Pup tent, but more c National Guard, is very differ- by the sky. Everything ho take ent proposition from the militia carried on his back. Instead of of old. In the olden days mus parades and drills, with ter, as it was then called, was nothing ries of admiring women, he
salt, .02 oz. of black pepper, or, possibly, only gets an emergency ration.
The Dick Bill has revolutionized the militia of this country. Before it went into effect a large percentage of the enlisted men would have been unable to participate in so strenuous a campaign as the one held this summer if for no other reason than their physical condition.
The physical examinations to-day are strict, come at frequent intervals and are carried out to the letter. Under the new law the militia, or more correctly, the National Guard, is a part of the U. S. army. The uniforms are identical with the exception of the collar device. The equipment is the same. The government appropriates more money and expects more of the
state. The President now has the “Gus” WILLIAMS OF THE BOSTON JOURNAL power to order any military organizaONE OF THE ARMY OF WAR CORRESPONDENTS tion out and send it wherever it is
needed. sham battles and out-post work. In- The manoeuvres were not, as many stead of mess halls, with an elaborate wrongly supposed, for the sole purbill of fare, he sits on the ground and pose of hardening the militia man to eats regular army haversack rations, campaign work. The principal object, which consist of 12 oz. of bacon, 16 oz. as already stated, was to test the dehard bread, 1.12 oz. of coffee roasted fence of the Massachusetts coast, but, and ground, 2.4 oz. of sugai .16 oz. secondly, they were to accustom the