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region, is more characteristically Ap- tory has been removed; the approaches palachian- as opposed to Laurentian to those that are safe have been made with its mantle of trees akin to those of easier. the mountains of northern New Jersey Above all, the principles of scientific of Pennsylvania. Pre-eminently in the forestry are being applied. When the Fells are summits that remind the ob reservation was first set off one of its server of the New Hampshire and manifest limitations was the insignifiMaine mountaintops above the timber cant, not to say scrubby quality of the line. So that to all these hills, “Bos- wood. There were a few handsome ton's miniature White Mountains” is pines and hemlocks, as in the celenot altogether far fetched. If the brated Virginia woods on the Melrose beautiful hill country of the Switzer- side; but for nearly three hundred land of America has its Old Man of years, "The Rocks,” as the district was the Mountains, so has the metropolitan anciently known, had been chopped reserve its Old Lady of the Woods, over and burned over until suggeswith likeness rudely sculptured by tions of the glory of the primaeval forsnow and wind from a granite est were found only in a few isolated boulder. The three Winchester reser spots. Coppice growth-that is of voirs and Spot Pond are like so many trees which shoot up from the stumps lakes of central New Hampshire. The of felled trees-is, by nature, degenermountain climbing in the Fells is, of ate as compared with the trees that course, less arduous than that of Mt. come up from seed. Most of the stand Washington; but the prospects are in the Fells, was, and still is, coppice. hardly less pleasing—as may be proved It was also found to be overcrowdedby the ascent, on any fine day, of Pine a confused tangle of small oak and birch, Hill, 240 feet; Cairn Hill, 300 feet, or amidst which individual trees could Bear Hill, 320 feet. With a little help not reach their proper maturity. The from a topographical map a fine cir Fells, furthermore, are in the very cuit can be made out. "By taking half heart and centre of the moth-infested a dozen of these tiny peaks in an after- region. Their wooded valleys were noon," observes an enthusiastic climber, hence a source of corruption to the "I get the same exercise and the same whole neighborhood. exhiliration as from mounting Monad To save and better the condition of nock or Greylock. Mountaineering in the forest a great deal of cutting was Boston's -back yard is better than a done a few years ago_in face of conpassable substitute; it comes very near siderable popular clamor.
Residents being the real thing.”
of the suburban towns complained of Improvement of the appearance of the resultant rawness. Even yet the this magnificent park of all the people openness of the woods is in soine places has progressed from year to year since a little apparent, and on a warm day, Mr. de Las Casas described some of not altogether agreeable. the opposition which the Park Commis But the steady progress of the trees sion, in the late nineties, was encounter that were left toward nobler dimening in its schemes. Purchases of pri- sions than are usual in an old woodlot vate property along the Winchester is already demonstrating the wisdom of side and elsewhere have somewhat en the excisions. There has been a perlarged the area. A new and handsome ceptible deepening of the shade in five administration building has been years, and the underbrush no longer opened in the southern part of the res shuts out what breeze there is. In ervation. Carriage roads have been ex the valleys and on the hillsides it is tended to pass through beautiful and already possible to discern the beginhitherto inaccessible tracts. Concrete nings of a real forest which, without bridges have been thrown
imitating the European public forests, ravines, and concrete seats disposed will have something of their impres, in shady nooks. An unsafe observa siveness. The Park Commission found
thickets of scrub oak; they will leave bears' dens. The lowland slopes are groves of stately pine and hardwood. precisely fitted for deer ranges. Ponds
Further steps in the opening of the for aquatic animals and fowl can readFells to the whole New England public ily be created. A papier mache model are easily foreseen. Within a short of a zoo with distinctive features has time the second section of the route already been prepared. The plan only between Medford and Stoneham will awaits a time suitable for its financing. have been finished, and the great host As compared with either the Bronx of New England trolley trippers will Park, in New York, or the grounds of have a new approach to the Hub. The the National Zoo, at Washington, the Fells will then have become a distant Boston collections would be very favor
city park of Lowell, Lawrence, An- ably situated. They would never suffer dover and Nashua.
for want of popular appreciation. The Eventually will come the realization longing that the city at the head of of the long delayed project for zoologi- Massachusetts Bay has for animals was cal gardens worthy of the name which shown shortly after there was started, Boston has among the cities of the some years ago at the reservation headUnited States. An admirable site on quarters in the Fells, a little nucleus the southern exposure of the Fells has of a zoo. In comparison with the big been selected by the Massachusetts animal gardens of other cities it was, Zoological Society as appropriate to of course, a meagre though interesting its scheme. There is abundance of collection, gathered at the personal exnever failing water-a very important pense of the superintendent and conconsideration. Old quarries on the sisting of a few native animals and hillsides invite the construction of birds.
The wonderful growth of a Massachusetts cotton manufacturing city which has
acquired the leading habit.
By W. H. B. REMINGTON
TEW BEDFORD has acquired cloth every minute of the working day. the leading habit.
A few years ago the calamity howlers The time was, and not so who delight to portray the decadence very long ago, when every encyclo- of New England,-and, thank goodpedia and every geography used in the ness, they are growing beautifully less public schools referred to New Bedford as the years go on,-declared that as, “The Whaling City," and empha- the lapse of but a few years would see sized the fact that while New Bedford New Bedford's cotton manufacturing was somewhat interested in the manu- industry transplanted to the Sunny facture of fine cotton goods, it led the South, near the source of supply world in the
of the raw mawhalingindustry.
terials, cotton While it is true
and coal, followthat New Bed
ing the pathway ford still leads
of the departed the world in
iron industry point of whaling
which once fourtonnage locally
ished in this secowned, the New
tion. Bedford man of
mill men heard eration chooses
the prediction to forget it, and
and inwardly when anybody
smiled. Instead asks him what
of throwing their claim New Bed
cotton mill ford has to dis
stocks upon the tinguish it from
THE NEW BEDFORD WATER WORKS market before other cities, he
PUMPING STATION proudly says that
they watched New Bedford leads the country in and waited. And while they were the manufacture of fine cotton goods. waiting, they bought new machinery When he adds that New Bedford and built new mills. They are buymakes, of fine cotton cloth a mile ing new machinery and building new a minute, the listener commences mills to-day. While the South is to wonder, and to figure the miles on undoubtedly a factor in cotton manumiles of yarn which must be spun to facture, New Bedford, with a consergive New Bedford such a reputation. vatism which is proverbial, continues As a matter of fact, New Bedford on its way, making, each day, more and makes a mile and an eighth of cotton more of the finest cotton cloth woven
in this country, and fearing little in goods. While other cotton manufacthe line of Southern competition. turers put their money into print cloth
There is a reason for New Bedford's mills, looking for the profits which folsupremacy in the manufacture of fine lowed along that line, New Bedford's cotton goods; indeed, there are several capitalists maintained a steady course, reasons. In the first place, the climatic turning out fine fabrics, In the hisconditions are favorable. The mois- tory of the New Bedford cotton mills, ture which the combination of sun and but one mill out of the many now in sea produces, on this favored arm of existence was built for the particular Buzzards Bay, creates a condition of purpose of making print cloths, and humidity which makes possible the that mill, to-day, is transformed into spinning of the finest cotton yarns a fine-goods mill. The wisdom of the at the least expense. Then, again, the pioneers of New Bedford's cotton mill pioneers of New Bedford's cotton mill
The fine work, at the start, business determined upon the manu attracted an intelligent class of operfacture of the finest quality of cotton atives, and the skill of the New Bed