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FAC-SIMILE OF LETTER FROM RICHARD HUDSON

made gaps in their ranks, which will from Edo, Miaco, Osakay and Sacbe noted in passing.

kay, not without great hindrance The first mention of young Hudson to the present sale or despatch of by Cocks is under date of April 20, our commodities. ... In fine, 1616, when he seems to have been I might not be suffered to leave an temporarily residing at Osaka and to English boy (Richard Hudson) behave sent a letter by Eaton:

hind me to learn the Japon tongue, "I received a letter from Ric. Hud

it is so strictly looked into." son, with 2 others, I from Capt.

In a letter to the Company, Cocks Adames sonne, and the other from

wrote further concerning this: our hostes at Miaco and Osakay, he of Miaco sending me 2 pewter

"And it is to be noted that at basons for a present, and the other

my retorne to Miaco, haveing donne of Osakay 10 pewter pottage

such busynes as I had theare, I dishes."

would have left Richard Hudson,

a boy, your Wor. servant, to have In the summer of this year the old learnd to write the Japans; but Shogun, Iyeyasu, died and was suc might not be suffered to doe it, the ceeded by his son, Hidetada. It was, Emperour haveing geven order to therefore, necessary to send a repre the contrary." sentative to the court of the new ruler, to petition for the confirmation of the Before his return to Firando, Cocks English trading privileges. The ships visited the estate of Captain Adams Thomas and Advice arriving from Eng- and greatly admired its material adland at this juncture, the visit became vantages and Adams' power over it. doubly necessary.

Cocks assembled He says: the presents and set out, on the 30th "This Phebe (Hemi) is a lordof July, and was absent till December

shipp geven to Capt. Adames per 4th. He was accompanied by Captain the ould Emperor, to hym and his Adams, who had just returned from (heirs) for eaver, and confermed Siam, also by Eaton and Richard Hud

to his sonne called Joseph. There son. It was his intention to leave the

is above 100 farmes or howsholds latter at Miaco to be taught the Jap upon it, bisids others under them, anese tongue; but Hidetada was of a

all which are his vassals, and he different mind from his father and this

hath power of life and death over privilege, as well as the others sued

them, they being his slaves, and he for, was denied. Cocks says, in a letter as absolute authoritie over them as to John Browne, at Patani:

any tono (or king) in Japon hath "Yet we have had much trouble

over his vassales." (in) these parts per means of the Captain Adams' term of service with death of Ogosho Samma, the old the Company had expired, but he conEmperor, in whose place Shongo tinued to make himself useful at the Samme, his son, succeeds. So that factory and elsewhere. (I) was forced to go to his court With their trading privileges curto get our privileges renewed tailed, the life at Firando was which voyage I was above four tracted within narrow liniits. The months before I returned to Firan good Captain rambles amiably along in do, which was but ten or twelve his diary, entering trivialities and comdays past. And yet, do what I plaints in the most painstaking manner, could, our privileges are curtailed and recording the quarrels among the and we restrained to have trade members in a helpless kind of way. only at this town of Firando and On March 8, 1618, Ric. Hoodson paid Langasaque. So that we are Georg Durons (a member of the Dutch forced to withdraw our factories factory) for sope and candelles, viz:

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ta [els] m [as] Co (candareens) band in a state of agitation and at For 18 cakes sope. .....I

one time brought them into grave danFor 128 tallo cannelles. I

ger. Cocks disliked and distrusted his

Dutch neighbors from the first, and and the following day: “Ric. Hudson

was at no pains to conceal his feelings, paid i tay 3 mas for a vyne tree to be

while the Dutch seem to have been in carid to Firando.”

much the same state of mind. Instead But if the records are scanty, it is of being allies against the Spanish and not to be inferred that nothing of inter- Portuguese, as was originally hoped, est transpired. Wickham left Japan the Dutch proved themselves formidearly in 1618, and went to Java, where able rivals, who undersold the English he died soon after his arrival, leaving and, in the end, starved them out. The an estate of £5000 or £6000, made in dissensions between the rival factories private trading. Travelling visitors ar- form a large part of the burden of rived and departed, Englishmen, Cocks' diary, throughout the whole Dutchmon, Spaniards, Portuguese, cap- period of his stay. After the curtailtains, merchants, men-o'-war's-men, ment of the English privileges, the almissionaries, and so forth. They seem tered state of feeling at Yedo was reto have been a hardy lot of swash- flected in the conduct of the local Japbucklers, equally ready to fight, drink, anese officials, and especially by the or go adventuring, and some of them Dutch neighbors, until there ensued a caused the peace-loving cape-merchant state of almost open warfare. In Auinuch trouble.

gust, 1618, to the intense indignation of One cause alone—their rivalries and the English, a Dutch ship brought in as troubles with the Dutch-kept the little a prize the English ship Attendance,

which had been captured in the Moluc- gasaki in the English trade concessions, cas. Remonstrance to the Dutch pro- and a little later the English and Dutch ducing no result, a journey to court East India Companies formed an alliwas made and a written protest en ance, and it was arranged for the fleets tered, but this proved equally fruitless. of the two nations to combine against

From January 14, 1619, to December the Spanish and Portuguese in Eastern 5, 1620, the diary is missing, and the waters. only record of events is in Cocks' let In March, William Nealson died, "beters to the Company. In the early part ing wasted away with a consumption,” of this period the Dutch were masters and “our good friend, Capt. William of the sea and the little band of Eng- Adames, whoe was soe longe before lishmen were completely cut off. Dur lis in Japon, departed out of this world ing this period the Dutch made a the xvjth of May." Notwithstanding determined attack upon the Eng- Adams' rather hasty temper, he had lish factory, and the lives of the mem rendered the Company faithful service. bers would doubtless have been lost had He was buried, at a spot which he himnot the Japanese interfered and pro- self had chosen, on the summit of a hill tected them. Cocks writes that the overlooking the bay of Yedo and the Dutch, "by sound of trumpet aboard all surrounding landscape, where his tomb their ships in the harbour of Firando, may still be seen. One of the streets proclaimed open war against our Eng- of Yedo was named for him, Anjin Cho lish nation, both by sea and land, with (Pilot Street), and, it is said, the inhabfire and sword, to take our ships and itants of that city hold an annual celegoods and destroy our persons to the bration in his honor. utmost of their power, as to their In 1621, apparently believing that, mortal enemies."

owing to their improved relations with The unimaginative Cocks, who set the Dutch, trade would begin to prosdown so many trifles, failed to say any per, the English began new works on a thing about the bearing of the dif- large scale, including a warehouse and ferent members of the factory in this wharves. But the animosities between crisis. Let us trust that Richard Hud the rival factories were too deeply son bore himself like a worthy son of rooted, and it was not long before disa heroic father.

sensions again broke out; and they conThe year 1620 was eventful both for tinued to the end, without, however, good and evil. Early in the year, per- again reaching the stage of actual warmision was granted to include Na- fare.

(To be continued)

IMAGO DIEI

By T. L. HOOVER
This pregnant chrysalis of gloom doth split,
And feebly issues from the widening slit
Some tender, rosy Thing that trembling clings
To yonder edge of Earth,—the while frail wings,
First crumpled and awry, expand, unfold,
And spread awide their filmy gauze of gold
And rainbow-stuff all-quivering with light-
Then launches forth on strong, resplendent flight,
Diffusing over Earth from bourne to bourne
The matchless radiance of the new-fledged Morn.

AN IDYL OF THE

BOTTOMLANDS—II.

By FRANK H. SWEET

I

IV.

What testimony there was, was cer

tainly against John Erick, and though T was impossible to resist his warm is was indecisive the crowd felt anxpersonality with its hopeful con- ious. fidence. She smiled even as she John Erick thought of

but one thing, replied, rather dolefully,

that glorious vision of Pernilla in the "But we was to be married.”

moonlight, holding the Bible for him “So we was, so we be yet-ain't we? to swear by. Would she marry him? Will you marry me anyhow, Pernilla ? Would her white dress "keep?" The It may all be clear through with in testimony he did not care for, it had less than four weeks. What if I'm nothing to do with him. But Perfree by the weddin'-day?"

nilla"Then I'l! marry you," responded Undeniably, all were much more inPernilla, eagerly.

fluenced by the fact that John Erick “God bless you! But if-if they voluntarily came back to the jail after manage to send me off like a thief? his brief freedom to face it out than

"Well, you ain't one, and if they by the run of evidence, so when it was send you off like one-well, my white all over, ready for the verdict, the dress'll keep till you come back. I public were jubilant to receive, without must go-just now."

unnecessary delay, the acquittal of the She pinned up her hair in a twisted prisoner. coil, and he guided her down the People went home to weed their ladder.

gardens, to kill potato-bugs, to wonder "Good-by-by-by-by-by,” he softly who stole Rosengren's money, and called, as the old boat pushed off. what Pernilla would do with her fine

Back shc hurried along the lane, clothes. brushing off fragrant drifts of June The next day Pernilla knelt before berry blossoms, and catching her dress the big green chest with its massive on mischievous blackberry vines ever iron handles, many a counterpart of on the alert.

which, to this very day, arrives at As she reached home, Cassiopea Castle Garden. hung low over the bluffs. Tintings of Unlocking the heavy padlock that pink and blue beyond the Mississippi guarded her treasures, Pernilla threw boded the far lustre of dawn.

up the heary lid. There were towels, The trial came on and the country sheets, and pillow-cases of her own around was there, men and women. make, and two table-cloths brought The old clergyman sat by Rosengren, from Sweden. being probably the sternest judge There was a real American patchpresent. To Pernilla, the buzz, faces, work quilt, so far superior to her other and all were a vague, oppressive dream, eighteen, and, indeed, to every other and what she or anyone else said she one in the settlement, that she never did not know.

kept it with the rest. No other girl When her part was over, she went had had skill and patience to work out out and walked home the six miles, the elaborate “Texas Rising Sun” patwondering when she would again see tern, or to quilt anything one-half so her lover.

closely as this was quilted. There was

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