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THE INTERIOR OF THE CHAPEL ON WAKEFIELD BRIDGE

as restored and refitted in 1848.

as a

RANDOM RECOLLECTIONS OF A VISIT TO WALTON HALL,

THE SEAT OF CHARLES WATERTON, ESQ. 1847. MR. URBAN,

pily rescued now from the hands of I HAD long entertained an earnest the Vandals, who had desecrated it to wish to become personally acquainted serve the purposes of commerce. It with the benevolent and distinguished does not speak much for the credit of proprietor of the far-famed Walton the Wakefield “ Knox’s ” that this holy Hall

, near Sandall, in the west riding building should have been thus scanof the county of York. I had learned dalously abused through a long succesto revere the character of the amiable sion of years. It is now, happily, un. and learned author, froin frequent pe- dergoing a complete restoration rusal, of his admirable “ Essays on Na- church, at the estimated expense of tural History," as likewise the capti- 2000l. The exterior is now nearly vating account of his “ Wanderings in finished, and in a style of archiSouth America." I was equally de- tectural propriety and beauty worthy sirous to visit the house and museum the reviving piety of the age, and of Mr. Waterton, the best energies of all this, notwithstanding the bitter whose useful life have been devoted to hostility of the church-destroying Disornithological investigations, and to senters of Wakefield. The interest other important branches of natural naturally taken by the excellent Mr. history, and, it may be added, to the Waterton in the reconstruction and amelioration of the condition and treat- consecration of this exquisite specimen ment of the feathered tribe.

of rich gothic architecture, induces me At length, on Monday, the 27th of to add a view of the exterior of the September, 1847, I had the happiness building as it appears in its renovation ; to form one of an intellectual party in and to introduce the following quotapaying a visit to, and passing a long tion from Lewis's Topographical Dicday with, the energetic wanderer in tionary of England, as an accurate Guiana, at his residence (Walton Hall), description of it, done to my hand :and it will ever continue a “ red letter “ The chapel on the right bank of day" in my remembrance. The morn- the Calder, by the bridge at Wakeing was most propitious, and its almost field, is supposed to have been erected summer warmth seemed to reward us by Edward III., and endowed by that for the cold and tempestuous equinoc- monarch with ten pounds per annum tial gales which had been blowing with for two chaplains, and to have been terrific force for many previous days; rebuilt by Edward IV., in memory of but which now happily changed into a his father, the Duke of York, and of perfect calm. Our way led us along his followers who fell in the battle of a high terrace line of country, cele- Wakefield. It is a beautiful structure brated for its historical recollections, in the Decorated English style, about and for many bloody encounters during ten yards in length and eight in width. the civil wars of the White and the Red The west front is extremely rich in Roses. Passing over the paved streets ornamental detail, and divided into of once" merrie Wakefield,” now, alas! compartments by buttresses, with cathe abode of rampant and Republican nopied niches, and adorned with deliDissent, and distinguished by its tall cate tracery, and every embellishment chimneys, vomiting forth eternal smoke, for which that graceful style is distinwe crossed the River Calder by a guished. It has been lately used as a handsome bridge, on the right bank of counting-house by a corn merchant.” which there is a beautiful chapel, hap- Those who desire a more minute

For the accompanying Exterior and Interior Views of this Chapel, representing it in the appearance which it will assume when the Restoration is complete, we have to convey our acknowledgments to the Rev. S. Sharp, M.A. the Vicar of Wakefield, to whose exertions the subscription made for the purpose is especially indebted, and who requests us to further its cluims with those who are well disposed to the uoited claims of the Church of England and English ecclesiastical architecture, as the funds are as yet considerably below the amount which will be required.---Evit. ĠENT. Mag. VOL. XXIX.

F

and perfect description of this beauti- Up to the present time, the restora-
ful wayside chapel may be referred to tion of the interior of the Chapel has
a small but most interesting publica- been accomplished so far as respects
tion, by J. C. Buckler and Charles the roof only, all the solid parts of
Buckler, and printed by John H. which have been put up, and the orna-
Parker, Oxford, entitled, Remarks mental parts are ready to be added,
on Wayside Chapels, with Observations as soon as the masons have completed
on the Architecture and present State their work within the building.
of the Chantry on Wakefield Bridge.” An anonymous friend has given three
It contains numerous illustrative en- windows of stained glass, which are now
gravings, which are very serviceable to being executed at York by Messrs.
the un-architectural reader. The glory Barnett and Son. They are to fill the
of recovering this chantry or chapel to windows on the east, the north-east,
the services of the Established Church and south-east.
is entirely attributable to the pious and The open seats are to be of carved
zealous churchmanship of the Reverend oak, and all the other internal decora-
Samuel Sharp, Vicar of Wakefield, tions will be quite in keeping with its
and secondly to the judicious super- hallowed character and dedication to
intendence of the members of the the worship of the Holy and Indivisi-
Yorkshire Architectural Society. ble Trinity:

In this work it is stated, and it will Having inspected this beautiful edibe useful to offer the extract to our fice, and mutually congratulated ourreaders, that, “ Irregular as is the form selves upon its recent rescue from the of the basement upon which the chapel desecrating hands of the Wakefield at Wakefield is built, yet the four walls Goths, we passed on to the ancient meet upon it in a true rectangular and interesting village of Sandall, and figure, without distinction between thence, turning to the left out of the sanctuary and body, the design being Barnsley road, drove under an arch of carried out with studied elegance and the North Midland railway into the uniformity in all the features--but- demesnes of Walton Hall, crossing the tresses, windows, and pinnacles.” Barnsley canal, which bounds the

And further, " It may seem neces- greater portion of the estate, and so sary to remark that the building here up to the park gate,—the park wall described, so elegant in its character, extending to a circuit of three miles. and so beautifully ornamented, is com- " Walton (says Mr. Samuel Lewis, in prehended in the space of fifty feet in his Topographical History of England) length, by twenty feet in width, and is a township in the parish of Great Sandthirty-six feet in height.” Four years all (Union of Wakefield), lower division since “ the interior presented a spec- of the Wapentake of Agbrigg, west ridtacle of unrestrained mischief and de- ing of York, three miles S. E. by S. plorable ravage."

from Wakefield. Walton Hall is the “ It seems surprising that hands seat of Charles Waterton, Esq., author were found mischievous enough to of a volume of Essays on Natural Hiscommence and carry on the work of tory and Wanderings in South Amespoliation in a little wayside asylum rica. The Barnsley canal and the like this, so exquisitely beautiful in North Midland railway pass through all its finishings, and which had been the township." so long devoted to sacred purposes ; The Barnsley canal, noticed above, but its costlier appurtenances, the gold alone served to save the tranquil and silver with which the altar was locality of the Walton estate from the doubtless graced, were irresistible. intrusion of the railway into its park These brought down desecration and and grounds, and close to the mansion destruction upon the building.

itself. “ The Yorkshire Architectural So- We now reached a handsome iron ciety is to be honoured for their stre- bridge, which, supplying the place of nuous endeavour to redeem from ruin, the old demolished drawbridge, leads and re-dedicate to the services of re- to the extensive lawn, in front of the ligion, a choice specimen, which has mansion, which is surrounded by a sustained its full share of desecration magnificent sheet of water, stretching and injury."

upon the left to a considerable extent,

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1848.] Random Recollections of a Visit to Walton Hall. 35 and having, near its extremity, a of the covenanting general. Many pretty island, covered with a variety similar reliques, exhibiting the social of plants and evergreens. During the benefits of republicanism and rebellion, season of winter this island is tenanted of treason and faction, here present by a great variety of northern birds, themselves as so many accusing witand by an annual visitor, a large cor- nesses against the blood-thirsty leaders morant, who has become familiarized of those fanatical, hypocritical, and with the place. The habits of these barbarous times. It is well remembered aquatic birds Mr. Waterton can study at Walton Hall, and the family reat his leisure, through the medium of cords shew, how the covenanting a large telescope, kept for the pur- troops (with religion on their lips and pose in his principal drawing-room, a two-edged sword in their hands) dethe view from which up to the island stroyed all the surrounding villages, is perfectly enchanting A very ac- introducing fire, pillage, and plunder; curate sketch of the mansion and how they trod under the feet of their contiguous grounds is appended, as cavalry horses the corn fields, teeming a frontispiece, to Mr. Waterton's in- with autumnal wealth ; and how they teresting work, “ Essays on Natural especially injured and impoverished History."

the “Walton ” property in every way. The only portion now remaining of One is tempted to ask here, was it for the ancient hall of the Watertons is deeds of cruelty like these that a the "water-gate,” to the left as we defunct Parliament degraded itself by crossed the bridge. It is a building raising the question, whether the Calcontaining many subjects of great in- vinistic butcher (Cromwell) should terest, both to the antiquary and the have his statue raised close to that of naturalist, and with which Dr. Wa- his murdered and sainted sovereign, terton's own graphic description had the “ Royal Stuart ?" already made me so familiar that I “ Against this interesting ruin of the found myself my own “Cicerone” old gateway, tradition says that the among them, and at

once entered waves of the lake have dashed for the “ in medias res, non secus ac notas.” better part of a thousand years."

This far-famed “water-gate.” is (Waterton's Essays, page 10.) surrounded by yew trees, and quite Walton Hall is a fine palladian concealed from view by the thick edifice, and was erected a century ago hedge which they form. Within this on the site of the original building. inclosure there is a singular round Though surrounded by water, it is building, specially erected for the ac- perfectly free from damp; and some commodation of starlings, of which no very effective means have been adopted less than eighty pair built their nests to prevent the ingress of rats, which in it, and reared their young, during are designated, in the language of the the last breeding season. My attention Hall, “ Hanoverian.” The scenery of was next drawn to the place where two the extensive lake, as contemplated pairs of owls had reared their young, from the windows of the apartments and close to it were the nests of se- looking to the east and south, is rich veral pigeons, with eggs in some of and beautiful. The winter them quite undisturbed by their sup- brings with it a number of northern posed natural enemy. Indeed, I re- divers, wild swans, geese, and ducks, marked that several different species and, if the weather be very severe, the of the feathered tribe congregate here lovely lake presents a most animated in perfect security, and live together picture. Encouraged and familiarized in most admired' forbearance, if not by the forbearance practised, our upon the strictest terms of amity. friend the cormorant (quite the

The old water-gate itself was the annual denizen of the place) spatiates next object of interest. It is pierced alone, with the utmost unconcern and by the bullets of the revolutionary apparent sense of perfect security, bandits warring against peaceable upon the lawn and along the margin subjects under the orders of Protector of the lake, invariably betaking himCromwell ; and a brass plate, with an self, at his roosting hour, to the deep inscription, records (perhaps apocry- thicket which covers the distant islet. pbally) the bullet fired by the hand I dwell upon these interesting little

season

circumstances, as they constitute the works, and which has largely contrivery existence of the worthy and justly buted to his fame as an artist, is a honoured proprietor of Walton Ilall." fine statue of Ulysses and his dog.

The hero of the wilds of Guiana Here, too, is seen a singular and very (for so I must call him) now met us large wasp's nest, brought from the and welcomed us with warm bene- forests of Guiana by Mr. Waterton. volence to the interior of the mansion, The principal drawing-room, in the which I had for so many long years windows of which are the finest plate ardently desired to inspect. I was in- glass, and abundant and most splendid formed, that, in the course of one mirrors in the pannellings of the walls, year as many as seventeen thousand which reflect and repeat the same obpersons have visited Walton Hall, but, jects almost interminably, is a magniowing to the misconduct (not to use a ficent apartment, and is furnished with worse term) of the many, that in- taste, elegance, and lavish expenditure. discriminate admission of all comers The rich moulding which runs round is now at an end, and only those are the ceiling is decorated with the crest permitted to visit the hall who are of the Waterton family, (repeated,) personal friends of Mr. Waterton, or namely, an otter with a pike in its who can procure letters of recommen: mouth. We next turn to two very dation to him from parties with whom rare and curious pictures of scenery he may be acquainted.

in Moldavia, or some Eastern region, The grand staircase of the hall is by Tiepoli. Indeed there is not a picappropriated as a museum, and its ture in the room which may not be walls are covered with magnificent justly classed as a first-rate work of art. pictures, and large cases filled with We next noticed a beautiful ivory birds of variegated plumage, (pictæque crucifix, which is a soul-stirring provolucres,) which still retain the won- duction of most exquisite art. The drously bright hue of their diversified sculptor is unknown; but it would plumage and colours, although pre- appear to belong to the fifteenth cenpared thirty years ago for these cases ; tury. The history of this crucifix (of and reptiles of every sort, from the a very large size) is most interesting; fearful alligator to the small green It belonged to the notorious Duke of lizard. What increases the interest of Alva, who, as is well known, figures this unrivalled collection is, that all in the history of the Low Countries. the specimens have been not only The maternal uncle of Mr. Waterkilled, but most artistically prepared, by ton, (Mr. Bedingfeld, of the Norfolk Mr. Waterton himself. The splendid family, at Oxburgh,) received the humming birds, (minute as they are Duchess of Alva as a guest in his glorious in their plumage,) like the country house near Malaga in Spain others, are not stuffed in the common for the space of six weeks. On her manner, but are supported inside by departure the duchess requested Mr. wires, so that they are rendered quite Bedingfeld to accept the crucifix, and, elastic, and, after being pressed within at the same time, presented him with the hand forthwith recover their size

a magnificent Spanish fowling-piece, and shape when the pressure has been which the Duke of Alva always had removed.

with him during his residence in the In the morning-room are some fine Low Countries. Mr. Bedingfeld died pictures, especially the head of a Mag- of the great plague at Malaga in the dalene by Domenichino, and a beau- beginning of the present century. tiful sea-piece by Backhausen. There The gun was left to Sir Richard Beis an exquisite bust, likewise, of a te- dingfeld, father of the present baronet male relative, in this apartment, which of that name, and the crucifix to the is well worthy of notice. It was exe- mother of Mr. Waterton, by whom cuted by Macdonald, who is now at both were brought over to England. the head of the best sculptors in Italy. My attention was next arrested by He is a Scotchman, and, as the tale a singular bird, in a glass case, on a goes at Rome, (* mentiri nescio,") fol. marble slab in the drawing-room. lowed the somewhat ambiguous pro- It seemed to be a very grand specimen fession of a Methodist (query, " Pres- of its order, in full and adult plumage, byterian,") parson. One of his recent and, apparently, prepared without the

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