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Lawrence Byam, Rector of Luckham purpose, as well as for the object of in Somersetshire.
contrast. A former chapel clerk used 6 Col. Exon. Jun. 10, 1597. Henricus to say that it contained six thousand Byam, Somerset. Ministri verbi Dei small panes. Filius, ætat. 17.
The muse of Wordsworth was inOct. 12, 1599. Joannes Biam, So- spired, on visiting Cambridge, to give merset. Ministri Filius, ætat. 16.
utterance to two excellently descriptive *6 Oct. 31, 1600. Edwardus Byam, sonnets on this “long-drawn aisle and Somerset. Ministri verbi Dei Filius, fretted vault” of olden skill. Milton's
“ Storied windows, richly dight, Yours, &c. EDWARD S. BYAM.
Casting a dim religious light,"
had, probably, from his early connecMR. URBAN,
tion with Cambridge, which appears A few reminiscences, or abiding im
in several other instances, a similar pressions, of the principal features of
origin. Granta, by an old M.A. may amuse
The new front of Corpus Christi without offending. If the way be beaten, there is both licence and open: equal to any in Oxford ; but I shall
(olim Ben'et) has been pronounced ing to see prospects in a new light; not attempt to enter into any critiand fresh flowers, though not “fields," may present themselves in the banks cisms on the modern architectural im and hedgerows.—They may at least provements in the university, which I direct abler observers towards im- have not had an opportunity of ex
amining. portant points of interest in the
survey of the University.
At St. Mary's, besides other be
coming ornaments, the tracery in the BRIEF NOTES ON CAMBRIDGE: clerestory has been justly pronounced Of King's College Chapel what can
by Mr. Rickman to be very excellent. be said that is not hackneyed, almost At the Collegiate Church, Manchester, ad nauseam ? Simply two things, which is some not dissimilar, and a little not the writer does not know to have been bad at St. Margaret's, Westminster.* said before. First, that it is on the whole The bells hang in one tier, which is the finest Chapel in the world. As a
not usual with twelve, and form one of pile, some cathedrals may have a
eleven peals of twelve now in England, stronger claim; as a chapel
, we have the twelfth being lost through a fire at no equal in England, and no authentic Spitalfields. The tenor, weighing 30 report of one abroad. And 2ndly, the swt., is deep-toned, and powerful for grandest ecclesiastical building in the its weight. It is easy to ring, though world of one aisle or nave.— Yet this not exactly so to raise. The eleventh, would have had, from its height and which rings for the University, having length (90 and 300 feet), a gaunt and
a bad tone, was recast about twenty abrupt appearance, had not the ar
years ago. Perhaps the turrets here chitect admirably relieved it by the would bear a small spire, springing side chapels. When these, however, from ribs, on the pattern of St. Nicholas are copied as aisles — as, amongst
at Newcastle and St. Dunstan's in the others, in the small French church in
Prince Albert's creditable admira-
he visited it four times during his first There is also, in all probability, if stay at Cambridge. When the Queen not certainty, no building in the world and Prince attended the service here having so many as twenty-five painted mirable chanting of the psalms. There
they were much struck by the adwindows of equal size (in height 50 feet) and beauty. On the propriety
are sixteen choristers (eight on each of introducing colour into the west window opinions may differ; it was, * Perhaps the elegance of the Wenlock no doubt, left plain to give additional Chapel, Luton, Beds, has never yet been light, and might be useful for that sufficiently appreciated.
side), with six men, forming a powerful The library windows at St. John's contrast with St. Paul's and West- have not been sufficiently noticed as minster Abbey; a number equalled at of elegant form. At Trinity, perhaps, New and Magdalen Colleges, Oxford, the thing most needed is to rebuild the but at no cathedral in England, the two plain sides of the great quadrangle. numbers in which vary from eight, or Its elegant conduit has a happier effect less, to twelve.
than the leaden Mercury and basin at The Senate House, lately honoured the grand college at Oxford ; and the as the University has been, after three architectural inclosure here is rather centuries, with the presence of Royalty, larger, though Oxonians are slow to is a fine and perfect performance of believe it. The grander features of Gibbs, but of scarcely sufficient height this college, wanting neither taste nor (32 feet), with good internal wood- magnificence, are sufficiently known. work. Yet it wants a stately organ (as The immense length of the chapel (204 there is one in the Theatre at Oxford) feet) alone takes off from the height (44 at the west end; which fact has probably feet) of the really handsome ceiling. struck many. It would but slightly cur. Had this been divided by two arches, tail the space : and, perhaps, very light as St. John's is by one, into anteupper galleries might be added, by chapel, chapel or body, and chancel, it strengthening the cantiliver supports might have assisted the effect. Still below, without detriment to the archi- it is a noble and interesting building, tectural effect. This, however, is sub- equal to that of Eton; and its organ, mitted with much less confidence than superior to King's, with the successive the suggestion of the organ.
talents of Father Schmidt, Green St. Peter's (commonly termed Peter- (nearly his equal), and Avery, is one house), besides its being the senior col- of the best in the world. The bellows lege, deserves a separate notice on two are here worked by an isolated wheel, or three accounts. Its oldest build- of which the writer never saw or heard ings, however, do not appear so old as of a similar instance. 1400. “ The hand of Inigo Jones,” it At Emanuel the only fault in the has been said, “was not apparent in handsome front—a centre lower than the cloisters here;" but, if not very the wings—is redeemed by the bold pure, they are neat; and, if the west Corinthian end and cupola of the chapel front of the chapel is a little of a “Chi. in the interior, superior even to Pemnese-Gothic" kind, the effect is not unpicturesque. The sides and east end, fuller gowns than at most others ; but all erected in 1632, are better, and the these are reported to have been originally, windows unexceptionable. Here is the or formerly, green, with the “ keys” embest, and unfortunately almost the only, broidered on the back. The late estimable original painted glass, besides King's.
Dr. Hodgson (noticed in the Magazine Some remains in the side windows the same year by the Rev. J. Fisher, of
for December, p. 643) was surpassed in have been pronounced richer in colour
this college, now incumbent of Ongar, ing than even that of the east, the Essex, who held the same rank as the presubject of which is the Crucifixion, sent Master, Mr. Cookson, B.D. viz.fourth after Rubens. The panneled and gilt wrangler. The respected poet laureate oak roof is pleasing, and its organ, of Dr. Southey visited Peterhouse about respectable size, about the same as St. 1820, where he was entertained by the John's, Oxford, given by Sir Horace late Rev. J. Tillbrook, who introduced the Mann, M.A. Fellow Commoner, Am- writer to bim in the original "rooms " bassador at Florence, is a fine-toned of Gray in the "new building," who one. The new building, in the style
“ sang" in the bowers of Peterhouse. of King's (original), is handsome. The punning Virgilian inscription of an The library, besides old and curious Irish bishop named Ram, of this college, editions, contains some richly illumi- is excellent. One could almost swear
on bis parsonage house, which he rebuilt, nated MSS. one of which, presented though to a non sequitur—that he was a early in the fourteenth century, is de worthy-hearted man. scribed as given to “ St. Mary's Hall This house Ram built for his succeeding broby Trumpington Gate." *
So sheep bear wool.-"not for themselves but * The undergraduates here now wear others."
broke, though that was designed by Sir lately) at the Chapel Royal, St. James's. Christopher Wren, being the only Perhaps it is again used under the mark of his hand in this university present amiable and liberal master; The very elegant Corinthian chapel at though in such estimable qualities it Clare, costing 7,0001., with its domed is not easy to exceed his predecessor, ante-chapel and bright altar-piece by Dr. Kaye, now Bishop of Lincoln. Cipriani, which might serve as a com- In churches, i, e. original parochial panion to Mengs' at All Souls, is on a ones, with the exception of the Univerpar, though not superior, to any modern sity and the round church of St. Sepulone in Oxford, including Trinity. chre, of which enough has been lately
The Chapel of Jesus is the oldest in written, the town has not a great deal to the university, but it belonged pre- boast. Trinity is generally considered viously to a nunnery; The rhyming the second; it is a cross-shaped buildepitaph on one of the fair inmates ing, with a slender tower and spire, is preserved, (where the accent in the with flying buttresses at the west end; cæsura is made to lengthen an other the transepts are lofty and have large wise short syllable).
windows, but no aisles; the chancel, Moribus ornata jacet hic bona Berta which was much lower, has been reRosata.
built. St. Michael's has three aisles The tops of three tombs are of the throughout, and is a neat building. ridged coffin shape, and ornamented. The new tower and crocketed spire at
All Saints and St. Clement's respectable. The late lamented Dr. E. D. Clarke, the latter are apparently no part of whoin the writer had the pleasure of the original plan. The interior of knowing,* lies buried in the nave. This chapel is a well-proportioned St
, Edward's is neat, with clustered cross building, without aisles, with a
columns. St. Ben'et's is the original neat plain tower in the centre, and university church, but the pointed some early-English arches in the chane arches and octagonal columns of the cel, or college chapel. Here is only antiquity. There is no ring of eight
small body indicate no considerable one bell ; but a chime, or ring, of six, bells in the town; but there are three if the building would support them, would have a good effect in the neigh- of six, one of five at Trinity not a little bourhood.
needing improvement, and two of four, In bells, Cambridge is much inferior those at St. Michael's very good. to Oxford ; the latter having four col
The church of St. Mary the Less (or legiate peals, with the cathedral, the
“ Little St. Mary's"), close to Peterlatter notone. The writer much desired house, and the east end formerly used to see a bell-tower amongst the sumptu- distinction from the mass, even more
as the college chapel, deserves however ous and handsome additions to King's. than those before named. It is rather Perhaps this was thought too near St. Mary's, but the case would be different semblance to ( St. Etheldreda's) Chapel,
a hall-like building, bearing a strong re; in other situations. In college organs, Ely Place, Holborn, but of greater however, Cambridge was formerly much more wealthy than Oxford, hay length, probably 100 feet
, or othereing nine to four; viz. King's, Trinity,
abouts. At the south-west angle is St. John's , Peterhouse, Emanuel, this seems much more recent, and
a slender and rather mean belfry; but Christ's, Pembroke, Jesus, and Caius. Those at Caius and Jesus, however, The side windows are lofty and neat,
the original intention is not apparent. have been transferred, the second by gift, to St. Michael's and All Saints and the large eastern one, with dechurches; Pembroke is disinantled,
corated tracery, rather reminding of and Christ's was mute when the author Merton, Oxford, is the best in college was at Cambridge, 1819-23. This
or church in the university. It has latter, a small one, is situated on the
some plain stained glass, but of much north side of the communion, as (or
Lastly, but never least, Cambridge is
rich in Almshouses and Charities, espe* See a biographical sketch, with the cially the former, though not more so same signature, in the Literary Gazette, than Oxford. In truth, at such instia few months after his death.
tutions, where the feelings are culti
vated to a healthy vigour by “liberal” things, most unseemly, and unworthy, lore, ancient and modern, and by the if charity had not an extensive and contemplation of the perfections of the extending reign. Creator as developed both in nature
J.D. PARRY. and Christianity, it would be, of all London, Dec. 2, 1847.
ANCIENT FIRE-PLACE AT THE DEANERY, LINCOLN. MR. URBAN, Lincoln, Nov. 27. Tom, the predecessor of the present I SEND you a sketch of an open bell
, was cast in a furnace erected for fire-place and chimney discovered last that purpose in the Minster Yard. The summer in the old Deanery House at fire-place and chimney are, no doubt, Lincoln, which is now being taken a remnant of the old deanery house down, and near to the site of which a which Camden tells us was founded by new residence is to be erected. They Dean, afterwards Bishop, Gravesend in were hidden by bricks and plaster, and 1254; they are therefore a very inhad been so probably since the year teresting object of antiquity. 1616, when the house was modernized The sketch represents one of two and repaired during the period Staun- chimneys placed back to back on the ton was dean and Parker precentor. first floor between the late dean's draw
The initials of the latter, with the date ing room and the study ; but they were of the year, were cut in the front of both concealed until the work of dethe parapet over the bow window then molition began. The underside of the projected from the south side of the mantel, which is composed of one stone building, six years after the famous six feet long by thirteen inches high, stands six feet from the floor, and the the alphabetical arrangement makes a pyramidal head of the chimney is nine very extraordinary medley, with the feet above the three-inch projection old Oxford historian “ leading the over it, and it is composed of nine brawls," by virtue of his baptismal courses of tooled masonry, terminating prenomen! at the ceiling with an apex one foot The prospectus further announced wide. The mantel, which has a pro- that this wholesale reprinting was to jection from the wall of thirty inches, proceed at the rate of four volumes a is supported by double corbels, and year, and that a volume of Strype, a the whole, after a lapse of nearly six volume of Field, and a volume of Eccenturies, is in excellent preservation. clesiastical Trials, were nearly ready The stones on each side are not jointed, for the press, and would “form a porso that the walls of the room were no tion" of the publications of the Sodoubt either plastered or covered with ciety for this year,—that is, this year oaken panels. The corbels are canted, 1847, now so nearly running out of the but in other respects quite plain, with glass. the exception of a rude ornament As it seems, however, not unlikely something like a trefoil on each side of that we shall have made some advance the two lowest. The rccess in the into the year 1848 before we see either wall is only five inches deep, and the the volume of Strype, the volume of back of the fire-place is composed of Field, or any other production of “ the flat tiles placed edgeways.
Ecclesiastical History Society," and The gatehouse, built by Dean Flem- inasmuch as the frequent blasts of the ming, comes down. It is very much advertising trumpet have now dropped to be regretted it could not have been into a still silence, will you allow me preserved, as it is a fine old tower ; to make this public inquiry as to what but if it were suffered to stand, it progress the editors employed have would no doubt interfere with the ar- already made, and as to what the rangements made by the present dean Society is now doing? It would be an for his new residence, and obstruct the additional satisfaction to learn, Who view of the north side of the minster are the Editors ? from his windows.
The original scheme seemed to rest Yours, &c. F. B. its claims for patronage rather upon
its comprehensiveness than its disMR. URBAN,
Dec. 15. crimination. It proposed to supply a THOUGH you are generally atten- subscriber with an entire library by a tive to the proceedings of the Book- coup-de-main: according to this temptprinting Societies, I am not aware that ing postscript, or you have hitherto noticed the large “ N.B.- Donors of 20 guineas will be proposals of one styling itself the entitled to the whole of the publications
ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY Society, of the Society, in which will be included established for the Publication and Re- a new edition of the entire works of publication of Church Histories, 8c. Strype, Stow's London, Field's Book of chiefly those by British Authors, or
the Church, &c." concerning the British Church.”
A library of Ecclesiastical History, This Society, which was advertised and Stow's London into the bargain! very extensively indeed from some six Perhaps Dugdale's St. Paul's also; or to twelve months ago, and which was the name of Dugdale intended to boasted to have the patronage of their indicate the Monasticon Anglicanum ? Lordships “ the Archbishops and
One would suppose that book-colBishops, together with several of the lectors had a great many empty shelves Irish and most of the Colonial Bishops, by this proposal to fill them by the &c.” proposed to itself no less a task ton; whereas, I have too often obthan to reprint the whole of the works served, Mr. Urban, that the excuse of “ Anthony a Wood, Barlow, Bede, for not patronising a really deserving Burnet, Collier, Dugdale, Dupin, author, is something in this strain, — Field, Fuller, Gildas, Godwin, Inett, “It's a book I should like to have; Heylin, Sprat, Strype, Stow, Walker, but really I find I must leave off buya Wharton,' Winstanley, and many ing books altogether, for I don't know others;" '-a list in which, you will say, where to put them. My bookcases and